Strain Name:

AKR/J

Stock Number:

000648

Order this mouse

Availability:

Level 3

Common Names: AK;    
AKR mice are useful in cancer, immunology, and metabolism research.

Description

Strain Information

Former Names Soat1    (Changed: 14-MAR-12 )
Type Inbred Strain;
Additional information on Inbred Strains.
Visit our online Nomenclature tutorial.
Mating SystemSibling x Sibling         (Female x Male)   01-MAR-06
Breeding Considerations This strain is a challenging breeder.
Specieslaboratory mouse
H2 Haplotypek
GenerationF272 (17-SEP-12)
Generation Definitions

View larger image

Appearance
albino
Related Genotype: a/a Tyrc/Tyrc Soat1ald/Soat1ald hid/hid

Description
Originally inbred at the Rockefeller Institute, AKR mice are widely used in cancer research for their high leukemia incidence (60-90%) and in immunology as a source of the Thy1.1 (theta AKR) antigen. AKR/J mice are viremic from birth, and express the ecotropic retrovirus AKV in all tissues. The hair interior defect (hid) mutation, a strain characteristic of AKR mice, causes alterations in hair development that is only evident microscopically. Adrenocortical lipid depletion (ald) in AKR mice is caused by a mutation in sterol O-acyltransferase 1 (Soat1), and leads to a truncated SOAT1 protein. AKR/J mice are relatively resistant to aortic lesion formation on a semi-synthetic high fat diet and are hyporesponsive to diets containing high levels of fat and cholesterol.

Related Strains

AKR Strains
002720   AKR/CumJ
View AKR Strains     (1 strain)

Strains carrying   Ahrd allele
000690   129P3/J
008599   B6.Cg-Cyp1a2/Cyp1a1tm2Dwn Ahrd Tg(CYP1A1,CYP1A2)1Dwn/DwnJ
002921   B6.D2N-Ahrd/J
000652   BDP/J
000928   CAST/EiJ
000671   DBA/2J
000674   I/LnJ
000675   LG/J
000676   LP/J
000684   NZB/BlNJ
000726   RBF/DnJ
000682   RF/J
000686   SJL/J
000688   ST/bJ
000689   SWR/J
000693   WC/ReJ KitlSl/J
000933   YBR/EiJ
View Strains carrying   Ahrd     (17 strains)

Strains carrying   Hc0 allele
000645   A/HeJ
000646   A/J
000647   A/WySnJ
000460   B10.D2-Hc0 H2d H2-T18c/o2SnJ
000461   B10.D2-Hc0 H2d H2-T18c/oSnJ
000657   CE/J
000671   DBA/2J
007048   DBA/2J-Gpnmb+/SjJ
001800   FVB/NJ
001491   FVB/NMob
000674   I/LnJ
001303   NOD.CB17-Prkdcscid/J
001976   NOD/ShiLtJ
000684   NZB/BlNJ
000682   RF/J
000688   ST/bJ
000689   SWR/J
View Strains carrying   Hc0     (17 strains)

Strains carrying   Il3ram1 allele
000645   A/HeJ
000646   A/J
000647   A/WySnJ
000653   BUB/BnJ
000669   C58/J
000657   CE/J
000684   NZB/BlNJ
000682   RF/J
000687   SM/J
View Strains carrying   Il3ram1     (9 strains)

Strains carrying   Rmcfs allele
000646   A/J
000779   AKXD14/TyJ
000780   AKXD23/TyJ
000764   AKXD27/TyJ
000777   AKXD6/TyJ
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000668   C57L/J
000669   C58/J
000682   RF/J
000644   SEA/GnJ
000686   SJL/J
000688   ST/bJ
View Strains carrying   Rmcfs     (12 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Ahr
000645   A/HeJ
000646   A/J
002920   B6(D2N).Spretus-Ahrb-3/J
002831   B6.129-Ahrtm1Bra/J
000130   B6.C-H17c/(HW14)ByJ
000136   B6.C-H34c/(HW22)ByJ
000370   B6.C-H38c/(HW119)ByJ
002727   B6;129-Ahrtm1Bra/J
001026   BALB/cByJ
000653   BUB/BnJ
000659   C3H/HeJ
000663   C57BL/6By
001139   C57BL/6ByJ
000664   C57BL/6J
000662   C57BLKS/J
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000668   C57L/J
000669   C58/J
000926   CAROLI/EiJ
000656   CBA/J
000657   CE/J
000351   CXB1/ByJ
000352   CXB2/ByJ
000353   CXB3/ByJ
000354   CXB4/ByJ
000355   CXB5/ByJ
000356   CXB6/ByJ
000357   CXB7/ByJ
002937   D2.B6-Ahrb-1/J
000673   HRS/J
000677   MA/MyJ
000550   MOLF/EiJ
000679   P/J
000930   PERA/EiJ
000644   SEA/GnJ
000280   SF/CamEiJ
001146   SPRET/EiJ
006203   STOCK Ahrtm3.1Bra/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Ahr     (38 strains)

View Strains carrying other alleles of Hc     (5 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Obq3
000668   C57L/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Obq3     (1 strain)

Strains carrying other alleles of Obq4
000668   C57L/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Obq4     (1 strain)

Strains carrying other alleles of Rmcf
000690   129P3/J
000765   AKXD13/TyJ
000954   AKXD15/TyJ
001093   AKXD18/TyJ
000947   AKXD22/TyJ
000763   AKXD9/TyJ
000654   CBA/CaJ
000670   DBA/1J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Rmcf     (8 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Soat1
003322   B6.129S4-Soat1tm1Far/J
007147   B6.129S4-Soat1tm1Far/Pgn
002896   B6;129S4-Soat1tm1Far/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Soat1     (3 strains)

Additional Web Information

JAX® NOTES, April 1988; 433. H-2 Haplotypes of Mice from Jackson Laboratory Production Colonies.
JAX® NOTES, Winter 2006; 504. JAX® Mice: the Gold Standard Just Got Better.
Mouse Phenome Database / SNP Facility
Sequence data is available from the Mouse Genomes Project at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Phenotype

Phenotype Information

View Phenotypic Data

View Related Disease (OMIM) Terms

Related Disease (OMIM) Terms provided by MGI
- Potential model based on gene homology relationships. Phenotypic similarity to the human disease has not been tested.
Complement Component 5 Deficiency; C5D   (C5)
Eculizumab, Poor Response to   (C5)
View Mammalian Phenotype Terms

Mammalian Phenotype Terms provided by MGI
      assigned by genotype

Ahrd/Ahrd

        AKR
  • mortality/aging
  • decreased sensitivity to xenobiotic induced morbidity/mortality
    • mice are resistant to the pathological effects of DMBA including mortality, morbidity and severity of effects   (MGI Ref ID J:26440)
  • homeostasis/metabolism phenotype
  • decreased physiological sensitivity to xenobiotic
    • mice are resistant to the pathological effects of DMBA including mortality, morbidity and severity of effects   (MGI Ref ID J:26440)
  • decreased sensitivity to xenobiotic induced morbidity/mortality
    • mice are resistant to the pathological effects of DMBA including mortality, morbidity and severity of effects   (MGI Ref ID J:26440)

Il3ram1/Il3ram1

        AKR/J
  • hematopoietic system phenotype
  • abnormal common myeloid progenitor cell morphology
    • CFU-GM assays using bone marrow derived cells yield very few colonies in repsonse to interleukin 3   (MGI Ref ID J:24918)

Soat1ald/Soat1ald

        AKR
  • integument phenotype
  • abnormal hair growth
    • homozygotes can be ascertained only by microscopic examination of the hair   (MGI Ref ID J:15247)
    • distal regions of all hair types are especially affected   (MGI Ref ID J:15247)
    • all AKR strains are homozygous for this mutation   (MGI Ref ID J:15247)
    • morphology and arrangement of medullary cells are abnormal   (MGI Ref ID J:15247)
  • abnormal hair shaft morphology
    • medullary cell abnormality effects calibre of hair shaft   (MGI Ref ID J:15247)
    • abnormal hair medulla
      • medulla morphology and arrangement are abnormal   (MGI Ref ID J:15247)
      • random and tightly packed medullary cells produce irregularities of hair shaft calibre   (MGI Ref ID J:15247)

The following phenotype information is associated with a similar, but not exact match to this JAX® Mice strain.

Soat1ald/Soat1ald

        AKR/O
  • endocrine/exocrine gland phenotype
  • abnormal adrenal cortex morphology
    • adrenal cortex of males is totally depleted of lipid   (MGI Ref ID J:12157)
    • adrenal cortex of females is not totally depleted and lipid pattern is variable   (MGI Ref ID J:12157)
    • large doses of ACTH restores lipid concentration and distribution   (MGI Ref ID J:12157)
    • onset of adrenocortical lipid depletion takes place in mice between 30 and 40 days of age   (MGI Ref ID J:5089)
    • in males adrenocortical lipid depletion coincides roughly with adrenal X-zone degeneration and maturation of seminiferous epithelium   (MGI Ref ID J:5089)
    • abnormal adrenocortical cell morphology
      • lipid vacuoles are sparse   (MGI Ref ID J:12157)
      • cells are enriched with mitochondria   (MGI Ref ID J:12157)
  • thymus hyperplasia
    • evident from birth   (MGI Ref ID J:12157)
  • hematopoietic system phenotype
  • thymus hyperplasia
    • evident from birth   (MGI Ref ID J:12157)
  • immune system phenotype
  • thymus hyperplasia
    • evident from birth   (MGI Ref ID J:12157)
  • tumorigenesis
  • increased leukemia incidence
    • high incidence of lymphatic leukemia   (MGI Ref ID J:12157)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Cancer Research
Increased Tumor Incidence
      Leukemia
      Leukemia: lymphatic

Cardiovascular Research
Atherosclerosis
      Soat1ald
Diet-Induced Atherosclerosis
      Relatively Resistant

Developmental Biology Research
Lymphoid Tissue Defects
      hematopoietic defects

Diabetes and Obesity Research
Hyperglycemia
      diet-induced, moderate
Obesity With Diabetes
      diet-induced
Type 2 Diabetes (NIDDM)
      diet-induced

Endocrine Deficiency Research
Adrenal Cortex Defects
Hypothalamus/Pituitary Defects
      Soat1ald

Internal/Organ Research
Adrenal Cortex Defects

Metabolism Research
Enzyme Deficiency

Neurobiology Research
Hearing Defects
      Age related hearing loss

Ahrd related

Metabolism Research

Research Tools
Toxicology Research

Hc0 related

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
Immunodeficiency
      specific complement deficiency

Research Tools
Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
      specific complement deficiency, C5 complement

Il3ram1 related

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
CD Antigens, Antigen Receptors, and Histocompatibility Markers
      genes regulating susceptibility to infectious disease and endotoxin

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

 
Allele Symbol Ahrd
Allele Name d variant
Allele Type Not Applicable
Common Name(s) Ahd; Ahk; AhRd; Ahhn; ah; in;
Gene Symbol and Name Ahr, aryl-hydrocarbon receptor
Chromosome 12
Gene Common Name(s) Ah; Ahh; Ahre; In; aromatic hydrocarbon responsiveness; aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase; bHLHe76; dioxin receptor; inflammatory reactivity;
General Note Compared with Ahrd/Ahrd mice, Ahrb/Ahrb individuals have a high inflammatory response to cutaneous application of dimethylbenzanthracene; a high susceptibility to methylcholanthrene- and benzopyrene-induced subcutaneous sarcomas and methylcholanthrene-induced lung tumors; an increased resistance to zoxazolamine-induced paralysis, lindane toxicity, and benzo[a]pyrene-induced aplastic anemia and leukemia; a high susceptibility to acetaminophen-induced hepatic necrosis and cataract formation; and an increased susceptibility to polycyclic hydrocarbon-induced birth defects, stillbirths, resorptions, decreased body weight, ovarian primordial oocyte depletion, and spermatozoal aberrations (J:5822). The Ahrballele is associated with increases in numerous metabolites of chemical carcinogens binding to DNA nucleotides (J:12156). The effectiveness of several mutagens for Salmonella in vitro is enhanced by presence of a liver fraction from Ahrb/Ahrb> mice treated with polycyclic hydrocarbons, but not from similarly treated Ahrd/Ahr mice (J:5564). In contrast, oral doses of benzopyrene cause a high rate of leukemia in Ahrd/Ahrd but not in Ahrd/Ahrd mice, probably because the carcinogenic metabolites produced in responsive Ahrb/Ahrd mice are rapidly degraded in the intestine and excreted in the feces (J:6074).

Strain of origin - this allele was found in DBA/2J, AKR/J, 129, SWR, RF, NZB strains

Molecular Note This allele encodes a 104 kDa receptor that is stabilized by molybdate and has an affinity for ligand 10-100 fold lower than that of the receptor produced by the C57BL/6J allele. PCR sequencing of cDNA revealed ten nucleotide differences between the coding sequences of the DBA/2J and C57BL/6J receptors. Five of the ten differences would cause amino acid changes. One of these, an apparent T to C transition replaces the opal termination codon in the C57BL/6J allele with an arginine codon in the DBA/2J allele. This change would extend translation of the DBA/2J mRNA by 43 amino acids, accounting for the larger size of the peptide produced by this allele (104 kDa vs 95 kDa for the C57BL/6J allele). A second T to C transition changes a leucine codon in the C57BL/6J allele to a proline codon in the DBA/2J allele, and would likely change secondary structure of the peptide and thus ligand affinity. [MGI Ref ID J:15153] [MGI Ref ID J:17460] [MGI Ref ID J:22144]
 
Allele Symbol Hc0
Allele Name deficient
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) C5-; C5-d; C5-def; C5-deficient; hco;
Strain of Originmultiple strains
Gene Symbol and Name Hc, hemolytic complement
Chromosome 2
Gene Common Name(s) C5; C5D; C5a; C5b; CPAMD4; ECLZB; He;
General Note

This is an allele characteristic of various inbred mouse strains including the following: A/HeJ, AKR/J, DBA/2J, NZB/B1NJ, SWR/J, B10.D2/oSnJ

Hc was identified as a candidate gene for Abhr2 in a microarray analysis of lung mRNA from A/J, C3H/HeJ, and (A/J x C3H/HeJ)F1 x A/J backcross animals. Hc genotype shows statistically significant correlation to allergen-induced bronchial hyperresponsive phenotype. The A/J allele contains a 2 bp deletion resulting in deficient Hc mRNA and protein production and is associated with susceptibility to allergen-induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness. (J:108211)

Molecular Note A 2 base "TA" deletion at positions 62 and 63 of an 83 base pair exon near the 5' end of the gene is found in the following mouse strains: A/HeJ, AKR/J, DBA/2J, NZB/B1NJ, SWR/J, B10.D2/oSnJ. The consequence of this deletion is the creation of a stop codon starting four bases after the deletion. A truncated product of 216 amino acids is predicted as a result although contradictory reports exist that a larger pro-C5 protein may be synthesized. Nevertheless, macrophages from mouse strains carrying this allele do not secrete complement 5. [MGI Ref ID J:23983] [MGI Ref ID J:5016]
 
Allele Symbol Il3ram1
Allele Name mutation 1
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) Il3raA/J; Il3ran;
Strain of OriginA/J
Gene Symbol and Name Il3ra, interleukin 3 receptor, alpha chain
Chromosome 14
Gene Common Name(s) CD123; Cyrl; IL-3 receptor alpha chain; IL3R; IL3RAY; IL3RX; IL3RY; SUT-1; hIL-3Ra;
Molecular Note Sequence analysis revealed A/J mice lack the sequence corresponding to exon 8, which encodes 10 amino acid residues in the extracellular domain. Aberrant splicing was due to a 5 base pair deletion at the branch point in intron 7. [MGI Ref ID J:23971]
 
Allele Symbol Obq3AKR/J
Allele Name AKR/J
Allele Type QTL
Strain of OriginAKR/J
Gene Symbol and Name Obq3, obesity QTL 3
Chromosome 2
General Note Obq3 exhibits an additive mode of inheritance.
Molecular Note This allele confers increased adiposity in male animals compared to C57L/J. [MGI Ref ID J:39947]
 
Allele Symbol Obq4AKR/J
Allele Name AKR/J
Allele Type QTL
Strain of OriginAKR/J
Gene Symbol and Name Obq4, obesity QTL 4
Chromosome 17
General Note Obq4 may also be consistent with an additive mode of inheritance.
 
Allele Symbol Rmcfs
Allele Name MCF sensitive
Allele Type Spontaneous
Strain of Originmultiple strains
Gene Symbol and Name Rmcf, resistance to MCF virus
Chromosome 5
General Note

This locus controls resistance and susceptibility of cells in tissue culture to infection by mink cell focus-forming murine leukemia viruses. The allele Rmcfr determines resistance and occurs in strains DBA/1, DBA/2, and CBA/Ca; the allele Rmcfs determines susceptibility and occurs in strains AKR/J, C57BL/6, BALB/c, CBA/J, NFS, NZB, 129/J, and many others. Heterozygotes are as resistant as the resistant parent or nearly so. Rmcf is different from and independent of Fv1,a locus that controls susceptibility to infection by ecotropic viruses. Rmcf is located on Chr 5 close to Hm near the centromeric end (J:7108). Rmcfr protects (AKR x CBA/Ca)F1 and (AKR x DBA/2)F1 hybrids from development of spontaneous thymic lymphomas and reduces the incidence of MCF-induced thymic lymphomas (J:7175). It also reduces susceptibility of cells of Sxvs/Sxvr mice to exogenous xenotropic viruses (J:7951). In addition, in strains susceptible to Friend virus-induced erythroleukemia, a condition thought to be due to the replication of MCF virus, Rmcfr increases resistance to the virus-induced erythroleukemia. It may cause resistance by coding for or regulating the production of an MCF-related envelope glycoprotein that blocks the receptor for MCF viruses (J:8074). This conclusion is reinforced by the findings of Buller et al. (J:8497), who showed that the Rmcfr allele contains an endogenous MCF gp70 env gene and that theRmcfs allele, at least in some strains (C57BL/6, CBA/J, and A/WySn), contains a xenotropic gp70 env gene. Presumably the MCF gp70 inhibits exogenous MCF infection in vitro by a mechanism of viral interference.

Molecular Note This locus controls resistance of cells to infection by mink cell focus-forming murine leukemia viruses. The recessive s (susceptible) allele is found in AKR/J, C57BL/6, BALB/c, CBA/J, NFS, NZB and 129/J.
 
Allele Symbol Soat1ald
Allele Name adrenocortical lipid depletion
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) Acact-; Soat1hid; ald; hid;
Strain of OriginAKR/O
Gene Symbol and Name Soat1, sterol O-acyltransferase 1
Chromosome 1
Gene Common Name(s) 8430426K15Rik; ACACT; ACAT; ACAT-1; ACAT1; AW550831; Acact; RIKEN cDNA 8430426K15 gene; SOAT; STAT; acetyl coenzyme A cholesterol acyltransferase; adrenocortical lipid depletion; ald; expressed sequence AW550831; hair interior defect; hid;
General Note All AKR sublines are homozygous for Soat1.
Molecular Note Deletion of 118 bp in the a Soat1 mRNA. This region corresondes to the 5'UTR and the initial coding sequences. In addition, two missense mutations were observed: A1248G resulting in Ile to Val at amino acid 147 and C1422T resulting in His to Tyr at amino acid 205. Other nucleotide differences were observed that did not result in amino acid changes. A truncated protein is expressed from this allele, presumably due to internal initiation. [MGI Ref ID J:180857] [MGI Ref ID J:42073]

Genotyping

Genotyping Information

Inbred mouse strains are maintained through sibling (sister x brother) matings; no genotyping required.

Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting

References

References provided by MGI

Selected Reference(s)

Doering CH; Shire JG; Kessler S; Clayton RB. 1973. Genetic and biochemical studies of the adrenal lipid depletion phenotype in mice. Biochem Genet 8(1):101-11. [PubMed: 4348256]  [MGI Ref ID J:5333]

Jiao S; Cole TG; Kitchens RT; Pfleger B; Schonfeld G. 1990. Genetic heterogeneity of plasma lipoproteins in the mouse: control of low density lipoprotein particle sizes by genetic factors. J Lipid Res 31(3):467-77. [PubMed: 1971301]  [MGI Ref ID J:15484]

Kirk EA; Moe GL; Caldwell MT; Lernmark JA; Wilson DL; LeBoeuf RC. 1995. Hyper- and hypo-responsiveness to dietary fat and cholesterol among inbred mice: searching for level and variability genes. J Lipid Res 36(7):1522-32. [PubMed: 7595076]  [MGI Ref ID J:28648]

Meiner VL; Welch CL; Cases S; Myers HM; Sande E; Lusis AJ; Farese RV Jr. 1998. Adrenocortical lipid depletion gene (ald) in AKR mice is associated with an acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) mutation. J Biol Chem 273(2):1064-9. [PubMed: 9422770]  [MGI Ref ID J:42073]

Molne K; Brabrand G. 1968. Spontaneous adrenocortical lipid depletion in mice. Relationship to general growth, degeneration of adrenal X zone, and maturation of seminiferous epithelium. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand 72(4):478-90. [PubMed: 5693089]  [MGI Ref ID J:5089]

Nishina PM; Wang J; Toyofuku W; Kuypers FA; Ishida BY; Paigen B. 1993. Atherosclerosis and plasma and liver lipids in nine inbred strains of mice. Lipids 28(7):599-605. [PubMed: 8355588]  [MGI Ref ID J:13267]

Paigen B. 1995. Genetics of responsiveness to high-fat and high- cholesterol diets in the mouse. Am J Clin Nutr 62(2):458S-462S. [PubMed: 7625360]  [MGI Ref ID J:28248]

Paigen B; Ishida BY; Verstuyft J; Winters RB; Albee D. 1990. Atherosclerosis susceptibility differences among progenitors of recombinant inbred strains of mice. Arteriosclerosis 10(2):316-23. [PubMed: 2317166]  [MGI Ref ID J:22615]

Paigen B; Morrow A; Brandon C; Mitchell D; Holmes P. 1985. Variation in susceptibility to atherosclerosis among inbred strains of mice. Atherosclerosis 57(1):65-73. [PubMed: 3841001]  [MGI Ref ID J:109950]

Petkov PM; Cassell MA; Sargent EE; Donnelly CJ; Robinson P; Crew V; Asquith S; Haar RV; Wiles MV. 2004. Development of a SNP genotyping panel for genetic monitoring of the laboratory mouse. Genomics 83(5):902-11. [PubMed: 15081119]  [MGI Ref ID J:89298]

Uelmen PJ; Oka K; Sullivan M; Chang CC; Chang TY; Chan L. 1995. Tissue-specific expression and cholesterol regulation of acylcoenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) in mice. Molecular cloning of mouse ACAT cDNA, chromosomal localization, and regulation of ACAT in vivo and in vitro. J Biol Chem 270(44):26192-201. [PubMed: 7592824]  [MGI Ref ID J:29712]

West DB; Boozer CN; Moody DL; Atkinson RL. 1992. Dietary obesity in nine inbred mouse strains. Am J Physiol 262(6 Pt 2):R1025-32. [PubMed: 1621856]  [MGI Ref ID J:1348]

Additional References

Eberhart GP; West DB; Boozer CN; Atkinson RL. 1994. Insulin sensitivity of adipocytes from inbred mouse strains resistant or sensitive to diet-induced obesity. Am J Physiol 266(5 Pt 2):R1423-8. [PubMed: 8203615]  [MGI Ref ID J:18464]

Ewart SL; Kuperman D; Schadt E; Tankersley C; Grupe A; Shubitowski DM; Peltz G; Wills-Karp M. 2000. Quantitative trait loci controlling allergen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness in inbred mice. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 23(4):537-45. [PubMed: 11017920]  [MGI Ref ID J:66641]

Festing MF; Blackmore DK. 1971. Life span of specified-pathogen-free (MRC category 4) mice and rats. Lab Anim 5(2):179-92. [PubMed: 5166568]  [MGI Ref ID J:22607]

Hara T; Ichihara M; Takagi M; Miyajima A. 1995. Interleukin-3 (IL-3) poor-responsive inbred mouse strains carry the identical deletion of a branch point in the IL-3 receptor alpha subunit gene. Blood 85(9):2331-6. [PubMed: 7727767]  [MGI Ref ID J:24918]

Hoag WG. 1963. Spontaneous cancer in mice Ann N Y Acad Sci 108:805-831. [PubMed: 14081516]  [MGI Ref ID J:2434]

International Nomenclature Committee. 1952. COMMITTEE on Standardized Nomenclature for Inbred Strains of Mice Cancer Res 12(8):602-13. [PubMed: 14945054]  [MGI Ref ID J:166288]

Keane TM; Goodstadt L; Danecek P; White MA; Wong K; Yalcin B; Heger A; Agam A; Slater G; Goodson M; Furlotte NA; Eskin E; Nellaker C; Whitley H; Cleak J; Janowitz D; Hernandez-Pliego P; Edwards A; Belgard TG; Oliver PL; McIntyre RE; Bhomra A; Nicod J; Gan X; Yuan W; van der Weyden L; Steward CA; Bala S; Stalker J; Mott R; Durbin R; Jackson IJ; Czechanski A; Guerra-Assuncao JA; Donahue LR; Reinholdt LG; Payseur BA; Ponting CP; Birney E; Flint J; Adams DJ. 2011. Mouse genomic variation and its effect on phenotypes and gene regulation. Nature 477(7364):289-94. [PubMed: 21921910]  [MGI Ref ID J:177037]

Moy SS; Nadler JJ; Young NB; Perez A; Holloway LP; Barbaro RP; Barbaro JR; Wilson LM; Threadgill DW; Lauder JM; Magnuson TR; Crawley JN. 2007. Mouse behavioral tasks relevant to autism: phenotypes of 10 inbred strains. Behav Brain Res 176(1):4-20. [PubMed: 16971002]  [MGI Ref ID J:138682]

Nilsson UR; Muller-Eberhard HJ. 1967. Deficiency of the fifth component of complement in mice with an inherited complement defect. J Exp Med 125(1):1-16. [PubMed: 4959665]  [MGI Ref ID J:5016]

Ooi YM; Colten HR. 1979. Genetic defect in secretion of complement C5 in mice. Nature 282(5735):207-8. [PubMed: 492335]  [MGI Ref ID J:6214]

Roberts JE; Watters JW; Ballard JD; Dietrich WF. 1998. Ltx1, a mouse locus that influences the susceptibility of macrophages to cytolysis caused by intoxication with Bacillus anthracis lethal factor, maps to chromosome 11. Mol Microbiol 29(2):581-91. [PubMed: 9720874]  [MGI Ref ID J:49726]

Rossmeisl M; Rim JS; Koza RA; Kozak LP. 2003. Variation in type 2 diabetes--related traits in mouse strains susceptible to diet-induced obesity. Diabetes 52(8):1958-66. [PubMed: 12882911]  [MGI Ref ID J:86027]

Smith BK; Andrews PK; West DB. 2000. Macronutrient diet selection in thirteen mouse strains. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 278(4):R797-805. [PubMed: 10749765]  [MGI Ref ID J:61602]

Smith BK; West DB; York DA. 1997. Carbohydrate versus fat intake: differing patterns of macronutrient selection in two inbred mouse strains. Am J Physiol 272(1 Pt 2):R357-62. [PubMed: 9039029]  [MGI Ref ID J:39025]

Taylor BA; Phillips SJ. 1997. Obesity QTLs on mouse chromosomes 2 and 17. Genomics 43(3):249-57. [PubMed: 9268627]  [MGI Ref ID J:39947]

Trigg MJ. 1972. Hair growth in mouse mutants affecting coat texture. J Zool 168:165-198.  [MGI Ref ID J:15247]

West DB; Goudey-Lefevre J; York B; Truett GE. 1994. Dietary obesity linked to genetic loci on chromosomes 9 and 15 in a polygenic mouse model. J Clin Invest 94(4):1410-6. [PubMed: 7929816]  [MGI Ref ID J:20700]

West DB; Waguespack J; McCollister S. 1995. Dietary obesity in the mouse: interaction of strain with diet composition. Am J Physiol 268(3 Pt 2):R658-65. [PubMed: 7900908]  [MGI Ref ID J:24480]

West DB; Waguespack J; York B; Goudey-Lefevre J; Price RA. 1994. Genetics of dietary obesity in AKR/J x SWR/J mice: segregation of the trait and identification of a linked locus on chromosome 4. Mamm Genome 5(9):546-52. [PubMed: 8000138]  [MGI Ref ID J:20129]

Wetsel RA; Fleischer DT; Haviland DL. 1990. Deficiency of the murine fifth complement component (C5). A 2-base pair gene deletion in a 5'-exon. J Biol Chem 265(5):2435-40. [PubMed: 2303408]  [MGI Ref ID J:23983]

Wheat WH; Wetsel R; Falus A; Tack BF; Strunk RC. 1987. The fifth component of complement (C5) in the mouse. Analysis of the molecular basis for deficiency. J Exp Med 165(5):1442-7. [PubMed: 3572304]  [MGI Ref ID J:8690]

Xie C; Sharma R; Wang H; Zhou XJ; Mohan C. 2004. Strain distribution pattern of susceptibility to immune-mediated nephritis. J Immunol 172(8):5047-55. [PubMed: 15067087]  [MGI Ref ID J:122988]

Ahrd related

Benedict WF; Considine N; Nebert DW. 1973. Genetic differences in aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction and benzo(a)pyrene-produced tumorigenesis in the mouse. Mol Pharmacol 9(2):266-77. [PubMed: 4123113]  [MGI Ref ID J:84312]

Boobis AR; Nebert DW. 1976. Genetic differences in the metabolism of carcinogens and in the binding of benzo (a) pyrene metabolites to DNA. Adv Enzyme Regul 15:339-62. [PubMed: 1030186]  [MGI Ref ID J:12156]

Castro DJ; Lohr CV; Fischer KA; Pereira CB; Williams DE. 2008. Lymphoma and lung cancer in offspring born to pregnant mice dosed with dibenzo[a,l]pyrene: the importance of in utero vs. lactational exposure. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 233(3):454-8. [PubMed: 18848954]  [MGI Ref ID J:143604]

Chang C; Smith DR; Prasad VS; Sidman CL; Nebert DW; Puga A. 1993. Ten nucleotide differences, five of which cause amino acid changes, are associated with the Ah receptor locus polymorphism of C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice. Pharmacogenetics 3(6):312-21. [PubMed: 8148872]  [MGI Ref ID J:17460]

Curran CP; Miller KA; Dalton TP; Vorhees CV; Miller ML; Shertzer HG; Nebert DW. 2006. Genetic differences in lethality of newborn mice treated in utero with coplanar versus non-coplanar hexabromobiphenyl. Toxicol Sci 89(2):454-64. [PubMed: 16291824]  [MGI Ref ID J:113285]

Felton JS; Nebert DW. 1975. Mutagenesis of certain activated carcinogens in vitro associated with genetically mediated increases in monooxygenase activity and cytochrome P 1-450. J Biol Chem 250(17):6769-78. [PubMed: 808546]  [MGI Ref ID J:5564]

Gielen JE; Goujon FM; Nebert DW. 1972. Genetic regulation of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. II. Simple Mendelian expression in mouse tissues in vivo. J Biol Chem 247(4):1125-37. [PubMed: 4110756]  [MGI Ref ID J:84250]

Goujon FM; Nebert DW; Gielen JE. 1972. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. IV. Interaction of various compounds with different forms of cytochrome P-450 and the effect on benzo(a)pyrene metabolism in vitro. Mol Pharmacol 8(6):667-80. [PubMed: 4118365]  [MGI Ref ID J:84252]

Harper PA; Golas CL; Okey AB. 1991. Ah receptor in mice genetically nonresponsive for cytochrome P4501A1 induction: cytosolic Ah receptor, transformation to the nuclear binding state, and induction of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase by halogenated and nonhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons in embryonic tissues and cells. Mol Pharmacol 40(5):818-26. [PubMed: 1658612]  [MGI Ref ID J:2134]

Kerley-Hamilton JS; Trask HW; Ridley CJ; Dufour E; Lesseur C; Ringelberg CS; Moodie KL; Shipman SL; Korc M; Gui J; Shworak NW; Tomlinson CR. 2012. Inherent and benzo[a]pyrene-induced differential aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling greatly affects life span, atherosclerosis, cardiac gene expression, and body and heart growth in mice. Toxicol Sci 126(2):391-404. [PubMed: 22228805]  [MGI Ref ID J:183715]

Kouri RE; Rude TH; Joglekar R; Dansette PM; Jerina DM; Atlas SA; Owens IS; Nebert DW. 1978. 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin as cocarcinogen causing 3-methylcholanthrene-initiated subcutaneous tumors in mice genetically 'nonresponsive' at Ah locus. Cancer Res 38(9):2777-83. [PubMed: 679184]  [MGI Ref ID J:84318]

Levova K; Moserova M; Nebert DW; Phillips DH; Frei E; Schmeiser HH; Arlt VM; Stiborova M. 2012. NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase expression in Cyp1a-knockout and CYP1A-humanized mouse lines and its effect on bioactivation of the carcinogen aristolochic acid I. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 265(3):360-7. [PubMed: 22982977]  [MGI Ref ID J:192865]

Lew BJ; Manickam R; Lawrence BP. 2011. Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor during pregnancy in the mouse alters mammary development through direct effects on stromal and epithelial tissues. Biol Reprod 84(6):1094-102. [PubMed: 21270426]  [MGI Ref ID J:173706]

Moriguchi T; Motohashi H; Hosoya T; Nakajima O; Takahashi S; Ohsako S; Aoki Y; Nishimura N; Tohyama C; Fujii-Kuriyama Y; Yamamoto M. 2003. Distinct response to dioxin in an arylhydrocarbon receptor (AHR)-humanized mouse. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100(10):5652-7. [PubMed: 12730383]  [MGI Ref ID J:132380]

Nebert DW; Atlas SA; Guenthner TM; Kouri RE. 1978. The Ah locus: genetic regulation of the enzymes which metabolize polycyclic hydrocarbons and the risk of cancer. In: Polycyclic Hydrocarbons and Cancer: Chemistry, Molecular Biology and Environment. Academic Press, New York.  [MGI Ref ID J:30693]

Nebert DW; Considine N; Owens IS. 1973. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. VI. Control of other aromatic hydrocarbon-inducible mono-oxygenase activities at or near the same genetic locus. Arch Biochem Biophys 157(1):148-59. [PubMed: 4716952]  [MGI Ref ID J:84313]

Nebert DW; Gelboin HV. 1969. The in vivo and in vitro induction of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase in mammalian cells of different species, tissues, strains, and developmental and hormonal states. Arch Biochem Biophys 134(1):76-89. [PubMed: 4981257]  [MGI Ref ID J:84248]

Nebert DW; Gielen JE. 1972. Genetic regulation of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction in the mouse. Fed Proc 31(4):1315-25. [PubMed: 4114109]  [MGI Ref ID J:5282]

Nebert DW; Gielen JE; Goujon FM. 1972. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. 3. Changes in the binding of n-octylamine to cytochrome P-450. Mol Pharmacol 8(6):651-66. [PubMed: 4118364]  [MGI Ref ID J:84251]

Nebert DW; Goujon FM; Gielen JE. 1972. Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction by polycyclic hydrocarbons: simple autosomal dominant trait in the mouse. Nat New Biol 236(65):107-10. [PubMed: 4502804]  [MGI Ref ID J:84249]

Nebert DW; Jensen NM. 1979. Benzo[a]pyrene-initiated leukemia in mice. Association with allelic differences at the Ah locus. Biochem Pharmacol 28(1):149-51. [PubMed: 758905]  [MGI Ref ID J:6074]

Nebert DW; Jensen NM; Shinozuka H; Kunz HW; Gill TJ 3rd. 1982. The Ah phenotype. Survey of forty-eight rat strains and twenty inbred mouse strains. Genetics 100(1):79-87. [PubMed: 7095422]  [MGI Ref ID J:6809]

Nebert DW; Kon H. 1973. Genetic regulation of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. V. Specific changes in spin state of cytochrome P 450 from genetically responsive animals. J Biol Chem 248(1):169-78. [PubMed: 4348203]  [MGI Ref ID J:84311]

Nebert DW; Robinson JR; Niwa A; Kumaki K; Poland AP. 1975. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in the mouse. J Cell Physiol 85(2 Pt 2 Suppl 1):393-414. [PubMed: 1091656]  [MGI Ref ID J:84317]

Niwa A; Kumaki K; Nebert DW; Poland AP. 1975. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in the mouse. Distinction between the 'responsive' homozygote and heterozygote at the Ah locus. Arch Biochem Biophys 166(2):559-64. [PubMed: 1119809]  [MGI Ref ID J:84316]

Oesch F; Morris N; Daly JW. 1973. Genetic expression of the induction of epoxide hydrase and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activities in the mouse by phenobarbital or 3-methylcholanthrene. Mol Pharmacol 9(5):629-6. [PubMed: 4788156]  [MGI Ref ID J:25852]

Okey AB; Vella LM; Harper PA. 1989. Detection and characterization of a low affinity form of cytosolic Ah receptor in livers of mice nonresponsive to induction of cytochrome P1-450 by 3-methylcholanthrene. Mol Pharmacol 35(6):823-30. [PubMed: 2543914]  [MGI Ref ID J:27899]

Poel WE; Stanton D; Peters E; Wade HO. 1958. Comparative susceptibilities of seven inbred strains of mice to qualified applications of 3, 4-benzpyrene Proc Am Assoc Cancer Res 2:335.  [MGI Ref ID J:84245]

Poland A; Bradfield C. 1992. A brief review of the Ah locus. Tohoku J Exp Med 168(2):83-7. [PubMed: 1339107]  [MGI Ref ID J:12546]

Poland A; Glover E. 1990. Characterization and strain distribution pattern of the murine Ah receptor specified by the Ahd and Ahb-3 alleles. Mol Pharmacol 38(3):306-12. [PubMed: 2169579]  [MGI Ref ID J:34840]

Poland A; Glover E; Kende AS. 1976. Stereospecific, high affinity binding of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin by hepatic cytosol. Evidence that the binding species is receptor for induction of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase. J Biol Chem 251(16):4936-46. [PubMed: 956169]  [MGI Ref ID J:84247]

Poland A; Glover E; Taylor BA. 1987. The murine Ah locus: a new allele and mapping to chromosome 12. Mol Pharmacol 32(4):471-8. [PubMed: 2823093]  [MGI Ref ID J:8895]

Poland A; Palen D; Glover E. 1994. Analysis of the four alleles of the murine aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Mol Pharmacol 46(5):915-21. [PubMed: 7969080]  [MGI Ref ID J:22144]

Poland A; Teitelbaum P; Glover E; Kende A. 1989. Stimulation of in vivo hepatic uptake and in vitro hepatic binding of [125I]2-lodo-3,7,8-trichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin by the administration of agonist for the Ah receptor. Mol Pharmacol 36(1):121-7. [PubMed: 2546046]  [MGI Ref ID J:126377]

Poland AP; Glover E; Robinson JR; Nebert DW. 1974. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity. Induction of monooxygenase activities and cytochrome P1-450 formation by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in mice genetically 'nonresponsive' to other aromatic hydrocarbons. J Biol Chem 249(17):5599-606. [PubMed: 4370044]  [MGI Ref ID J:84314]

Quintana FJ; Basso AS; Iglesias AH; Korn T; Farez MF; Bettelli E; Caccamo M; Oukka M; Weiner HL. 2008. Control of T(reg) and T(H)17 cell differentiation by the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Nature 453(7191):65-71. [PubMed: 18362915]  [MGI Ref ID J:136052]

Robinson JR; Considine N; Nebert DW. 1974. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. Evidence for the involvement of other genetic loci. J Biol Chem 249(18):5851-9. [PubMed: 4413562]  [MGI Ref ID J:84315]

Schmid FA; Demetriades MS; Schabel FM 3rd; Tarnowski GS. 1967. Toxicity of several cancerigenic polycyclic hydrocarbons and other agents in AKR and C57BL-6 mice. Cancer Res 27(3):563-7. [PubMed: 6021514]  [MGI Ref ID J:84246]

Schmid FA; Elmer I; Tarnowski GS. 1969. Genetic determination of differential inflammatory reactivity and subcutaneous tumor susceptibility of AKR-J and C57BL-6J mice to 7,12-dimethylbenz- [a]anthracene. Cancer Res 29(8):1585-9. [PubMed: 5807232]  [MGI Ref ID J:34134]

Schmid FA; Pena RC; Robinson W; Tarnowski GS. 1967. Toxicity of intraperitoneal injections of 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in inbred mice. Cancer Res 27(3):558-62. [PubMed: 6021513]  [MGI Ref ID J:26440]

Schmidt JV; Carver LA; Bradfield CA. 1993. Molecular characterization of the murine Ahr gene. Organization, promoter analysis, and chromosomal assignment. J Biol Chem 268(29):22203-9. [PubMed: 8408082]  [MGI Ref ID J:15153]

Shi Z; Chen Y; Dong H; Amos-Kroohs RM; Nebert DW. 2008. Generation of a 'humanized' hCYP1A1_1A2_Cyp1a1/1a2(-/-)_Ahrd mouse line harboring the poor-affinity aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 376(4):775-80. [PubMed: 18814841]  [MGI Ref ID J:141523]

Shivanna B; Zhang W; Jiang W; Welty SE; Couroucli XI; Wang L; Moorthy B. 2013. Functional deficiency of aryl hydrocarbon receptor augments oxygen toxicity-induced alveolar simplification in newborn mice. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 267(3):209-17. [PubMed: 23337360]  [MGI Ref ID J:193493]

Simonian PL; Wehrmann F; Roark CL; Born WK; O'Brien RL; Fontenot AP. 2010. gammadelta T cells protect against lung fibrosis via IL-22. J Exp Med 207(10):2239-53. [PubMed: 20855496]  [MGI Ref ID J:165803]

Smith AG; Clothier B; Robinson S; Scullion MJ; Carthew P; Edwards R; Luo J; Lim CK; Toledano M. 1998. Interaction between iron metabolism and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in mice with variants of the Ahr gene: a hepatic oxidative mechanism. Mol Pharmacol 53(1):52-61. [PubMed: 9443932]  [MGI Ref ID J:45850]

Stiborova M; Levova K; Barta F; Shi Z; Frei E; Schmeiser HH; Nebert DW; Phillips DH; Arlt VM. 2012. Bioactivation versus detoxication of the urothelial carcinogen aristolochic acid I by human cytochrome P450 1A1 and 1A2. Toxicol Sci 125(2):345-58. [PubMed: 22086975]  [MGI Ref ID J:183662]

Tanos R; Murray IA; Smith PB; Patterson A; Perdew GH. 2012. Role of the ah receptor in homeostatic control of Fatty Acid synthesis in the liver. Toxicol Sci 129(2):372-9. [PubMed: 22696238]  [MGI Ref ID J:188164]

Taylor BA. 1971. Strain distribution and linkage tests of 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) inflammatory response in mice. Life Sci I 10(19):1127-34. [PubMed: 5132702]  [MGI Ref ID J:5244]

Thomas PE; Hutton JJ; Taylor BA. 1973. Genetic relationship between aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase inducibility and chemical carcinogen induced skin ulceration in mice. Genetics 74(4):655-9. [PubMed: 4750810]  [MGI Ref ID J:5387]

Thomas PE; Kouri RE; Hutton JJ. 1972. The genetics of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction in mice: a single gene difference between C57BL-6J and DBA-2J. Biochem Genet 6(2):157-68. [PubMed: 4666754]  [MGI Ref ID J:31977]

Thorgeirsson SS; Nebert DW. 1977. The Ah locus and the metabolism of chemical carcinogens and other foreign compounds. Adv Cancer Res 25:149-93. [PubMed: 405846]  [MGI Ref ID J:5822]

Walisser JA; Bunger MK; Glover E; Bradfield CA. 2004. Gestational exposure of Ahr and Arnt hypomorphs to dioxin rescues vascular development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101(47):16677-82. [PubMed: 15545609]  [MGI Ref ID J:94465]

Yeager RL; Reisman SA; Aleksunes LM; Klaassen CD. 2009. Introducing the 'TCDD-inducible AhR-Nrf2 gene battery'. Toxicol Sci 111(2):238-46. [PubMed: 19474220]  [MGI Ref ID J:154083]

Yu Z; Mahadevan B; Lohr CV; Fischer KA; Louderback MA; Krueger SK; Pereira CB; Albershardt DJ; Baird WM; Bailey GS; Williams DE. 2006. Indole-3-carbinol in the maternal diet provides chemoprotection for the fetus against transplacental carcinogenesis by the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon dibenzo[a,l]pyrene. Carcinogenesis 27(10):2116-23. [PubMed: 16704990]  [MGI Ref ID J:113356]

Zhou Y; Tung HY; Tsai YM; Hsu SC; Chang HW; Kawasaki H; Tseng HC; Plunkett B; Gao P; Hung CH; Vonakis BM; Huang SK. 2013. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor controls murine mast cell homeostasis. Blood 121(16):3195-204. [PubMed: 23462117]  [MGI Ref ID J:197552]

Hc0 related

Actor JK; Breij E; Wetsel RA; Hoffmann H; Hunter RL Jr; Jagannath C. 2001. A role for complement C5 in organism containment and granulomatous response during murine tuberculosis. Scand J Immunol 53(5):464-74. [PubMed: 11309154]  [MGI Ref ID J:103981]

Addis-Lieser E; Kohl J; Chiaramonte MG. 2005. Opposing regulatory roles of complement factor 5 in the development of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. J Immunol 175(3):1894-902. [PubMed: 16034133]  [MGI Ref ID J:107269]

Anderson AL; Sporici R; Lambris J; Larosa D; Levinson AI. 2006. Pathogenesis of B-cell superantigen-induced immune complex-mediated inflammation. Infect Immun 74(2):1196-203. [PubMed: 16428769]  [MGI Ref ID J:104987]

Barthlott T; Stockinger B. 2001. Lineage fate alteration of thymocytes developing in an MHC environment containing MHC/peptide ligands with antagonist properties. Eur J Immunol 31(12):3595-601. [PubMed: 11745379]  [MGI Ref ID J:151748]

Baudino L; Sardini A; Ruseva MM; Fossati-Jimack L; Cook HT; Scott D; Simpson E; Botto M. 2014. C3 opsonization regulates endocytic handling of apoptotic cells resulting in enhanced T-cell responses to cargo-derived antigens. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111(4):1503-8. [PubMed: 24474777]  [MGI Ref ID J:206648]

Bauer K; Yu X; Wernhoff P; Koczan D; Thiesen HJ; Ibrahim SM. 2004. Identification of new quantitative trait loci in mice with collagen-induced arthritis. Arthritis Rheum 50(11):3721-8. [PubMed: 15529344]  [MGI Ref ID J:94347]

Binstadt BA; Hebert JL; Ortiz-Lopez A; Bronson R; Benoist C; Mathis D. 2009. The same systemic autoimmune disease provokes arthritis and endocarditis via distinct mechanisms. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106(39):16758-63. [PubMed: 19805369]  [MGI Ref ID J:153217]

Bode J; Dutow P; Sommer K; Janik K; Glage S; Tummler B; Munder A; Laudeley R; Sachse KW; Klos A. 2012. A new role of the complement system: C3 provides protection in a mouse model of lung infection with intracellular Chlamydia psittaci. PLoS One 7(11):e50327. [PubMed: 23189195]  [MGI Ref ID J:194784]

Bora NS; Kaliappan S; Jha P; Xu Q; Sohn JH; Dhaulakhandi DB; Kaplan HJ; Bora PS. 2006. Complement activation via alternative pathway is critical in the development of laser-induced choroidal neovascularization: role of factor B and factor H. J Immunol 177(3):1872-8. [PubMed: 16849499]  [MGI Ref ID J:138026]

Borders CW; Courtney A; Ronen K; Pilar Laborde-Lahoz M; Guidry TV; Hwang SA; Olsen M; Hunter RL Jr; Hollmann TJ; Wetsel RA; Actor JK. 2005. Requisite role for complement C5 and the C5a receptor in granulomatous response to mycobacterial glycolipid trehalose 6,6'-dimycolate. Scand J Immunol 62(2):123-30. [PubMed: 16101818]  [MGI Ref ID J:114316]

Bosco A; Crish SD; Steele MR; Romero CO; Inman DM; Horner PJ; Calkins DJ; Vetter ML. 2012. Early reduction of microglia activation by irradiation in a model of chronic glaucoma. PLoS One 7(8):e43602. [PubMed: 22952717]  [MGI Ref ID J:191663]

CINADER B; DUBISKI S; WARDLAW AC. 1964. DISTRIBUTION, INHERITANCE, AND PROPERTIES OF AN ANTIGEN, MUB1, AND ITS RELATION TO HEMOLYTIC COMPLEMENT. J Exp Med 120:897-924. [PubMed: 14247728]  [MGI Ref ID J:13003]

Carter WO; Bull C; Bortolon E; Yang L; Jesmok GJ; Gundel RH. 1998. A murine skeletal muscle ischemia-reperfusion injury model: differential pathology in BALB/c and DBA/2N mice. J Appl Physiol 85(5):1676-83. [PubMed: 9804569]  [MGI Ref ID J:51187]

Chen HC; Hofman FM; Kung JT; Lin YD; Wu-Hsieh BA. 2007. Both virus and tumor necrosis factor alpha are critical for endothelium damage in a mouse model of dengue virus-induced hemorrhage. J Virol 81(11):5518-26. [PubMed: 17360740]  [MGI Ref ID J:153322]

Chen J; Reifsnyder PC; Scheuplein F; Schott WH; Mileikovsky M; Soodeen-Karamath S; Nagy A; Dosch MH; Ellis J; Koch-Nolte F; Leiter EH. 2005. 'Agouti NOD': identification of a CBA-derived Idd locus on Chromosome 7 and its use for chimera production with NOD embryonic stem cells. Mamm Genome 16(10):775-83. [PubMed: 16261419]  [MGI Ref ID J:102639]

Cunnion KM; Benjamin DK Jr; Hester CG; Frank MM. 2004. Role of complement receptors 1 and 2 (CD35 and CD21), C3, C4, and C5 in survival by mice of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. J Lab Clin Med 143(6):358-65. [PubMed: 15192652]  [MGI Ref ID J:101948]

Daniel DS; Dai G; Singh CR; Lindsey DR; Smith AK; Dhandayuthapani S; Hunter RL Jr; Jagannath C. 2006. The reduced bactericidal function of complement C5-deficient murine macrophages is associated with defects in the synthesis and delivery of reactive oxygen radicals to mycobacterial phagosomes. J Immunol 177(7):4688-98. [PubMed: 16982908]  [MGI Ref ID J:139313]

Deguchi Y; Andoh A; Inatomi O; Araki Y; Hata K; Tsujikawa T; Kitoh K; Fujiyama Y. 2005. Development of dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis is aggravated in mice genetically deficient for complement C5. Int J Mol Med 16(4):605-8. [PubMed: 16142393]  [MGI Ref ID J:107581]

Ehrnthaller C; Huber-Lang M; Nilsson P; Bindl R; Redeker S; Recknagel S; Rapp A; Mollnes T; Amling M; Gebhard F; Ignatius A. 2013. Complement C3 and C5 deficiency affects fracture healing. PLoS One 8(11):e81341. [PubMed: 24260573]  [MGI Ref ID J:209669]

Fairweather D; Frisancho-Kiss S; Njoku DB; Nyland JF; Kaya Z; Yusung SA; Davis SE; Frisancho JA; Barrett MA; Rose NR. 2006. Complement receptor 1 and 2 deficiency increases coxsackievirus B3-induced myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and heart failure by increasing macrophages, IL-1beta, and immune complex deposition in the heart. J Immunol 176(6):3516-24. [PubMed: 16517720]  [MGI Ref ID J:129509]

Ferreira C; Barthlott T; Garcia S; Zamoyska R; Stockinger B. 2000. Differential survival of naive CD4 and CD8 T cells. J Immunol 165(7):3689-94. [PubMed: 11034373]  [MGI Ref ID J:151749]

Flierl MA; Rittirsch D; Nadeau BA; Day DE; Zetoune FS; Sarma JV; Huber-Lang MS; Ward PA. 2008. Functions of the complement components C3 and C5 during sepsis. FASEB J 22(10):3483-90. [PubMed: 18587006]  [MGI Ref ID J:140250]

Flynn S; Stockinger B. 2003. Tumor and CD4 T-cell interactions: tumor escape as result of reciprocal inactivation. Blood 101(11):4472-8. [PubMed: 12543861]  [MGI Ref ID J:151744]

Fossati G; Cooke A; Papafio RQ; Haskins K; Stockinger B. 1999. Triggering a second T cell receptor on diabetogenic T cells can prevent induction of diabetes. J Exp Med 190(4):577-83. [PubMed: 10449528]  [MGI Ref ID J:108724]

Garcia S; DiSanto J; Stockinger B. 1999. Following the development of a CD4 T cell response in vivo: from activation to memory formation. Immunity 11(2):163-71. [PubMed: 10485651]  [MGI Ref ID J:151750]

Girardi G; Berman J; Redecha P; Spruce L; Thurman JM; Kraus D; Hollmann TJ; Casali P; Caroll MC; Wetsel RA; Lambris JD; Holers VM; Salmon JE. 2003. Complement C5a receptors and neutrophils mediate fetal injury in the antiphospholipid syndrome. J Clin Invest 112(11):1644-54. [PubMed: 14660741]  [MGI Ref ID J:86845]

Hillebrandt S; Wasmuth HE; Weiskirchen R; Hellerbrand C; Keppeler H; Werth A; Schirin-Sokhan R; Wilkens G; Geier A; Lorenzen J; Kohl J; Gressner AM; Matern S; Lammert F. 2005. Complement factor 5 is a quantitative trait gene that modifies liver fibrogenesis in mice and humans. Nat Genet 37(8):835-43. [PubMed: 15995705]  [MGI Ref ID J:100159]

Ji H; Gauguier D; Ohmura K; Gonzalez A; Duchatelle V; Danoy P; Garchon HJ; Degott C; Lathrop M; Benoist C; Mathis D. 2001. Genetic influences on the end-stage effector phase of arthritis. J Exp Med 194(3):321-30. [PubMed: 11489951]  [MGI Ref ID J:70882]

Karp CL; Grupe A; Schadt E; Ewart SL; Keane-Moore M; Cuomo PJ; Kohl J; Wahl L; Kuperman D; Germer S; Aud D; Peltz G; Wills-Karp M. 2000. Identification of complement factor 5 as a susceptibility locus for experimental allergic asthma. Nat Immunol 1(3):221-6. [PubMed: 10973279]  [MGI Ref ID J:108211]

Kassiotis G; Garcia S; Simpson E; Stockinger B. 2002. Impairment of immunological memory in the absence of MHC despite survival of memory T cells. Nat Immunol 3(3):244-50. [PubMed: 11836529]  [MGI Ref ID J:151747]

Kassiotis G; Zamoyska R; Stockinger B. 2003. Involvement of avidity for major histocompatibility complex in homeostasis of naive and memory T cells. J Exp Med 197(8):1007-16. [PubMed: 12707300]  [MGI Ref ID J:151743]

Kawikova I; Paliwal V; Szczepanik M; Itakura A; Fukui M; Campos RA; Geba GP; Homer RJ; Iliopoulou BP; Pober JS; Tsuji RF; Askenase PW. 2004. Airway hyper-reactivity mediated by B-1 cell immunoglobulin M antibody generating complement C5a at 1 day post-immunization in a murine hapten model of non-atopic asthma. Immunology 113(2):234-45. [PubMed: 15379984]  [MGI Ref ID J:92933]

Kerepesi LA; Hess JA; Nolan TJ; Schad GA; Abraham D. 2006. Complement component C3 is required for protective innate and adaptive immunity to larval strongyloides stercoralis in mice. J Immunol 176(7):4315-22. [PubMed: 16547268]  [MGI Ref ID J:129872]

Kim CH; Wu W; Wysoczynski M; Abdel-Latif A; Sunkara M; Morris A; Kucia M; Ratajczak J; Ratajczak MZ. 2012. Conditioning for hematopoietic transplantation activates the complement cascade and induces a proteolytic environment in bone marrow: a novel role for bioactive lipids and soluble C5b-C9 as homing factors. Leukemia 26(1):106-16. [PubMed: 21769103]  [MGI Ref ID J:181063]

Kim DD; Miwa T; Kimura Y; Schwendener RA; van Lookeren Campagne M; Song WC. 2008. Deficiency of decay-accelerating factor and complement receptor 1-related gene/protein y on murine platelets leads to complement-dependent clearance by the macrophage phagocytic receptor CRIg. Blood 112(4):1109-19. [PubMed: 18524992]  [MGI Ref ID J:138410]

Kirimanjeswara GS; Mann PB; Pilione M; Kennett MJ; Harvill ET. 2005. The complex mechanism of antibody-mediated clearance of Bordetella from the lungs requires TLR4. J Immunol 175(11):7504-11. [PubMed: 16301658]  [MGI Ref ID J:122156]

Kwan WH; Hashimoto D; Paz-Artal E; Ostrow K; Greter M; Raedler H; Medof ME; Merad M; Heeger PS. 2012. Antigen-presenting cell-derived complement modulates graft-versus-host disease. J Clin Invest 122(6):2234-8. [PubMed: 22585573]  [MGI Ref ID J:190492]

Kyriakides C; Austen W Jr; Wang Y; Favuzza J; Kobzik L; Moore FD Jr; Hechtman HB. 1999. Membrane attack complex of complement and neutrophils mediate the injury of acid aspiration. J Appl Physiol 87(6):2357-61. [PubMed: 10601189]  [MGI Ref ID J:103341]

Lee HM; Wu W; Wysoczynski M; Liu R; Zuba-Surma EK; Kucia M; Ratajczak J; Ratajczak MZ. 2009. Impaired mobilization of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells in C5-deficient mice supports the pivotal involvement of innate immunity in this process and reveals novel promobilization effects of granulocytes. Leukemia 23(11):2052-62. [PubMed: 19657368]  [MGI Ref ID J:154482]

Lee HM; Wysoczynski M; Liu R; Shin DM; Kucia M; Botto M; Ratajczak J; Ratajczak MZ. 2010. Mobilization studies in complement-deficient mice reveal that optimal AMD3100 mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells depends on complement cascade activation by AMD3100-stimulated granulocytes. Leukemia 24(3):573-82. [PubMed: 20033053]  [MGI Ref ID J:158026]

Liu Q; He S; Groysman L; Shaked D; Russin J; Cen S; Mack WJ. 2013. White matter injury due to experimental chronic cerebral hypoperfusion is associated with C5 deposition. PLoS One 8(12):e84802. [PubMed: 24386419]  [MGI Ref ID J:209840]

Mahesh J; Daly J; Cheadle WG; Kotwal GJ. 1999. Elucidation of the early events contributing to zymosan-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome using MIP-1alpha, C3 knockout, and C5-deficient mice. Shock 12(5):340-9. [PubMed: 10565608]  [MGI Ref ID J:59655]

Mastellos D; Papadimitriou JC; Franchini S; Tsonis PA; Lambris JD. 2001. A novel role of complement: mice deficient in the fifth component of complement (C5) exhibit impaired liver regeneration. J Immunol 166(4):2479-86. [PubMed: 11160308]  [MGI Ref ID J:111000]

Miller CG; Cook DN; Kotwal GJ. 1996. Two chemotactic factors, C5a and MIP-1alpha, dramatically alter the mortality from zymosan-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS): C5a contributes to MODS while MIP-1alpha has a protective role. Mol Immunol 33(14):1135-7. [PubMed: 9047380]  [MGI Ref ID J:38592]

Miller CG; Justus DE; Jayaraman S; Kotwal GJ. 1995. Severe and prolonged inflammatory response to localized cowpox virus infection in footpads of C5-deficient mice: investigation of the role of host complement in poxvirus pathogenesis. Cell Immunol 162(2):326-32. [PubMed: 7743560]  [MGI Ref ID J:25289]

Miwa T; Zhou L; Kimura Y; Kim D; Bhandoola A; Song WC. 2009. Complement-dependent T-cell lymphopenia caused by thymocyte deletion of the membrane complement regulator Crry. Blood 113(12):2684-94. [PubMed: 19136662]  [MGI Ref ID J:146538]

Mocco J; Mack WJ; Ducruet AF; Sosunov SA; Sughrue ME; Hassid BG; Nair MN; Laufer I; Komotar RJ; Claire M; Holland H; Pinsky DJ; Connolly ES Jr. 2006. Complement component C3 mediates inflammatory injury following focal cerebral ischemia. Circ Res 99(2):209-17. [PubMed: 16778128]  [MGI Ref ID J:123658]

Mori L; de Libero G. 1998. Genetic control of susceptibility to collagen-induced arthritis in T cell receptor beta-chain transgenic mice. Arthritis Rheum 41(2):256-62. [PubMed: 9485083]  [MGI Ref ID J:134111]

Moulton RA; Mashruwala MA; Smith AK; Lindsey DR; Wetsel RA; Haviland DL; Hunter RL; Jagannath C. 2007. Complement C5a anaphylatoxin is an innate determinant of dendritic cell-induced Th1 immunity to Mycobacterium bovis BCG infection in mice. J Leukoc Biol 82(4):956-67. [PubMed: 17675563]  [MGI Ref ID J:125190]

Mullick A; Elias M; Picard S; Bourget L; Jovcevski O; Gauthier S; Tuite A; Harakidas P; Bihun C; Massie B; Gros P. 2004. Dysregulated inflammatory response to Candida albicans in a C5-deficient mouse strain. Infect Immun 72(10):5868-76. [PubMed: 15385488]  [MGI Ref ID J:93132]

Mullick A; Leon Z; Min-Oo G; Berghout J; Lo R; Daniels E; Gros P. 2006. Cardiac failure in C5-deficient A/J mice after Candida albicans infection. Infect Immun 74(8):4439-51. [PubMed: 16861630]  [MGI Ref ID J:112405]

Niculescu T; Weerth S; Niculescu F; Cudrici C; Rus V; Raine CS; Shin ML; Rus H. 2004. Effects of complement C5 on apoptosis in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. J Immunol 172(9):5702-6. [PubMed: 15100315]  [MGI Ref ID J:89686]

Nilsson UR; Muller-Eberhard HJ. 1967. Deficiency of the fifth component of complement in mice with an inherited complement defect. J Exp Med 125(1):1-16. [PubMed: 4959665]  [MGI Ref ID J:5016]

Ooi YM; Colten HR. 1979. Genetic defect in secretion of complement C5 in mice. Nature 282(5735):207-8. [PubMed: 492335]  [MGI Ref ID J:6214]

Patel SN; Berghout J; Lovegrove FE; Ayi K; Conroy A; Serghides L; Min-oo G; Gowda DC; Sarma JV; Rittirsch D; Ward PA; Liles WC; Gros P; Kain KC. 2008. C5 deficiency and C5a or C5aR blockade protects against cerebral malaria. J Exp Med 205(5):1133-43. [PubMed: 18426986]  [MGI Ref ID J:136298]

Pickering MC; Warren J; Rose KL; Carlucci F; Wang Y; Walport MJ; Cook HT; Botto M. 2006. Prevention of C5 activation ameliorates spontaneous and experimental glomerulonephritis in factor H-deficient mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103(25):9649-54. [PubMed: 16769899]  [MGI Ref ID J:111031]

Pilione MR; Agosto LM; Kennett MJ; Harvill ET. 2006. CD11b is required for the resolution of inflammation induced by Bordetella bronchiseptica respiratory infection. Cell Microbiol 8(5):758-68. [PubMed: 16611225]  [MGI Ref ID J:135740]

Pritchard MT; McMullen MR; Stavitsky AB; Cohen JI; Lin F; Medof ME; Nagy LE. 2007. Differential contributions of C3, C5, and decay-accelerating factor to ethanol-induced fatty liver in mice. Gastroenterology 132(3):1117-26. [PubMed: 17383432]  [MGI Ref ID J:128218]

Prodeus AP; Zhou X; Maurer M; Galli SJ; Carroll MC. 1997. Impaired mast cell-dependent natural immunity in complement C3-deficient mice. Nature 390(6656):172-5. [PubMed: 9367154]  [MGI Ref ID J:44240]

Ratajczak MZ; Lee H; Wysoczynski M; Wan W; Marlicz W; Laughlin MJ; Kucia M; Janowska-Wieczorek A; Ratajczak J. 2010. Novel insight into stem cell mobilization-plasma sphingosine-1-phosphate is a major chemoattractant that directs the egress of hematopoietic stem progenitor cells from the bone marrow and its level in peripheral blood increases during mobilization due toactivation of complement cascade/membrane attack complex. Leukemia 24(5):976-85. [PubMed: 20357827]  [MGI Ref ID J:160183]

Redecha P; Tilley R; Tencati M; Salmon JE; Kirchhofer D; Mackman N; Girardi G. 2007. Tissue factor: a link between C5a and neutrophil activation in antiphospholipid antibody induced fetal injury. Blood 110(7):2423-31. [PubMed: 17536017]  [MGI Ref ID J:147022]

Refici ML; Metzger DW; Arulanandam BP; Lennartz MR; Loegering DJ. 2001. Fcgamma-receptor signaling augments the LPS-stimulated increase in serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 280(4):R1037-44. [PubMed: 11247825]  [MGI Ref ID J:114295]

Rittirsch D; Flierl MA; Day DE; Nadeau BA; McGuire SR; Hoesel LM; Ipaktchi K; Zetoune FS; Sarma JV; Leng L; Huber-Lang MS; Neff TA; Bucala R; Ward PA. 2008. Acute lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide is independent of complement activation. J Immunol 180(11):7664-72. [PubMed: 18490769]  [MGI Ref ID J:136379]

Rittirsch D; Flierl MA; Nadeau BA; Day DE; Huber-Lang M; Mackay CR; Zetoune FS; Gerard NP; Cianflone K; Kohl J; Gerard C; Sarma JV; Ward PA. 2008. Functional roles for C5a receptors in sepsis. Nat Med 14(5):551-7. [PubMed: 18454156]  [MGI Ref ID J:136703]

Saville SP; Lazzell AL; Chaturvedi AK; Monteagudo C; Lopez-Ribot JL. 2008. Use of a genetically engineered strain to evaluate the pathogenic potential of yeast cell and filamentous forms during Candida albicans systemic infection in immunodeficient mice. Infect Immun 76(1):97-102. [PubMed: 17967861]  [MGI Ref ID J:130296]

Schmitt J; Roderfeld M; Sabrane K; Zhang P; Tian Y; Mertens JC; Frei P; Stieger B; Weber A; Mullhaupt B; Roeb E; Geier A. 2012. Complement factor C5 deficiency significantly delays the progression of biliary fibrosis in bile duct-ligated mice. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 418(3):445-50. [PubMed: 22277671]  [MGI Ref ID J:181268]

Schultz G; Tedesco MM; Sho E; Nishimura T; Sharif S; Du X; Myles T; Morser J; Dalman RL; Leung LL. 2010. Enhanced abdominal aortic aneurysm formation in thrombin-activatable procarboxypeptidase B-deficient mice. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 30(7):1363-70. [PubMed: 20431069]  [MGI Ref ID J:180861]

Sood R; Sholl L; Isermann B; Zogg M; Coughlin SR; Weiler H. 2008. Maternal Par4 and platelets contribute to defective placenta formation in mouse embryos lacking thrombomodulin. Blood 112(3):585-91. [PubMed: 18490515]  [MGI Ref ID J:138440]

Stokol T; O'Donnell P; Xiao L; Knight S; Stavrakis G; Botto M; von Andrian UH; Mayadas TN. 2004. C1q governs deposition of circulating immune complexes and leukocyte Fcgamma receptors mediate subsequent neutrophil recruitment. J Exp Med 200(7):835-46. [PubMed: 15466618]  [MGI Ref ID J:93949]

Strainic MG; Liu J; Huang D; An F; Lalli PN; Muqim N; Shapiro VS; Dubyak GR; Heeger PS; Medof ME. 2008. Locally produced complement fragments C5a and C3a provide both costimulatory and survival signals to naive CD4+ T cells. Immunity 28(3):425-35. [PubMed: 18328742]  [MGI Ref ID J:132942]

Strainic MG; Shevach EM; An F; Lin F; Medof ME. 2012. Absence of signaling into CD4(+) cells via C3aR and C5aR enables autoinductive TGF-beta1 signaling and induction of Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells. Nat Immunol 14(2):162-71. [PubMed: 23263555]  [MGI Ref ID J:192613]

Strey CW; Markiewski M; Mastellos D; Tudoran R; Spruce LA; Greenbaum LE; Lambris JD. 2003. The proinflammatory mediators C3a and C5a are essential for liver regeneration. J Exp Med 198(6):913-23. [PubMed: 12975457]  [MGI Ref ID J:109380]

Tanaka D; Kagari T; Doi H; Shimozato T. 2006. Essential role of neutrophils in anti-type II collagen antibody and lipopolysaccharide-induced arthritis. Immunology 119(2):195-202. [PubMed: 16836650]  [MGI Ref ID J:118551]

Trendelenburg M; Fossati-Jimack L; Cortes-Hernandez J; Turnberg D; Lewis M; Izui S; Cook HT; Botto M. 2005. The role of complement in cryoglobulin-induced immune complex glomerulonephritis. J Immunol 175(10):6909-14. [PubMed: 16272350]  [MGI Ref ID J:119691]

Wang Y; Kristan J; Hao L; Lenkoski CS; Shen Y; Matis LA. 2000. A role for complement in antibody-mediated inflammation: C5-deficient DBA/1 mice are resistant to collagen-induced arthritis. J Immunol 164(8):4340-7. [PubMed: 10754334]  [MGI Ref ID J:61587]

Wetsel RA; Fleischer DT; Haviland DL. 1990. Deficiency of the murine fifth complement component (C5). A 2-base pair gene deletion in a 5'-exon. J Biol Chem 265(5):2435-40. [PubMed: 2303408]  [MGI Ref ID J:23983]

Wheat WH; Wetsel R; Falus A; Tack BF; Strunk RC. 1987. The fifth component of complement (C5) in the mouse. Analysis of the molecular basis for deficiency. J Exp Med 165(5):1442-7. [PubMed: 3572304]  [MGI Ref ID J:8690]

Wolfe DN; Kirimanjeswara GS; Harvill ET. 2005. Clearance of Bordetella parapertussis from the lower respiratory tract requires humoral and cellular immunity. Infect Immun 73(10):6508-13. [PubMed: 16177324]  [MGI Ref ID J:104212]

Wright RJ; Bikoff EK; Stockinger B. 1998. The Ii41 isoform of invariant chain mediates both positive and negative selection events in T-cell receptor transgenic mice. Immunology 95(3):309-13. [PubMed: 9824491]  [MGI Ref ID J:50737]

Xiao H; Schreiber A; Heeringa P; Falk RJ; Jennette JC. 2007. Alternative complement pathway in the pathogenesis of disease mediated by anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies. Am J Pathol 170(1):52-64. [PubMed: 17200182]  [MGI Ref ID J:117048]

Younger JG; Shankar-Sinha S; Mickiewicz M; Brinkman AS; Valencia GA; Sarma JV; Younkin EM; Standiford TJ; Zetoune FS; Ward PA. 2003. Murine complement interactions with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and their consequences during pneumonia. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 29(4):432-8. [PubMed: 14500254]  [MGI Ref ID J:94613]

Zal T; Volkmann A; Stockinger B. 1994. Mechanisms of tolerance induction in major histocompatibility complex class II-restricted T cells specific for a blood-borne self-antigen. J Exp Med 180(6):2089-99. [PubMed: 7964486]  [MGI Ref ID J:111649]

Zal T; Weiss S; Mellor A; Stockinger B. 1996. Expression of a second receptor rescues self-specific T cells from thymic deletion and allows activation of autoreactive effector function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93(17):9102-7. [PubMed: 8799161]  [MGI Ref ID J:151753]

Zhou W; Farrar CA; Abe K; Pratt JR; Marsh JE; Wang Y; Stahl GL; Sacks SH. 2000. Predominant role for C5b-9 in renal ischemia/reperfusion injury. J Clin Invest 105(10):1363-71. [PubMed: 10811844]  [MGI Ref ID J:120567]

de Jorge EG; Macor P; Paixao-Cavalcante D; Rose KL; Tedesco F; Cook HT; Botto M; Pickering MC. 2011. The development of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome depends on complement C5. J Am Soc Nephrol 22(1):137-45. [PubMed: 21148255]  [MGI Ref ID J:185883]

Il3ram1 related

Gainsford T; Roberts AW; Kimura S; Metcalf D; Dranoff G; Mulligan RC; Begley CG; Robb L; Alexander WS. 1998. Cytokine production and function in c-mpl-deficient mice: no physiologic role for interleukin-3 in residual megakaryocyte and platelet production. Blood 91(8):2745-52. [PubMed: 9531584]  [MGI Ref ID J:47462]

Hara T; Ichihara M; Takagi M; Miyajima A. 1995. Interleukin-3 (IL-3) poor-responsive inbred mouse strains carry the identical deletion of a branch point in the IL-3 receptor alpha subunit gene. Blood 85(9):2331-6. [PubMed: 7727767]  [MGI Ref ID J:24918]

Ichihara M; Hara T; Takagi M; Cho LC; Gorman DM; Miyajima A. 1995. Impaired interleukin-3 (IL-3) response of the A/J mouse is caused by a branch point deletion in the IL-3 receptor alpha subunit gene. EMBO J 14(5):939-50. [PubMed: 7889941]  [MGI Ref ID J:23971]

Obq3AKR/J related

Taylor BA; Phillips SJ. 1997. Obesity QTLs on mouse chromosomes 2 and 17. Genomics 43(3):249-57. [PubMed: 9268627]  [MGI Ref ID J:39947]

Obq4AKR/J related

Taylor BA; Phillips SJ. 1997. Obesity QTLs on mouse chromosomes 2 and 17. Genomics 43(3):249-57. [PubMed: 9268627]  [MGI Ref ID J:39947]

Rmcfs related

Buller RS; Sitbon M; Portis JL. 1988. The endogenous mink cell focus-forming (MCF) gp70 linked to the Rmcf gene restricts MCF virus replication in vivo and provides partial resistance to erythroleukemia induced by Friend murine leukemia virus. J Exp Med 167(5):1535-46. [PubMed: 2835418]  [MGI Ref ID J:27618]

Hartley JW; Yetter RA; Morse HC 3rd. 1983. A mouse gene on chromosome 5 that restricts infectivity of mink cell focus-forming recombinant murine leukemia viruses. J Exp Med 158(1):16-24. [PubMed: 6306133]  [MGI Ref ID J:7108]

Jung YT; Lyu MS; Buckler-White A; Kozak CA. 2002. Characterization of a polytropic murine leukemia virus proviral sequence associated with the virus resistance gene Rmcf of DBA/2 mice. J Virol 76(16):8218-24. [PubMed: 12134027]  [MGI Ref ID J:78083]

Soat1ald related

ARNESEN K. 1955. Constitutional difference in lipid content of adrenals in two strains of mice and their hybrids. Acta Endocrinol (Copenh) 18(4):396-401. [PubMed: 14375655]  [MGI Ref ID J:166508]

Arnesen K. 1974. Adrenocortical lipid depletion and leukemia in mice. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand [A] Suppl 248:15-9. [PubMed: 4451118]  [MGI Ref ID J:30991]

Arnesen K. 1963. The cytology of the adrenal cortex in mice with spontaneous adrenocortical lipid depletion. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand 58:212-218.  [MGI Ref ID J:12157]

Giehl KA; Potter CS; Wu B; Silva KA; Rowe LB; Awgulewitsch A; Sundberg JP. 2009. Hair interior defect in AKR/J mice. Clin Exp Dermatol 34(4):509-17. [PubMed: 19522984]  [MGI Ref ID J:164953]

Masterson JC; McNamee EN; Jedlicka P; Fillon S; Ruybal J; Hosford L; Rivera-Nieves J; Lee JJ; Furuta GT. 2011. CCR3 Blockade Attenuates Eosinophilic Ileitis and Associated Remodeling. Am J Pathol 179(5):2302-14. [PubMed: 21945903]  [MGI Ref ID J:177340]

Molne K. 1969. Autoradiographic studies on the incorporation of H-uridine into the adrenal glands of mice with spontaneous adrenocortical lipid depletion. A comparison with C57B1 mice. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand 77(3):369-78. [PubMed: 4192329]  [MGI Ref ID J:5158]

Rice RH; Bradshaw KM; Durbin-Johnson BP; Rocke DM; Eigenheer RA; Phinney BS; Sundberg JP. 2012. Differentiating inbred mouse strains from each other and those with single gene mutations using hair proteomics. PLoS One 7(12):e51956. [PubMed: 23251662]  [MGI Ref ID J:195664]

Rice RH; Rocke DM; Tsai HS; Silva KA; Lee YJ; Sundberg JP. 2009. Distinguishing mouse strains by proteomic analysis of pelage hair. J Invest Dermatol 129(9):2120-5. [PubMed: 19295613]  [MGI Ref ID J:153492]

Sundberg JP (ed.). 1994. Handbook of Mouse Mutations with Skin and Hair Abnormalities: Animal Models and Biomedical Tools. In: Handbook of Mouse Mutations with Skin and Hair Abnormalities: Animal Models and Biomedical Tools. CRC Press, Boca Raton.  [MGI Ref ID J:30359]

Taylor BA; Meier H; Whitten WK. 1974. Chromosomal location and site of action of the adrenal lipid depletion gene of the mouse. Genetics 77:s65.  [MGI Ref ID J:12966]

Trigg MJ. 1972. Hair growth in mouse mutants affecting coat texture. J Zool 168:165-198.  [MGI Ref ID J:15247]

Wu B; Potter CS; Silva KA; Liang Y; Reinholdt LG; Alley LM; Rowe LB; Roopenian DC; Awgulewitsch A; Sundberg JP. 2010. Mutations in sterol O-acyltransferase 1 (Soat1) result in hair interior defects in AKR/J mice. J Invest Dermatol 130(11):2666-8. [PubMed: 20574437]  [MGI Ref ID J:180857]

Health & husbandry

Health & Colony Maintenance Information

Animal Health Reports

Room Number           MP16

Colony Maintenance

Mating SystemSibling x Sibling         (Female x Male)   01-MAR-06
Breeding Considerations This strain is a challenging breeder.
Diet Information LabDiet® 5K52/5K67

Pricing and Purchasing

Pricing, Supply Level & Notes, Controls


Pricing for USA, Canada and Mexico shipping destinations View International Pricing
View pricing for U.S.A., Canada and Mexico shipping destinations

Standard Supply

Level 3. Up to 50 mice. Larger quantities or custom orders arranged upon request.

Supply Notes

  • Shipped at a specific age in weeks. Mice at a precise age in days, littermates and retired breeders are also available.
Pricing for International shipping destinations View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing
View pricing for International shipping destinations

Standard Supply

Level 3. Up to 50 mice. Larger quantities or custom orders arranged upon request.

Supply Notes

  • Shipped at a specific age in weeks. Mice at a precise age in days, littermates and retired breeders are also available.
View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing View International Pricing

Standard Supply

Level 3. Up to 50 mice. Larger quantities or custom orders arranged upon request.

Payment Terms and Conditions

Terms are granted by individual review and stated on the customer invoice(s) and account statement. These transactions are payable in U.S. currency within the granted terms. Payment for services, products, shipping containers, and shipping costs that are rendered are expected within the payment terms indicated on the invoice or stated by contract. Invoices and account balances in arrears of stated terms may result in The Jackson Laboratory pursuing collection activities including but not limited to outside agencies and court filings.


See Terms of Use tab for General Terms and Conditions


The Jackson Laboratory's Genotype Promise

The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
Ordering Information
JAX® Mice
Surgical and Preconditioning Services
JAX® Services
Customer Services and Support
Tel: 1-800-422-6423 or 1-207-288-5845
Fax: 1-207-288-6150
Technical Support Email Form

Terms of Use

Terms of Use


General Terms and Conditions


Contact information

General inquiries regarding Terms of Use

Contracts Administration

phone:207-288-6470

JAX® Mice, Products & Services Conditions of Use

"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCTS" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or services provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than the internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE or PRODUCTS from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON's prior written authorization.

No Warranty

MICE, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED “AS IS”. JACKSON EXTENDS NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO MICE, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.

In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of mice, products or services, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the mice or product received or the services provided.

No Liability

In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS or services, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS or services from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.

MICE and PRODUCTS are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.

The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or services. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS or services may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and services by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.

Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or services shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or services by JACKSON.


(6.6)