Strain Name:

LS/LeJ

Stock Number:

000262

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Availability:

Cryopreserved - Ready for recovery

Common Names: Lethal Spotting;    

Description

The genotypes of the animals provided may not reflect those discussed in the strain description or the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation. Please inquire for possible genotypes for this specific strain.

Strain Information

Type Spontaneous Mutation;
Additional information on Genetically Engineered and Mutant Mice.
Type Inbred Strain;
Additional information on Inbred Strains.
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Specieslaboratory mouse
GenerationF81p+F1p
Generation Definitions

Appearance
black and tan
Related Genotype: at Edn3ls/at +

black with white spots, early lethal
Related Genotype: at Edn3ls/at Edn3ls

Important Note
This strain is homozygous for at and segregating for Edn3ls.

Description
Mice homozygous for the lethal spotting mutation (Edn3ls) resemble piebald mice (Ednrbs/Ednrbs) mice. Homozygous mutant mice exhibit considerable white spotting and like homozygotes for the piebald-lethal allele (Ednrbs-l) usually develop megacolon. Lethal spotting mutant mice usually die in the third week of life from the megacolon abnormality, which is associated with deficiency of intrinsic ganglion cells in the lower colon. A few homozygotes may survive and breed. This strain is also homozygous for the black and tan coat color mutation (at).

Control Information

  Control
   Heterozygote from the colony
 
  Considerations for Choosing Controls

Related Strains

Strains carrying   at allele
000477   B10.PA-Bloc1s6pa H3e at/SnJ
000419   B10.UW-H3b we Pax1un at/SnJ
000065   B6C3Fe a/a-we Pax1un at/J
View Strains carrying   at     (3 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Edn3
002516   129-Edn3tm1Ywa/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Edn3     (1 strain)

Strains carrying other alleles of a
002655   Mus pahari/EiJ
000251   AEJ.Cg-ae +/a Gdf5bp-H/J
000202   AEJ/Gn-bd/J
000199   AEJ/GnLeJ
000433   B10.C-H3c H13? A/(28NX)SnJ
000427   B10.CE-H13b Aw/(30NX)SnJ
000423   B10.KR-H13? A/SnJ
000420   B10.LP-H13b Aw/Sn
003879   B10;TFLe-a/a T Itpr3tf/+ Itpr3tf/J
001538   B6 x B6C3Sn a/A-T(1;9)27H/J
000916   B6 x B6C3Sn a/A-T(5;12)31H/J
000602   B6 x B6C3Sn a/A-T(8;16)17H/J
000593   B6 x B6CBCa Aw-J/A-Grid2Lc T(2;6)7Ca MitfMi-wh/J
000502   B6 x B6CBCa Aw-J/A-Myo5aflr Gnb5flr/J
000599   B6 x B6CBCa Aw-J/A-T(5;13)264Ca KitW-v/J
002083   B6 x B6EiC3 a/A-T(7;16)235Dn/J
000507   B6 x B6EiC3 a/A-Otcspf/J
003759   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(10;16)232Dn/J
002071   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(11;17)202Dn/J
002113   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(11A2;16B3)238Dn/J
002068   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(11B1;16B5)233Dn/J
002069   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(14E4or5;16B5)225Dn/J
001926   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(15;16)198Dn/J
001832   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(15E;16B1)60Dn/J
003758   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(16C3-4;17A2)65Dn/J
001833   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(1C2;16C3)45Dn/J
001903   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(6F;18C)57Dn/J
001535   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(8A4;12D1)69Dn/J
001831   B6 x B6EiC3Sn a/A-T(8C3;16B5)164Dn/J
000618   B6 x FSB/GnEi a/a Ctslfs/J
000577   B6 x STOCK a Oca2p Hps5ru2 Ednrbs/J
000601   B6 x STOCK a/a T(7;18)50H/J
000592   B6 x STOCK T(2;4)13H a/J
002016   B6(Cg)-Aw-J EdaTa-6J Chr YB6-Sxr/EiJ
000600   B6-Gpi1b x B6CBCa Aw-J/A-T(7;15)9H Gpi1a/J
000769   B6.C/(HZ18)By-at-44J/J
000203   B6.C3-Aiy/a/J
000017   B6.C3-Avy/J
001572   B6.C3-am-J/J
000628   B6.CE-A Amy1b Amy2a5b/J
001809   B6.Cg-Aw-J EdaTa-6J +/+ ArTfm/J
000552   B6.Cg-Aw-J EdaTa-6J Sxr
001730   B6.Cg-Aw-J EdaTa-6J Sxrb Hya-/J
000841   B6.Cg-Aw-J EdaTa-By/J
000021   B6.Cg-Ay/J
100409   B6129PF1/J-Aw-J/Aw
014608   B6;129S1-a Kitlsl-24J/GrsrJ
000231   B6;C3Fe a/a-Csf1op/J
004200   B6;CBACa Aw-J/A-Npr2cn-2J/GrsrJ
000785   B6;D2-a Ces1ce/EiJ
000505   B6C3 Aw-J/A-Bloc1s5mu/J
000604   B6C3 a/A-T(10;13)199H +/+ Lystbg-J/J or Lystbg-2J/J
001750   B6C3Fe a/a-Eif3cXs-J/J
002807   B6C3Fe a/a-Meox2fla/J
000506   B6C3Fe a/a-Qkqk-v/J
000224   B6C3Fe a/a-Scyl1mdf/J
003020   B6C3Fe a/a-Zdhhc21dep/J
001037   B6C3Fe a/a-Agtpbp1pcd/J
000221   B6C3Fe a/a-Alx4lst-J/J
002062   B6C3Fe a/a-Atp7aMo-8J/J
001756   B6C3Fe a/a-Cacng2stg/J
001815   B6C3Fe a/a-Col1a2oim/J
000209   B6C3Fe a/a-Dh/J
000211   B6C3Fe a/a-Dstdt-J/J
000210   B6C3Fe a/a-Edardl-J/J
000207   B6C3Fe a/a-Edaraddcr/J
000182   B6C3Fe a/a-Eef1a2wst/J
001278   B6C3Fe a/a-Glra1spd/J
000241   B6C3Fe a/a-Glrbspa/J
002875   B6C3Fe a/a-Hoxd13spdh/J
000304   B6C3Fe a/a-Krt71Ca Scn8amed-J/J
000226   B6C3Fe a/a-Largemyd/J
000636   B6C3Fe a/a-Lmx1adr-J/J
001280   B6C3Fe a/a-Lse/J
001573   B6C3Fe a/a-MitfMi/J
001035   B6C3Fe a/a-Napahyh/J
000181   B6C3Fe a/a-Otogtwt/J
000278   B6C3Fe a/a-Papss2bm Hps1ep Hps6ru/J
000205   B6C3Fe a/a-Papss2bm/J
002078   B6C3Fe a/a-Pcdh15av-2J/J
000246   B6C3Fe a/a-Pitpnavb/J
001430   B6C3Fe a/a-Ptch1mes/J
000235   B6C3Fe a/a-Relnrl/J
000237   B6C3Fe a/a-Rorasg/J
000290   B6C3Fe a/a-Sox10Dom/J
000230   B6C3Fe a/a-Tcirg1oc/J
003612   B6C3Fe a/a-Trak1hyrt/J
001512   B6C3Fe a/a-Ttnmdm/J
001607   B6C3Fe a/a-Unc5crcm/J
000005   B6C3Fe a/a-Wc/J
000243   B6C3Fe a/a-Wnt1sw/J
000248   B6C3Fe a/a-Xpl/J
000624   B6C3Fe a/a-anx/J
008044   B6C3Fe a/a-bpck/J
002018   B6C3Fe a/a-din/J
002339   B6C3Fe a/a-nma/J
000240   B6C3Fe a/a-soc/J
000063   B6C3Fe a/a-sy/J
001055   B6C3Fe a/a-tip/J
000245   B6C3Fe a/a-tn/J
000296   B6C3Fe-a/a Hoxa13Hd Mcoln3Va-J/J
000019   B6C3Fe-a/a-Itpr1opt/J
003301   B6C3FeF1 a/A-Eya1bor/J
001022   B6C3FeF1/J a/a
000314   B6CBACa Aw-J/A-EdaTa/J-XO
000501   B6CBACa Aw-J/A-Aifm1Hq/J
001046   B6CBACa Aw-J/A-Grid2Lc/J
000500   B6CBACa Aw-J/A-Gs/J
002703   B6CBACa Aw-J/A-Hydinhy3/J
000247   B6CBACa Aw-J/A-Kcnj6wv/J
000287   B6CBACa Aw-J/A-Plp1jp EdaTa/J
000515   B6CBACa Aw-J/A-SfnEr/J
000242   B6CBACa Aw-J/A-spc/J
000288   B6CBACa Aw-J/A-we a Mafbkr/J
001201   B6CBACaF1/J-Aw-J/A
006450   B6EiC3 a/A-Vss/GrsrJ
000971   B6EiC3 a/A-Och/J
000551   B6EiC3 a/A-Tbx15de-H/J
000557   B6EiC3-+ a/LnpUl A/J
000504   B6EiC3Sn a/A-Cacnb4lh/J
000553   B6EiC3Sn a/A-Egfrwa2 Wnt3avt/J
000503   B6EiC3Sn a/A-Gy/J
001811   B6EiC3Sn a/A-Otcspf-ash/J
002343   B6EiC3Sn a/A-Otcspf/J
000391   B6EiC3Sn a/A-Pax6Sey-Dey/J
001923   B6EiC3Sn a/A-Ts(417)2Lws TimT(4;17)3Lws/J
001875   B6EiC3SnF1/J
000638   C3FeB6 A/Aw-J-Sptbn4qv-J/J
000200   C3FeB6 A/Aw-J-Ankank/J
001203   C3FeB6F1/J A/Aw-J
000225   C3FeLe.B6 a/a-Ptpn6me/J
000198   C3FeLe.B6-a/J
000291   C3FeLe.Cg-a/a Hm KitlSl Krt71Ca-J/J
001272   C3H/HeSnJ-Ahvy/J
000099   C3HeB/FeJ-Avy/J
001886   C3HeB/FeJLe a/a-gnd/J
000338   C57BL/6J Aw-J-EdaTa-6J/J
000584   C57BL/6J-+ T(1;2)5Ca/a +/J
000258   C57BL/6J-Ai/a/J
000774   C57BL/6J-Asy/a/J
000569   C57BL/6J-Aw-J-EdaTa +/+ ArTfm/J
000051   C57BL/6J-Aw-J/J
000055   C57BL/6J-at-33J/J
000070   C57BL/6J-atd/J
000670   DBA/1J
000671   DBA/2J
001057   HPT/LeJ
000260   JGBF/LeJ
002468   KK.Cg-Ay/J
000283   LT.CAST-A/J
000265   MY/HuLeJ
000308   SSL/LeJ
001759   STOCK A Tyrc Sha/J
001427   STOCK Aw us/J
000994   STOCK a Myo5ad Mregdsu/J
000064   STOCK a Tyrp1b Pmelsi/J
002238   STOCK a Tyrp1b shmy/J
001433   STOCK a skt/J
000579   STOCK a tp/J
000319   STOCK a us/J
002648   STOCK a/a Cln6nclf/J
000317   STOCK a/a Egfrwa2/J
000302   STOCK a/a MitfMi-wh +/+ Itpr1opt/J
000286   STOCK a/a Myo5ad fd/+ +/J
000281   STOCK a/a Tmem79ma Flgft/J
000206   STOCK a/a Tyrc-h/J
001432   STOCK a/a Tyrp1b Ndc1sks/Tyrp1b +/J
000312   STOCK stb + a/+ Fignfi a/J
000596   STOCK T(2;11)30H/+ x AEJ-a Gdf5bp-H/J or A/J-a Gdf5bp-J/J
000970   STOCK T(2;16)28H A/T(2;16)28H a/J
000590   STOCK T(2;4)1Sn a/J
000594   STOCK T(2;8)26H a/T(2;8)26H a Tyrp1+/Tyrp1b/J
000623   TR/DiEiJ
001145   WSB/EiJ
View Strains carrying other alleles of a     (174 strains)

Phenotype

Phenotype Information

View Related Disease (OMIM) Terms

Related Disease (OMIM) Terms provided by MGI
- Model with phenotypic similarity to human disease where etiologies involve orthologs. Human genes are associated with this disease. Orthologs of those genes appear in the mouse genotype(s).
Hirschsprung Disease, Susceptibility to, 4; HSCR4
- Potential model based on gene homology relationships. Phenotypic similarity to the human disease has not been tested.
Central Hypoventilation Syndrome, Congenital; CCHS   (EDN3)
Waardenburg Syndrome, Type 4b; WS4B   (EDN3)
View Mammalian Phenotype Terms

Mammalian Phenotype Terms provided by MGI
      assigned by genotype

The following phenotype information is associated with a similar, but not exact match to this JAX® Mice strain.

Edn3ls/Edn3+

        involves: C57BL
  • pigmentation phenotype
  • abnormal melanosome morphology
    • reduced number of melanosomes in leg musculature, the Harderian gland, ankle skin and choroid layer, however melanocyte content in hair follicles and membranous labyrinth of the ear is normal   (MGI Ref ID J:12724)

Edn3ls/Edn3ls

        involves: C57BL
  • mortality/aging
  • complete postnatal lethality   (MGI Ref ID J:5008)
    • die between 2 and 3 weeks of age   (MGI Ref ID J:12724)
  • pigmentation phenotype
  • abnormal melanosome morphology
    • melanosomes are absent in hair, Harderian gland, choroid, leg muscles, and ankle skin and are reduced in the membranous labyrinth of the ear   (MGI Ref ID J:12724)
  • variable body spotting   (MGI Ref ID J:5008)
    • variable white spotting on the back and the belly is usually all white   (MGI Ref ID J:12724)
  • digestive/alimentary phenotype
  • megacolon   (MGI Ref ID J:12724)
    • distal four sections of the colon are aganglionic   (MGI Ref ID J:5008)
  • nervous system phenotype
  • abnormal enteric ganglia morphology
    • deficiency of ganglion cells of the myenteric plexus of the lower colon   (MGI Ref ID J:5008)
  • abnormal melanoblast morphology
    • impaired expansion and differentiation of epidermal melanoblasts   (MGI Ref ID J:12724)
  • embryogenesis phenotype
  • abnormal melanoblast morphology
    • impaired expansion and differentiation of epidermal melanoblasts   (MGI Ref ID J:12724)
  • integument phenotype
  • variable body spotting   (MGI Ref ID J:5008)
    • variable white spotting on the back and the belly is usually all white   (MGI Ref ID J:12724)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Edn3ls related

Dermatology Research
Color and White Spotting Defects

Developmental Biology Research
Neural Crest Defects
Neurodevelopmental Defects

Internal/Organ Research
Kidney Defects

Neurobiology Research
Hearing Defects
Neurodevelopmental Defects

Sensorineural Research
Hearing Defects

at related

Dermatology Research
Color and White Spotting Defects

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

 
Allele Symbol Edn3ls
Allele Name lethal spotting
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) ls;
Strain of OriginC57BL-a
Gene Symbol and Name Edn3, endothelin 3
Chromosome 2
Gene Common Name(s) 114-CH19; 114CH19; ET-3; ET3; HSCR4; PPET3; RGD1564825; Tennessee Mouse Genome Consortium 48; WS4B; lethal spotting; ls; preproET-3; tmgc48;
General Note Lethal spotting mutant mice usually die in the third week of life from the megacolon abnormality, which is associated with deficiency of intrinsic ganglion cells in the lower colon. A few homozygotes may survive and breed.

Other alleles of this geneserve as models for WAARDENBURG-SHAH SYNDROME. This allele was not studied in this context.

Molecular Note RT-PCR analysis of this allele revealed a missense C to T change at nucleotide 409 of the coding region which results in a substitution of an Arg-137 residue with a Trp residue. [MGI Ref ID J:22207]
 
Allele Symbol at
Allele Name black and tan
Allele Type Spontaneous
Strain of OriginEnglish fancy stock
Gene Symbol and Name a, nonagouti
Chromosome 2
Gene Common Name(s) AGSW; AGTI; AGTIL; ASP; As; SHEP9; agouti; agouti signal protein; agouti suppressor;
General Note This allele is recessive to A and Aw on the dorsum and dominant to all agouti alleles on the ventrum except for Aw from which it is indistinguishable (J:78801) .
Molecular Note This allele comprises a 6 kb insertion containing a retrovirus-like transposable element VL30 and a single 526 bp repeat into the first intron of the agouti gene at the same position as for alleles a and Aw. [MGI Ref ID J:16984]

Genotyping

Genotyping Information


Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting

References

References provided by MGI

Additional References

Baynash AG; Hosoda K; Giaid A; Richardson JA; Emoto N; Hammer RE; Yanagisawa M. 1994. Interaction of endothelin-3 with endothelin-B receptor is essential for development of epidermal melanocytes and enteric neurons. Cell 79(7):1277-85. [PubMed: 8001160]  [MGI Ref ID J:22207]

Hosoda K; Hammer RE; Richardson JA; Baynash AG; Cheung JC; Giaid A; Yanagisawa M. 1994. Targeted and natural (piebald-lethal) mutations of endothelin-B receptor gene produce megacolon associated with spotted coat color in mice. Cell 79(7):1267-76. [PubMed: 8001159]  [MGI Ref ID J:22206]

Lane PW. 1966. Association of megacolon with two recessive spotting genes in the mouse. J Hered 57(1):29-31. [PubMed: 5917257]  [MGI Ref ID J:5008]

Edn3ls related

Barlow A; de Graaff E; Pachnis V. 2003. Enteric nervous system progenitors are coordinately controlled by the G protein-coupled receptor EDNRB and the receptor tyrosine kinase RET. Neuron 40(5):905-16. [PubMed: 14659090]  [MGI Ref ID J:130623]

Baynash AG; Hosoda K; Giaid A; Richardson JA; Emoto N; Hammer RE; Yanagisawa M. 1994. Interaction of endothelin-3 with endothelin-B receptor is essential for development of epidermal melanocytes and enteric neurons. Cell 79(7):1277-85. [PubMed: 8001160]  [MGI Ref ID J:22207]

Brito FC; Kos L. 2008. Timeline and distribution of melanocyte precursors in the mouse heart. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 21(4):464-70. [PubMed: 18444965]  [MGI Ref ID J:138178]

Chakder S; McHugh KM; Rattan S. 1997. Inhibitory neurotransmission in lethal spotted mutant mice: a model for Hirschsprung's disease. Gastroenterology 112(5):1575-85. [PubMed: 9136836]  [MGI Ref ID J:40527]

Coventry S; Yost C; Palmiter RD; Kapur RP. 1994. Migration of ganglion cell precursors in the ileoceca of normal and lethal spotted embryos, a murine model for Hirschsprung disease. Lab Invest 71(1):82-93. [PubMed: 8041122]  [MGI Ref ID J:19496]

Garcia RJ; Ittah A; Mirabal S; Figueroa J; Lopez L; Glick AB; Kos L. 2008. Endothelin 3 induces skin pigmentation in a keratin-driven inducible mouse model. J Invest Dermatol 128(1):131-42. [PubMed: 17611578]  [MGI Ref ID J:129906]

Howard MJ; Gershon MD. 1998. Development of LBP110 expression by neural crest-derived enteric precursors: migration and differentiation potential in ls/ls mutant mice. J Neurobiol 35(4):341-54. [PubMed: 9624616]  [MGI Ref ID J:48411]

Kapur RP; Yost C; Palmiter RD. 1993. Aggregation chimeras demonstrate that the primary defect responsible for aganglionic megacolon in lethal spotted mice is not neuroblast autonomous. Development 117(3):993-9. [PubMed: 8325247]  [MGI Ref ID J:4603]

Lane PW. 1966. Association of megacolon with two recessive spotting genes in the mouse. J Hered 57(1):29-31. [PubMed: 5917257]  [MGI Ref ID J:5008]

Liddell RA; Mooers SU; Siegman MJ; McHugh KM. 1993. Altered isoactin gene expression in the affected bowel segments of the lethal spotted mouse. Gastroenterology 105(2):441-8. [PubMed: 8335200]  [MGI Ref ID J:14502]

Matsushima Y; Shinkai Y; Kobayashi Y; Sakamoto M; Kunieda T; Tachibana M. 2002. A mouse model of Waardenburg syndrome type 4 with a new spontaneous mutation of the endothelin-B receptor gene. Mamm Genome 13(1):30-5. [PubMed: 11773966]  [MGI Ref ID J:76584]

Mayer TC; Maltby EL. 1964. An experimental investigation of pattern development in lethal spotting and belted mouse embryos. Dev Biol 9:269-86. [PubMed: 14138974]  [MGI Ref ID J:12724]

Phillips RJS. 1959. New mutants, provisional symbol ls (lethal spotting); my<1>; and agouti-umbrous a<u> Companion Issue to Mouse News Lett #21 :39.  [MGI Ref ID J:24725]

Rice J; Doggett B; Sweetser DA; Yanagisawa H; Yanagisawa M; Kapur RP. 2000. Transgenic rescue of aganglionosis and piebaldism in lethal spotted mice. Dev Dyn 217(1):120-32. [PubMed: 10679935]  [MGI Ref ID J:59241]

Rothman TP; Chen J; Howard MJ; Costantini F; Schuchardt A; Pachnis V; Gershon MD. 1996. Increased expression of laminin-1 and collagen (IV) subunits in the aganglionic bowel of ls/ls, but not c-ret -/- mice. Dev Biol 178(2):498-513. [PubMed: 8812145]  [MGI Ref ID J:35512]

Rothman TP; Gershon MD. 1984. Regionally defective colonization of the terminal bowel by the precursors of enteric neurons in lethal spotted mutant mice. Neuroscience 12(4):1293-311. [PubMed: 6207461]  [MGI Ref ID J:13357]

Sandgren K; Larsson LT; Ekelund M; Robinsson D; Ekblad E. 1998. Functional and morphological examination of ganglionic and aganglionic distal gut from the lethal spotted mouse. Eur J Pediatr Surg 8(4):234-9. [PubMed: 9783148]  [MGI Ref ID J:113064]

Silvers WK. 1979. The Coat Colors of Mice; A Model for Mammalian Gene Action and Interaction. In: The Coat Colors of Mice. Springer-Verlag, New York.  [MGI Ref ID J:78801]

Spencer NJ; Kerrin A; Singer CA; Hennig GW; Gerthoffer WT; McDonnell O. 2008. Identification of capsaicin-sensitive rectal mechanoreceptors activated by rectal distension in mice. Neuroscience 153(2):518-34. [PubMed: 18395992]  [MGI Ref ID J:139378]

Ward SM; Gershon MD; Keef K; Bayguinov YR; Nelson C; Sanders KM. 2002. Interstitial cells of Cajal and electrical activity in ganglionic and aganglionic colons of mice. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 283(2):G445-56. [PubMed: 12121893]  [MGI Ref ID J:107855]

Zagorodnyuk VP; Kyloh M; Nicholas S; Peiris H; Brookes SJ; Chen BN; Spencer NJ. 2011. Loss of visceral pain following colorectal distension in an endothelin-3 deficient mouse model of Hirschsprung's disease. J Physiol 589(Pt 7):1691-706. [PubMed: 21320883]  [MGI Ref ID J:185254]

at related

Bultman SJ; Klebig ML; Michaud EJ; Sweet HO; Davisson MT; Woychik RP. 1994. Molecular analysis of reverse mutations from nonagouti (a) to black-and-tan (a(t)) and white-bellied agouti (Aw) reveals alternative forms of agouti transcripts. Genes Dev 8(4):481-90. [PubMed: 8125260]  [MGI Ref ID J:16984]

Candille SI; Raamsdonk CD; Chen C; Kuijper S; Chen-Tsai Y; Russ A; Meijlink F; Barsh GS. 2004. Dorsoventral patterning of the mouse coat by tbx15. PLoS Biol 2(1):E3. [PubMed: 14737183]  [MGI Ref ID J:87455]

Dickie MM. 1969. Mutations at the agouti locus in the mouse. J Hered 60(1):20-5. [PubMed: 5798139]  [MGI Ref ID J:30922]

Dunn LC. 1928. A Fifth Allelomorph in the Agouti Series of the House Mouse. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 14(10):816-9. [PubMed: 16587414]  [MGI Ref ID J:15011]

Dunn LC. 1936. Studies on multiple allelomorphic series in the house mouse. I. Description of agouti and albino series of allelomorphs J Genet 33:443-53.  [MGI Ref ID J:22600]

Galbraith DB; Wolff GL; Brewer NL. 1980. Hair pigment patterns in different integumental environments of the mouse. Influence of the agouti suppressor (A<s>) mutation on expression of agouti locus alleles. J Hered 71:229-234.  [MGI Ref ID J:12033]

Hollander WF. 1973. a<t>/a Mouse News Lett 48:33.  [MGI Ref ID J:27528]

Leamy LJ; Hrubant HE. 1971. Effects of alleles at the agouti locus on odontometric traits in the C57BL-6 strain of house mice. Genetics 67(1):87-96. [PubMed: 5556294]  [MGI Ref ID J:16571]

Miller MW; Duhl DM; Vrieling H; Cordes SP; Ollmann MM; Winkes BM; Barsh GS. 1993. Cloning of the mouse agouti gene predicts a secreted protein ubiquitously expressed in mice carrying the lethal yellow mutation. Genes Dev 7(3):454-67. [PubMed: 8449404]  [MGI Ref ID J:4186]

MouseBookTM. 2005. Information obtained from MouseBook<sup>TM</sup>, Medical Research Council Mammalian Genetics Unit, Harwell, UK. Unpublished :.  [MGI Ref ID J:169366]

Phillips RJS. 1966. A cis-trans position effect at the A locus of the house mouse. Genetics 54(2):485-95. [PubMed: 5968639]  [MGI Ref ID J:5027]

Poole TW. 1982. The agouti suppressor (As) coat color mutation in mice: developmental effects on the expression of agouti locus alleles. J Exp Zool 220(1):57-64. [PubMed: 7077265]  [MGI Ref ID J:6763]

Poole TW; Silvers WK. 1976. The development of regional pigmentation patterns in black and tan (at) mice. J Exp Zool 197(1):115-9. [PubMed: 781177]  [MGI Ref ID J:5672]

Rowlatt C; Chesterman FC; Sheriff MU. 1976. Lifespan, age changes and tumour incidence in an ageing C57BL mouse colony. Lab Anim 10(10):419-42. [PubMed: 979138]  [MGI Ref ID J:24696]

SILVERS WK. 1958. An experimental approach to action of genes at the agouti locus in the mouse. III. Transplants of newborn Aw-, A-and at-skin to Ay-, Aw-, A-and aa hosts. J Exp Zool 137(1):189-96. [PubMed: 13563791]  [MGI Ref ID J:13013]

Sandgren K; Larsson LT; Ekelund M; Robinsson D; Ekblad E. 1998. Functional and morphological examination of ganglionic and aganglionic distal gut from the lethal spotted mouse. Eur J Pediatr Surg 8(4):234-9. [PubMed: 9783148]  [MGI Ref ID J:113064]

Silvers WK. 1979. The Coat Colors of Mice; A Model for Mammalian Gene Action and Interaction. In: The Coat Colors of Mice. Springer-Verlag, New York.  [MGI Ref ID J:78801]

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Vrieling H; Duhl DM; Millar SE; Miller KA; Barsh GS. 1994. Differences in dorsal and ventral pigmentation result from regional expression of the mouse agouti gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 91(12):5667-71. [PubMed: 8202545]  [MGI Ref ID J:18750]

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Health & husbandry

Health & Colony Maintenance Information

Animal Health Reports

Production of mice from cryopreserved embryos or sperm occurs in a maximum barrier room, G200.

Pricing and Purchasing

Pricing, Supply Level & Notes, Controls


Pricing for USA, Canada and Mexico shipping destinations View International Pricing

Cryopreserved

Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $2525.00
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.

    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We willfulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

Pricing for International shipping destinations View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing

Cryopreserved

Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $3283.00
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.

    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We willfulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing View International Pricing

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Control Information

  Control
   Heterozygote from the colony
 
  Considerations for Choosing Controls
  Control Pricing Information for Genetically Engineered Mutant Strains.
 

Important Note

This strain is homozygous for at and segregating for Edn3ls.

Payment Terms and Conditions

Terms are granted by individual review and stated on the customer invoice(s) and account statement. These transactions are payable in U.S. currency within the granted terms. Payment for services, products, shipping containers, and shipping costs that are rendered are expected within the payment terms indicated on the invoice or stated by contract. Invoices and account balances in arrears of stated terms may result in The Jackson Laboratory pursuing collection activities including but not limited to outside agencies and court filings.


See Terms of Use tab for General Terms and Conditions


The Jackson Laboratory's Genotype Promise

The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
Ordering Information
JAX® Mice
Surgical and Preconditioning Services
JAX® Services
Customer Services and Support
Tel: 1-800-422-6423 or 1-207-288-5845
Fax: 1-207-288-6150
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Terms of Use

Terms of Use


General Terms and Conditions


Contact information

General inquiries regarding Terms of Use

Contracts Administration

phone:207-288-6470

JAX® Mice, Products & Services Conditions of Use

"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCTS" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or services provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than the internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE or PRODUCTS from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON's prior written authorization.

No Warranty

MICE, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED “AS IS”. JACKSON EXTENDS NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO MICE, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.

In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of mice, products or services, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the mice or product received or the services provided.

No Liability

In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS or services, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS or services from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.

MICE and PRODUCTS are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.

The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or services. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS or services may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and services by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.

Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or services shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or services by JACKSON.


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