Strain Name:

C57L/J

Stock Number:

000668

Order this mouse

Availability:

Level 4

Common Names: L;     C57 Leaden;    
C57L/J mice are used widely in research as a general purpose strain. Mice have a high incidence of Hodgkin's-like reticulum cell neoplasm at 18 months of age and pituitary tumors in old multiparous females. C57L/J mice are highly susceptible to experimental allergic encephalomyelitis and highly responsive to phytohemagglutinin. In addition, C57L/J mice are highly susceptible to developing atherosclerotic aortic lesions following 14 weeks on an atherogenic diet. On a lithogenic diet, C57L/J mice develop gallstones as a result of abnormal regulation of cholesterol synthesis.

Description

Strain Information

Former Names leaden    (Changed: 15-DEC-04 )
Type Spontaneous Mutation;
Additional information on Genetically Engineered and Mutant Mice.
Type Inbred Strain;
Additional information on Inbred Strains.
Visit our online Nomenclature tutorial.
Mating SystemSibling x Sibling         (Female x Male)   01-MAR-06
Breeding Considerations This strain is a challenging breeder.
Specieslaboratory mouse
H2 Haplotypebc (see, Shen FW 1982)
GenerationF254 (05-AUG-14)
Generation Definitions

View larger image

Appearance
leaden (grey)
Related Genotype: a/a Tyrp1b/Tyrp1b Mlphln/Mlphln

Important Note
This strain is homozygous for Cdh23ahl, the age related hearing loss 1 mutation, which on this background results in progressive hearing loss with onset prior to three months of age.

Description
C57L/J mice are used widely in research as a general purpose strain. Mice have a high incidence of Hodgkin's-like reticulum cell neoplasm at 18 months of age and pituitary tumors in old multiparous females. C57L/J mice are highly susceptible to experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) and highly responsive to phytohemagglutinin. In addition, C57L/J mice are highly susceptible to developing atherosclerotic aortic lesions (4500 to 8000 um2 atherosclerotic aortic lesions/aortic cross-section) following 14 weeks on an atherogenic diet (1.25% cholesterol, 0.5% cholic acid and 15% fat) (Paigen et al. 1990). On a lithogenic diet, C57L/J mice develop gallstones as a result of abnormal regulation of cholesterol synthesis (Xua et al. 2004). C57L/J mice carry no detectable endogenous ecotropic MuLV DNA sequences.

Development
C57L/J mice were inbred following a mutation in a now extinct substrain of C57BR at F22. Inbreeding was carried out by J Murray at The Jackson Laboratory beginning in 1933. They were transferred to the production facility in 1947 at F45. The current generation of inbreeding is F203+.

Related Strains

Strains carrying   Ahrb-1 allele
000136   B6.C-H34c/(HW22)ByJ
000663   C57BL/6By
001139   C57BL/6ByJ
000664   C57BL/6J
000662   C57BLKS/J
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000669   C58/J
000351   CXB1/ByJ
000356   CXB6/ByJ
002937   D2.B6-Ahrb-1/J
000677   MA/MyJ
View Strains carrying   Ahrb-1     (11 strains)

Strains carrying   Cdh23ahl allele
001137   129P1/ReJ
000690   129P3/J
000691   129X1/SvJ
000646   A/J
000647   A/WySnJ
003070   ALR/LtJ
003072   ALS/LtJ
004502   B6;AKR-Lxl2/GrsrJ
001026   BALB/cByJ
000653   BUB/BnJ
005494   C3.129S1(B6)-Grm1rcw/J
000664   C57BL/6J
004764   C57BL/6J-Cdh23v-8J/J
003129   C57BL/6J-Epha4rb-2J/GrsrJ
004820   C57BL/6J-Kcne12J/J
004703   C57BL/6J-Kcnq2Nmf134/J
004811   C57BL/6J-nmf110/J
004812   C57BL/6J-nmf111/J
004747   C57BL/6J-nmf118/J
004656   C57BL/6J-nmf88/J
004391   C57BL/6J-Chr 13A/J/NaJ
004385   C57BL/6J-Chr 7A/J/NaJ
000662   C57BLKS/J
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000669   C58/J
010614   CBACa.B6-Cdh23ahl/Kjn
000657   CE/J
000670   DBA/1J
001140   DBA/1LacJ
000671   DBA/2J
007048   DBA/2J-Gpnmb+/SjJ
002106   KK/HlJ
000675   LG/J
000676   LP/J
000677   MA/MyJ
001976   NOD/ShiLtJ
002050   NOR/LtJ
000679   P/J
002747   SENCARB/PtJ
002335   SKH2/J
003392   STOCK Crb1rd8/J
View Strains carrying   Cdh23ahl     (41 strains)

Strains carrying   Mlphln allele
000112   B6.Cg-Sgk3fz H54 Mlphln/+ H54 +/J
000643   DW/J Mlphln Pou1f1dw/J
002902   STOCK Pax3Sp Mlphln/J
000275   V/LeJ
View Strains carrying   Mlphln     (4 strains)

Strains carrying   Rmcfs allele
000646   A/J
000648   AKR/J
000779   AKXD14/TyJ
000780   AKXD23/TyJ
000764   AKXD27/TyJ
000777   AKXD6/TyJ
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000669   C58/J
000682   RF/J
000644   SEA/GnJ
000686   SJL/J
000688   ST/bJ
View Strains carrying   Rmcfs     (12 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Ahr
000690   129P3/J
000645   A/HeJ
000646   A/J
000648   AKR/J
002920   B6(D2N).Spretus-Ahrb-3/J
002831   B6.129-Ahrtm1Bra/J
000130   B6.C-H17c/(HW14)ByJ
000370   B6.C-H38c/(HW119)ByJ
008599   B6.Cg-Cyp1a2/Cyp1a1tm2Dwn Ahrd Tg(CYP1A1,CYP1A2)1Dwn/DwnJ
002921   B6.D2N-Ahrd/J
002727   B6;129-Ahrtm1Bra/J
001026   BALB/cByJ
000652   BDP/J
000653   BUB/BnJ
000659   C3H/HeJ
000926   CAROLI/EiJ
000928   CAST/EiJ
000656   CBA/J
000657   CE/J
000352   CXB2/ByJ
000353   CXB3/ByJ
000354   CXB4/ByJ
000355   CXB5/ByJ
000357   CXB7/ByJ
000671   DBA/2J
000673   HRS/J
000674   I/LnJ
000675   LG/J
000676   LP/J
000550   MOLF/EiJ
000684   NZB/BlNJ
000679   P/J
000930   PERA/EiJ
000726   RBF/DnJ
000682   RF/J
000644   SEA/GnJ
000280   SF/CamEiJ
000686   SJL/J
001146   SPRET/EiJ
000688   ST/bJ
006203   STOCK Ahrtm3.1Bra/J
000689   SWR/J
000693   WC/ReJ KitlSl/J
000933   YBR/EiJ
View Strains carrying other alleles of Ahr     (44 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Cdh23
002552   B6(V)-Cdh23v-2J/J
002756   B6.CAST-Cdh23Ahl+/Kjn
010615   B6.CBACa-Cdh23CBA/CaJ/Kjn
002432   B6J x B6.C-H2-Kbm1/ByJ-Cdh23v-J/J
004764   C57BL/6J-Cdh23v-8J/J
004819   C57BL/6J-Cdh23v-9J/J
005016   CByJ;B6-Cdh23v-10J/J
000275   V/LeJ
View Strains carrying other alleles of Cdh23     (8 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Mlph
000681   DW.C3-Mlph+ Pou1f1+/J
001640   STOCK Mlphln-l1Rk3/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Mlph     (2 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Obq3
000648   AKR/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Obq3     (1 strain)

Strains carrying other alleles of Obq4
000648   AKR/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Obq4     (1 strain)

Strains carrying other alleles of Rmcf
000690   129P3/J
000765   AKXD13/TyJ
000954   AKXD15/TyJ
001093   AKXD18/TyJ
000947   AKXD22/TyJ
000763   AKXD9/TyJ
000654   CBA/CaJ
000670   DBA/1J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Rmcf     (8 strains)

Additional Web Information

JAX® NOTES, April 1988; 433. H-2 Haplotypes of Mice from Jackson Laboratory Production Colonies.

Phenotype

Phenotype Information

View Phenotypic Data

View Related Disease (OMIM) Terms

Related Disease (OMIM) Terms provided by MGI
- Potential model based on gene homology relationships. Phenotypic similarity to the human disease has not been tested.
Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 12; DFNB12   (CDH23)
Griscelli Syndrome, Type 3; GS3   (MLPH)
Usher Syndrome, Type ID; USH1D   (CDH23)
View Mammalian Phenotype Terms

Mammalian Phenotype Terms provided by MGI
      assigned by genotype

Rmcfs/Rmcfs

        C57L/J
  • immune system phenotype
  • increased susceptibility to viral infection
    • susceptible to infection with N- and NB-tropic mink cell focus-forming (MCF) viruses   (MGI Ref ID J:7108)

a/a Mlphln/Mlphln Tyrp1b/Tyrp1b

        C57L/J
  • pigmentation phenotype
  • abnormal coat/hair pigmentation   (MGI Ref ID J:5095)
    • diluted coat color
      • due to clumping of pigment   (MGI Ref ID J:5095)
  • abnormal melanocyte morphology
    • results in clumping rather than even distribution of pigment during hair development   (MGI Ref ID J:5095)
  • integument phenotype
  • abnormal coat/hair pigmentation   (MGI Ref ID J:5095)
    • diluted coat color
      • due to clumping of pigment   (MGI Ref ID J:5095)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Cancer Research
Increased Tumor Incidence
      Leukemia
      Other Tissues/Organs
      Other Tissues/Organs: pituitary, reticulum cell neoplasm, type B

Cardiovascular Research
Diet-Induced Atherosclerosis
      Susceptible

Dermatology Research
Color and White Spotting Defects

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
Autoimmunity
      experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE)

Neurobiology Research
Hearing Defects
      Age related hearing loss

Research Tools
General Purpose

Sensorineural Research
Hearing Defects
      Age related hearing loss

Ahrb-1 related

Metabolism Research

Research Tools
Toxicology Research

Cdh23ahl related

Neurobiology Research
Hearing Defects
      Age related hearing loss

Sensorineural Research
Hearing Defects
      Age related hearing loss

Mlphln related

Dermatology Research
Color and White Spotting Defects

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

 
Allele Symbol Ahrb-1
Allele Name b-1 variant
Allele Type Not Applicable (Not Applicable)
Common Name(s) Ah; Ahb-1; Ahb; Ahhi; Ahrb; In;
Strain of OriginC57BL/6J
Gene Symbol and Name Ahr, aryl-hydrocarbon receptor
Chromosome 12
Gene Common Name(s) Ah; Ahh; Ahre; In; aromatic hydrocarbon responsiveness; aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase; bHLHe76; dioxin receptor; inflammatory reactivity;
General Note C57BL/6 carries the responsive Ahrb allele; DBA/2 carries nonresponsive Ahrd. Heterozygotes (Ahrb/Ahrd) are responsive (J:5282). Later work identified a second (J:8895) and later a third (J:22144) allele conferring response. Thus the allele in C57, C58, and MA/My strains is now Ahrb-1; Ahrb-2 is carried by BALB/cBy, A, and C3H; and Ahrb-3 by Mus spretus, M. caroli, and MOLF/Ei. The nonresponsive strains AKR, DBA/2, and 129 carry Ahrd (J:22144). Nucleotide and amino acid sequence differences between Ahrb-1 and Ahrd have been determined (J:17460).

Strain of origin - this allele was found in C57BL/6, C58/J, C57BR, MA/My strains

Molecular Note This allele encodes a high affinity, relatively heat stabile, 95 kDa receptor. PCR sequencing of cDNA revealed ten nucleotide differences between the coding sequences of the DBA/2J and C57BL/6J receptors. Five of the ten differences would cause amino acid changes. One of these, a C to T transition in exon 11 would change the arginine codon in the DBA/2J allele to an opal termination codon in the C57BL/6J allele. This change would prevent the 43 amino acid extension of mRNA translation predicted for the DBA/2J allele and account for the smaller size of the peptide produced by this allele (95 kDa vs 104 kDa for the DBA/2J allele). A second C to T transition changes a proline codon in the DBA/2J allele to leucine codon in the C57BL/6J allele, and would likely change secondary structure of the peptide and thus ligand affinity. [MGI Ref ID J:15153] [MGI Ref ID J:17460] [MGI Ref ID J:477]
 
Allele Symbol Cdh23ahl
Allele Name age related hearing loss 1
Allele Type QTL
Common Name(s) Cdh23753A; mdfw;
Strain of Originmultiple strains
Gene Symbol and Name Cdh23, cadherin 23 (otocadherin)
Chromosome 10
Gene Common Name(s) 4930542A03Rik; CDHR23; RIKEN cDNA 4930542A03 gene; USH1D; W; age related hearing loss 1; ahl; bob; bobby; bus; bustling; mdfw; modifier of deaf waddler; neuroscience mutagenesis facility, 112; neuroscience mutagenesis facility, 181; neuroscience mutagenesis facility, 252; nmf112; nmf181; nmf252; sals; salsa; v; waltzer;
Molecular Note Genetic complementation tests have shown allelism between the mdfw (modifier of deaf waddler) locus and the ahl locus. Further analysis has identified an association between ahl and a G to A transition at nucleotide position 753 of Cdh23. This hypomorphic allele causes in frame skipping of exon 7 and reduced message stability. Twenty-seven strains classified with ahl and carrying the 753A allele include: CD1, RBF/DnJ, PL/J, AKR/J, RF/J, BALB/cBy, A/WySnJ, P/J, SENCARA/PtJ, DBA/1J, ALS/LtJ, C58/J, C57BLKS/J, 129P1/ReJ, C57BR/cd, SKH2/J, BUB/Bn, MA/MyJ, LP/J, 129X1/SvJ, NOR/LtJ, A/J, C57BL/6, NOD/LtJ, DBA/2J, ALR/LtJ, C57L/J. Strains classified with ahl that DO NOT carry this mutation include: C3H/HeSnJ, I/LnJ,YBR/Ei, MRL/MpJ. [MGI Ref ID J:86905]
 
Allele Symbol Mlphln
Allele Name leaden
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) ln;
Strain of OriginC57BR
Gene Symbol and Name Mlph, melanophilin
Chromosome 1
Gene Common Name(s) 2210418F23Rik; 5031433I09Rik; AW228792; D1Wsu84e; DNA segment, Chr 1, Wayne State University 84, expressed; SLAC2-A; Slac-2a; expressed sequence AW228792; l(1)-3Rk; l1Rk3; leaden; lethal, Chr 1, Roderick 3; ln;
Molecular Note This allele has a C to T transition at mRNA nucleotide position 266. This introduces a stop codon in the sequence of the normally spliced transcript and it also creates a new splice donor site in exon 2. Use of this alternative splice site yields a transcript with an in-frame 21 base pair deletion that deletes 7 amino acids from the translated protein. Northern blots failed to detect this size difference and did not find any change from normal in transcript expression level. [MGI Ref ID J:71302]
 
Allele Symbol Obq3C57L/J
Allele Name C57L/J
Allele Type QTL
Strain of OriginC57L/J
Gene Symbol and Name Obq3, obesity QTL 3
Chromosome 2
General Note Obq3 exhibits additive inheritance.
 
Allele Symbol Obq4C57L/J
Allele Name C57L/J
Allele Type QTL
Strain of OriginC57L/J
Gene Symbol and Name Obq4, obesity QTL 4
Chromosome 17
General Note Obq4 may also be consistent with an additive mode of inheritance.
Molecular Note This allele confers increased adiposity in male animals compared to AKR/J, and accounts for 11.7% of the phenotypic variance in male inguinal fat pad weight (percentage). [MGI Ref ID J:39947]
 
Allele Symbol Rmcfs
Allele Name MCF sensitive
Allele Type Spontaneous
Strain of Originmultiple strains
Gene Symbol and Name Rmcf, resistance to MCF virus
Chromosome 5
General Note

This locus controls resistance and susceptibility of cells in tissue culture to infection by mink cell focus-forming murine leukemia viruses. The allele Rmcfr determines resistance and occurs in strains DBA/1, DBA/2, and CBA/Ca; the allele Rmcfs determines susceptibility and occurs in strains AKR/J, C57BL/6, BALB/c, CBA/J, NFS, NZB, 129/J, and many others. Heterozygotes are as resistant as the resistant parent or nearly so. Rmcf is different from and independent of Fv1,a locus that controls susceptibility to infection by ecotropic viruses. Rmcf is located on Chr 5 close to Hm near the centromeric end (J:7108). Rmcfr protects (AKR x CBA/Ca)F1 and (AKR x DBA/2)F1 hybrids from development of spontaneous thymic lymphomas and reduces the incidence of MCF-induced thymic lymphomas (J:7175). It also reduces susceptibility of cells of Sxvs/Sxvr mice to exogenous xenotropic viruses (J:7951). In addition, in strains susceptible to Friend virus-induced erythroleukemia, a condition thought to be due to the replication of MCF virus, Rmcfr increases resistance to the virus-induced erythroleukemia. It may cause resistance by coding for or regulating the production of an MCF-related envelope glycoprotein that blocks the receptor for MCF viruses (J:8074). This conclusion is reinforced by the findings of Buller et al. (J:8497), who showed that the Rmcfr allele contains an endogenous MCF gp70 env gene and that theRmcfs allele, at least in some strains (C57BL/6, CBA/J, and A/WySn), contains a xenotropic gp70 env gene. Presumably the MCF gp70 inhibits exogenous MCF infection in vitro by a mechanism of viral interference.

Molecular Note This locus controls resistance of cells to infection by mink cell focus-forming murine leukemia viruses. The recessive s (susceptible) allele is found in AKR/J, C57BL/6, BALB/c, CBA/J, NFS, NZB and 129/J.

Genotyping

Genotyping Information

Inbred mouse strains are maintained through sibling (sister x brother) matings; no genotyping required.

Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting

References

References provided by MGI

Selected Reference(s)

Heiniger HJ; Taylor BA; Hards EJ; Meier H. 1975. Heritability of the phytohemagglutinin responsiveness of lymphocytes and its relationship to leukemogenesis. Cancer Res 35(3):825-31. [PubMed: 163691]  [MGI Ref ID J:22608]

Jiao S; Cole TG; Kitchens RT; Pfleger B; Schonfeld G. 1990. Genetic heterogeneity of plasma lipoproteins in the mouse: control of low density lipoprotein particle sizes by genetic factors. J Lipid Res 31(3):467-77. [PubMed: 1971301]  [MGI Ref ID J:15484]

Nishina PM; Wang J; Toyofuku W; Kuypers FA; Ishida BY; Paigen B. 1993. Atherosclerosis and plasma and liver lipids in nine inbred strains of mice. Lipids 28(7):599-605. [PubMed: 8355588]  [MGI Ref ID J:13267]

Paigen B. 1995. Genetics of responsiveness to high-fat and high- cholesterol diets in the mouse. Am J Clin Nutr 62(2):458S-462S. [PubMed: 7625360]  [MGI Ref ID J:28248]

Paigen B; Ishida BY; Verstuyft J; Winters RB; Albee D. 1990. Atherosclerosis susceptibility differences among progenitors of recombinant inbred strains of mice. Arteriosclerosis 10(2):316-23. [PubMed: 2317166]  [MGI Ref ID J:22615]

Paigen B; Morrow A; Brandon C; Mitchell D; Holmes P. 1985. Variation in susceptibility to atherosclerosis among inbred strains of mice. Atherosclerosis 57(1):65-73. [PubMed: 3841001]  [MGI Ref ID J:109950]

Petkov PM; Cassell MA; Sargent EE; Donnelly CJ; Robinson P; Crew V; Asquith S; Haar RV; Wiles MV. 2004. Development of a SNP genotyping panel for genetic monitoring of the laboratory mouse. Genomics 83(5):902-11. [PubMed: 15081119]  [MGI Ref ID J:89298]

Shen FW; Chorney MJ; Boyse EA. 1982. Further polymorphism of the Tla locus defined by monoclonal TL antibodies. Immunogenetics 15(6):573-8. [PubMed: 7106865]  [MGI Ref ID J:6828]

Additional References

Dunn TB; Deringer MK. 1968. Reticulum cell neoplasm, type B, or the Hodgkin's-like lesion of the mouse. J Natl Cancer Inst 40(4):771-821. [PubMed: 4869134]  [MGI Ref ID J:2417]

International Nomenclature Committee. 1952. COMMITTEE on Standardized Nomenclature for Inbred Strains of Mice Cancer Res 12(8):602-13. [PubMed: 14945054]  [MGI Ref ID J:166288]

Jenkins NA; Copeland NG; Taylor BA; Lee BK. 1982. Organization, distribution, and stability of endogenous ecotropic murine leukemia virus DNA sequences in chromosomes of Mus musculus. J Virol 43(1):26-36. [PubMed: 6287001]  [MGI Ref ID J:6844]

Levine S; Sowinski R. 1973. Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in inbred and outbred mice. J Immunol 110(1):139-43. [PubMed: 4631068]  [MGI Ref ID J:24660]

Lindsey JW. 1996. Characteristics of initial and reinduced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Immunogenetics 44(4):292-7. [PubMed: 8753860]  [MGI Ref ID J:35147]

Moy SS; Nadler JJ; Young NB; Perez A; Holloway LP; Barbaro RP; Barbaro JR; Wilson LM; Threadgill DW; Lauder JM; Magnuson TR; Crawley JN. 2007. Mouse behavioral tasks relevant to autism: phenotypes of 10 inbred strains. Behav Brain Res 176(1):4-20. [PubMed: 16971002]  [MGI Ref ID J:138682]

Poland A; Glover E. 1990. Characterization and strain distribution pattern of the murine Ah receptor specified by the Ahd and Ahb-3 alleles. Mol Pharmacol 38(3):306-12. [PubMed: 2169579]  [MGI Ref ID J:34840]

Taylor BA; Phillips SJ. 1997. Obesity QTLs on mouse chromosomes 2 and 17. Genomics 43(3):249-57. [PubMed: 9268627]  [MGI Ref ID J:39947]

West DB; Boozer CN; Moody DL; Atkinson RL. 1992. Dietary obesity in nine inbred mouse strains. Am J Physiol 262(6 Pt 2):R1025-32. [PubMed: 1621856]  [MGI Ref ID J:1348]

Ahrb-1 related

Benedict WF; Considine N; Nebert DW. 1973. Genetic differences in aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction and benzo(a)pyrene-produced tumorigenesis in the mouse. Mol Pharmacol 9(2):266-77. [PubMed: 4123113]  [MGI Ref ID J:84312]

Boobis AR; Nebert DW. 1976. Genetic differences in the metabolism of carcinogens and in the binding of benzo (a) pyrene metabolites to DNA. Adv Enzyme Regul 15:339-62. [PubMed: 1030186]  [MGI Ref ID J:12156]

Bradfield CA; Glover E; Poland A. 1991. Purification and N-terminal amino acid sequence of the Ah receptor from the C57BL/6J mouse. Mol Pharmacol 39(1):13-9. [PubMed: 1846217]  [MGI Ref ID J:84440]

Burbach KM; Poland A; Bradfield CA. 1992. Cloning of the Ah-receptor cDNA reveals a distinctive ligand-activated transcription factor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 89(17):8185-9. [PubMed: 1325649]  [MGI Ref ID J:2256]

Castro DJ; Lohr CV; Fischer KA; Pereira CB; Williams DE. 2008. Lymphoma and lung cancer in offspring born to pregnant mice dosed with dibenzo[a,l]pyrene: the importance of in utero vs. lactational exposure. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 233(3):454-8. [PubMed: 18848954]  [MGI Ref ID J:143604]

Chang C; Smith DR; Prasad VS; Sidman CL; Nebert DW; Puga A. 1993. Ten nucleotide differences, five of which cause amino acid changes, are associated with the Ah receptor locus polymorphism of C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice. Pharmacogenetics 3(6):312-21. [PubMed: 8148872]  [MGI Ref ID J:17460]

Curran CP; Miller KA; Dalton TP; Vorhees CV; Miller ML; Shertzer HG; Nebert DW. 2006. Genetic differences in lethality of newborn mice treated in utero with coplanar versus non-coplanar hexabromobiphenyl. Toxicol Sci 89(2):454-64. [PubMed: 16291824]  [MGI Ref ID J:113285]

Ema M; Sogawa K; Watanabe N; Chujoh Y; Matsushita N; Gotoh O; Funae Y; Fujii-Kuriyama Y. 1992. cDNA cloning and structure of mouse putative Ah receptor. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 184(1):246-53. [PubMed: 1314586]  [MGI Ref ID J:477]

Gielen JE; Goujon FM; Nebert DW. 1972. Genetic regulation of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. II. Simple Mendelian expression in mouse tissues in vivo. J Biol Chem 247(4):1125-37. [PubMed: 4110756]  [MGI Ref ID J:84250]

Goujon FM; Nebert DW; Gielen JE. 1972. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. IV. Interaction of various compounds with different forms of cytochrome P-450 and the effect on benzo(a)pyrene metabolism in vitro. Mol Pharmacol 8(6):667-80. [PubMed: 4118365]  [MGI Ref ID J:84252]

Hansen DA; Esakky P; Drury A; Lamb L; Moley KH. 2014. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor is important for proper seminiferous tubule architecture and sperm development in mice. Biol Reprod 90(1):8. [PubMed: 24174576]  [MGI Ref ID J:210360]

Harper PA; Golas CL; Okey AB. 1991. Ah receptor in mice genetically nonresponsive for cytochrome P4501A1 induction: cytosolic Ah receptor, transformation to the nuclear binding state, and induction of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase by halogenated and nonhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons in embryonic tissues and cells. Mol Pharmacol 40(5):818-26. [PubMed: 1658612]  [MGI Ref ID J:2134]

Kerley-Hamilton JS; Trask HW; Ridley CJ; Dufour E; Lesseur C; Ringelberg CS; Moodie KL; Shipman SL; Korc M; Gui J; Shworak NW; Tomlinson CR. 2012. Inherent and benzo[a]pyrene-induced differential aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling greatly affects life span, atherosclerosis, cardiac gene expression, and body and heart growth in mice. Toxicol Sci 126(2):391-404. [PubMed: 22228805]  [MGI Ref ID J:183715]

Kouri RE; Rude TH; Joglekar R; Dansette PM; Jerina DM; Atlas SA; Owens IS; Nebert DW. 1978. 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin as cocarcinogen causing 3-methylcholanthrene-initiated subcutaneous tumors in mice genetically 'nonresponsive' at Ah locus. Cancer Res 38(9):2777-83. [PubMed: 679184]  [MGI Ref ID J:84318]

Levova K; Moserova M; Nebert DW; Phillips DH; Frei E; Schmeiser HH; Arlt VM; Stiborova M. 2012. NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase expression in Cyp1a-knockout and CYP1A-humanized mouse lines and its effect on bioactivation of the carcinogen aristolochic acid I. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 265(3):360-7. [PubMed: 22982977]  [MGI Ref ID J:192865]

Lew BJ; Manickam R; Lawrence BP. 2011. Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor during pregnancy in the mouse alters mammary development through direct effects on stromal and epithelial tissues. Biol Reprod 84(6):1094-102. [PubMed: 21270426]  [MGI Ref ID J:173706]

Moriguchi T; Motohashi H; Hosoya T; Nakajima O; Takahashi S; Ohsako S; Aoki Y; Nishimura N; Tohyama C; Fujii-Kuriyama Y; Yamamoto M. 2003. Distinct response to dioxin in an arylhydrocarbon receptor (AHR)-humanized mouse. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100(10):5652-7. [PubMed: 12730383]  [MGI Ref ID J:132380]

Nebert DW; Atlas SA; Guenthner TM; Kouri RE. 1978. The Ah locus: genetic regulation of the enzymes which metabolize polycyclic hydrocarbons and the risk of cancer. In: Polycyclic Hydrocarbons and Cancer: Chemistry, Molecular Biology and Environment. Academic Press, New York.  [MGI Ref ID J:30693]

Nebert DW; Considine N; Owens IS. 1973. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. VI. Control of other aromatic hydrocarbon-inducible mono-oxygenase activities at or near the same genetic locus. Arch Biochem Biophys 157(1):148-59. [PubMed: 4716952]  [MGI Ref ID J:84313]

Nebert DW; Gelboin HV. 1969. The in vivo and in vitro induction of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase in mammalian cells of different species, tissues, strains, and developmental and hormonal states. Arch Biochem Biophys 134(1):76-89. [PubMed: 4981257]  [MGI Ref ID J:84248]

Nebert DW; Gielen JE. 1972. Genetic regulation of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction in the mouse. Fed Proc 31(4):1315-25. [PubMed: 4114109]  [MGI Ref ID J:5282]

Nebert DW; Gielen JE; Goujon FM. 1972. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. 3. Changes in the binding of n-octylamine to cytochrome P-450. Mol Pharmacol 8(6):651-66. [PubMed: 4118364]  [MGI Ref ID J:84251]

Nebert DW; Goujon FM; Gielen JE. 1972. Aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction by polycyclic hydrocarbons: simple autosomal dominant trait in the mouse. Nat New Biol 236(65):107-10. [PubMed: 4502804]  [MGI Ref ID J:84249]

Nebert DW; Robinson JR; Niwa A; Kumaki K; Poland AP. 1975. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in the mouse. J Cell Physiol 85(2 Pt 2 Suppl 1):393-414. [PubMed: 1091656]  [MGI Ref ID J:84317]

Niwa A; Kumaki K; Nebert DW; Poland AP. 1975. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in the mouse. Distinction between the 'responsive' homozygote and heterozygote at the Ah locus. Arch Biochem Biophys 166(2):559-64. [PubMed: 1119809]  [MGI Ref ID J:84316]

Nukaya M; Lin BC; Glover E; Moran SM; Kennedy GD; Bradfield CA. 2010. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) is required for dioxin-induced hepatotoxicity but not for the induction of the Cyp1a1 and Cyp1a2 genes. J Biol Chem 285(46):35599-605. [PubMed: 20829355]  [MGI Ref ID J:166864]

Okey AB; Vella LM; Harper PA. 1989. Detection and characterization of a low affinity form of cytosolic Ah receptor in livers of mice nonresponsive to induction of cytochrome P1-450 by 3-methylcholanthrene. Mol Pharmacol 35(6):823-30. [PubMed: 2543914]  [MGI Ref ID J:27899]

Poel WE; Stanton D; Peters E; Wade HO. 1958. Comparative susceptibilities of seven inbred strains of mice to qualified applications of 3, 4-benzpyrene Proc Am Assoc Cancer Res 2:335.  [MGI Ref ID J:84245]

Poland A; Bradfield C. 1992. A brief review of the Ah locus. Tohoku J Exp Med 168(2):83-7. [PubMed: 1339107]  [MGI Ref ID J:12546]

Poland A; Glover E. 1990. Characterization and strain distribution pattern of the murine Ah receptor specified by the Ahd and Ahb-3 alleles. Mol Pharmacol 38(3):306-12. [PubMed: 2169579]  [MGI Ref ID J:34840]

Poland A; Glover E; Kende AS. 1976. Stereospecific, high affinity binding of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin by hepatic cytosol. Evidence that the binding species is receptor for induction of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase. J Biol Chem 251(16):4936-46. [PubMed: 956169]  [MGI Ref ID J:84247]

Poland A; Glover E; Taylor BA. 1987. The murine Ah locus: a new allele and mapping to chromosome 12. Mol Pharmacol 32(4):471-8. [PubMed: 2823093]  [MGI Ref ID J:8895]

Poland A; Palen D; Glover E. 1994. Analysis of the four alleles of the murine aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Mol Pharmacol 46(5):915-21. [PubMed: 7969080]  [MGI Ref ID J:22144]

Poland AP; Glover E; Robinson JR; Nebert DW. 1974. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity. Induction of monooxygenase activities and cytochrome P1-450 formation by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in mice genetically 'nonresponsive' to other aromatic hydrocarbons. J Biol Chem 249(17):5599-606. [PubMed: 4370044]  [MGI Ref ID J:84314]

Robinson JR; Considine N; Nebert DW. 1974. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. Evidence for the involvement of other genetic loci. J Biol Chem 249(18):5851-9. [PubMed: 4413562]  [MGI Ref ID J:84315]

Schmid FA; Demetriades MS; Schabel FM 3rd; Tarnowski GS. 1967. Toxicity of several cancerigenic polycyclic hydrocarbons and other agents in AKR and C57BL-6 mice. Cancer Res 27(3):563-7. [PubMed: 6021514]  [MGI Ref ID J:84246]

Schmid FA; Elmer I; Tarnowski GS. 1969. Genetic determination of differential inflammatory reactivity and subcutaneous tumor susceptibility of AKR-J and C57BL-6J mice to 7,12-dimethylbenz- [a]anthracene. Cancer Res 29(8):1585-9. [PubMed: 5807232]  [MGI Ref ID J:34134]

Schmid FA; Pena RC; Robinson W; Tarnowski GS. 1967. Toxicity of intraperitoneal injections of 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in inbred mice. Cancer Res 27(3):558-62. [PubMed: 6021513]  [MGI Ref ID J:26440]

Schmidt JV; Carver LA; Bradfield CA. 1993. Molecular characterization of the murine Ahr gene. Organization, promoter analysis, and chromosomal assignment. J Biol Chem 268(29):22203-9. [PubMed: 8408082]  [MGI Ref ID J:15153]

Smith AG; Clothier B; Robinson S; Scullion MJ; Carthew P; Edwards R; Luo J; Lim CK; Toledano M. 1998. Interaction between iron metabolism and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in mice with variants of the Ahr gene: a hepatic oxidative mechanism. Mol Pharmacol 53(1):52-61. [PubMed: 9443932]  [MGI Ref ID J:45850]

Stiborova M; Levova K; Barta F; Shi Z; Frei E; Schmeiser HH; Nebert DW; Phillips DH; Arlt VM. 2012. Bioactivation versus detoxication of the urothelial carcinogen aristolochic acid I by human cytochrome P450 1A1 and 1A2. Toxicol Sci 125(2):345-58. [PubMed: 22086975]  [MGI Ref ID J:183662]

Taylor BA. 1971. Strain distribution and linkage tests of 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) inflammatory response in mice. Life Sci I 10(19):1127-34. [PubMed: 5132702]  [MGI Ref ID J:5244]

Thomas PE; Hutton JJ; Taylor BA. 1973. Genetic relationship between aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase inducibility and chemical carcinogen induced skin ulceration in mice. Genetics 74(4):655-9. [PubMed: 4750810]  [MGI Ref ID J:5387]

Thomas PE; Kouri RE; Hutton JJ. 1972. The genetics of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction in mice: a single gene difference between C57BL-6J and DBA-2J. Biochem Genet 6(2):157-68. [PubMed: 4666754]  [MGI Ref ID J:31977]

Yu Z; Mahadevan B; Lohr CV; Fischer KA; Louderback MA; Krueger SK; Pereira CB; Albershardt DJ; Baird WM; Bailey GS; Williams DE. 2006. Indole-3-carbinol in the maternal diet provides chemoprotection for the fetus against transplacental carcinogenesis by the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon dibenzo[a,l]pyrene. Carcinogenesis 27(10):2116-23. [PubMed: 16704990]  [MGI Ref ID J:113356]

Cdh23ahl related

Bosco A; Crish SD; Steele MR; Romero CO; Inman DM; Horner PJ; Calkins DJ; Vetter ML. 2012. Early reduction of microglia activation by irradiation in a model of chronic glaucoma. PLoS One 7(8):e43602. [PubMed: 22952717]  [MGI Ref ID J:191663]

Davis RR; Newlander JK; Ling X; Cortopassi GA; Krieg EF; Erway LC. 2001. Genetic basis for susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss in mice. Hear Res 155(1-2):82-90. [PubMed: 11335078]  [MGI Ref ID J:69679]

Di Palma F; Pellegrino R; Noben-Trauth K. 2001. Genomic structure, alternative splice forms and normal and mutant alleles of cadherin 23 (Cdh23). Gene 281(1-2):31-41. [PubMed: 11750125]  [MGI Ref ID J:73941]

Fetoni AR; Picciotti PM; Paludetti G; Troiani D. 2011. Pathogenesis of presbycusis in animal models: a review. Exp Gerontol 46(6):413-25. [PubMed: 21211561]  [MGI Ref ID J:186964]

Han F; Yu H; Tian C; Chen HE; Benedict-Alderfer C; Zheng Y; Wang Q; Han X; Zheng QY. 2010. A new mouse mutant of the Cdh23 gene with early-onset hearing loss facilitates evaluation of otoprotection drugs. Pharmacogenomics J :. [PubMed: 20644563]  [MGI Ref ID J:174758]

Johnson KR; Erway LC; Cook SA; Willott JF; Zheng QY. 1997. A major gene affecting age-related hearing loss in C57BL/6J mice Hear Res 114(1-2):83-92. [PubMed: 9447922]  [MGI Ref ID J:44966]

Johnson KR; Longo-Guess C; Gagnon LH; Yu H; Zheng QY. 2008. A locus on distal chromosome 11 (ahl8) and its interaction with Cdh23 ahl underlie the early onset, age-related hearing loss of DBA/2J mice. Genomics 92(4):219-25. [PubMed: 18662770]  [MGI Ref ID J:139223]

Johnson KR; Yu H; Ding D; Jiang H; Gagnon LH; Salvi RJ. 2010. Separate and combined effects of Sod1 and Cdh23 mutations on age-related hearing loss and cochlear pathology in C57BL/6J mice. Hear Res 268(1-2):85-92. [PubMed: 20470874]  [MGI Ref ID J:163035]

Johnson KR; Zheng QY; Bykhovskaya Y; Spirina O; Fischel-Ghodsian N. 2001. A nuclear-mitochondrial DNA interaction affecting hearing impairment in mice. Nat Genet 27(2):191-4. [PubMed: 11175788]  [MGI Ref ID J:67312]

Johnson KR; Zheng QY; Noben-Trauth K. 2006. Strain background effects and genetic modifiers of hearing in mice. Brain Res 1091(1):79-88. [PubMed: 16579977]  [MGI Ref ID J:110459]

Johnson KR; Zheng QY; Weston MD; Ptacek LJ; Noben-Trauth K. 2005. The Mass1(frings) mutation underlies early onset hearing impairment in BUB/BnJ mice, a model for the auditory pathology of Usher syndrome IIC. Genomics 85(5):582-90. [PubMed: 15820310]  [MGI Ref ID J:97534]

Kane KL; Longo-Guess CM; Gagnon LH; Ding D; Salvi RJ; Johnson KR. 2012. Genetic background effects on age-related hearing loss associated with Cdh23 variants in mice. Hear Res 283(1-2):80-8. [PubMed: 22138310]  [MGI Ref ID J:183757]

Keithley EM; Canto C; Zheng QY; Fischel-Ghodsian N; Johnson KR. 2004. Age-related hearing loss and the ahl locus in mice. Hear Res 188(1-2):21-8. [PubMed: 14759567]  [MGI Ref ID J:87783]

Liu X; Bulgakov OV; Darrow KN; Pawlyk B; Adamian M; Liberman MC; Li T. 2007. Usherin is required for maintenance of retinal photoreceptors and normal development of cochlear hair cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104(11):4413-8. [PubMed: 17360538]  [MGI Ref ID J:118927]

Manji SS; Williams LH; Miller KA; Ooms LM; Bahlo M; Mitchell CA; Dahl HH. 2011. A mutation in synaptojanin 2 causes progressive hearing loss in the ENU-mutagenised mouse strain Mozart. PLoS One 6(3):e17607. [PubMed: 21423608]  [MGI Ref ID J:171701]

Mathews CE; Leiter EH. 1999. Resistance of ALR/Lt islets to free radical-mediated diabetogenic stress is inherited as a dominant trait. Diabetes 48(11):2189-96. [PubMed: 10535453]  [MGI Ref ID J:109893]

Nadeau JH. 2003. Modifier genes and protective alleles in humans and mice. Curr Opin Genet Dev 13(3):290-5. [PubMed: 12787792]  [MGI Ref ID J:88012]

Noben-Trauth K; Latoche JR; Neely HR; Bennett B. 2010. Phenotype and genetics of progressive sensorineural hearing loss (Snhl1) in the LXS set of recombinant inbred strains of mice. PLoS One 5(7):e11459. [PubMed: 20628639]  [MGI Ref ID J:163117]

Noben-Trauth K; Zheng QY; Johnson KR. 2003. Association of cadherin 23 with polygenic inheritance and genetic modification of sensorineural hearing loss. Nat Genet 35(1):21-3. [PubMed: 12910270]  [MGI Ref ID J:86905]

Noben-Trauth K; Zheng QY; Johnson KR; Nishina PM. 1997. mdfw: a deafness susceptibility locus that interacts with deaf waddler (dfw). Genomics 44(3):266-72. [PubMed: 9325047]  [MGI Ref ID J:38429]

Perrin BJ; Sonnemann KJ; Ervasti JM. 2010. beta-actin and gamma-actin are each dispensable for auditory hair cell development but required for Stereocilia maintenance. PLoS Genet 6(10):e1001158. [PubMed: 20976199]  [MGI Ref ID J:167543]

Perrin BJ; Strandjord DM; Narayanan P; Henderson DM; Johnson KR; Ervasti JM. 2013. beta-Actin and Fascin-2 Cooperate to Maintain Stereocilia Length. J Neurosci 33(19):8114-21. [PubMed: 23658152]  [MGI Ref ID J:197137]

Vazquez AE; Jimenez AM; Martin GK; Luebke AE; Lonsbury-Martin BL. 2004. Evaluating cochlear function and the effects of noise exposure in the B6.CAST+Ahl mouse with distortion product otoacoustic emissions. Hear Res 194(1-2):87-96. [PubMed: 15276680]  [MGI Ref ID J:117746]

Zheng QY; Johnson KR. 2001. Hearing loss associated with the modifier of deaf waddler (mdfw) locus corresponds with age-related hearing loss in 12 inbred strains of mice. Hear Res 154(1-2):45-53. [PubMed: 11423214]  [MGI Ref ID J:70964]

Zheng QY; Scarborough JD; Zheng Y; Yu H; Choi D; Gillespie PG. 2012. Digenic inheritance of deafness caused by 8J allele of myosin-VIIA and mutations in other Usher I genes. Hum Mol Genet 21(11):2588-98. [PubMed: 22381527]  [MGI Ref ID J:183898]

Zilberstein Y; Liberman MC; Corfas G. 2012. Inner hair cells are not required for survival of spiral ganglion neurons in the adult cochlea. J Neurosci 32(2):405-10. [PubMed: 22238076]  [MGI Ref ID J:179911]

Mlphln related

Anderson MG; Hawes NL; Trantow CM; Chang B; John SW. 2008. Iris phenotypes and pigment dispersion caused by genes influencing pigmentation. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res 21(5):565-78. [PubMed: 18715234]  [MGI Ref ID J:141035]

Fisher RA. 1953. The linkage of polydactyly with leaden in the house mouse. Heredity 7:91-95.  [MGI Ref ID J:12979]

Hauschka TS; Jacobs BB; Holdridge BA. 1968. Recessive yellow and its interaction with belted in the mouse. J Hered 59(6):339-41. [PubMed: 5713933]  [MGI Ref ID J:5110]

Hearing VJ; Phillips P; Lutzner MA. 1973. The fine structure of melanogenesis in coat color mutants of the mouse. J Ultrastruct Res 43(1):88-106. [PubMed: 4634048]  [MGI Ref ID J:5346]

Hume AN; Collinson LM; Hopkins CR; Strom M; Barral DC; Bossi G; Griffiths GM; Seabra MC. 2002. The leaden gene product is required with Rab27a to recruit myosin Va to melanosomes in melanocytes. Traffic 3(3):193-202. [PubMed: 11886590]  [MGI Ref ID J:105323]

Hume AN; Tarafder AK; Ramalho JS; Sviderskaya EV; Seabra MC. 2006. A coiled-coil domain of melanophilin is essential for Myosin Va recruitment and melanosome transport in melanocytes. Mol Biol Cell 17(11):4720-35. [PubMed: 16914517]  [MGI Ref ID J:117973]

Karolyi IJ; Dootz GA; Halsey K; Beyer L; Probst FJ; Johnson KR; Parlow AF; Raphael Y; Dolan DF; Camper SA. 2007. Dietary thyroid hormone replacement ameliorates hearing deficits in hypothyroid mice. Mamm Genome 18(8):596-608. [PubMed: 17899304]  [MGI Ref ID J:125708]

Markert CL; Silvers WK. 1956. The Effects of Genotype and Cell Environment on Melanoblast Differentiation in the House Mouse. Genetics 41(3):429-50. [PubMed: 17247639]  [MGI Ref ID J:12970]

Matesic LE; Yip R; Reuss AE; Swing DA; O'Sullivan TN; Fletcher CF; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA. 2001. Mutations in Mlph, encoding a member of the Rab effector family, cause the melanosome transport defects observed in leaden mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98(18):10238-43. [PubMed: 11504925]  [MGI Ref ID J:71302]

Moore KJ; Swing DA; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA. 1990. Interaction of the murine dilute suppressor gene (dsu) with fourteen coat color mutations [published erratum appears in Genetics 1990 Sep;126(1):285] Genetics 125(2):421-30. [PubMed: 2379821]  [MGI Ref ID J:29467]

Moore KJ; Swing DA; Rinchik EM; Mucenski ML; Buchberg AM; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA. 1988. The murine dilute suppressor gene dsu suppresses the coat-color phenotype of three pigment mutations that alter melanocyte morphology, d, ash and ln. Genetics 119(4):933-41. [PubMed: 3410303]  [MGI Ref ID J:9309]

Murray JM. 1933. "Leaden", a recent color mutation in the house mouse. Am Naturalist 67:278-283.  [MGI Ref ID J:17162]

Nadeau JH. 2001. Modifier genes in mice and humans. Nat Rev Genet 2(3):165-74. [PubMed: 11256068]  [MGI Ref ID J:88013]

Novak EK; Hui SW; Swank RT. 1984. Platelet storage pool deficiency in mouse pigment mutations associated with seven distinct genetic loci. Blood 63(3):536-44. [PubMed: 6696991]  [MGI Ref ID J:7327]

Silvers WK. 1979. The Coat Colors of Mice; A Model for Mammalian Gene Action and Interaction. In: The Coat Colors of Mice. Springer-Verlag, New York.  [MGI Ref ID J:78801]

Singh RK; Mizuno K; Wasmeier C; Wavre-Shapton ST; Recchi C; Catz SD; Futter C; Tolmachova T; Hume AN; Seabra MC. 2013. Distinct and opposing roles for Rab27a/Mlph/MyoVa and Rab27b/Munc13-4 in mast cell secretion. FEBS J 280(3):892-903. [PubMed: 23281710]  [MGI Ref ID J:211540]

Stephenson DA; Glenister PH; Hornby JE. 1985. Site of beige (bg) and leaden (ln) pigment gene expression determined by recombinant embryonic skin grafts and aggregation mouse chimaeras employing sash (Wsh) homozygotes. Genet Res 46(2):193-205. [PubMed: 3910518]  [MGI Ref ID J:8167]

Sweet SE; Quevedo WC Jr. 1968. Role of melanocyte morphology in pigmentation of mouse hair. Anat Rec 162(2):243-54. [PubMed: 5726144]  [MGI Ref ID J:5095]

Ward RD; Stone BM; Raetzman LT; Camper SA. 2006. Cell proliferation and vascularization in mouse models of pituitary hormone deficiency. Mol Endocrinol 20(6):1378-90. [PubMed: 16556738]  [MGI Ref ID J:108961]

Obq3C57L/J related

Taylor BA; Phillips SJ. 1997. Obesity QTLs on mouse chromosomes 2 and 17. Genomics 43(3):249-57. [PubMed: 9268627]  [MGI Ref ID J:39947]

Obq4C57L/J related

Taylor BA; Phillips SJ. 1997. Obesity QTLs on mouse chromosomes 2 and 17. Genomics 43(3):249-57. [PubMed: 9268627]  [MGI Ref ID J:39947]

Rmcfs related

Buller RS; Sitbon M; Portis JL. 1988. The endogenous mink cell focus-forming (MCF) gp70 linked to the Rmcf gene restricts MCF virus replication in vivo and provides partial resistance to erythroleukemia induced by Friend murine leukemia virus. J Exp Med 167(5):1535-46. [PubMed: 2835418]  [MGI Ref ID J:27618]

Hartley JW; Yetter RA; Morse HC 3rd. 1983. A mouse gene on chromosome 5 that restricts infectivity of mink cell focus-forming recombinant murine leukemia viruses. J Exp Med 158(1):16-24. [PubMed: 6306133]  [MGI Ref ID J:7108]

Jung YT; Lyu MS; Buckler-White A; Kozak CA. 2002. Characterization of a polytropic murine leukemia virus proviral sequence associated with the virus resistance gene Rmcf of DBA/2 mice. J Virol 76(16):8218-24. [PubMed: 12134027]  [MGI Ref ID J:78083]

Health & husbandry

Health & Colony Maintenance Information

Animal Health Reports

Room Number           MP13

Colony Maintenance

Mating SystemSibling x Sibling         (Female x Male)   01-MAR-06
Breeding Considerations This strain is a challenging breeder.
Diet Information LabDiet® 5K52/5K67

Pricing and Purchasing

Pricing, Supply Level & Notes, Controls


Pricing for USA, Canada and Mexico shipping destinations View International Pricing

Live Mice

Weeks of AgePrice per mouse (US dollars $)Gender
3 weeks $96.60Female or Male  
4 weeks $96.60Female or Male  
5 weeks $96.60Female or Male  
6 weeks $99.25Female or Male  
7 weeks $101.90Female or Male  
8 weeks $104.55Female or Male  
9 weeks $107.20Female or Male  
10 weeks $109.85Female or Male  

Standard Supply

Level 4. Up to 10 mice. Larger quantities or custom orders arranged upon request. Expected delivery up to one to three months.

Supply Notes

  • Shipped at a specific age in weeks. Mice at a precise age in days, littermates and retired breeders are also available.
Pricing for International shipping destinations View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing

Live Mice

Weeks of AgePrice per mouse (US dollars $)Gender
3 weeks $125.60Female or Male  
4 weeks $125.60Female or Male  
5 weeks $125.60Female or Male  
6 weeks $129.10Female or Male  
7 weeks $132.50Female or Male  
8 weeks $136.00Female or Male  
9 weeks $139.40Female or Male  
10 weeks $142.90Female or Male  

Standard Supply

Level 4. Up to 10 mice. Larger quantities or custom orders arranged upon request. Expected delivery up to one to three months.

Supply Notes

  • Shipped at a specific age in weeks. Mice at a precise age in days, littermates and retired breeders are also available.
View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing View International Pricing

Standard Supply

Level 4. Up to 10 mice. Larger quantities or custom orders arranged upon request. Expected delivery up to one to three months.

Important Note

This strain is homozygous for Cdh23ahl, the age related hearing loss 1 mutation, which on this background results in progressive hearing loss with onset prior to three months of age.

Payment Terms and Conditions

Terms are granted by individual review and stated on the customer invoice(s) and account statement. These transactions are payable in U.S. currency within the granted terms. Payment for services, products, shipping containers, and shipping costs that are rendered are expected within the payment terms indicated on the invoice or stated by contract. Invoices and account balances in arrears of stated terms may result in The Jackson Laboratory pursuing collection activities including but not limited to outside agencies and court filings.


See Terms of Use tab for General Terms and Conditions


The Jackson Laboratory's Genotype Promise

The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
Ordering Information
JAX® Mice
Surgical and Preconditioning Services
JAX® Services
Customer Services and Support
Tel: 1-800-422-6423 or 1-207-288-5845
Fax: 1-207-288-6150
Technical Support Email Form

Terms of Use

Terms of Use


General Terms and Conditions


Contact information

General inquiries regarding Terms of Use

Contracts Administration

phone:207-288-6470

JAX® Mice, Products & Services Conditions of Use

"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCTS" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or services provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than the internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE or PRODUCTS from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON's prior written authorization.

No Warranty

MICE, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED “AS IS”. JACKSON EXTENDS NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO MICE, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.

In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of mice, products or services, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the mice or product received or the services provided.

No Liability

In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS or services, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS or services from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.

MICE and PRODUCTS are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.

The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or services. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS or services may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and services by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.

Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or services shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or services by JACKSON.


(6.6)