Strain Name:

SEA/GnJ

Stock Number:

000644

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Common Names: sea Green;    
SEA/Gn is a recombinant inbred strain derived from a BALB/c x P/J cross. This strain is segregating the short ear (se) allele.

Description

Strain Information

Type Mutant Strain; Spontaneous Mutation;
Additional information on Genetically Engineered and Mutant Mice.
Type Recombinant Inbred (RI);
Additional information on Recombinant Inbred Mice.
Visit our online Nomenclature tutorial.
Mating SystemTJL Breeding Scheme: for Bmp5se: Heterozygote x Homozygote or Homozygote x Heterozygote
Specieslaboratory mouse
H2 Haplotyped
GenerationF194+42 (06-AUG-14)
Generation Definitions

Appearance
light brown agouti, short ears
Related Genotype: A/A Tyrp1b/Tyrp1b Bmp5se Myo5ad/Bmp5se Myo5ad

light brown agouti, normal ears
Related Genotype: A/A Tyrp1b/Tyrp1b Bmp5se Myo5ad/+ Myo5ad

Description
SEA/Gn is a recombinant inbred strain derived from a BALB/c x P/J cross. SEA/Gn mice are segregating the short ear (se) allele, a single point mutation in the bone morphogenetic protein 5 (Bmp5) gene. Mice homozygous for se have ears that are short and ruffled as a result of defects in the cartilage framework.

Development
SEA/Gn is a recombinant inbred strain derived from a BALB/c x P/J cross. The strain was maintained by MC Green at The Jackson Laboratory.

Related Strains

Strains carrying   Ahrb-2 allele
000645   A/HeJ
000646   A/J
000130   B6.C-H17c/(HW14)ByJ
000370   B6.C-H38c/(HW119)ByJ
001026   BALB/cByJ
000653   BUB/BnJ
000659   C3H/HeJ
000656   CBA/J
000657   CE/J
000352   CXB2/ByJ
000353   CXB3/ByJ
000354   CXB4/ByJ
000355   CXB5/ByJ
000357   CXB7/ByJ
000673   HRS/J
000679   P/J
000930   PERA/EiJ
000280   SF/CamEiJ
View Strains carrying   Ahrb-2     (18 strains)

Strains carrying   Bmp5se allele
000004   ABP/LeJ
000578   B6 x STOCK Tyrc-ch Bmp5se +/+ Myo6sv/J
000056   B6.Cg-Bmp5se/J
000285   B6.Cg-Rorasg + +/+ Myo5ad Bmp5se/J
000652   BDP/J
000253   DLS/LeJ
000679   P/J
000270   SEC/1GnLeJ
View Strains carrying   Bmp5se     (8 strains)

Strains carrying   Myo5ad allele
001005   AKXD1/TyJ
001003   AKXD11/TyJ
000765   AKXD13/TyJ
000779   AKXD14/TyJ
000954   AKXD15/TyJ
001093   AKXD18/TyJ
000776   AKXD2/TyJ
001062   AKXD21/TyJ
000947   AKXD22/TyJ
000949   AKXD25/TyJ
000764   AKXD27/TyJ
000959   AKXD3/TyJ
000285   B6.Cg-Rorasg + +/+ Myo5ad Bmp5se/J
012889   B6N;TKDU-Myo5ad Cacna2d2du/J
000652   BDP/J
000036   BXD1/TyJ
000013   BXD16/TyJ
000015   BXD18/TyJ
000010   BXD19/TyJ
000077   BXD21/TyJ
000043   BXD22/TyJ
000081   BXD25/TyJ
000029   BXD29-Tlr4lps-2J/J
010981   BXD29/Ty
000037   BXD5/TyJ
000007   BXD6/TyJ
000084   BXD8/TyJ
000105   BXD9/TyJ
000284   CWD/LeJ
000670   DBA/1J
000671   DBA/2J
000963   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+17J/Myo5ad/J
000964   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+18J/Myo5ad/J
000067   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+2J/Myo5ad/J
000673   HRS/J
000674   I/LnJ
001850   MEV-Q/TyJ
001855   MEV-V/TyJ
003345   MEV/2Ty-Emv64/J
000679   P/J
000390   STOCK Myo5ad Ds/J
000994   STOCK a Myo5ad Mregdsu/J
000286   STOCK a/a Myo5ad fd/+ +/J
View Strains carrying   Myo5ad     (43 strains)

Strains carrying   Rmcfs allele
000646   A/J
000648   AKR/J
000779   AKXD14/TyJ
000780   AKXD23/TyJ
000764   AKXD27/TyJ
000777   AKXD6/TyJ
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000668   C57L/J
000669   C58/J
000682   RF/J
000686   SJL/J
000688   ST/bJ
View Strains carrying   Rmcfs     (12 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Ahr
000690   129P3/J
000648   AKR/J
002920   B6(D2N).Spretus-Ahrb-3/J
002831   B6.129-Ahrtm1Bra/J
000136   B6.C-H34c/(HW22)ByJ
008599   B6.Cg-Del(9Cyp1a2-Cyp1a1)1Dwn Ahrd Tg(CYP1A1,CYP1A2)1Dwn/DwnJ
002921   B6.D2N-Ahrd/J
002727   B6;129-Ahrtm1Bra/J
000652   BDP/J
000663   C57BL/6By
001139   C57BL/6ByJ
000664   C57BL/6J
000662   C57BLKS/J
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000668   C57L/J
000669   C58/J
000926   CAROLI/EiJ
000928   CAST/EiJ
000351   CXB1/ByJ
000356   CXB6/ByJ
002937   D2.B6-Ahrb-1/J
000671   DBA/2J
000674   I/LnJ
000675   LG/J
000676   LP/J
000677   MA/MyJ
000550   MOLF/EiJ
000684   NZB/BlNJ
000726   RBF/DnJ
000682   RF/J
000686   SJL/J
001146   SPRET/EiJ
000688   ST/bJ
006203   STOCK Ahrtm3.1Bra/J
000689   SWR/J
000693   WC/ReJ KitlSl/J
000933   YBR/EiJ
View Strains carrying other alleles of Ahr     (37 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Bmp5
001496   B6(Cg)-Bmp5se-4J/J
005348   BALB/cByJ Agtpbp1pcd-3J-Bmp5cfe-se6J/GrsrJ
005420   C;129S7 Gt(ROSA)26Sor-Bmp5cfe-se7J/GrsrJ
005421   CBy;B6-Bmp5cfe-se8J/GrsrJ
View Strains carrying other alleles of Bmp5     (4 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Myo5a
005012   A.B6 Tyr+-Myo5ad-l31J/J
001013   B10.D2/nSnJ-Myo5ad-n/J
000502   B6 x B6CBCa Aw-J/A-Myo5aflr Gnb5flr/J
000963   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+17J/Myo5ad/J
000964   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+18J/Myo5ad/J
000067   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+2J/Myo5ad/J
000253   DLS/LeJ
View Strains carrying other alleles of Myo5a     (7 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Rmcf
000690   129P3/J
000765   AKXD13/TyJ
000954   AKXD15/TyJ
001093   AKXD18/TyJ
000947   AKXD22/TyJ
000763   AKXD9/TyJ
000654   CBA/CaJ
000670   DBA/1J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Rmcf     (8 strains)

Phenotype

Phenotype Information

View Phenotypic Data

View Related Disease (OMIM) Terms

Related Disease (OMIM) Terms provided by MGI
- Potential model based on gene homology relationships. Phenotypic similarity to the human disease has not been tested.
Griscelli Syndrome, Type 1; GS1   (MYO5A)
View Mammalian Phenotype Terms

Mammalian Phenotype Terms provided by MGI
      assigned by genotype

Bmp5se/Bmp5se

        SEA/Gn
  • cardiovascular system phenotype
  • abnormal right renal artery morphology
    • the right renal artery lies ventral to the posterior vena cava rather than dorsal to it as in controls   (MGI Ref ID J:5086)
  • renal/urinary system phenotype
  • abnormal right renal artery morphology
    • the right renal artery lies ventral to the posterior vena cava rather than dorsal to it as in controls   (MGI Ref ID J:5086)
  • hydronephrosis
    • observed occasionally   (MGI Ref ID J:5086)
  • hydroureter
    • observed occasionally   (MGI Ref ID J:5086)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Dermatology Research
Color and White Spotting Defects

Developmental Biology Research
Craniofacial and Palate Defects
      corticosteroid induced clefting
Growth Defects
Skeletal Defects

Metabolism Research

Research Tools
General Purpose

Bmp5se related

Developmental Biology Research
Craniofacial and Palate Defects
Growth Defects
Skeletal Defects

Myo5ad related

Dermatology Research
Color and White Spotting Defects

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

 
Allele Symbol Ahrb-2
Allele Name b-2 variant
Allele Type Not Applicable
Common Name(s) Ahb-2; Ahh;
Strain of OriginBALB/cBy
Gene Symbol and Name Ahr, aryl-hydrocarbon receptor
Chromosome 12
Gene Common Name(s) Ah; Ahh; Ahre; In; aromatic hydrocarbon responsiveness; aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase; bHLHe76; dioxin receptor; inflammatory reactivity;
General Note C57BL/6 carries the responsive Ahrb allele; DBA/2 carries nonresponsive Ahrd. Heterozygotes (Ahrb/Ahrd) are responsive (J:5282). Later work identified a second (J:8895) and later a third (J:22144) allele conferring response. Thus the allele in C57, C58, and MA/My strains is now Ahrb-1; Ahrb-2 is carried by BALB/cBy, A, and C3H; and Ahrb-3 by Mus spretus, M. caroli, and MOLF/Ei. The nonresponsive strains AKR, DBA/2, and 129 carry Ahrd (J:22144). Nucleotide and amino acid sequence differences between Ahrb-1 and Ahrd have been determined (J:17460).

Strain of origin - this allele was found in BALB/cByJ, A/J, C3H/HeJ, CBA strains

Molecular Note This allele encodes a high affinity, heat labile, 104 kDa receptor containing 848 amino acids. Sequencing studies of cDNA from C57BL/6J congenic mice homozygous for this allele identified nucleotide substitutions in the ORF that would cause 5 amino acid differences between the C57BL/6J and BALB/cBy peptides, and 2 amino acid differences between the BALB/cBy and DBA/2J peptides. A T to C transition in exon 11 replaces the opal termination codon in the C57BL/6J allele with an arginine codon in the BALB/cByallele. This change would extend translation of the BALB/cBy mRNA by 43 amino acids, accounting for the larger size of the peptide produced by this allele (104 kDa, vs 95 kDa for the C57BL/6J allele). [MGI Ref ID J:15153] [MGI Ref ID J:22144]
 
Allele Symbol Bmp5se
Allele Name short ear
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) seGnJ;
Strain of Originmice from Abbie Lathrop mouse farm
Gene Symbol and Name Bmp5, bone morphogenetic protein 5
Chromosome 9
Gene Common Name(s) AU023399; expressed sequence AU023399; se; short ear;
General Note Phenotypic Similarity to Human Syndrome: Ear, Patella, Short Stature Syndrome (Meier-Gorlin Syndrome) in homozygous mice (J:24474)
Molecular Note The C to T transition creates a stop codon at amino acid 208. The resulting truncated protein does not include the carboxy terminal signaling portion of the molecule. [MGI Ref ID J:21484]
 
Allele Symbol Myo5ad
Allele Name dilute
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) Maltese dilution; blue dilution; d; dv;
Strain of Originold mutant of the mouse fancy
Gene Symbol and Name Myo5a, myosin VA
Chromosome 9
Gene Common Name(s) 9630007J19Rik; AI413174; AI661011; D; Dbv; Dop; GS1; MVa; MYH12; MYO5; MYR12; Myo5; MyoVA; RIKEN cDNA 9630007J19 gene; d; dilute; expressed sequence AI413174; expressed sequence AI661011; flail; flailer; flr; myosin V; nmf244;
Molecular Note This mutation is the result of the integration of ecotropic murine leukemia virus Emv-3 into a noncoding region of the Myo5ad gene. Reversions of Myo5ad to wild-type are caused by excision of the virus leaving exactly one long terminal repeat in place. [MGI Ref ID J:6587] [MGI Ref ID J:7092] [MGI Ref ID J:7751]
 
Allele Symbol Rmcfs
Allele Name MCF sensitive
Allele Type Spontaneous
Strain of Originmultiple strains
Gene Symbol and Name Rmcf, resistance to MCF virus
Chromosome 5
General Note

This locus controls resistance and susceptibility of cells in tissue culture to infection by mink cell focus-forming murine leukemia viruses. The allele Rmcfr determines resistance and occurs in strains DBA/1, DBA/2, and CBA/Ca; the allele Rmcfs determines susceptibility and occurs in strains AKR/J, C57BL/6, BALB/c, CBA/J, NFS, NZB, 129/J, and many others. Heterozygotes are as resistant as the resistant parent or nearly so. Rmcf is different from and independent of Fv1,a locus that controls susceptibility to infection by ecotropic viruses. Rmcf is located on Chr 5 close to Hm near the centromeric end (J:7108). Rmcfr protects (AKR x CBA/Ca)F1 and (AKR x DBA/2)F1 hybrids from development of spontaneous thymic lymphomas and reduces the incidence of MCF-induced thymic lymphomas (J:7175). It also reduces susceptibility of cells of Sxvs/Sxvr mice to exogenous xenotropic viruses (J:7951). In addition, in strains susceptible to Friend virus-induced erythroleukemia, a condition thought to be due to the replication of MCF virus, Rmcfr increases resistance to the virus-induced erythroleukemia. It may cause resistance by coding for or regulating the production of an MCF-related envelope glycoprotein that blocks the receptor for MCF viruses (J:8074). This conclusion is reinforced by the findings of Buller et al. (J:8497), who showed that the Rmcfr allele contains an endogenous MCF gp70 env gene and that theRmcfs allele, at least in some strains (C57BL/6, CBA/J, and A/WySn), contains a xenotropic gp70 env gene. Presumably the MCF gp70 inhibits exogenous MCF infection in vitro by a mechanism of viral interference.

Molecular Note This locus controls resistance of cells to infection by mink cell focus-forming murine leukemia viruses. The recessive s (susceptible) allele is found in AKR/J, C57BL/6, BALB/c, CBA/J, NFS, NZB and 129/J.

Genotyping

Genotyping Information


Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting

References

References provided by MGI

Selected Reference(s)

Green MC. 1968. Mechanism of the pleiotropic effects of the short-ear mutant gene in the mouse. J Exp Zool 167(2):129-50. [PubMed: 5692092]  [MGI Ref ID J:5086]

Petkov PM; Cassell MA; Sargent EE; Donnelly CJ; Robinson P; Crew V; Asquith S; Haar RV; Wiles MV. 2004. Development of a SNP genotyping panel for genetic monitoring of the laboratory mouse. Genomics 83(5):902-11. [PubMed: 15081119]  [MGI Ref ID J:89298]

Additional References

Heiniger HJ; Taylor BA; Hards EJ; Meier H. 1975. Heritability of the phytohemagglutinin responsiveness of lymphocytes and its relationship to leukemogenesis. Cancer Res 35(3):825-31. [PubMed: 163691]  [MGI Ref ID J:22608]

International Nomenclature Committee. 1952. COMMITTEE on Standardized Nomenclature for Inbred Strains of Mice Cancer Res 12(8):602-13. [PubMed: 14945054]  [MGI Ref ID J:166288]

Poland A; Glover E. 1990. Characterization and strain distribution pattern of the murine Ah receptor specified by the Ahd and Ahb-3 alleles. Mol Pharmacol 38(3):306-12. [PubMed: 2169579]  [MGI Ref ID J:34840]

Ahrb-2 related

Nebert DW; Considine N; Owens IS. 1973. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. VI. Control of other aromatic hydrocarbon-inducible mono-oxygenase activities at or near the same genetic locus. Arch Biochem Biophys 157(1):148-59. [PubMed: 4716952]  [MGI Ref ID J:84313]

Nebert DW; Gielen JE. 1972. Genetic regulation of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction in the mouse. Fed Proc 31(4):1315-25. [PubMed: 4114109]  [MGI Ref ID J:5282]

Nebert DW; Jensen NM; Shinozuka H; Kunz HW; Gill TJ 3rd. 1982. The Ah phenotype. Survey of forty-eight rat strains and twenty inbred mouse strains. Genetics 100(1):79-87. [PubMed: 7095422]  [MGI Ref ID J:6809]

Nebert DW; Robinson JR; Niwa A; Kumaki K; Poland AP. 1975. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in the mouse. J Cell Physiol 85(2 Pt 2 Suppl 1):393-414. [PubMed: 1091656]  [MGI Ref ID J:84317]

Niwa A; Kumaki K; Nebert DW; Poland AP. 1975. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in the mouse. Distinction between the 'responsive' homozygote and heterozygote at the Ah locus. Arch Biochem Biophys 166(2):559-64. [PubMed: 1119809]  [MGI Ref ID J:84316]

Poland A; Glover E. 1990. Characterization and strain distribution pattern of the murine Ah receptor specified by the Ahd and Ahb-3 alleles. Mol Pharmacol 38(3):306-12. [PubMed: 2169579]  [MGI Ref ID J:34840]

Poland A; Glover E; Taylor BA. 1987. The murine Ah locus: a new allele and mapping to chromosome 12. Mol Pharmacol 32(4):471-8. [PubMed: 2823093]  [MGI Ref ID J:8895]

Poland A; Palen D; Glover E. 1994. Analysis of the four alleles of the murine aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Mol Pharmacol 46(5):915-21. [PubMed: 7969080]  [MGI Ref ID J:22144]

Robinson JR; Considine N; Nebert DW. 1974. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. Evidence for the involvement of other genetic loci. J Biol Chem 249(18):5851-9. [PubMed: 4413562]  [MGI Ref ID J:84315]

Schmid FA; Pena RC; Robinson W; Tarnowski GS. 1967. Toxicity of intraperitoneal injections of 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in inbred mice. Cancer Res 27(3):558-62. [PubMed: 6021513]  [MGI Ref ID J:26440]

Schmidt JV; Carver LA; Bradfield CA. 1993. Molecular characterization of the murine Ahr gene. Organization, promoter analysis, and chromosomal assignment. J Biol Chem 268(29):22203-9. [PubMed: 8408082]  [MGI Ref ID J:15153]

Smith AG; Clothier B; Robinson S; Scullion MJ; Carthew P; Edwards R; Luo J; Lim CK; Toledano M. 1998. Interaction between iron metabolism and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in mice with variants of the Ahr gene: a hepatic oxidative mechanism. Mol Pharmacol 53(1):52-61. [PubMed: 9443932]  [MGI Ref ID J:45850]

Thomas PE; Hutton JJ; Taylor BA. 1973. Genetic relationship between aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase inducibility and chemical carcinogen induced skin ulceration in mice. Genetics 74(4):655-9. [PubMed: 4750810]  [MGI Ref ID J:5387]

Bmp5se related

Cattanach BM. 1961. A chemically-induced variegated-type position effect in the mouse. Z Vererbungsl 92:165-82. [PubMed: 13877379]  [MGI Ref ID J:160128]

Deol MS; Green MC. 1966. Snell's waltzer, a new mutation affecting behaviour and the inner ear in the mouse. Genet Res 8(3):339-45. [PubMed: 5980120]  [MGI Ref ID J:5044]

DiLeone RJ; Russell LB; Kingsley DM. 1998. An extensive 3' regulatory region controls expression of Bmp5 in specific anatomical structures of the mouse embryo. Genetics 148(1):401-8. [PubMed: 9475750]  [MGI Ref ID J:45426]

GREEN MC. 1958. Effects of the short ear gene in the mouse on cartilage formation in healing bone fractures. J Exp Zool 137(1):75-88. [PubMed: 13563786]  [MGI Ref ID J:13011]

Green EL; Green MC. 1946. Effect of the short ear gene on number of ribs and presacral vertebrae in the house mouse Am Naturalist 80:619-25.  [MGI Ref ID J:100198]

Green EL; Green MC. 1942. The development of three manifestations of the short ear gene in the mouse J Morphol 70:1-19.  [MGI Ref ID J:15478]

Green MC. 1951. Further morphological effects of the short ear gene in the house mouse. J Morphol 88:1-22.  [MGI Ref ID J:13091]

Hashimoto M; Morita H; Ueno N. 2014. Molecular and cellular mechanisms of development underlying congenital diseases. Congenit Anom (Kyoto) 54(1):1-7. [PubMed: 24666178]  [MGI Ref ID J:209580]

Johnson DR. 1976. The interfrontal bone and mutant genes in the mouse. J Anat 121(3):507-13. [PubMed: 1018005]  [MGI Ref ID J:5776]

Jones JM; Huang JD; Mermall V; Hamilton BA; Mooseker MS; Escayg A; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA; Meisler MH. 2000. The mouse neurological mutant flailer expresses a novel hybrid gene derived by exon shuffling between Gnb5 and Myo5a. Hum Mol Genet 9(5):821-8. [PubMed: 10749990]  [MGI Ref ID J:61324]

Kangsamaksin T; Morris RJ. 2011. Bone morphogenetic protein 5 regulates the number of keratinocyte stem cells from the skin of mice. J Invest Dermatol 131(3):580-5. [PubMed: 21179110]  [MGI Ref ID J:182086]

Katagiri T; Boorla S; Frendo JL; Hogan BL; Karsenty G. 1998. Skeletal abnormalities in doubly heterozygous Bmp4 and Bmp7 mice. Dev Genet 22(4):340-8. [PubMed: 9664686]  [MGI Ref ID J:48538]

King JA; Marker PC; Seung KJ; Kingsley DM. 1994. BMP5 and the molecular, skeletal, and soft-tissue alterations in short ear mice. Dev Biol 166(1):112-22. [PubMed: 7958439]  [MGI Ref ID J:21484]

Kingsley DM; Bland AE; Grubber JM; Marker PC; Russell LB; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA. 1992. The mouse short ear skeletal morphogenesis locus is associated with defects in a bone morphogenetic member of the TGF beta superfamily. Cell 71(3):399-410. [PubMed: 1339316]  [MGI Ref ID J:3046]

Lacombe D; Toutain A; Gorlin RJ; Oley CA; Battin J. 1994. Clinical identification of a human equivalent to the short ear (se) murine phenotype. Ann Genet 37(4):184-91. [PubMed: 7710253]  [MGI Ref ID J:24474]

Lynch CJ. 1921. Short ears, an autosomal mutation in the house mouse Am Naturalist 55:421-426.  [MGI Ref ID J:14849]

Nadeau JH. 2001. Modifier genes in mice and humans. Nat Rev Genet 2(3):165-74. [PubMed: 11256068]  [MGI Ref ID J:88013]

Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 2005. Information obtained from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Mutant Mouse Database (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN Unpublished :.  [MGI Ref ID J:100221]

Pfendler KC; Yoon J; Taborn GU; Kuehn MR; Iannaccone PM. 2000. Nodal and bone morphogenetic protein 5 interact in murine mesoderm formation and implantation. Genesis 28(1):1-14. [PubMed: 11020711]  [MGI Ref ID J:65690]

Russell LB. 1971. Definition of functional units in a small chromosomal segment of the mouse and its use in interpreting the nature of radiation-induced mutations. Mutat Res 11(1):107-23. [PubMed: 5556347]  [MGI Ref ID J:12013]

Sloane JA; Vartanian TK. 2007. Myosin Va controls oligodendrocyte morphogenesis and myelination. J Neurosci 27(42):11366-75. [PubMed: 17942731]  [MGI Ref ID J:126066]

Solloway MJ; Dudley AT; Bikoff EK; Lyons KM; Hogan BL; Robertson EJ. 1998. Mice lacking Bmp6 function. Dev Genet 22(4):321-39. [PubMed: 9664685]  [MGI Ref ID J:48561]

Solloway MJ; Robertson EJ. 1999. Early embryonic lethality in Bmp5;Bmp7 double mutant mice suggests functional redundancy within the 60A subgroup. Development 126(8):1753-68. [PubMed: 10079236]  [MGI Ref ID J:53294]

The Mammalian Genetics Unit at Harwell. 2004. Information obtained from the Mammalian Genetics Unit, Medical Research Council (MRC), Harwell, UK Unpublished :.  [MGI Ref ID J:90559]

Tilleman H; Hakim V; Novikov O; Liser K; Nashelsky L; Di Salvio M; Krauthammer M; Scheffner O; Maor I; Mayseless O; Meir I; Kayam G; Sela-Donenfeld D; Simeone A; Brodski C. 2010. Bmp5/7 in concert with the mid-hindbrain organizer control development of noradrenergic locus coeruleus neurons. Mol Cell Neurosci 45(1):1-11. [PubMed: 20493948]  [MGI Ref ID J:171333]

Myo5ad related

Cattanach BM. 1961. A chemically-induced variegated-type position effect in the mouse. Z Vererbungsl 92:165-82. [PubMed: 13877379]  [MGI Ref ID J:160128]

Coleman DL. 1962. Effect of genic substitution on the incorporation of tyrosine into the melanin of mouse skin. Arch Biochem Biophys 96:562-8. [PubMed: 13880466]  [MGI Ref ID J:12173]

Copeland NG; Hutchison KW; Jenkins NA. 1983. Excision of the DBA ecotropic provirus in dilute coat-color revertants of mice occurs by homologous recombination involving the viral LTRs. Cell 33(2):379-87. [PubMed: 6305507]  [MGI Ref ID J:7092]

Engle LJ; Kennett RH. 1994. Cloning, analysis, and chromosomal localization of myoxin (MYH12), the human homologue to the mouse dilute gene. Genomics 19(3):407-16. [PubMed: 8188282]  [MGI Ref ID J:16915]

Goodwins IR; Vincent MAC. 1955. Further data on linkage between short-ear and Maltese dilution in the house mouse Heredity 9:413-4.  [MGI Ref ID J:259]

Grobman AB; Charles DR. 1947. Mutant white mice. A new dominant autosomal mutant affecting coat color in Mus musculus. J Hered 38:381-384.  [MGI Ref ID J:13058]

Hearing VJ; Phillips P; Lutzner MA. 1973. The fine structure of melanogenesis in coat color mutants of the mouse. J Ultrastruct Res 43(1):88-106. [PubMed: 4634048]  [MGI Ref ID J:5346]

Hutchison KW; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA. 1984. Dilute-coat-color locus of mice: nucleotide sequence analysis of the d+2J and d+Ha revertant alleles. Mol Cell Biol 4(12):2899-904. [PubMed: 6098826]  [MGI Ref ID J:7751]

Jenkins NA; Copeland NG; Taylor BA; Lee BK. 1981. Dilute (d) coat colour mutation of DBA/2J mice is associated with the site of integration of an ecotropic MuLV genome. Nature 293(5831):370-4. [PubMed: 6268990]  [MGI Ref ID J:6587]

Jenkins NA; Copeland NG; Taylor BA; Lee BK. 1982. Organization, distribution, and stability of endogenous ecotropic murine leukemia virus DNA sequences in chromosomes of Mus musculus. J Virol 43(1):26-36. [PubMed: 6287001]  [MGI Ref ID J:6844]

Libby RT; Lillo C; Kitamoto J; Williams DS; Steel KP. 2004. Myosin Va is required for normal photoreceptor synaptic activity. J Cell Sci 117(Pt 19):4509-15. [PubMed: 15316067]  [MGI Ref ID J:92181]

Markert CL; Silvers WK. 1956. The Effects of Genotype and Cell Environment on Melanoblast Differentiation in the House Mouse. Genetics 41(3):429-50. [PubMed: 17247639]  [MGI Ref ID J:12970]

Medical Research Council (MRC) Harwell. 2012. Direct Data Submission 2012/01/05 MGI Direct Data Submission :.  [MGI Ref ID J:178968]

Medical Research Council (MRC) Harwell. 2012. Direct Data Submission 2012/01/18 MGI Direct Data Submission :.  [MGI Ref ID J:179353]

Mercer JA; Seperack PK; Strobel MC; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA. 1991. Novel myosin heavy chain encoded by murine dilute coat colour locus [published erratum appears in Nature 1991 Aug 8;352(6335):547] Nature 349(6311):709-13. [PubMed: 1996138]  [MGI Ref ID J:11005]

Moore KJ; Swing DA; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA. 1990. Interaction of the murine dilute suppressor gene (dsu) with fourteen coat color mutations [published erratum appears in Genetics 1990 Sep;126(1):285] Genetics 125(2):421-30. [PubMed: 2379821]  [MGI Ref ID J:29467]

Moore KJ; Swing DA; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA. 1994. The murine dilute suppressor gene encodes a cell autonomous suppressor. Genetics 138(2):491-7. [PubMed: 7828830]  [MGI Ref ID J:20796]

Moore KJ; Swing DA; Rinchik EM; Mucenski ML; Buchberg AM; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA. 1988. The murine dilute suppressor gene dsu suppresses the coat-color phenotype of three pigment mutations that alter melanocyte morphology, d, ash and ln. Genetics 119(4):933-41. [PubMed: 3410303]  [MGI Ref ID J:9309]

MouseBookTM. 2005. Information obtained from MouseBook<sup>TM</sup>, Medical Research Council Mammalian Genetics Unit, Harwell, UK. Unpublished :.  [MGI Ref ID J:169366]

Murray WS. 1934. The breeding behavior of the dilute brown stock of mice (Little dba) Am J Cancer 20:573-593.  [MGI Ref ID J:2464]

O'Sullivan TN; Wu XS; Rachel RA; Huang JD; Swing DA; Matesic LE; Hammer JA 3rd; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA. 2004. dsu functions in a MYO5A-independent pathway to suppress the coat color of dilute mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101(48):16831-6. [PubMed: 15550542]  [MGI Ref ID J:94728]

PIERRO LJ; CHASE HB. 1963. Slate--a new coat color mutant in the mouse. J Hered 54:47-50. [PubMed: 13943454]  [MGI Ref ID J:25388]

Pastural E; Barrat FJ; Dufourcq-Lagelouse R; Certain S; Sanal O ; Jabado N ; Seger R ; Griscelli C ; Fischer A ; de Saint Basile G. 1997. Griscelli disease maps to chromosome 15q21 and is associated with mutations in the myosin-Va gene. Nat Genet 16(3):289-92. [PubMed: 9207796]  [MGI Ref ID J:41253]

Provance DW Jr; Wei M; Ipe V; Mercer JA. 1996. Cultured melanocytes from dilute mutant mice exhibit dendritic morphology and altered melanosome distribution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93(25):14554-8. [PubMed: 8962090]  [MGI Ref ID J:37976]

Quevedo WC Jr.; Chase HB. 1958. An analysis of the light mutation of coat color in mice. J Morphol 102:329-345.  [MGI Ref ID J:13094]

RIKEN BioResource Center/RIKEN Genomic Sciences Center. 2008. A Large Scale Mutagenesis Program in RIKEN GSC PhenoSITE, World Wide Web (URL: http://www.brc.riken.jp/lab/gsc/mouse/) :.  [MGI Ref ID J:133634]

RUSSELL ES. 1949. A quantitative histological study of the pigment found in the coat-color mutants of the house mouse; interdependence among the variable granule attributes. Genetics 34(2):133-45. [PubMed: 18117146]  [MGI Ref ID J:148461]

Rachel RA; Nagashima K; O'Sullivan TN; Frost LS; Stefano FP; Marigo V; Boesze-Battaglia K. 2012. Melanoregulin, product of the dsu locus, links the BLOC-pathway and OA1 in organelle biogenesis. PLoS One 7(9):e42446. [PubMed: 22984402]  [MGI Ref ID J:191882]

Russell ES. 1948. A Quantitative Histological Study of the Pigment Found in the Coat Color Mutants of the House Mouse. II. Estimates of the Total Volume of Pigment. Genetics 33(3):228-36. [PubMed: 17247280]  [MGI Ref ID J:148462]

Russell ES. 1946. A Quantitative Histological Study of the Pigment Found in the Coat-Color Mutants of the House Mouse. I. Variable Attributes of the Pigment Granules. Genetics 31(3):327-46. [PubMed: 17247200]  [MGI Ref ID J:148463]

Russell ES. 1949. A Quantitative Histological Study of the Pigment Found in the Coat-Color Mutants of the House Mouse. IV. the Nature of the Effects of Genic Substitution in Five Major Allelic Series. Genetics 34(2):146-66. [PubMed: 17247308]  [MGI Ref ID J:12958]

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Yoshimura A; Fujii R; Watanabe Y; Okabe S; Fukui K; Takumi T. 2006. Myosin-Va facilitates the accumulation of mRNA/protein complex in dendritic spines. Curr Biol 16(23):2345-51. [PubMed: 17141617]  [MGI Ref ID J:117928]

Rmcfs related

Buller RS; Sitbon M; Portis JL. 1988. The endogenous mink cell focus-forming (MCF) gp70 linked to the Rmcf gene restricts MCF virus replication in vivo and provides partial resistance to erythroleukemia induced by Friend murine leukemia virus. J Exp Med 167(5):1535-46. [PubMed: 2835418]  [MGI Ref ID J:27618]

Hartley JW; Yetter RA; Morse HC 3rd. 1983. A mouse gene on chromosome 5 that restricts infectivity of mink cell focus-forming recombinant murine leukemia viruses. J Exp Med 158(1):16-24. [PubMed: 6306133]  [MGI Ref ID J:7108]

Jung YT; Lyu MS; Buckler-White A; Kozak CA. 2002. Characterization of a polytropic murine leukemia virus proviral sequence associated with the virus resistance gene Rmcf of DBA/2 mice. J Virol 76(16):8218-24. [PubMed: 12134027]  [MGI Ref ID J:78083]

Health & husbandry

Health & Colony Maintenance Information

Animal Health Reports

Room Number           FGB27

Colony Maintenance

Mating SystemTJL Breeding Scheme: for Bmp5se: Heterozygote x Homozygote or Homozygote x Heterozygote
Diet Information LabDiet® 5K52/5K67

Pricing and Purchasing

Pricing, Supply Level & Notes, Controls


Pricing for USA, Canada and Mexico shipping destinations View International Pricing

Live Mice

Price per mouse (US dollars $)GenderGenotypes Provided
Individual Mouse $182.00Female or MaleHomozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Homozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad  
$182.00Female or MaleHomozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Heterozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad  
Price per Pair (US dollars $)Pair Genotype
$364.00Homozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Heterozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad x Homozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Homozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad  
$364.00Homozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Homozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad x Homozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Heterozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad  

Standard Supply

Repository-Live.
Repository-Live represents an exclusive set of over 1800 unique mouse models across a vast array of research areas. Breeding colonies provide mice for large and small orders and fluctuate in size depending on current research demand. If a strain is not immediately available, you will receive an estimated availability timeframe for your inquiry or order in 2-3 business days. Repository strains typically are delivered at 4 to 8 weeks of age. Requests for specific ages will be noted but not guaranteed and we do not accept age requests for breeder pairs. However, if cohorts of mice (5 or more of one gender) are needed at a specific age range for experiments, we will do our best to accommodate your age request.

Pricing for International shipping destinations View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing

Live Mice

Price per mouse (US dollars $)GenderGenotypes Provided
Individual Mouse $236.60Female or MaleHomozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Homozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad  
$236.60Female or MaleHomozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Heterozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad  
Price per Pair (US dollars $)Pair Genotype
$473.20Homozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Heterozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad x Homozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Homozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad  
$473.20Homozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Homozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad x Homozygous for A, Homozygous for Tyrp1b, Heterozygous for Bmp5se, Homozygous for Myo5ad  

Standard Supply

Repository-Live.
Repository-Live represents an exclusive set of over 1800 unique mouse models across a vast array of research areas. Breeding colonies provide mice for large and small orders and fluctuate in size depending on current research demand. If a strain is not immediately available, you will receive an estimated availability timeframe for your inquiry or order in 2-3 business days. Repository strains typically are delivered at 4 to 8 weeks of age. Requests for specific ages will be noted but not guaranteed and we do not accept age requests for breeder pairs. However, if cohorts of mice (5 or more of one gender) are needed at a specific age range for experiments, we will do our best to accommodate your age request.

View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing View International Pricing

Standard Supply

Repository-Live.
Repository-Live represents an exclusive set of over 1800 unique mouse models across a vast array of research areas. Breeding colonies provide mice for large and small orders and fluctuate in size depending on current research demand. If a strain is not immediately available, you will receive an estimated availability timeframe for your inquiry or order in 2-3 business days. Repository strains typically are delivered at 4 to 8 weeks of age. Requests for specific ages will be noted but not guaranteed and we do not accept age requests for breeder pairs. However, if cohorts of mice (5 or more of one gender) are needed at a specific age range for experiments, we will do our best to accommodate your age request.

General Supply Notes

  • View the complete collection of spontaneous mutants in the Mouse Mutant Resource.

Payment Terms and Conditions

Terms are granted by individual review and stated on the customer invoice(s) and account statement. These transactions are payable in U.S. currency within the granted terms. Payment for services, products, shipping containers, and shipping costs that are rendered are expected within the payment terms indicated on the invoice or stated by contract. Invoices and account balances in arrears of stated terms may result in The Jackson Laboratory pursuing collection activities including but not limited to outside agencies and court filings.


See Terms of Use tab for General Terms and Conditions


The Jackson Laboratory's Genotype Promise

The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
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phone:207-288-6470

JAX® Mice, Products & Services Conditions of Use

"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCTS" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or services provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than the internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE or PRODUCTS from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON's prior written authorization.

No Warranty

MICE, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED “AS IS”. JACKSON EXTENDS NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO MICE, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.

In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of mice, products or services, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the mice or product received or the services provided.

No Liability

In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS or services, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS or services from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.

MICE and PRODUCTS are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.

The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or services. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS or services may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and services by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.

Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or services shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or services by JACKSON.


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