Strain Name:

NOD/ShiLtJ

Stock Number:

001976

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Availability:

Level 1

Common Names: Non-obese Diabetic;    
This strain is a polygenic model for type 1 diabetes. Diabetes in NOD/ShiLtJ mice is characterized by insulitis, a leukocytic infiltration of the pancreatic islets. Marked decreases in pancreatic insulin content occur in females at about 12 weeks of age and several weeks later in males. Consequently, plasma glucose levels increase to greater than 250mg/dl.

Description

Strain Information

Former Names NOD/LtJ    (Changed: 23-FEB-07 )
Type Inbred Strain;
Additional information on Inbred Strains.
Visit our online Nomenclature tutorial.
Mating SystemSibling x Sibling         (Female x Male)   01-MAR-06
Breeding Considerations This strain is a good breeder.
Specieslaboratory mouse
H2 HaplotypeH2g7
GenerationF117pF136 (05-AUG-14)
Generation Definitions

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Appearance
albino
Related Genotype: A/A Tyrc/Tyrc

Important Note
This strain is homozygous for Cdh23ahl, the age related hearing loss 1 mutation, which on this background results in progressive hearing loss that is already severe by three months of age.

Description
Diabetes in NOD/ShiLtJ mice is characterized by insulitis, a leukocytic infiltrate of the pancreatic islets. Marked decreases in pancreatic insulin content occur in females at about 12 weeks of age and several weeks later in males. Onset of diabetes is marked by moderate glycosuria and by a non-fasting plasma glucose higher than 250 mg/dl. Diabetic mice are hypoinsulinemic and hyperglucagonemic, indicating a selective destruction of pancreatic islet beta cells. Susceptibility to IDDM in NOD/ShiLtJ mice is polygenic, and environment, including housing conditions, health status, and diet, exerts a strong effect on penetrance. NOD/ShiLtJ females are more widely used than males because the onset of IDDM symptoms occurs earlier and with a higher incidence (90-100% by 30 weeks of age). NOD/ShiLtJ males develop IDDM at a frequency of between 40-60% by 30-40 weeks of age. Male mice are useful for certain applications, including pharmaceutical studies, "accelerated transfer" of IDDM, and some in vitro studies. The major component of diabetes susceptibility in NOD mice is the unique MHC haplotype (H2g7 = Kd, Aad, Abg7, Enull, Db). NOD mice also exhibit multiple aberrant immunophenotypes including defective antigen presenting cell immunoregulatory functions, defects in the regulation of theT lymphocyte repertoire, defective NK cell function, defective cytokine production from macrophages (Fan et al., 2004) and impaired wound healing. They also lack hemolytic complement, C5. NOD/ShiLtJ mice also are severely hearing-impaired. A variety of mutations causing immunodeficiencies, targeted mutations in cytokine genes, as well as transgenes affecting immune functions, have been backcrossed into the NOD/ShiLt inbred strain background.

Development
NOD inbred mice originated early on in the inbreeding of the Cataract Shionogi (CTS) strain. These mice were originally outbred Jcl:ICR mice. At F6, the progenitors of the future NOD/Shi mice were inbred on the basis of an elevated fasting blood glucose level in cataract-free mice. At F13, the NOD progenitors were separated from what is now the NON/Shi strain. High fasting blood glucose levels continued to be the basis for selection of the latter strain, while the NOD progenitors at F13 and later were selected on the basis of a normal fasting blood glucose level. In 1974, at F20, a female in the "normoglycemic" line spontaneously developed overt insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with insulitis (IDDM). Selective breeding of the progeny of this diabetic female produced the nonobese diabetic (NOD) strain. Originally restricted to distribution in Japan, NOD substrains were distributed during the early 1980s to Australia and the United States. NOD and NON strains were imported from a colony in Kyoto, Japan by Dr. M. Hattori to the Joslin Diabetes Ceneter in Boston in 1984. Breeder pairs from this importation were sent from The Joslin Diabetes Center to Dr. E Leiter at The Jackson Laboratory, and are the source of the production strains NOD/ShiLtJ and NON/ShiLtJ. The current generation of inbreeding is F83.

Control Information

  Control
   009122 ICR/HaJ (approximate) Both the inbred ICR/HaJ (Stock #009122) and NOD/ShiLtJ are descended from ICR stock. Testing at The Jackson Laboratory confirms that ICR/HaJ carries the H2g7 MHC haplotype. ICR/HaJ does not develop insulitis or diabetes and may be considered an approximate control for NOD/ShiLtJ.
   003729 NOD.129S7(B6)-Rag1tm1Mom/J (approximate) May be used as an approximate control for T and B cell dependent research
   002591 NOD.B10Sn-H2b/J (approximate)
   001303 NOD.CB17-Prkdcscid/J (approximate) May be used as an approximate control for T and B cell dependent research
   002050 NOR/LtJ (approximate) Recombinant congenic that carries a portion of the NOD/ShiLtJ genome
 
  Considerations for Choosing Controls

Related Strains

View NOD Strains     (6 strains)

Strains carrying   Cdh23ahl allele
001137   129P1/ReJ
000690   129P3/J
000691   129X1/SvJ
000646   A/J
000647   A/WySnJ
003070   ALR/LtJ
003072   ALS/LtJ
004502   B6;AKR-Lxl2/GrsrJ
001026   BALB/cByJ
000653   BUB/BnJ
005494   C3.129S1(B6)-Grm1rcw/J
000664   C57BL/6J
004764   C57BL/6J-Cdh23v-8J/J
003129   C57BL/6J-Epha4rb-2J/GrsrJ
004820   C57BL/6J-Kcne12J/J
004703   C57BL/6J-Kcnq2Nmf134/J
004811   C57BL/6J-nmf110/J
004812   C57BL/6J-nmf111/J
004747   C57BL/6J-nmf118/J
004656   C57BL/6J-nmf88/J
004391   C57BL/6J-Chr 13A/J/NaJ
004385   C57BL/6J-Chr 7A/J/NaJ
000662   C57BLKS/J
000667   C57BR/cdJ
000668   C57L/J
000669   C58/J
010614   CBACa.B6-Cdh23ahl/Kjn
000657   CE/J
000670   DBA/1J
001140   DBA/1LacJ
000671   DBA/2J
007048   DBA/2J-Gpnmb+/SjJ
002106   KK/HlJ
000675   LG/J
000676   LP/J
000677   MA/MyJ
002050   NOR/LtJ
000679   P/J
002747   SENCARB/PtJ
002335   SKH2/J
003392   STOCK Crb1rd8/J
View Strains carrying   Cdh23ahl     (41 strains)

Strains carrying   Hc0 allele
000645   A/HeJ
000646   A/J
000647   A/WySnJ
000648   AKR/J
000460   B10.D2-Hc0 H2d H2-T18c/o2SnJ
000461   B10.D2-Hc0 H2d H2-T18c/oSnJ
000657   CE/J
000671   DBA/2J
007048   DBA/2J-Gpnmb+/SjJ
001800   FVB/NJ
001491   FVB/NMob
000674   I/LnJ
001303   NOD.CB17-Prkdcscid/J
000684   NZB/BlNJ
000682   RF/J
000688   ST/bJ
000689   SWR/J
View Strains carrying   Hc0     (17 strains)

Strains carrying   Il2m1 allele
000486   MRL/MpJ
001289   NOD/ShiLt
000686   SJL/J
View Strains carrying   Il2m1     (3 strains)

Strains carrying   mt-Trm1 allele
000646   A/J
003072   ALS/LtJ
000684   NZB/BlNJ
View Strains carrying   mt-Trm1     (3 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Cdh23
002552   B6(V)-Cdh23v-2J/J
002756   B6.CAST-Cdh23Ahl+/Kjn
010615   B6.CBACa-Cdh23CBA/CaJ/Kjn
002432   B6J x B6.C-H2-Kbm1/ByJ-Cdh23v-J/J
004764   C57BL/6J-Cdh23v-8J/J
004819   C57BL/6J-Cdh23v-9J/J
005016   CByJ;B6-Cdh23v-10J/J
000275   V/LeJ
View Strains carrying other alleles of Cdh23     (8 strains)

View Strains carrying other alleles of Hc     (6 strains)

View Strains carrying other alleles of Il2     (7 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of mt-Tr
003070   ALR/LtJ
002335   SKH2/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of mt-Tr     (2 strains)

Additional Web Information

ICR/HaJ: An Inbred ICR Strain
JAX® NOTES, Spring 1999; 477. Control Strains for NOD/LtJ Mice in Diabetes Research.
JAX® NOTES, Spring 2003; 489. Malocclusion in the Laboratory Mouse.
JAX® NOTES, Spring 2003; 489. Role of NK and NKT Cells in Immunity and Disease.
JAX® NOTES, Spring 2007; 505. Research Using NOD/ShiLtJ Mouse Suggests Novel Therapies for Type 1 Diabetes.
JAX® NOTES, Summer 1992; 450. Myoepitheliomas in Inbred Laboratory Mice.
JAX® NOTES, Summer 2003; 490. Hydrocephalus in Laboratory Mice.
JAX® NOTES, Winter 1993; 452. NOD/LtJ Mice Available.
JAX® NOTES, Winter 1999; 476. Using NOD/LtJ Males in Diabetes Research.
JAX® NOTES, Winter 2006; 504. JAX® Mice: the Gold Standard Just Got Better.
Sequence data is available from the Mouse Genomes Project at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Phenotype

Phenotype Information

View Phenotypic Data

Phenotypic Data

Body Weight Information - JAX® Mice Strain NOD/ShiLtJ (001976)

(This chart reflects the typical correlation between body weight and age for mice maintained in production colonies at The Jackson Laboratory.)
Mouse Phenome Database
Festing Inbred Strain Characteristics: NOD
JAX® Physiological Data Summary [pdf]
JAX® Physiological Data Protocol [pdf]
View Related Disease (OMIM) Terms

Related Disease (OMIM) Terms provided by MGI
- Potential model based on gene homology relationships. Phenotypic similarity to the human disease has not been tested.
Complement Component 5 Deficiency; C5D   (C5)
Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 12; DFNB12   (CDH23)
Eculizumab, Poor Response to   (C5)
Usher Syndrome, Type ID; USH1D   (CDH23)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Developmental Biology Research
Lymphoid Tissue Defects
      hematopoietic defects

Diabetes and Obesity Research
Hyperglycemia
Hypoinsulinemia
Impaired Wound Healing
Islet Transplantation Studies
Type 1 Diabetes (IDDM)

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
Autoimmunity
      Type 1 Diabetes

Internal/Organ Research
Wound Healing
      delayed/impaired

Neurobiology Research
Hearing Defects
      Age related hearing loss

Research Tools
Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
      NK Cell Deficiency

Sensorineural Research
Hearing Defects
      Age related hearing loss

Cdh23ahl related

Neurobiology Research
Hearing Defects
      Age related hearing loss

Sensorineural Research
Hearing Defects
      Age related hearing loss

Hc0 related

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
Immunodeficiency
      specific complement deficiency

Research Tools
Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
      specific complement deficiency, C5 complement

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

 
Allele Symbol Cdh23ahl
Allele Name age related hearing loss 1
Allele Type QTL
Common Name(s) Cdh23753A; mdfw;
Strain of Originmultiple strains
Gene Symbol and Name Cdh23, cadherin 23 (otocadherin)
Chromosome 10
Gene Common Name(s) 4930542A03Rik; CDHR23; RIKEN cDNA 4930542A03 gene; USH1D; W; age related hearing loss 1; ahl; bob; bobby; bus; bustling; mdfw; modifier of deaf waddler; neuroscience mutagenesis facility, 112; neuroscience mutagenesis facility, 181; neuroscience mutagenesis facility, 252; nmf112; nmf181; nmf252; sals; salsa; v; waltzer;
Molecular Note Genetic complementation tests have shown allelism between the mdfw (modifier of deaf waddler) locus and the ahl locus. Further analysis has identified an association between ahl and a G to A transition at nucleotide position 753 of Cdh23. This hypomorphic allele causes in frame skipping of exon 7 and reduced message stability. Twenty-seven strains classified with ahl and carrying the 753A allele include: CD1, RBF/DnJ, PL/J, AKR/J, RF/J, BALB/cBy, A/WySnJ, P/J, SENCARA/PtJ, DBA/1J, ALS/LtJ, C58/J, C57BLKS/J, 129P1/ReJ, C57BR/cd, SKH2/J, BUB/Bn, MA/MyJ, LP/J, 129X1/SvJ, NOR/LtJ, A/J, C57BL/6, NOD/LtJ, DBA/2J, ALR/LtJ, C57L/J. Strains classified with ahl that DO NOT carry this mutation include: C3H/HeSnJ, I/LnJ,YBR/Ei, MRL/MpJ. [MGI Ref ID J:86905]
 
Allele Symbol Hc0
Allele Name deficient
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) C5-; C5-d; C5-def; C5-deficient; hco;
Strain of Originmultiple strains
Gene Symbol and Name Hc, hemolytic complement
Chromosome 2
Gene Common Name(s) C5; C5D; C5a; C5b; CPAMD4; ECLZB; He;
General Note

This is an allele characteristic of various inbred mouse strains including the following: A/HeJ, AKR/J, DBA/2J, NZB/B1NJ, SWR/J, B10.D2/oSnJ

Hc was identified as a candidate gene for Abhr2 in a microarray analysis of lung mRNA from A/J, C3H/HeJ, and (A/J x C3H/HeJ)F1 x A/J backcross animals. Hc genotype shows statistically significant correlation to allergen-induced bronchial hyperresponsive phenotype. The A/J allele contains a 2 bp deletion resulting in deficient Hc mRNA and protein production and is associated with susceptibility to allergen-induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness. (J:108211)

Molecular Note A 2 base "TA" deletion at positions 62 and 63 of an 83 base pair exon near the 5' end of the gene is found in the following mouse strains: A/HeJ, AKR/J, DBA/2J, NZB/B1NJ, SWR/J, B10.D2/oSnJ. The consequence of this deletion is the creation of a stop codon starting four bases after the deletion. A truncated product of 216 amino acids is predicted as a result although contradictory reports exist that a larger pro-C5 protein may be synthesized. Nevertheless, macrophages from mouse strains carrying this allele do not secrete complement 5. [MGI Ref ID J:23983] [MGI Ref ID J:5016]
 
Allele Symbol Il2m1
Allele Name mutation 1
Allele Type Spontaneous
Strain of Originmultiple strains
Gene Symbol and Name Il2, interleukin 2
Chromosome 3
Gene Common Name(s) IL-2; Il-2; TCGF; lymphokine;
Molecular Note This hypoactive polymorphism, found in MRL/MpJ, SJL/J, and NOD/ShiLtJ inbred strains, includes a smaller polyglutamine tract predicted to shorten the first alpha helix, which forms part of the IL2 receptor binding site. [MGI Ref ID J:75331]
 
Allele Symbol mt-Trm1
Allele Name mutation 1
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) 10A;
Strain of Originvarious
Gene Symbol and Name mt-Tr, mitochondrially encoded tRNA arginine
Chromosome MT
Gene Common Name(s) TrnR tRNA; tRNA; tRNA-Arg;
General Note This polymorphism is present in A/J, NZB/B1NJ, ALS/Lt and NOD/ShiLtJ. A variant with 9 adenines is found in NOD/ShiLtDvs, ALR/Lt and SKH2/J.
Molecular Note The adenine repeat in the D stem is polymorphic with 10 adenines in this allele. [MGI Ref ID J:67312] [MGI Ref ID J:97969]

Genotyping

Genotyping Information

Genotyping Protocols

XY Chromosome, Separated PCR
Y chromosome II, Standard PCR

Inbred mouse strains are maintained through sibling (sister x brother) matings; no genotyping required.

Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting

References

References provided by MGI

Selected Reference(s)

Makino S; Kunimoto K; Muraoka Y; Mizushima Y; Katagiri K; Tochino Y. 1980. Breeding of a non-obese, diabetic strain of mice. Jikken Dobutsu 29(1):1-13. [PubMed: 6995140]  [MGI Ref ID J:25411]

Serreze DV; Chapman HD; Varnum DS; Gerling I; Leiter EH; Shultz LD. 1997. Initiation of autoimmune diabetes in NOD/Lt mice is MHC class I-dependent. J Immunol 158(8):3978-86. [PubMed: 9103469]  [MGI Ref ID J:39473]

Additional References

Bowman MA; Leiter EH; Atkinson MA. 1994. Prevention of diabetes in the NOD mouse: implications for therapeutic intervention in human disease. Immunol Today 15(3):115-20. [PubMed: 8172643]  [MGI Ref ID J:17091]

Chun T; Hermel E; Gaskins HR; Aldrich CJ. 2001. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte and cDNA sequence analyses of the MHC class Ib molecule Qa1 in nonobese diabetic mice. Immunogenetics 53(6):506-10. [PubMed: 11685462]  [MGI Ref ID J:72438]

Darby IA; Bisucci T; Hewitson TD; MacLellan DG. 1997. Apoptosis is increased in a model of diabetes-impaired wound healing in genetically diabetic mice. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 29(1):191-200. [PubMed: 9076954]  [MGI Ref ID J:40898]

DiLorenzo TP; Lieberman SM; Takaki T; Honda S; Chapman HD; Santamaria P; Serreze DV; Nathenson SG. 2002. During the early prediabetic period in NOD mice, the pathogenic CD8(+) T-cell population comprises multiple antigenic specificities. Clin Immunol 105(3):332-41. [PubMed: 12498815]  [MGI Ref ID J:94192]

Keane TM; Goodstadt L; Danecek P; White MA; Wong K; Yalcin B; Heger A; Agam A; Slater G; Goodson M; Furlotte NA; Eskin E; Nellaker C; Whitley H; Cleak J; Janowitz D; Hernandez-Pliego P; Edwards A; Belgard TG; Oliver PL; McIntyre RE; Bhomra A; Nicod J; Gan X; Yuan W; van der Weyden L; Steward CA; Bala S; Stalker J; Mott R; Durbin R; Jackson IJ; Czechanski A; Guerra-Assuncao JA; Donahue LR; Reinholdt LG; Payseur BA; Ponting CP; Birney E; Flint J; Adams DJ. 2011. Mouse genomic variation and its effect on phenotypes and gene regulation. Nature 477(7364):289-94. [PubMed: 21921910]  [MGI Ref ID J:177037]

Leiter EH. 1998. NOD Mice and Related Strains: Origins, Husbandry and Biology Introduction. In: NOD Mice and Related Strains: Research Applications in Diabetes, AIDS, Cancer, and Other Diseases. RG Landes, Austin.  [MGI Ref ID J:110093]

Lynch DM; Kay PH. 1995. Studies on the polymorphism of the fifth component of complement in laboratory mice. Exp Clin Immunogenet 12(4):253-60. [PubMed: 8919358]  [MGI Ref ID J:31912]

Moy SS; Nadler JJ; Young NB; Nonneman RJ; Segall SK; Andrade GM; Crawley JN; Magnuson TR. 2008. Social approach and repetitive behavior in eleven inbred mouse strains. Behav Brain Res 191(1):118-29. [PubMed: 18440079]  [MGI Ref ID J:138681]

Nagy A; Nagashima H; Cha S; Oxford GE; Zelles T; Peck AB; Humphreys-Beher MG. 2001. Reduced oral wound healing in the NOD mouse model for type 1 autoimmune diabetes and its reversal by epidermal growth factor supplementation. Diabetes 50(9):2100-4. [PubMed: 11522677]  [MGI Ref ID J:71049]

Petkov PM; Cassell MA; Sargent EE; Donnelly CJ; Robinson P; Crew V; Asquith S; Haar RV; Wiles MV. 2004. Development of a SNP genotyping panel for genetic monitoring of the laboratory mouse. Genomics 83(5):902-11. [PubMed: 15081119]  [MGI Ref ID J:89298]

Pierce MA; Chapman HD; Post CM; Svetlanov A; Efrat S; Horwitz M; Serreze DV. 2003. Adenovirus early region 3 antiapoptotic 10.4K, 14.5K, and 14.7K genes decrease the incidence of autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice. Diabetes 52(5):1119-27. [PubMed: 12716741]  [MGI Ref ID J:83195]

Quintana FJ; Cohen IR. 2001. Autoantibody Patterns in Diabetes-prone NOD Mice and in Standard C57BL/6 Mice. J Autoimmun 17(3):191-7. [PubMed: 11712856]  [MGI Ref ID J:72893]

Serreze DV; Leiter EH. 1994. Genetic and pathogenic basis of autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice. Curr Opin Immunol 6(6):900-6. [PubMed: 7710714]  [MGI Ref ID J:22216]

Serreze DV; Post CM; Chapman HD; Johnson EA; Lu B; Rothman PB. 2000. Interferon-gamma receptor signaling is dispensable in the development of autoimmune type 1 diabetes in NOD mice. Diabetes 49(12):2007-11. [PubMed: 11118001]  [MGI Ref ID J:65986]

Trembleau S; Gregori S; Penna G; Gorny I; Adorini L. 2001. Il-12 administration reveals diabetogenic t cells in genetically resistant i-ealpha-transgenic nonobese diabetic mice: resistance to autoimmune diabetes is associated with binding of ealpha-derived peptides to the i-a(g7) molecule. J Immunol 167(7):4104-14. [PubMed: 11564833]  [MGI Ref ID J:71651]

Xie C; Sharma R; Wang H; Zhou XJ; Mohan C. 2004. Strain distribution pattern of susceptibility to immune-mediated nephritis. J Immunol 172(8):5047-55. [PubMed: 15067087]  [MGI Ref ID J:122988]

Cdh23ahl related

Bosco A; Crish SD; Steele MR; Romero CO; Inman DM; Horner PJ; Calkins DJ; Vetter ML. 2012. Early reduction of microglia activation by irradiation in a model of chronic glaucoma. PLoS One 7(8):e43602. [PubMed: 22952717]  [MGI Ref ID J:191663]

Davis RR; Newlander JK; Ling X; Cortopassi GA; Krieg EF; Erway LC. 2001. Genetic basis for susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss in mice. Hear Res 155(1-2):82-90. [PubMed: 11335078]  [MGI Ref ID J:69679]

Di Palma F; Pellegrino R; Noben-Trauth K. 2001. Genomic structure, alternative splice forms and normal and mutant alleles of cadherin 23 (Cdh23). Gene 281(1-2):31-41. [PubMed: 11750125]  [MGI Ref ID J:73941]

Fetoni AR; Picciotti PM; Paludetti G; Troiani D. 2011. Pathogenesis of presbycusis in animal models: a review. Exp Gerontol 46(6):413-25. [PubMed: 21211561]  [MGI Ref ID J:186964]

Han F; Yu H; Tian C; Chen HE; Benedict-Alderfer C; Zheng Y; Wang Q; Han X; Zheng QY. 2010. A new mouse mutant of the Cdh23 gene with early-onset hearing loss facilitates evaluation of otoprotection drugs. Pharmacogenomics J :. [PubMed: 20644563]  [MGI Ref ID J:174758]

Johnson KR; Erway LC; Cook SA; Willott JF; Zheng QY. 1997. A major gene affecting age-related hearing loss in C57BL/6J mice Hear Res 114(1-2):83-92. [PubMed: 9447922]  [MGI Ref ID J:44966]

Johnson KR; Longo-Guess C; Gagnon LH; Yu H; Zheng QY. 2008. A locus on distal chromosome 11 (ahl8) and its interaction with Cdh23 ahl underlie the early onset, age-related hearing loss of DBA/2J mice. Genomics 92(4):219-25. [PubMed: 18662770]  [MGI Ref ID J:139223]

Johnson KR; Yu H; Ding D; Jiang H; Gagnon LH; Salvi RJ. 2010. Separate and combined effects of Sod1 and Cdh23 mutations on age-related hearing loss and cochlear pathology in C57BL/6J mice. Hear Res 268(1-2):85-92. [PubMed: 20470874]  [MGI Ref ID J:163035]

Johnson KR; Zheng QY; Bykhovskaya Y; Spirina O; Fischel-Ghodsian N. 2001. A nuclear-mitochondrial DNA interaction affecting hearing impairment in mice. Nat Genet 27(2):191-4. [PubMed: 11175788]  [MGI Ref ID J:67312]

Johnson KR; Zheng QY; Noben-Trauth K. 2006. Strain background effects and genetic modifiers of hearing in mice. Brain Res 1091(1):79-88. [PubMed: 16579977]  [MGI Ref ID J:110459]

Johnson KR; Zheng QY; Weston MD; Ptacek LJ; Noben-Trauth K. 2005. The Mass1(frings) mutation underlies early onset hearing impairment in BUB/BnJ mice, a model for the auditory pathology of Usher syndrome IIC. Genomics 85(5):582-90. [PubMed: 15820310]  [MGI Ref ID J:97534]

Kane KL; Longo-Guess CM; Gagnon LH; Ding D; Salvi RJ; Johnson KR. 2012. Genetic background effects on age-related hearing loss associated with Cdh23 variants in mice. Hear Res 283(1-2):80-8. [PubMed: 22138310]  [MGI Ref ID J:183757]

Keithley EM; Canto C; Zheng QY; Fischel-Ghodsian N; Johnson KR. 2004. Age-related hearing loss and the ahl locus in mice. Hear Res 188(1-2):21-8. [PubMed: 14759567]  [MGI Ref ID J:87783]

Liu X; Bulgakov OV; Darrow KN; Pawlyk B; Adamian M; Liberman MC; Li T. 2007. Usherin is required for maintenance of retinal photoreceptors and normal development of cochlear hair cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104(11):4413-8. [PubMed: 17360538]  [MGI Ref ID J:118927]

Manji SS; Williams LH; Miller KA; Ooms LM; Bahlo M; Mitchell CA; Dahl HH. 2011. A mutation in synaptojanin 2 causes progressive hearing loss in the ENU-mutagenised mouse strain Mozart. PLoS One 6(3):e17607. [PubMed: 21423608]  [MGI Ref ID J:171701]

Mathews CE; Leiter EH. 1999. Resistance of ALR/Lt islets to free radical-mediated diabetogenic stress is inherited as a dominant trait. Diabetes 48(11):2189-96. [PubMed: 10535453]  [MGI Ref ID J:109893]

Nadeau JH. 2003. Modifier genes and protective alleles in humans and mice. Curr Opin Genet Dev 13(3):290-5. [PubMed: 12787792]  [MGI Ref ID J:88012]

Noben-Trauth K; Latoche JR; Neely HR; Bennett B. 2010. Phenotype and genetics of progressive sensorineural hearing loss (Snhl1) in the LXS set of recombinant inbred strains of mice. PLoS One 5(7):e11459. [PubMed: 20628639]  [MGI Ref ID J:163117]

Noben-Trauth K; Zheng QY; Johnson KR. 2003. Association of cadherin 23 with polygenic inheritance and genetic modification of sensorineural hearing loss. Nat Genet 35(1):21-3. [PubMed: 12910270]  [MGI Ref ID J:86905]

Noben-Trauth K; Zheng QY; Johnson KR; Nishina PM. 1997. mdfw: a deafness susceptibility locus that interacts with deaf waddler (dfw). Genomics 44(3):266-72. [PubMed: 9325047]  [MGI Ref ID J:38429]

Perrin BJ; Sonnemann KJ; Ervasti JM. 2010. beta-actin and gamma-actin are each dispensable for auditory hair cell development but required for Stereocilia maintenance. PLoS Genet 6(10):e1001158. [PubMed: 20976199]  [MGI Ref ID J:167543]

Perrin BJ; Strandjord DM; Narayanan P; Henderson DM; Johnson KR; Ervasti JM. 2013. beta-Actin and Fascin-2 Cooperate to Maintain Stereocilia Length. J Neurosci 33(19):8114-21. [PubMed: 23658152]  [MGI Ref ID J:197137]

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Zal T; Volkmann A; Stockinger B. 1994. Mechanisms of tolerance induction in major histocompatibility complex class II-restricted T cells specific for a blood-borne self-antigen. J Exp Med 180(6):2089-99. [PubMed: 7964486]  [MGI Ref ID J:111649]

Zal T; Weiss S; Mellor A; Stockinger B. 1996. Expression of a second receptor rescues self-specific T cells from thymic deletion and allows activation of autoreactive effector function. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93(17):9102-7. [PubMed: 8799161]  [MGI Ref ID J:151753]

Zhou W; Farrar CA; Abe K; Pratt JR; Marsh JE; Wang Y; Stahl GL; Sacks SH. 2000. Predominant role for C5b-9 in renal ischemia/reperfusion injury. J Clin Invest 105(10):1363-71. [PubMed: 10811844]  [MGI Ref ID J:120567]

de Jorge EG; Macor P; Paixao-Cavalcante D; Rose KL; Tedesco F; Cook HT; Botto M; Pickering MC. 2011. The development of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome depends on complement C5. J Am Soc Nephrol 22(1):137-45. [PubMed: 21148255]  [MGI Ref ID J:185883]

Il2m1 related

Choi Y; Simon-Stoos K; Puck J. 2002. Hypo-active variant of IL-2 and associated decreased T cell activation contribute to impaired apoptosis in autoimmune prone MRL mice. Eur J Immunol 32(3):677-85. [PubMed: 11857342]  [MGI Ref ID J:75331]

mt-Trm1 related

Johnson KR; Zheng QY; Bykhovskaya Y; Spirina O; Fischel-Ghodsian N. 2001. A nuclear-mitochondrial DNA interaction affecting hearing impairment in mice. Nat Genet 27(2):191-4. [PubMed: 11175788]  [MGI Ref ID J:67312]

Johnson KR; Zheng QY; Noben-Trauth K. 2006. Strain background effects and genetic modifiers of hearing in mice. Brain Res 1091(1):79-88. [PubMed: 16579977]  [MGI Ref ID J:110459]

Mathews CE; Leiter EH; Spirina O; Bykhovskaya Y; Gusdon AM; Ringquist S; Fischel-Ghodsian N. 2005. mt-Nd2 Allele of the ALR/Lt mouse confers resistance against both chemically induced and autoimmune diabetes. Diabetologia 48(2):261-7. [PubMed: 15692809]  [MGI Ref ID J:97969]

Health & husbandry

Health & Colony Maintenance Information

Animal Health Reports

Room Number           AX5
Room Number           RB10

Colony Maintenance

Mating SystemSibling x Sibling         (Female x Male)   01-MAR-06
Breeding Considerations This strain is a good breeder.
Diet Information LabDiet® 5K52/5K67

Pricing and Purchasing

Pricing, Supply Level & Notes, Controls


Pricing for USA, Canada and Mexico shipping destinations View International Pricing

Live Mice

Weeks of AgePrice per mouse (US dollars $)Gender
3 weeks $35.50Female  
$31.80Male  
4 weeks $35.50Female  
$31.80Male  
5 weeks $38.05Female  
$34.85Male  
6 weeks $39.15Female  
$36.15Male  
7 weeks $42.40Female  
$39.50Male  
8 weeks $45.35Female  
$42.50Male  
9 weeks $43.50Male  
10 weeks $46.40Male  
11 weeks $46.40Male  
12 weeks $50.75Male  

Standard Supply

JAX Ready Strain®. Most popular strains. Readily available in any quantity you need.

Supply Notes

Pricing for International shipping destinations View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing

Live Mice

Weeks of AgePrice per mouse (US dollars $)Gender
3 weeks $46.20Female  
$41.40Male  
4 weeks $46.20Female  
$41.40Male  
5 weeks $49.50Female  
$45.40Male  
6 weeks $50.90Female  
$47.00Male  
7 weeks $55.20Female  
$51.40Male  
8 weeks $59.00Female  
$55.30Male  
9 weeks $56.60Male  
10 weeks $60.40Male  
11 weeks $60.40Male  
12 weeks $66.00Male  

Standard Supply

JAX Ready Strain®. Most popular strains. Readily available in any quantity you need.

Supply Notes

  • Females are not available after eight weeks of age.
  • Shipped at a specific age in weeks. Mice at a precise age in days and littermates are also available.
View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing View International Pricing

Standard Supply

JAX Ready Strain®. Most popular strains. Readily available in any quantity you need.

Control Information

  Control
   009122 ICR/HaJ (approximate) Both the inbred ICR/HaJ (Stock #009122) and NOD/ShiLtJ are descended from ICR stock. Testing at The Jackson Laboratory confirms that ICR/HaJ carries the H2g7 MHC haplotype. ICR/HaJ does not develop insulitis or diabetes and may be considered an approximate control for NOD/ShiLtJ.
   003729 NOD.129S7(B6)-Rag1tm1Mom/J (approximate) May be used as an approximate control for T and B cell dependent research
   002591 NOD.B10Sn-H2b/J (approximate)
   001303 NOD.CB17-Prkdcscid/J (approximate) May be used as an approximate control for T and B cell dependent research
   002050 NOR/LtJ (approximate) Recombinant congenic that carries a portion of the NOD/ShiLtJ genome
 
  Considerations for Choosing Controls
  Control Pricing Information for Genetically Engineered Mutant Strains.
 

Important Note

This strain is homozygous for Cdh23ahl, the age related hearing loss 1 mutation, which on this background results in progressive hearing loss that is already severe by three months of age.

Payment Terms and Conditions

Terms are granted by individual review and stated on the customer invoice(s) and account statement. These transactions are payable in U.S. currency within the granted terms. Payment for services, products, shipping containers, and shipping costs that are rendered are expected within the payment terms indicated on the invoice or stated by contract. Invoices and account balances in arrears of stated terms may result in The Jackson Laboratory pursuing collection activities including but not limited to outside agencies and court filings.


See Terms of Use tab for General Terms and Conditions


The Jackson Laboratory's Genotype Promise

The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
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JAX® Mice
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Tel: 1-800-422-6423 or 1-207-288-5845
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Terms of Use

Terms of Use


General Terms and Conditions


Contact information

General inquiries regarding Terms of Use

Contracts Administration

phone:207-288-6470

JAX® Mice, Products & Services Conditions of Use

"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCTS" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or services provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than the internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE or PRODUCTS from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON's prior written authorization.

No Warranty

MICE, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED “AS IS”. JACKSON EXTENDS NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, WITH RESPECT TO MICE, PRODUCTS OR SERVICES, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR ANY WARRANTY OF NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS.

In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of mice, products or services, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the mice or product received or the services provided.

No Liability

In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS or services, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS or services from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.

MICE and PRODUCTS are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.

The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or services. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS or services may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and services by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.

Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or services shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or services by JACKSON.


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