Strain Name:

SJL/J

Stock Number:

000686

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Availability:

Level 2

Common Names: Swiss Jim Lambert;    
SJL mice display a very high incidence of reticulum cell sarcomas resembling Hodgkin's disease by approximately one year of age. This strain is also characterized by extreme aggression in males and its susceptibility to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) for multiple sclerosis research. SJL/J mice develop a spontaneous myopathy resulting from a splice-site mutation in the Dysferlin gene resulting in decreased levels of dysferlin protein in SJL/J mice and making this strain a good model for limb girdle muscular dystrophy 2B. SJL mice, fed an atherogenic diet (1.25% cholesterol, 0.5% cholic acid and 15% fat), fail to develop atherosclerotic aortic lesions in contrast to several highly susceptible strains of mice. SJL are immunocompetent but have elevated levels of circulating T cells.

Description

Strain Information

Former Names SJL/J-Pde6brd1    (Changed: 19-MAR-08 )
Type Inbred Strain;
Additional information on Inbred Strains.
Visit our online Nomenclature tutorial.
Mating SystemSibling x Sibling         (Female x Male)   01-MAR-06
Breeding Considerations This strain is a challenging breeder.
Specieslaboratory mouse
H2 Haplotypeb/s2 (see, Fischer Lindahl K 1997 and Shen FW 1982)
GenerationF208 (05-AUG-14)
Generation Definitions

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Appearance
albino
Related Genotype: Oca2p Tyrc/Oca2p Tyrc A/A

Important Note
This strain is homozygous for the retinal degeneration allele Pde6brd1. See article "Genetic Background Effects: Can Your Mice See?", JAX® NOTES Spring 2002, No. 485.

Description
SJL mice display a very high incidence of reticulum cell sarcomas resembling Hodgkin's disease by approximately one year of age. Sarcomas first appear in the Peyer's patches and mesenteric lymph nodes and later in the spleen, liver, thymus and other lymph nodes. Most of the tumors are mixed-cell types classified as type B reticulum cell neoplasms, but a few are type A histiocytomas. This strain is also characterized by extreme aggression in males and its susceptibility to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) for multiple sclerosis research. SJL/J mice develop a spontaneous myopathy resulting from a splice-site mutation in the Dysferlin gene. This Dysfim allele has been shown to result in decreased levels of dysferlin protein in SJL/J mice and makes this strain a good model for limb girdle muscular dystrophy 2B. This spontaneous myopathy is characterized by a progressive loss of muscle mass and strength corresponding with an increase in muscle pathology including muscle fibers with central nuclei, size variation, splitting, inflammatory infiltrate, necrosis, and eventual replacement of muscle fiber with fat. While muscle weakness can be detected as early as three weeks of age the greatest pathology occurs after six months of age. SJL/J mice have also been shown to have an increased rate of muscle regeneration after injury when compared to BALB/c mice. Due to a mutation in Ceacam1 SJL/J mice are resistant to infection by certain strains of mouse hepatitis virus MHV-4.

SJL mice, fed an atherogenic diet (1.25% cholesterol, 0.5% cholic acid and 15% fat), fail to develop atherosclerotic aortic lesions in contrast to several highly susceptible strains of mice (e.g. C57BL/6J, Stock No. 000664; C57L/J, Stock No. 000668, C57BR/cdJ, Stock No. 000667, and SM/J, Stock No. 000687). SJL/J are also useful as a control strain for studying immune defects in NOD/ShiLtJ mice (Stock No. 001976), a model for type 1 diabetes (IDDM). Both NOD and SJL/J are derived from Swiss mice; SJL are immunocompetent but have elevated levels of circulating T cells.

Development
SJL mice were developed by James Lambert at The Jackson Laboratory in 1955 from three different sources of Swiss Webster mice.

Related Strains

Strains carrying   Ahrd allele
000690   129P3/J
000648   AKR/J
008599   B6.Cg-Del(9Cyp1a2-Cyp1a1)1Dwn Ahrd Tg(CYP1A1,CYP1A2)1Dwn/DwnJ
002921   B6.D2N-Ahrd/J
000652   BDP/J
000928   CAST/EiJ
000671   DBA/2J
000674   I/LnJ
000675   LG/J
000676   LP/J
000684   NZB/BlNJ
000726   RBF/DnJ
000682   RF/J
000688   ST/bJ
000689   SWR/J
000693   WC/ReJ KitlSl/J
000933   YBR/EiJ
View Strains carrying   Ahrd     (17 strains)

Strains carrying   Disc1del allele
001137   129P1/ReJ
000690   129P3/J
001198   129P4/RrRkJ
002448   129S1/SvImJ
002064   129T2/SvEms
002065   129T2/SvEmsJ
000691   129X1/SvJ
002282   BTBR T+ Itpr3tf/J
002243   DDY/JclSidSeyFrkJ
001800   FVB/NJ
000676   LP/J
000689   SWR/J
View Strains carrying   Disc1del     (12 strains)

Strains carrying   Dysfim allele
011128   B10.SJL-Dysfim/AwaJ
View Strains carrying   Dysfim     (1 strain)

Strains carrying   Il2m1 allele
000486   MRL/MpJ
001289   NOD/ShiLt
001976   NOD/ShiLtJ
View Strains carrying   Il2m1     (3 strains)

Strains carrying   Pde6brd1 allele
004202   B6.C3 Pde6brd1 Hps4le/+ +-Lmx1adr-8J/J
000002   B6.C3-Pde6brd1 Hps4le/J
001022   B6C3FeF1/J a/a
000652   BDP/J
000653   BUB/BnJ
002439   C3.129P2(B6)-B2mtm1Unc/J
005494   C3.129S1(B6)-Grm1rcw/J
000509   C3.Cg-Lystbg-2J/J
000480   C3.MRL-Faslpr/J
001957   C3A Pde6brd1.O20/A-Prph2Rd2/J
004326   C3Bir.129P2(B6)-Il10tm1Cgn/Lt
003968   C3Bir.129P2(B6)-Il10tm1Cgn/LtJ
006435   C3Fe.SW-Soaa/MonJ
001904   C3H-Atcayji-hes/J
000659   C3H/HeJ
000511   C3H/HeJ-Ap3d1mh-2J/J
000784   C3H/HeJ-Faslgld/J
002433   C3H/HeJ-Sptbn4qv-lnd2J/J
005972   C3H/HeJBirLtJ
001824   C3H/HeJSxJ
000635   C3H/HeOuJ
000474   C3H/HeSn
001431   C3H/HeSn-ocd/J
000661   C3H/HeSnJ
002333   C3H/HeSnJ-gri/J
001576   C3He-Atp7btx-J/J
000658   C3HeB/FeJ
002588   C3HeB/FeJ-Eya1bor/J
001533   C3HeB/FeJ-Mc1rE-so Gli3Xt-J/J
001908   C3HfB/BiJ
001502   C3Sn.B6-Epha4rb/EiGrsrJ
002235   C3Sn.C3-Ctnna2cdf/J
001547   C3Sn.Cg-Cm/J
001906   C3fBAnl.Cg-Catb/AnlJ
000656   CBA/J
000813   CBA/J-Atp7aMo-pew/J
000660   DA/HuSnJ
000023   FL/1ReJ
000025   FL/4ReJ
003024   FVB.129P2(B6)-Fmr1tm1Cgr/J
002539   FVB.129P2-Abcb4tm1Bor/J
002935   FVB.129S2(B6)-Ccnd1tm1Wbg/J
002953   FVB.Cg-Tg(MMTVTGFA)254Rjc/J
003170   FVB.Cg-Tg(Myh6-tTA)6Smbf/J
003078   FVB.Cg-Tg(WapIgf1)39Dlr/J
003487   FVB.Cg-Tg(XGFAP-lacZ)3Mes/J
003257   FVB/N-Tg(GFAPGFP)14Mes/J
002856   FVB/N-Tg(TIE2-lacZ)182Sato/J
002384   FVB/N-Tg(UcpDta)1Kz/J
001800   FVB/NJ
001491   FVB/NMob
000804   HPG/BmJ
000734   MOLD/RkJ
000550   MOLF/EiJ
002423   NON/ShiLtJ
000679   P/J
000680   PL/J
000268   RSV/LeJ
000269   SB/LeJ
010968   SB;C3Sn-Lrp4mdig-2J/GrsrJ
005651   SJL.AK-Thy1a/TseJ
000688   ST/bJ
004808   STOCK Mapttm1(EGFP)Klt Tg(MAPT)8cPdav/J
002648   STOCK a/a Cln6nclf/J
000279   STOCK gr +/+ Ap3d1mh/J
005965   STOCK Tg(Pomc1-cre)16Lowl/J
004770   SW.B6-Soab/J
002023   SWR.M-Emv21 Emv22/J
000689   SWR/J
000939   SWR/J-Clcn1adr-mto/J
000692   WB/ReJ KitW/J
100410   WBB6F1/J-KitW/KitW-v/J
000693   WC/ReJ KitlSl/J
View Strains carrying   Pde6brd1     (73 strains)

Strains carrying   Rmcfs allele
000646   A/J
000648   AKR/J
000779   AKXD14/TyJ
000780   AKXD23/TyJ
000764   AKXD27/TyJ
000777   AKXD6/TyJ
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000668   C57L/J
000669   C58/J
000682   RF/J
000644   SEA/GnJ
000688   ST/bJ
View Strains carrying   Rmcfs     (12 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Ahr
000645   A/HeJ
000646   A/J
002920   B6(D2N).Spretus-Ahrb-3/J
002831   B6.129-Ahrtm1Bra/J
000130   B6.C-H17c/(HW14)ByJ
000136   B6.C-H34c/(HW22)ByJ
000370   B6.C-H38c/(HW119)ByJ
002727   B6;129-Ahrtm1Bra/J
001026   BALB/cByJ
000653   BUB/BnJ
000659   C3H/HeJ
000663   C57BL/6By
001139   C57BL/6ByJ
000664   C57BL/6J
000662   C57BLKS/J
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000668   C57L/J
000669   C58/J
000926   CAROLI/EiJ
000656   CBA/J
000657   CE/J
000351   CXB1/ByJ
000352   CXB2/ByJ
000353   CXB3/ByJ
000354   CXB4/ByJ
000355   CXB5/ByJ
000356   CXB6/ByJ
000357   CXB7/ByJ
002937   D2.B6-Ahrb-1/J
000673   HRS/J
000677   MA/MyJ
000550   MOLF/EiJ
000679   P/J
000930   PERA/EiJ
000644   SEA/GnJ
000280   SF/CamEiJ
001146   SPRET/EiJ
006203   STOCK Ahrtm3.1Bra/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Ahr     (38 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Dysf
006830   129-Dysftm1Kcam/J
000646   A/J
013149   B6.129-Dysftm1Kcam/J
012767   B6.A-Dysfprmd/GeneJ
017917   B6.Cg-Dysfprmd Prkdcscid/J
017644   B6;129S6-Dysftm2.1Kcam/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Dysf     (6 strains)

View Strains carrying other alleles of Il2     (7 strains)

View Strains carrying other alleles of Pde6b     (13 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Rmcf
000690   129P3/J
000765   AKXD13/TyJ
000954   AKXD15/TyJ
001093   AKXD18/TyJ
000947   AKXD22/TyJ
000763   AKXD9/TyJ
000654   CBA/CaJ
000670   DBA/1J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Rmcf     (8 strains)

Additional Web Information

JAX® NOTES, April 1988; 433. H-2 Haplotypes of Mice from Jackson Laboratory Production Colonies.
JAX® NOTES, Spring 1990; 441. Imperforate Vagina and Mucometra in Mice.
JAX® NOTES, Spring 1999; 477. Control Strains for NOD/LtJ Mice in Diabetes Research.
JAX® NOTES, Spring 2002; 485. Genetic Background Effects: Can Your Mice See?
JAX® NOTES, Spring 2003; 489. Malocclusion in the Laboratory Mouse.
JAX® NOTES, Spring 2003; 489. Role of NK and NKT Cells in Immunity and Disease.
JAX® NOTES, Summer 1994; 458. Ly5 Gene Nomenclature, C57BL/6J and SJL/J - A History of Change.
JAX® NOTES, Summer 2003; 490. Hydrocephalus in Laboratory Mice.

Phenotype

Phenotype Information

View Phenotypic Data

Phenotypic Data

Body Weight Information - JAX® Mice Strain SJL/J (000686)

(This chart reflects the typical correlation between body weight and age for mice maintained in production colonies at The Jackson Laboratory.)
Mouse Phenome Database
Festing Inbred Strain Characteristics: SJL
JAX® Physiological Data Summary [pdf]
JAX® Physiological Data Protocol [pdf]
View Related Disease (OMIM) Terms

Related Disease (OMIM) Terms provided by MGI
- Model with phenotypic similarity to human disease where etiologies involve orthologs. Human genes are associated with this disease. Orthologs of those genes appear in the mouse genotype(s).
Miyoshi Muscular Dystrophy 1; MMD1
Muscular Dystrophy, Limb-Girdle, Type 2B; LGMD2B
- Potential model based on gene homology relationships. Phenotypic similarity to the human disease has not been tested.
Myopathy, Distal, with Anterior Tibial Onset; DMAT   (DYSF)
Night Blindness, Congenital Stationary, Autosomal Dominant 2; CSNBAD2   (PDE6B)
Retinitis Pigmentosa 40; RP40   (PDE6B)
Schizophrenia 9; SCZD9   (DISC1)
Schizophrenia; SCZD   (DISC1)
View Mammalian Phenotype Terms

Mammalian Phenotype Terms provided by MGI
      assigned by genotype

Ceacam1Hv2-r/Ceacam1Hv2-r

        SJL/J
  • immune system phenotype
  • decreased susceptibility to viral infection
    • resistance to infection by the A59 strains of mouse hepatitis virus MHV-4, and is found only in the SJL/J strain   (MGI Ref ID J:92495)

Dysfim/Dysfim

        SJL
  • muscle phenotype
  • dystrophic muscle
    • changes apparent from 3 weeks of age   (MGI Ref ID J:57764)
  • progressive muscle weakness
    • detectable by 3 weeks of age   (MGI Ref ID J:57764)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Cancer Research
Increased Tumor Incidence
      Other Tissues/Organs
      Other Tissues/Organs: reticulum cell sarcomas, Hodgkin's disease

Cardiovascular Research
Diet-Induced Atherosclerosis
      Relatively Resistant

Diabetes and Obesity Research
Type 1 Diabetes (IDDM) Analysis Strains
      Related Inbred Strains

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
Autoimmunity
      experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE)

Neurobiology Research
Angelman syndrome
Muscular Dystrophy
      Limb-Girdle type

Research Tools
Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
      NK Cell Deficiency

Sensorineural Research
Retinal Degeneration
      Homozygous for Pde6brd1

Virology Research
Hepatitis B Virus

Ahrd related

Metabolism Research

Research Tools
Toxicology Research

Pde6brd1 related

Sensorineural Research
Retinal Degeneration

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

 
Allele Symbol Ahrd
Allele Name d variant
Allele Type Not Applicable
Common Name(s) Ahd; Ahk; AhRd; Ahhn; ah; in;
Gene Symbol and Name Ahr, aryl-hydrocarbon receptor
Chromosome 12
Gene Common Name(s) Ah; Ahh; Ahre; In; aromatic hydrocarbon responsiveness; aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase; bHLHe76; dioxin receptor; inflammatory reactivity;
General Note Compared with Ahrd/Ahrd mice, Ahrb/Ahrb individuals have a high inflammatory response to cutaneous application of dimethylbenzanthracene; a high susceptibility to methylcholanthrene- and benzopyrene-induced subcutaneous sarcomas and methylcholanthrene-induced lung tumors; an increased resistance to zoxazolamine-induced paralysis, lindane toxicity, and benzo[a]pyrene-induced aplastic anemia and leukemia; a high susceptibility to acetaminophen-induced hepatic necrosis and cataract formation; and an increased susceptibility to polycyclic hydrocarbon-induced birth defects, stillbirths, resorptions, decreased body weight, ovarian primordial oocyte depletion, and spermatozoal aberrations (J:5822). The Ahrballele is associated with increases in numerous metabolites of chemical carcinogens binding to DNA nucleotides (J:12156). The effectiveness of several mutagens for Salmonella in vitro is enhanced by presence of a liver fraction from Ahrb/Ahrb> mice treated with polycyclic hydrocarbons, but not from similarly treated Ahrd/Ahr mice (J:5564). In contrast, oral doses of benzopyrene cause a high rate of leukemia in Ahrd/Ahrd but not in Ahrd/Ahrd mice, probably because the carcinogenic metabolites produced in responsive Ahrb/Ahrd mice are rapidly degraded in the intestine and excreted in the feces (J:6074).

Strain of origin - this allele was found in DBA/2J, AKR/J, 129, SWR, RF, NZB strains

Molecular Note This allele encodes a 104 kDa receptor that is stabilized by molybdate and has an affinity for ligand 10-100 fold lower than that of the receptor produced by the C57BL/6J allele. PCR sequencing of cDNA revealed ten nucleotide differences between the coding sequences of the DBA/2J and C57BL/6J receptors. Five of the ten differences would cause amino acid changes. One of these, an apparent T to C transition replaces the opal termination codon in the C57BL/6J allele with an arginine codon in the DBA/2J allele. This change would extend translation of the DBA/2J mRNA by 43 amino acids, accounting for the larger size of the peptide produced by this allele (104 kDa vs 95 kDa for the C57BL/6J allele). A second T to C transition changes a leucine codon in the C57BL/6J allele to a proline codon in the DBA/2J allele, and would likely change secondary structure of the peptide and thus ligand affinity. [MGI Ref ID J:15153] [MGI Ref ID J:17460] [MGI Ref ID J:22144]
 
Allele Symbol Ceacam1Hv2-r
Allele Name hepatitis virus (MHV-4) resistance
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) Ceacam1b;
Strain of OriginSJL/J
Gene Symbol and Name Ceacam1, carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1
Chromosome 7
Gene Common Name(s) BGP; BGP1; BGPI; BGPR; Bgp; Bgp1; C-CAM; CD66a; Cc1; Ccam1; Cea-1; Cea-7; Cea1; Cea7; Hv-2; Hv2; MHVR1; Mhv-1; biliary glycoprotein; biliary glycoprotein 1; carcinoembryonic antigen 1; carcinoembryonic antigen 7; hepatitis virus (MHV-4) susceptibility; mCEA1; mmCGM1; mmCGM2; resistance to MHV (A59) replication in macrophages;
General Note

Previously called Mhv-1, Hv2. This locus controls resistance of neurons and macrophages to infection by the JHM and A59 strains of mouse hepatitis virus MHV-4. The allele Ceacam1Hv2-r determines resistance and has been found only in the SJL/J strain; the strains A/J, C57BL/10, BALB/c, NZB, DBA/2, AKR/J, CBA/J, C3H/He, and SWR are all susceptible to infection (Ceacam1Hv2-s. Heterozygotes are fully susceptible (J:6451, J:14870, J:7456).

Molecular Note This allele determines resistance to infection by the A59 strains of mouse hepatitis virus MHV-4, and is found only in the SJL/J strain. The protein encoded by this allele differs in the first 27 of the 108 amino acids of the first Ig domain compared tothe susceptible allele. This region is thought to be important for virus binding. [MGI Ref ID J:3241] [MGI Ref ID J:92495]
 
Allele Symbol Disc1del
Allele Name deletion
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) Disc1129S6; Disc1delta6;
Strain of Originvarious
Gene Symbol and Name Disc1, disrupted in schizophrenia 1
Chromosome 8
Gene Common Name(s) C1orf136; SCZD9;
General Note This deletion appears in multiple strains of the 129 superfamily, 101/RI, BTBR T+ tf/J, LP/J, FVB/NJ, SJL/J, SWR/J and DDY/JclSidSeyFrkJ (J:111837, J:195189).
Molecular Note A 25 bp deletion of the locus causes a frame shift in the reading frame, resulting in 13 novel amino acids and a premature stop codon at exon 7. [MGI Ref ID J:107244]
 
Allele Symbol Dysfim
Allele Name inflammatory myopathy
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) SJL-Dysf;
Strain of OriginSJL
Gene Symbol and Name Dysf, dysferlin
Chromosome 6
Gene Common Name(s) 2310004N10Rik; AI604795; D6Pas3; DNA segment, Chr 6, Pasteur Institute 3; FER1L1; LGMD2B; MMD1; RIKEN cDNA 2310004N10 gene; expressed sequence AI604795;
Molecular Note A 171 bp in-frame deletion in the encoded mRNA is predicted to remove 57 amino acids from the corresponding protein. This region corresponds to most of the fourth C2 domain of the protein, and the deletion likely results in instability of the protein. The molecular basis for the mutation is due to a splicing mutation in the gene, resulting from a deletion of a small tandem repeat. [MGI Ref ID J:67994]
 
Allele Symbol Il2m1
Allele Name mutation 1
Allele Type Spontaneous
Strain of Originmultiple strains
Gene Symbol and Name Il2, interleukin 2
Chromosome 3
Gene Common Name(s) IL-2; Il-2; TCGF; lymphokine;
Molecular Note This hypoactive polymorphism, found in MRL/MpJ, SJL/J, and NOD/ShiLtJ inbred strains, includes a smaller polyglutamine tract predicted to shorten the first alpha helix, which forms part of the IL2 receptor binding site. [MGI Ref ID J:75331]
 
Allele Symbol Pde6brd1
Allele Name retinal degeneration 1
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) Pdebrd1; rd; rd-1; rd1; rodless retina;
Strain of Originvarious
Gene Symbol and Name Pde6b, phosphodiesterase 6B, cGMP, rod receptor, beta polypeptide
Chromosome 5
Gene Common Name(s) CSNB3; CSNBAD2; PDEB; Pdeb; RP40; nmf137; phosphodiesterase, cGMP, rod receptor, beta polypeptide; r; rd; rd-1; rd1; rd10; retinal degeneration; retinal degeneration 1; retinal degeneration 10;
General Note The following inbred strains are known to be homozygous for Pde6b: C3H sublines, CBA/J, FVB/NJ, PL/J, SB, SJL/J, and SWR/J.
Molecular Note Two mutations have been identified in rd1 mice. A murine leukimia virus (Xmv-28) insertion in reverse orientation in intron 1 is found in all mouse strains with the rd1 phenotype. Further, a nonsense mutation (C to A transversion) in codon 347 that results in a truncation eliminating more than half of the predicted encoded protein, including the catalytic domain has also been identified in all rd1 strains of mice. A specific degradation of mutant transcript during or after pre-mRNA splicing is suggested. [MGI Ref ID J:11513] [MGI Ref ID J:4366] [MGI Ref ID J:51361]
 
Allele Symbol Rmcfs
Allele Name MCF sensitive
Allele Type Spontaneous
Strain of Originmultiple strains
Gene Symbol and Name Rmcf, resistance to MCF virus
Chromosome 5
General Note

This locus controls resistance and susceptibility of cells in tissue culture to infection by mink cell focus-forming murine leukemia viruses. The allele Rmcfr determines resistance and occurs in strains DBA/1, DBA/2, and CBA/Ca; the allele Rmcfs determines susceptibility and occurs in strains AKR/J, C57BL/6, BALB/c, CBA/J, NFS, NZB, 129/J, and many others. Heterozygotes are as resistant as the resistant parent or nearly so. Rmcf is different from and independent of Fv1,a locus that controls susceptibility to infection by ecotropic viruses. Rmcf is located on Chr 5 close to Hm near the centromeric end (J:7108). Rmcfr protects (AKR x CBA/Ca)F1 and (AKR x DBA/2)F1 hybrids from development of spontaneous thymic lymphomas and reduces the incidence of MCF-induced thymic lymphomas (J:7175). It also reduces susceptibility of cells of Sxvs/Sxvr mice to exogenous xenotropic viruses (J:7951). In addition, in strains susceptible to Friend virus-induced erythroleukemia, a condition thought to be due to the replication of MCF virus, Rmcfr increases resistance to the virus-induced erythroleukemia. It may cause resistance by coding for or regulating the production of an MCF-related envelope glycoprotein that blocks the receptor for MCF viruses (J:8074). This conclusion is reinforced by the findings of Buller et al. (J:8497), who showed that the Rmcfr allele contains an endogenous MCF gp70 env gene and that theRmcfs allele, at least in some strains (C57BL/6, CBA/J, and A/WySn), contains a xenotropic gp70 env gene. Presumably the MCF gp70 inhibits exogenous MCF infection in vitro by a mechanism of viral interference.

Molecular Note This locus controls resistance of cells to infection by mink cell focus-forming murine leukemia viruses. The recessive s (susceptible) allele is found in AKR/J, C57BL/6, BALB/c, CBA/J, NFS, NZB and 129/J.

Genotyping

Genotyping Information

Inbred mouse strains are maintained through sibling (sister x brother) matings; no genotyping required.

Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting

References

References provided by MGI

Selected Reference(s)

Bittner RE; Anderson LV; Burkhardt E; Bashir R; Vafiadaki E; Ivanova S; Raffelsberger T; Maerk I; Hoger H; Jung M; Karbasiyan M; Storch M; Lassmann H; Moss JA; Davison K; Harrison R; Bushby KM; Reis A. 1999. Dysferlin deletion in SJL mice (SJL-Dysf) defines a natural model for limb girdle muscular dystrophy 2B [letter] Nat Genet 23(2):141-2. [PubMed: 10508505]  [MGI Ref ID J:57764]

Crispens CG. 1973. Some characteristics of strain SJL-JDg mice. Lab Anim Sci 23(3):408-13. [PubMed: 4351481]  [MGI Ref ID J:25445]

Dal Canto MC; Melvold RW; Kim BS; Miller SD. 1995. Two models of multiple sclerosis: experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) and Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) infection. A pathological and immunological comparison. Microsc Res Tech 32(3):215-29. [PubMed: 8527856]  [MGI Ref ID J:109910]

Fischer Lindahl K. 1997. On naming H2 haplotypes: functional significance of MHC class Ib alleles. Immunogenetics 46(1):53-62. [PubMed: 9148789]  [MGI Ref ID J:41130]

Fujinaga S; Poel WE; Williams WC; Dmochowski L. 1970. Biological and morphological studies of SJL-J strain reticulum cell neoplasms induced and transmitted serially in low-leukemia-strain mice. Cancer Res 30(3):729-42. [PubMed: 4316600]  [MGI Ref ID J:25329]

McGeachie JK; Grounds MD. 1995. Retarded myogenic cell replication in regenerating skeletal muscles of old mice: an autoradiographic study in young and old BALBc and SJL/J mice. Cell Tissue Res 280(2):277-82. [PubMed: 7781025]  [MGI Ref ID J:25692]

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Additional References

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Ahrd related

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Kerley-Hamilton JS; Trask HW; Ridley CJ; Dufour E; Lesseur C; Ringelberg CS; Moodie KL; Shipman SL; Korc M; Gui J; Shworak NW; Tomlinson CR. 2012. Inherent and benzo[a]pyrene-induced differential aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling greatly affects life span, atherosclerosis, cardiac gene expression, and body and heart growth in mice. Toxicol Sci 126(2):391-404. [PubMed: 22228805]  [MGI Ref ID J:183715]

Kouri RE; Rude TH; Joglekar R; Dansette PM; Jerina DM; Atlas SA; Owens IS; Nebert DW. 1978. 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin as cocarcinogen causing 3-methylcholanthrene-initiated subcutaneous tumors in mice genetically 'nonresponsive' at Ah locus. Cancer Res 38(9):2777-83. [PubMed: 679184]  [MGI Ref ID J:84318]

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Shi Z; Chen Y; Dong H; Amos-Kroohs RM; Nebert DW. 2008. Generation of a 'humanized' hCYP1A1_1A2_Cyp1a1/1a2(-/-)_Ahrd mouse line harboring the poor-affinity aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 376(4):775-80. [PubMed: 18814841]  [MGI Ref ID J:141523]

Shivanna B; Zhang W; Jiang W; Welty SE; Couroucli XI; Wang L; Moorthy B. 2013. Functional deficiency of aryl hydrocarbon receptor augments oxygen toxicity-induced alveolar simplification in newborn mice. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 267(3):209-17. [PubMed: 23337360]  [MGI Ref ID J:193493]

Simonian PL; Wehrmann F; Roark CL; Born WK; O'Brien RL; Fontenot AP. 2010. gammadelta T cells protect against lung fibrosis via IL-22. J Exp Med 207(10):2239-53. [PubMed: 20855496]  [MGI Ref ID J:165803]

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Stiborova M; Levova K; Barta F; Shi Z; Frei E; Schmeiser HH; Nebert DW; Phillips DH; Arlt VM. 2012. Bioactivation versus detoxication of the urothelial carcinogen aristolochic acid I by human cytochrome P450 1A1 and 1A2. Toxicol Sci 125(2):345-58. [PubMed: 22086975]  [MGI Ref ID J:183662]

Tanos R; Murray IA; Smith PB; Patterson A; Perdew GH. 2012. Role of the ah receptor in homeostatic control of Fatty Acid synthesis in the liver. Toxicol Sci 129(2):372-9. [PubMed: 22696238]  [MGI Ref ID J:188164]

Taylor BA. 1971. Strain distribution and linkage tests of 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) inflammatory response in mice. Life Sci I 10(19):1127-34. [PubMed: 5132702]  [MGI Ref ID J:5244]

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Thorgeirsson SS; Nebert DW. 1977. The Ah locus and the metabolism of chemical carcinogens and other foreign compounds. Adv Cancer Res 25:149-93. [PubMed: 405846]  [MGI Ref ID J:5822]

Walisser JA; Bunger MK; Glover E; Bradfield CA. 2004. Gestational exposure of Ahr and Arnt hypomorphs to dioxin rescues vascular development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101(47):16677-82. [PubMed: 15545609]  [MGI Ref ID J:94465]

Yeager RL; Reisman SA; Aleksunes LM; Klaassen CD. 2009. Introducing the 'TCDD-inducible AhR-Nrf2 gene battery'. Toxicol Sci 111(2):238-46. [PubMed: 19474220]  [MGI Ref ID J:154083]

Yu Z; Mahadevan B; Lohr CV; Fischer KA; Louderback MA; Krueger SK; Pereira CB; Albershardt DJ; Baird WM; Bailey GS; Williams DE. 2006. Indole-3-carbinol in the maternal diet provides chemoprotection for the fetus against transplacental carcinogenesis by the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon dibenzo[a,l]pyrene. Carcinogenesis 27(10):2116-23. [PubMed: 16704990]  [MGI Ref ID J:113356]

Zhou Y; Tung HY; Tsai YM; Hsu SC; Chang HW; Kawasaki H; Tseng HC; Plunkett B; Gao P; Hung CH; Vonakis BM; Huang SK. 2013. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor controls murine mast cell homeostasis. Blood 121(16):3195-204. [PubMed: 23462117]  [MGI Ref ID J:197552]

Ceacam1Hv2-r related

Dveksler GS; Dieffenbach CW; Cardellichio CB; McCuaig K; Pensiero MN; Jiang GS; Beauchemin N; Holmes KV. 1993. Several members of the mouse carcinoembryonic antigen-related glycoprotein family are functional receptors for the coronavirus mouse hepatitis virus-A59. J Virol 67(1):1-8. [PubMed: 8380065]  [MGI Ref ID J:92495]

Dveksler GS; Pensiero MN; Cardellichio CB; Williams RK; Jiang GS; Holmes KV; Dieffenbach CW. 1991. Cloning of the mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) receptor: expression in human and hamster cell lines confers susceptibility to MHV. J Virol 65(12):6881-91. [PubMed: 1719235]  [MGI Ref ID J:701]

Yokomori K; Lai MM. 1992. The receptor for mouse hepatitis virus in the resistant mouse strain SJL is functional: implications for the requirement of a second factor for viral infection. J Virol 66(12):6931-8. [PubMed: 1279194]  [MGI Ref ID J:3241]

Disc1del related

Clapcote SJ; Roder JC. 2006. Deletion polymorphism of disc1 is common to all 129 mouse substrains: implications for gene-targeting studies of brain function. Genetics 173(4):2407-10. [PubMed: 16751659]  [MGI Ref ID J:111837]

Clapcote SJ; Roder JC. 2007. Inbred mouse strains 101/RI, BTBR T tf/J and LP/J have a deletion in Disc1 MGI Direct Data Submission :.  [MGI Ref ID J:118317]

Koike H; Arguello PA; Kvajo M; Karayiorgou M; Gogos JA. 2006. Disc1 is mutated in the 129S6/SvEv strain and modulates working memory in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103(10):3693-7. [PubMed: 16484369]  [MGI Ref ID J:107244]

Kuroda K; Yamada S; Tanaka M; Iizuka M; Yano H; Mori D; Tsuboi D; Nishioka T; Namba T; Iizuka Y; Kubota S; Nagai T; Ibi D; Wang R; Enomoto A; Isotani-Sakakibara M; Asai N; Kimura K; Kiyonari H; Abe T; Mizoguchi A; Sokabe M; Takahashi M; Yamada K; Kaibuchi K. 2011. Behavioral alterations associated with targeted disruption of exons 2 and 3 of the Disc1 gene in the mouse. Hum Mol Genet 20(23):4666-83. [PubMed: 21903668]  [MGI Ref ID J:177560]

Ritchie D; Clapcote S. 2013. Disc1 deletion is present in Swiss-derived inbred mouse strains: implications for transgenic studies of learning and memory. Lab Anim :. [PubMed: 23563120]  [MGI Ref ID J:195189]

Zou H; Yu Y; Sheikh AM; Malik M; Yang K; Wen G; Chadman KK; Brown WT; Li X. 2011. Association of upregulated Ras/Raf/ERK1/2 signaling with autism. Genes Brain Behav 10(5):615-24. [PubMed: 21595826]  [MGI Ref ID J:185685]

Dysfim related

Burzyn D; Kuswanto W; Kolodin D; Shadrach JL; Cerletti M; Jang Y; Sefik E; Tan TG; Wagers AJ; Benoist C; Mathis D. 2013. A special population of regulatory T cells potentiates muscle repair. Cell 155(6):1282-95. [PubMed: 24315098]  [MGI Ref ID J:205258]

Chiu YH; Hornsey MA; Klinge L; Jorgensen LH; Laval SH; Charlton R; Barresi R; Straub V; Lochmuller H; Bushby K. 2009. Attenuated muscle regeneration is a key factor in dysferlin-deficient muscular dystrophy. Hum Mol Genet 18(11):1976-89. [PubMed: 19286669]  [MGI Ref ID J:148110]

Heiman-Patterson TD; Deitch JS; Blankenhorn EP; Erwin KL; Perreault MJ; Alexander BK; Byers N; Toman I; Alexander GM. 2005. Background and gender effects on survival in the TgN(SOD1-G93A)1Gur mouse model of ALS. J Neurol Sci 236(1-2):1-7. [PubMed: 16024047]  [MGI Ref ID J:128550]

Kostek CA; Dominov JA; Miller JB. 2002. Up-regulation of MHC class I expression accompanies but is not required for spontaneous myopathy in dysferlin-deficient SJL/J mice. Am J Pathol 160(3):833-9. [PubMed: 11891182]  [MGI Ref ID J:75304]

Nagaraju K; Rawat R; Veszelovszky E; Thapliyal R; Kesari A; Sparks S; Raben N; Plotz P; Hoffman EP. 2008. Dysferlin Deficiency Enhances Monocyte Phagocytosis: A Model for the Inflammatory Onset of Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy 2B. Am J Pathol 172(3):774-785. [PubMed: 18276788]  [MGI Ref ID J:132272]

Suzuki N; Aoki M; Hinuma Y; Takahashi T; Onodera Y; Ishigaki A; Kato M; Warita H; Tateyama M; Itoyama Y. 2005. Expression profiling with progression of dystrophic change in dysferlin-deficient mice (SJL). Neurosci Res 52(1):47-60. [PubMed: 15811552]  [MGI Ref ID J:101826]

Turk R; Sterrenburg E; van der Wees CG; de Meijer EJ; de Menezes RX; Groh S; Campbell KP; Noguchi S; van Ommen GJ; den Dunnen JT; 't Hoen PA. 2006. Common pathological mechanisms in mouse models for muscular dystrophies. FASEB J 20(1):127-9. [PubMed: 16306063]  [MGI Ref ID J:104560]

von der Hagen M; Laval SH; Cree LM; Haldane F; Pocock M; Wappler I; Peters H; Reitsamer HA; Hoger H; Wiedner M; Oberndorfer F; Anderson LV; Straub V; Bittner RE; Bushby KM. 2005. The differential gene expression profiles of proximal and distal muscle groups are altered in pre-pathological dysferlin-deficient mice. Neuromuscul Disord 15(12):863-77. [PubMed: 16288871]  [MGI Ref ID J:106591]

Il2m1 related

Choi Y; Simon-Stoos K; Puck J. 2002. Hypo-active variant of IL-2 and associated decreased T cell activation contribute to impaired apoptosis in autoimmune prone MRL mice. Eur J Immunol 32(3):677-85. [PubMed: 11857342]  [MGI Ref ID J:75331]

Pde6brd1 related

Acosta ML; Fletcher EL; Azizoglu S; Foster LE; Farber DB; Kalloniatis M. 2005. Early markers of retinal degeneration in rd/rd mice. Mol Vis 11:717-28. [PubMed: 16163270]  [MGI Ref ID J:103970]

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Semo M; Gias C; Ahmado A; Sugano E; Allen AE; Lawrence JM; Tomita H; Coffey PJ; Vugler AA. 2010. Dissecting a role for melanopsin in behavioural light aversion reveals a response independent of conventional photoreception. PLoS One 5(11):e15009. [PubMed: 21124784]  [MGI Ref ID J:167120]

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Semo M; Peirson S; Lupi D; Lucas RJ; Jeffery G; Foster RG. 2003. Melanopsin retinal ganglion cells and the maintenance of circadian and pupillary responses to light in aged rodless/coneless (rd/rd cl) mice. Eur J Neurosci 17(9):1793-801. [PubMed: 12752778]  [MGI Ref ID J:128149]

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Rmcfs related

Buller RS; Sitbon M; Portis JL. 1988. The endogenous mink cell focus-forming (MCF) gp70 linked to the Rmcf gene restricts MCF virus replication in vivo and provides partial resistance to erythroleukemia induced by Friend murine leukemia virus. J Exp Med 167(5):1535-46. [PubMed: 2835418]  [MGI Ref ID J:27618]

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Jung YT; Lyu MS; Buckler-White A; Kozak CA. 2002. Characterization of a polytropic murine leukemia virus proviral sequence associated with the virus resistance gene Rmcf of DBA/2 mice. J Virol 76(16):8218-24. [PubMed: 12134027]  [MGI Ref ID J:78083]

Health & husbandry

Health & Colony Maintenance Information

Animal Health Reports

Room Number           MP13
Room Number           MP16
Room Number           RB04

Colony Maintenance

Mating SystemSibling x Sibling         (Female x Male)   01-MAR-06
Breeding Considerations This strain is a challenging breeder.
Diet Information LabDiet® 5K52/5K67

Pricing and Purchasing

Pricing, Supply Level & Notes, Controls


Pricing for USA, Canada and Mexico shipping destinations View International Pricing

Live Mice

Weeks of AgePrice per mouse (US dollars $)Gender
3 weeks $29.35Female  
$26.35Male  
4 weeks $29.35Female  
$27.35Male  
5 weeks $29.80Female  
$27.35Male  
6 weeks $32.30Female  
7 weeks $35.20Female  
8 weeks $38.30Female  
9 weeks $41.15Female  
10 weeks $44.00Female  

Standard Supply

Level 2. Up to 100 mice. Larger quantities or custom orders arranged upon request.

Supply Notes

Pricing for International shipping destinations View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing

Live Mice

Weeks of AgePrice per mouse (US dollars $)Gender
3 weeks $38.20Female  
$34.30Male  
4 weeks $38.20Female  
$35.60Male  
5 weeks $38.80Female  
$35.60Male  
6 weeks $42.00Female  
7 weeks $45.80Female  
8 weeks $49.80Female  
9 weeks $53.50Female  
10 weeks $57.20Female  

Standard Supply

Level 2. Up to 100 mice. Larger quantities or custom orders arranged upon request.

Supply Notes

  • Males not available after five weeks of age.
  • Shipped at a specific age in weeks. Mice at a precise age in days, littermates and retired breeders are also available.
  • This strain is available from some international Charles River (CR) breeding facilities in Japan and/or Europe. For more information, see the Worldwide Distributor List for JAX® Mice.
View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing View International Pricing

Standard Supply

Level 2. Up to 100 mice. Larger quantities or custom orders arranged upon request.

Important Note

This strain is homozygous for the retinal degeneration allele Pde6brd1. See article "Genetic Background Effects: Can Your Mice See?", JAX® NOTES Spring 2002, No. 485.

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The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
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"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCTS" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or services provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than the internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE or PRODUCTS from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON's prior written authorization.

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The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or services. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS or services may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and services by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.

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