Strain Name:

HRS/J

Stock Number:

000673

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Availability:

Cryopreserved - Ready for recovery

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Description

The genotypes of the animals provided may not reflect those discussed in the strain description or the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation. Please inquire for possible genotypes for this specific strain.

Strain Information

Former Names Hairless    (Changed: 15-DEC-04 )
Type Mutant Strain; Spontaneous Mutation;
Additional information on Genetically Engineered and Mutant Mice.
Type Inbred Strain;
Additional information on Inbred Strains.
Visit our online Nomenclature tutorial.
Specieslaboratory mouse
H2 Haplotypek

Appearance
unpigmented, without hair
Related Genotype: Tyrp1b/Tyrp1b Tyrc/Tyrc Myo5ad/Myo5ad Hrhr/Hrhr

albino, unaffected
Related Genotype: Tyrp1b/Tyrp1b Tyrc/Tyrc Myo5ad/Myo5ad Hrhr/+

Description
Mice homozygous for the hr spontaneous mutation have a higher incidence and earlier onset of leukemia, reducible by virus-specific antibody. Deficiency of splenic T helper cells (Ly-1+) may account for low cellular immune response of homozygous mutant mice. The coat is normal on hr/hr mice up to 10 days but then hair is lost from the follicle. Waves of hair growth with few thin fuzzy hairs ocur at monthly intervals for some time but homozygotes eventually become continuously hairless. Vibrissae are repeatedly regrown and shed, becoming more abnormal with age. Toenails are long and curved. There is hyperkeratosis of stratified epithelium and the upper part of hair canals beginning at 14 days. Hair club formation is abnormal. Cysts form from the hyperkeratotic upper part of hair canals and sheaths of abnormal follicles stranded in dermis. Some cysts also form from sebaceous glands. All cysts undergo sebaceous transformation and later keratinization. HRS/J mice, fed an atherogenic diet (1.25% cholesterol, 0.5% cholic acid and 15% fat), fail to develop atherosclerotic aortic lesions in contrast to several highly susceptible strains of mice (e.g. C57BL/6J, Stock No. 000664; C57L/J, Stock No. 000668, C57BR/cdJ, Stock No. 000667, and SM/J, Stock No. 000687).

Development
The hairless mutation (Hrhr) was found in a mouse caught in an aviary in London in 1924. It was brought to The Jackson Laboratory in 1956 by Dr. E. L. Green who had received it from Dr. H. Chase at Brown University in 1952. Dr. Green crossed it to a BALB/c female and the stock was sibling mated. The genotype was fixed homozygous for brown (Tyrp1b), albino (Tyrc), dilute (Myo5ad) and kept segregating for hairless. Since the hairless females do not nurse their litters it was bred hairless males x haired females. In 1964 at generation F24 the strain was named HRS/J. Embryos were cryopreserved in 1992 from haired females mated to hairless males at F90.

Control Information

  Control
   Heterozygote from the colony
 
  Considerations for Choosing Controls

Related Strains

Strains carrying   Ahrb-2 allele
000645   A/HeJ
000646   A/J
000130   B6.C-H17c/(HW14)ByJ
000370   B6.C-H38c/(HW119)ByJ
001026   BALB/cByJ
000653   BUB/BnJ
000659   C3H/HeJ
000656   CBA/J
000657   CE/J
000352   CXB2/ByJ
000353   CXB3/ByJ
000354   CXB4/ByJ
000355   CXB5/ByJ
000357   CXB7/ByJ
000679   P/J
000930   PERA/EiJ
000644   SEA/GnJ
000280   SF/CamEiJ
View Strains carrying   Ahrb-2     (18 strains)

Strains carrying   Hrhr allele
001737   B6.Cg-Hrhr H2-T18a/J
002922   D2.HRS-Hrhr/J
002335   SKH2/J
000147   WLHR/LeJ
View Strains carrying   Hrhr     (4 strains)

Strains carrying   Myo5ad allele
001005   AKXD1/TyJ
001003   AKXD11/TyJ
000765   AKXD13/TyJ
000779   AKXD14/TyJ
000954   AKXD15/TyJ
001093   AKXD18/TyJ
000776   AKXD2/TyJ
001062   AKXD21/TyJ
000947   AKXD22/TyJ
000949   AKXD25/TyJ
000764   AKXD27/TyJ
000959   AKXD3/TyJ
000285   B6.Cg-Rorasg + +/+ Myo5ad Bmp5se/J
012889   B6N;TKDU-Myo5ad Cacna2d2du/J
000652   BDP/J
000036   BXD1/TyJ
000013   BXD16/TyJ
000015   BXD18/TyJ
000010   BXD19/TyJ
000077   BXD21/TyJ
000043   BXD22/TyJ
000081   BXD25/TyJ
000029   BXD29-Tlr4lps-2J/J
010981   BXD29/Ty
000037   BXD5/TyJ
000007   BXD6/TyJ
000084   BXD8/TyJ
000105   BXD9/TyJ
000284   CWD/LeJ
000670   DBA/1J
000671   DBA/2J
000963   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+17J/Myo5ad/J
000964   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+18J/Myo5ad/J
000067   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+2J/Myo5ad/J
000674   I/LnJ
001850   MEV-Q/TyJ
001855   MEV-V/TyJ
003345   MEV/2Ty-Emv64/J
000679   P/J
000644   SEA/GnJ
000390   STOCK Myo5ad Ds/J
000994   STOCK a Myo5ad Mregdsu/J
000286   STOCK a/a Myo5ad fd/+ +/J
View Strains carrying   Myo5ad     (43 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Ahr
000690   129P3/J
000648   AKR/J
002920   B6(D2N).Spretus-Ahrb-3/J
002831   B6.129-Ahrtm1Bra/J
000136   B6.C-H34c/(HW22)ByJ
008599   B6.Cg-Cyp1a2/Cyp1a1tm2Dwn Ahrd Tg(CYP1A1,CYP1A2)1Dwn/DwnJ
002921   B6.D2N-Ahrd/J
002727   B6;129-Ahrtm1Bra/J
000652   BDP/J
000663   C57BL/6By
001139   C57BL/6ByJ
000664   C57BL/6J
000662   C57BLKS/J
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000668   C57L/J
000669   C58/J
000926   CAROLI/EiJ
000928   CAST/EiJ
000351   CXB1/ByJ
000356   CXB6/ByJ
002937   D2.B6-Ahrb-1/J
000671   DBA/2J
000674   I/LnJ
000675   LG/J
000676   LP/J
000677   MA/MyJ
000550   MOLF/EiJ
000684   NZB/BlNJ
000726   RBF/DnJ
000682   RF/J
000686   SJL/J
001146   SPRET/EiJ
000688   ST/bJ
006203   STOCK Ahrtm3.1Bra/J
000689   SWR/J
000693   WC/ReJ KitlSl/J
000933   YBR/EiJ
View Strains carrying other alleles of Ahr     (37 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Hr
007621   B6.129S6-Hrtm1Cct/J
000758   C57BL/6J-Hbbp Hrrh-7J/J
021500   C57BL/6J-Hrrh-10J/GrsrJ
000266   RHJ/Le
001591   RHJ/LeJ
View Strains carrying other alleles of Hr     (5 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Myo5a
005012   A.B6 Tyr+-Myo5ad-l31J/J
001013   B10.D2/nSnJ-Myo5ad-n/J
000502   B6 x B6CBCa Aw-J/A-Myo5aflr Gnb5flr/J
000963   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+17J/Myo5ad/J
000964   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+18J/Myo5ad/J
000067   DBA/2J-Myo5ad+2J/Myo5ad/J
000253   DLS/LeJ
View Strains carrying other alleles of Myo5a     (7 strains)

Additional Web Information

JAX® NOTES, January 1989; 436. Phenotypic abnormalities in hr-locus mutants.
JAX® NOTES, October 1988; 435. Introduction of Rhino (hrrh) into Jackson Laboratory Production Colonies.
JAX® NOTES, Spring 1990; 441. Imperforate Vagina and Mucometra in Mice.

Phenotype

Phenotype Information

View Related Disease (OMIM) Terms

Related Disease (OMIM) Terms provided by MGI
- Potential model based on gene homology relationships. Phenotypic similarity to the human disease has not been tested.
Alopecia Universalis Congenita; ALUNC   (HR)
Atrichia with Papular Lesions; APL   (HR)
Griscelli Syndrome, Type 1; GS1   (MYO5A)
Hypotrichosis 4; HYPT4   (HR)
View Mammalian Phenotype Terms

Mammalian Phenotype Terms provided by MGI
      assigned by genotype

Hrhr/Hrhr

        HRS/J
  • hearing/vestibular/ear phenotype
  • absent linear vestibular evoked potential
    • VESPs are absent at the maximum stimulus intensity used   (MGI Ref ID J:116914)
  • tumorigenesis
  • increased leukemia incidence
    • increased incidence   (MGI Ref ID J:5726)
    • increased incidence   (MGI Ref ID J:5908)
    • at 8 to 10 months of age 45% of homozygotes have lymphoid leukemia, compared with only 1% in heterozygotes, and approximately 72% of these homozygotes develop myeloid leukemia later in life up to 18 months of age   (MGI Ref ID J:24786)
  • hematopoietic system phenotype
  • decreased T cell number
    • of CD5+ T cells   (MGI Ref ID J:6087)
  • decreased T cell proliferation
    • to alloantigens by T helper cells   (MGI Ref ID J:6375)
  • increased macrophage cell number
    • although heterozygotes and homozygotes have the same total number of peritoneal cells, the percentage expressing Mac-1 is an average of 30% in homozygotes versus an average of 14% in heterozygotes   (MGI Ref ID J:150402)
  • immune system phenotype
  • decreased T cell number
    • of CD5+ T cells   (MGI Ref ID J:6087)
  • decreased T cell proliferation
    • to alloantigens by T helper cells   (MGI Ref ID J:6375)
  • increased macrophage cell number
    • although heterozygotes and homozygotes have the same total number of peritoneal cells, the percentage expressing Mac-1 is an average of 30% in homozygotes versus an average of 14% in heterozygotes   (MGI Ref ID J:150402)

The following phenotype information is associated with a similar, but not exact match to this JAX® Mice strain.

Hrhr/Hrhr

        Background Not Specified
  • endocrine/exocrine gland phenotype
  • abnormal mammary gland morphology
    • small   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
    • nipple at bottom of cup-shaped depression in skin   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
    • no ducts   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
  • sebaceous gland atrophy   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
  • behavior/neurological phenotype
  • abnormal nursing
    • failure   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
  • integument phenotype
  • abnormal mammary gland morphology
    • small   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
    • nipple at bottom of cup-shaped depression in skin   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
    • no ducts   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
  • abnormal skin morphology
    • thickened cutis   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
    • abnormal dermis reticular layer morphology
      • cystic   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
    • dermal cysts   (MGI Ref ID J:14889)
    • epidermal hyperplasia   (MGI Ref ID J:14940)
    • hyperkeratosis   (MGI Ref ID J:14940)
  • deformed nails
    • curved   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
  • hairless   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
    • beginning ~15 days of age and progressing from nose back   (MGI Ref ID J:2405)
  • sebaceous gland atrophy   (MGI Ref ID J:2409)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Hrhr related

Cancer Research
Increased Tumor Incidence
      Leukemia
      Leukemia: lymphocytic
      Lymphomas
      Lymphomas: thymic
      Skin Cancers
      Skin Cancers: Induced
Toxicology

Cardiovascular Research
Diet-Induced Atherosclerosis
      Relatively Resistant

Dermatology Research
Skin and Hair Texture Defects

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
Immunodeficiency Associated with Other Defects

Research Tools
Toxicology Research
      drug/compound testing

Myo5ad related

Dermatology Research
Color and White Spotting Defects

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

 
Allele Symbol Ahrb-2
Allele Name b-2 variant
Allele Type Not Applicable
Common Name(s) Ahb-2; Ahh;
Strain of OriginBALB/cBy
Gene Symbol and Name Ahr, aryl-hydrocarbon receptor
Chromosome 12
Gene Common Name(s) Ah; Ahh; Ahre; In; aromatic hydrocarbon responsiveness; aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase; bHLHe76; dioxin receptor; inflammatory reactivity;
General Note C57BL/6 carries the responsive Ahrb allele; DBA/2 carries nonresponsive Ahrd. Heterozygotes (Ahrb/Ahrd) are responsive (J:5282). Later work identified a second (J:8895) and later a third (J:22144) allele conferring response. Thus the allele in C57, C58, and MA/My strains is now Ahrb-1; Ahrb-2 is carried by BALB/cBy, A, and C3H; and Ahrb-3 by Mus spretus, M. caroli, and MOLF/Ei. The nonresponsive strains AKR, DBA/2, and 129 carry Ahrd (J:22144). Nucleotide and amino acid sequence differences between Ahrb-1 and Ahrd have been determined (J:17460).

Strain of origin - this allele was found in BALB/cByJ, A/J, C3H/HeJ, CBA strains

Molecular Note This allele encodes a high affinity, heat labile, 104 kDa receptor containing 848 amino acids. Sequencing studies of cDNA from C57BL/6J congenic mice homozygous for this allele identified nucleotide substitutions in the ORF that would cause 5 amino acid differences between the C57BL/6J and BALB/cBy peptides, and 2 amino acid differences between the BALB/cBy and DBA/2J peptides. A T to C transition in exon 11 replaces the opal termination codon in the C57BL/6J allele with an arginine codon in the BALB/cByallele. This change would extend translation of the BALB/cBy mRNA by 43 amino acids, accounting for the larger size of the peptide produced by this allele (104 kDa, vs 95 kDa for the C57BL/6J allele). [MGI Ref ID J:15153] [MGI Ref ID J:22144]
 
Allele Symbol Hrhr
Allele Name hairless
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) SKH-1; hr;
Gene Symbol and Name Hr, hairless
Chromosome 14
Gene Common Name(s) ALUNC; AU; HSA277165; MUHH; MUHH1; N; ba; baldy; bldy; rh; rh-bmh; rhino-bald Mill Hill;
Molecular Note The hr allele is the result of a retroviral integration. Insertion of murine leukemia proviral sequences into intron 6 results in aberrant splicing of the gene. [MGI Ref ID J:19624] [MGI Ref ID J:92053] [MGI Ref ID J:9252]
 
Allele Symbol Myo5ad
Allele Name dilute
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) Maltese dilution; blue dilution; d; dv;
Strain of Originold mutant of the mouse fancy
Gene Symbol and Name Myo5a, myosin VA
Chromosome 9
Gene Common Name(s) 9630007J19Rik; AI413174; AI661011; D; Dbv; Dop; GS1; MVa; MYH12; MYO5; MYR12; Myo5; MyoVA; RIKEN cDNA 9630007J19 gene; d; dilute; expressed sequence AI413174; expressed sequence AI661011; flail; flailer; flr; myosin V; nmf244;
Molecular Note This mutation is the result of the integration of ecotropic murine leukemia virus Emv-3 into a noncoding region of the Myo5ad gene. Reversions of Myo5ad to wild-type are caused by excision of the virus leaving exactly one long terminal repeat in place. [MGI Ref ID J:6587] [MGI Ref ID J:7092] [MGI Ref ID J:7751]

Genotyping

Genotyping Information


Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting

References

References provided by MGI

Additional References

Cachon-Gonzalez MB; Fenner S; Coffin JM; Moran C; Best S; Stoye JP. 1994. Structure and expression of the hairless gene of mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 91(16):7717-21. [PubMed: 8052649]  [MGI Ref ID J:19624]

Morrissey PJ; Parkinson DR; Schwartz RS; Waksal SD. 1980. Immunologic abnormalities in HRS/J mice. I. Specific deficit in T lymphocyte helper function in a mutant mouse. J Immunol 125(4):1558-62. [PubMed: 6447727]  [MGI Ref ID J:6375]

Poland A; Glover E. 1990. Characterization and strain distribution pattern of the murine Ah receptor specified by the Ahd and Ahb-3 alleles. Mol Pharmacol 38(3):306-12. [PubMed: 2169579]  [MGI Ref ID J:34840]

Reske-Kunz AB; Scheid MP; Boyse EA. 1979. Disproportion in T-cell subpopulations in immunodeficient mutant hr/hr mice. J Exp Med 149(1):228-33. [PubMed: 310859]  [MGI Ref ID J:6087]

Ahrb-2 related

Nebert DW; Considine N; Owens IS. 1973. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. VI. Control of other aromatic hydrocarbon-inducible mono-oxygenase activities at or near the same genetic locus. Arch Biochem Biophys 157(1):148-59. [PubMed: 4716952]  [MGI Ref ID J:84313]

Nebert DW; Gielen JE. 1972. Genetic regulation of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction in the mouse. Fed Proc 31(4):1315-25. [PubMed: 4114109]  [MGI Ref ID J:5282]

Nebert DW; Jensen NM; Shinozuka H; Kunz HW; Gill TJ 3rd. 1982. The Ah phenotype. Survey of forty-eight rat strains and twenty inbred mouse strains. Genetics 100(1):79-87. [PubMed: 7095422]  [MGI Ref ID J:6809]

Nebert DW; Robinson JR; Niwa A; Kumaki K; Poland AP. 1975. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in the mouse. J Cell Physiol 85(2 Pt 2 Suppl 1):393-414. [PubMed: 1091656]  [MGI Ref ID J:84317]

Niwa A; Kumaki K; Nebert DW; Poland AP. 1975. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in the mouse. Distinction between the 'responsive' homozygote and heterozygote at the Ah locus. Arch Biochem Biophys 166(2):559-64. [PubMed: 1119809]  [MGI Ref ID J:84316]

Poland A; Glover E. 1990. Characterization and strain distribution pattern of the murine Ah receptor specified by the Ahd and Ahb-3 alleles. Mol Pharmacol 38(3):306-12. [PubMed: 2169579]  [MGI Ref ID J:34840]

Poland A; Glover E; Taylor BA. 1987. The murine Ah locus: a new allele and mapping to chromosome 12. Mol Pharmacol 32(4):471-8. [PubMed: 2823093]  [MGI Ref ID J:8895]

Poland A; Palen D; Glover E. 1994. Analysis of the four alleles of the murine aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Mol Pharmacol 46(5):915-21. [PubMed: 7969080]  [MGI Ref ID J:22144]

Robinson JR; Considine N; Nebert DW. 1974. Genetic expression of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction. Evidence for the involvement of other genetic loci. J Biol Chem 249(18):5851-9. [PubMed: 4413562]  [MGI Ref ID J:84315]

Schmid FA; Pena RC; Robinson W; Tarnowski GS. 1967. Toxicity of intraperitoneal injections of 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in inbred mice. Cancer Res 27(3):558-62. [PubMed: 6021513]  [MGI Ref ID J:26440]

Schmidt JV; Carver LA; Bradfield CA. 1993. Molecular characterization of the murine Ahr gene. Organization, promoter analysis, and chromosomal assignment. J Biol Chem 268(29):22203-9. [PubMed: 8408082]  [MGI Ref ID J:15153]

Smith AG; Clothier B; Robinson S; Scullion MJ; Carthew P; Edwards R; Luo J; Lim CK; Toledano M. 1998. Interaction between iron metabolism and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in mice with variants of the Ahr gene: a hepatic oxidative mechanism. Mol Pharmacol 53(1):52-61. [PubMed: 9443932]  [MGI Ref ID J:45850]

Thomas PE; Hutton JJ; Taylor BA. 1973. Genetic relationship between aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase inducibility and chemical carcinogen induced skin ulceration in mice. Genetics 74(4):655-9. [PubMed: 4750810]  [MGI Ref ID J:5387]

Hrhr related

Aberg KM; Man MQ; Gallo RL; Ganz T; Crumrine D; Brown BE; Choi EH; Kim DK; Schroder JM; Feingold KR; Elias PM. 2008. Co-regulation and interdependence of the mammalian epidermal permeability and antimicrobial barriers. J Invest Dermatol 128(4):917-25. [PubMed: 17943185]  [MGI Ref ID J:135506]

Ahmad W; Panteleyev AA; Christiano AM. 1999. The molecular basis of congenital atrichia in humans and mice: mutations in the hairless gene. J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc 4(3):240-3. [PubMed: 10674375]  [MGI Ref ID J:59939]

Astner S; Wu A; Chen J; Philips N; Rius-Diaz F; Parrado C; Mihm MC; Goukassian DA; Pathak MA; Gonzalez S. 2007. Dietary lutein/zeaxanthin partially reduces photoaging and photocarcinogenesis in chronically UVB-irradiated Skh-1 hairless mice. Skin Pharmacol Physiol 20(6):283-91. [PubMed: 17717424]  [MGI Ref ID J:128747]

Bailey DE; Bunker HP. 1973. Spontaneous mutation to hr<rh2J> Mouse News Lett 49:31.  [MGI Ref ID J:27523]

Balansky RM; Izzotti A; D'Agostini F; Camoirano A; Bagnasco M; Lubet RA; De Flora S. 2003. Systemic genotoxic effects produced by light, and synergism with cigarette smoke in the respiratory tract of hairless mice. Carcinogenesis 24(9):1525-32. [PubMed: 12844483]  [MGI Ref ID J:85507]

Batal M; Boudry I; Mouret S; Wartelle J; Emorine S; Bertoni M; Berard I; Clery-Barraud C; Douki T. 2013. Temporal and spatial features of the formation of DNA adducts in sulfur mustard-exposed skin. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 273(3):644-50. [PubMed: 24141030]  [MGI Ref ID J:205209]

Brooke HC. 1926. Hairless mice J Hered 17:173-74.  [MGI Ref ID J:2405]

Brouxhon S; Konger RL; VanBuskirk J; Sheu TJ; Ryan J; Erdle B; Almudevar A; Breyer RM; Scott G; Pentland AP. 2007. Deletion of prostaglandin E2 EP2 receptor protects against ultraviolet-induced carcinogenesis, but increases tumor aggressiveness. J Invest Dermatol 127(2):439-46. [PubMed: 16977324]  [MGI Ref ID J:117581]

Cachon-Gonzalez MB; Fenner S; Coffin JM; Moran C; Best S; Stoye JP. 1994. Structure and expression of the hairless gene of mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 91(16):7717-21. [PubMed: 8052649]  [MGI Ref ID J:19624]

Cachon-Gonzalez MB; San-Jose I; Cano A; Vega JA; Garcia N; Freeman T; Schimmang T; Stoye JP. 1999. The hairless gene of the mouse: relationship of phenotypic effects with expression profile and genotype. Dev Dyn 216(2):113-26. [PubMed: 10536052]  [MGI Ref ID J:57947]

Clark EA; Shultz LD; Pollack SB. 1981. Mutations in mice that influence natural killer (NK) cell activity. Immunogenetics 12(5-6):601-13. [PubMed: 6971254]  [MGI Ref ID J:6485]

Cooper KL; King BS; Sandoval MM; Liu KJ; Hudson LG. 2013. Reduction of arsenite-enhanced ultraviolet radiation-induced DNA damage by supplemental zinc. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 269(2):81-8. [PubMed: 23523584]  [MGI Ref ID J:197252]

Crew FAE; Mirskaia L. 1931. The character of "hairless" in the mouse J Genet 25:17-24.  [MGI Ref ID J:2409]

Cusumano ZT; Watson ME Jr; Caparon MG. 2014. Streptococcus pyogenes arginine and citrulline catabolism promotes infection and modulates innate immunity. Infect Immun 82(1):233-42. [PubMed: 24144727]  [MGI Ref ID J:206198]

DERINGER MK. 1956. The effect of subcutaneous inoculation of 4-o-tolylazo-o-toluidine in strain HR mice. J Natl Cancer Inst 17(4):533-9. [PubMed: 13367821]  [MGI Ref ID J:24688]

Doig J; Anderson C; Lawrence NJ; Selfridge J; Brownstein DG; Melton DW. 2006. Mice with skin-specific DNA repair gene (Ercc1) inactivation are hypersensitive to ultraviolet irradiation-induced skin cancer and show more rapid actinic progression. Oncogene 25(47):6229-38. [PubMed: 16682947]  [MGI Ref ID J:115849]

Dunn TB; Deringer MK. 1968. Reticulum cell neoplasm, type B, or the Hodgkin's-like lesion of the mouse. J Natl Cancer Inst 40(4):771-821. [PubMed: 4869134]  [MGI Ref ID J:2417]

Dwivedi C; Valluri HB; Guan X; Agarwal R. 2006. Chemopreventive effects of alpha-santalol on ultraviolet B radiation-induced skin tumor development in SKH-1 hairless mice. Carcinogenesis 27(9):1917-22. [PubMed: 16679309]  [MGI Ref ID J:113353]

Egberts F; Heinrich M; Jensen JM; Winoto-Morbach S; Pfeiffer S; Wickel M; Schunck M; Steude J; Saftig P; Proksch E; Schutze S. 2004. Cathepsin D is involved in the regulation of transglutaminase 1 and epidermal differentiation. J Cell Sci 117(Pt 11):2295-307. [PubMed: 15126630]  [MGI Ref ID J:89747]

Elias PM; Arbiser J; Brown BE; Rossiter H; Man MQ; Cerimele F; Crumrine D; Gunathilake R; Choi EH; Uchida Y; Tschachler E; Feingold KR. 2008. Epidermal vascular endothelial growth factor production is required for permeability barrier homeostasis, dermal angiogenesis, and the development of epidermal hyperplasia: implications for the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Am J Pathol 173(3):689-99. [PubMed: 18688025]  [MGI Ref ID J:139588]

Fischer SM; Pavone A; Mikulec C; Langenbach R; Rundhaug JE. 2007. Cyclooxygenase-2 expression is critical for chronic UV-induced murine skin carcinogenesis. Mol Carcinog 46(5):363-71. [PubMed: 17219415]  [MGI Ref ID J:121635]

Fraser FC. 1946. The expression and interaction of hereditary factors producing hypotrichosis in the mouse: histology and experimental results. Can J Res 24:10-25.  [MGI Ref ID J:14940]

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Rachel RA; Nagashima K; O'Sullivan TN; Frost LS; Stefano FP; Marigo V; Boesze-Battaglia K. 2012. Melanoregulin, product of the dsu locus, links the BLOC-pathway and OA1 in organelle biogenesis. PLoS One 7(9):e42446. [PubMed: 22984402]  [MGI Ref ID J:191882]

Russell ES. 1948. A Quantitative Histological Study of the Pigment Found in the Coat Color Mutants of the House Mouse. II. Estimates of the Total Volume of Pigment. Genetics 33(3):228-36. [PubMed: 17247280]  [MGI Ref ID J:148462]

Russell ES. 1946. A Quantitative Histological Study of the Pigment Found in the Coat-Color Mutants of the House Mouse. I. Variable Attributes of the Pigment Granules. Genetics 31(3):327-46. [PubMed: 17247200]  [MGI Ref ID J:148463]

Russell ES. 1949. A Quantitative Histological Study of the Pigment Found in the Coat-Color Mutants of the House Mouse. IV. the Nature of the Effects of Genic Substitution in Five Major Allelic Series. Genetics 34(2):146-66. [PubMed: 17247308]  [MGI Ref ID J:12958]

Sweet HO. 1983. Dilute suppressor, a new suppressor gene in the house mouse. J Hered 74(4):305-6. [PubMed: 6886377]  [MGI Ref ID J:7171]

Yoshimura A; Fujii R; Watanabe Y; Okabe S; Fukui K; Takumi T. 2006. Myosin-Va facilitates the accumulation of mRNA/protein complex in dendritic spines. Curr Biol 16(23):2345-51. [PubMed: 17141617]  [MGI Ref ID J:117928]

Health & husbandry

Health & Colony Maintenance Information

Animal Health Reports

Production of mice from cryopreserved embryos or sperm occurs in a maximum barrier room, G200.

Colony Maintenance

Diet Information LabDiet® 5K52/5K67

Pricing and Purchasing

Pricing, Supply Level & Notes, Controls


Pricing for USA, Canada and Mexico shipping destinations View International Pricing

Cryopreserved

Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $2450.00
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Frozen Products

Price (US dollars $)
Frozen Embryo $1600.00

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryopreserved Embryos
    Available to most shipping destinations1
    This strain is also available as cryopreserved embryos2. Orders for cryopreserved embryos may be placed with our Customer Service Department. Experienced technicians at The Jackson Laboratory have recovered frozen embryos of this strain successfully. We will provide you enough embryos to perform two embryo transfers. The Jackson Laboratory does not guarantee successful recovery at your facility. For complete information on purchasing embryos, please visit our Cryopreserved Embryos web page.

    1 Shipments cannot be made to Australia due to Australian government import restrictions.
    2 Embryos for most strains are cryopreserved at the two cell stage while some strains are cryopreserved at the eight cell stage. If this information is important to you, please contact Customer Service.
  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.
    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 11 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice
    Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

Pricing for International shipping destinations View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing

Cryopreserved

Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $3185.00
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Frozen Products

Price (US dollars $)
Frozen Embryo $2080.00

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryopreserved Embryos
    Available to most shipping destinations1
    This strain is also available as cryopreserved embryos2. Orders for cryopreserved embryos may be placed with our Customer Service Department. Experienced technicians at The Jackson Laboratory have recovered frozen embryos of this strain successfully. We will provide you enough embryos to perform two embryo transfers. The Jackson Laboratory does not guarantee successful recovery at your facility. For complete information on purchasing embryos, please visit our Cryopreserved Embryos web page.

    1 Shipments cannot be made to Australia due to Australian government import restrictions.
    2 Embryos for most strains are cryopreserved at the two cell stage while some strains are cryopreserved at the eight cell stage. If this information is important to you, please contact Customer Service.
  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.
    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 11 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice
    Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing View International Pricing

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

General Supply Notes

  • View the complete collection of spontaneous mutants in the Mouse Mutant Resource.

Control Information

  Control
   Heterozygote from the colony
 
  Considerations for Choosing Controls
  Control Pricing Information for Genetically Engineered Mutant Strains.
 

Payment Terms and Conditions

Terms are granted by individual review and stated on the customer invoice(s) and account statement. These transactions are payable in U.S. currency within the granted terms. Payment for services, products, shipping containers, and shipping costs that are rendered are expected within the payment terms indicated on the invoice or stated by contract. Invoices and account balances in arrears of stated terms may result in The Jackson Laboratory pursuing collection activities including but not limited to outside agencies and court filings.


See Terms of Use tab for General Terms and Conditions


The Jackson Laboratory's Genotype Promise

The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
Ordering Information
JAX® Mice
Surgical and Preconditioning Services
JAX® Services
Customer Services and Support
Tel: 1-800-422-6423 or 1-207-288-5845
Fax: 1-207-288-6150
Technical Support Email Form

Terms of Use

Terms of Use


General Terms and Conditions


Contact information

General inquiries regarding Terms of Use

Contracts Administration

phone:207-288-6470

JAX® Mice, Products & Services Conditions of Use

"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCTS" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or services provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than the internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE or PRODUCTS from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON's prior written authorization.

No Warranty

MICE, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED “AS IS”. JACKSON EXTENDS NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO MICE, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.

In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of mice, products or services, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the mice or product received or the services provided.

No Liability

In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS or services, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS or services from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.

MICE and PRODUCTS are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.

The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or services. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS or services may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and services by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.

Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or services shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or services by JACKSON.


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