Strain Name:

NOD/ShiLt-Tg(Ins2-GAD2)1Lt/LtJ

Stock Number:

003074

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Availability:

Cryopreserved - Ready for recovery

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Description

The genotypes of the animals provided may not reflect those discussed in the strain description or the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation. Please inquire for possible genotypes for this specific strain.

Strain Information

Former Names NOD/Lt-Tg(Ins2-GAD2)1Lt/LtJ    (Changed: 23-FEB-07 )
NOD/Lt-Tg(Ins2-GAD2)1Lt/Lt    (Changed: 17-JAN-07 )
NOD/Lt-Tg(GAD2)1Lt    (Changed: 21-JUL-06 )
GAD65;YLin    (Changed: 15-DEC-04 )
Type Mutant Strain; Transgenic;
Additional information on Genetically Engineered and Mutant Mice.
Visit our online Nomenclature tutorial.
Mating System+/+ sibling x Hemizygote         (Female x Male)   03-OCT-08
Specieslaboratory mouse
H2 Haplotypeg7
 
Donating InvestigatorDr. Edward Leiter,   The Jackson Laboratory

Appearance
albino, pink eyed
Related Genotype: A/A Tyrc/Tyrc

Description
Transgenic mice are characterized by pancreatic beta cells that express a rat insulin promoter 7, Ins2, regulated transgene encoding a human B-cell autoantigen, GAD2. These mice are viable, fertile, normal in size, and do not display any gross physical or behavioral abnormalities. This NOD/Lt transgenic demonstrates a Y Chr. integration-site as only male progeny are transgenic. Expression of the transgene in the islets has been confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. Southern analysis confirms 17 copies of the transgene are present, compared to the A-line that has 4-5 copies (Stock No. 5870). Elevated levels of GAD2 expression in transgenic B-cells do not influence non-fasting plasma levels of insulin and glucagon. At 50 weeks of age 55% of the transgenic males were diabetic, this is not significantly different from NOD/Lt male cohorts. Insulitis in 9 week old females is not significantly different between transgenics and controls.

This model provides a tool for studying at the role of autoantigens, specifically GAD2, in diabetes.

Development
Glutamic acid decarboxylase 2, GAD2 (commonly referred to as GAD65) and located on Chr. 2, is highly expressed in human and rat beta cells, but little to no expression in mouse beta cells. Because GAD2 is a major candidate autoantigen in human T1D, a human GAD2 transgene under control of the Ins2 promoter was injected directly into NOD/Lt zygotes. In 2006, the T1DR received this transgenic strain at generation F?+33.

Control Information

  Control
   Noncarrier female
   001976 NOD/ShiLtJ
 
  Considerations for Choosing Controls

Related Strains

Strains carrying   Tg(Ins2-GAD2)1Lt allele
003843   NOD.Cg-Prkdcscid Tg(Ins2-GAD2)1Lt/LtJ
View Strains carrying   Tg(Ins2-GAD2)1Lt     (1 strain)

Strains carrying other alleles of GAD2
003844   NOD.Cg-Prkdcscid Tg(Ins2-GAD2)2Lt/LtJ
005870   NOD/ShiLt(Cg)-Tg(Ins2-GAD2)2Lt/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of GAD2     (2 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Ins2
005534   B10.Cg-H2d Tg(Ins2-HA)165Bri/ShrmJ
005500   B6.C-Tg(Ins2-GP)34-20Olds/MvhJ
005715   B6.Cg H2g7-Tg(Ins2-CD80)3B7Flv/LwnJ
004826   B6.Cg-Tg(Ins2-NP)25-3Olds/MhvJ
003573   B6.Cg-Tg(Ins2-cre)25Mgn/J
018960   B6N.Cg-Tg(Ins2-cre)25Mgn/J
005713   C.Cg-Tg(Ins2-CD80)3B7Flv/LwnJ
005533   C.Cg-Tg(Ins2-HA)165Bri/ShrmJ
004827   C.Cg-Tg(Ins2-NP)25-3Olds/MvhJ
005432   C57BL/6-Tg(Ins2-OVA)307Wehi/WehiJ
005433   C57BL/6-Tg(Ins2-OVA)59Wehi/WehiJ
005431   C57BL/6-Tg(Ins2-TFRC/OVA)296Wehi/WehiJ
005564   FVB(Cg)-Tg(Ins2-CALM1)26Ove Tg(Cryaa-TAg)1Ove/PneJ
008232   FVB/N-Tg(Ins2-IAPP)RHFSoel/J
005522   NOD-Tg(Ins2*Y16A)1Ell/GseJ
005523   NOD-Tg(Ins2*Y16A)3Ell/GseJ
003499   NOD-Tg(Ins2-Fasl)24Ach
004346   NOD.Cg-Prkdcscid Tg(Ins2-CD80)3B7Flv/DvsJ
004230   NOD.Cg-Prkdcscid Tg(Ins2-E3)1Dvs/DvsJ
003844   NOD.Cg-Prkdcscid Tg(Ins2-GAD2)2Lt/LtJ
007840   NOD.Cg-Prkdcscid Tg(Ins2-CD86)12B70Flv/FswJ
005524   NOD.Cg-Tg(Ins2*Y16A)1Ell Ins1tm1Jja Ins2tm1Jja/GseJ
005525   NOD.Cg-Tg(Ins2*Y16A)3Ell Ins1tm1Jja Ins2tm1Jja/GseJ
006254   NOD.Cg-Tg(Ins2-Ccl21b)2Cys/JbsJ
006154   NOD.Cg-Tg(Ins2-Cxcl13)1Cys/JbsJ
003869   NOD.Cg-Tg(Ins2-E3)1Dvs/DvsJ
005685   NOD.Cg-Tg(Ins2-HA)165Bri/ShrmJ
002380   NOD.Cg-Tg(Ins2-TAg)1Lt Prkdcscid/DvsJ
023972   NOD.Cg-Tg(Ins2-cre/ERT)1Dam/SbwJ
004602   NOD.Cg-Tg(Ins2-rtTA)2Doi/DoiJ
004937   NOD.Cg-Tg(Ins2-tTA)1Doi/DoiJ
005734   NOD/Lt-Tg(Ins2-rtTA)1Ach/AchJ
005870   NOD/ShiLt(Cg)-Tg(Ins2-GAD2)2Lt/J
006777   NOD/ShiLt-Tg(Ins2-Cd274)2Mdos/MdosJ
005733   NOD/ShiLt-Tg(Ins2-Fas*I246N)1Ach/AchJ
002033   NOD/ShiLt-Tg(Ins2-TAg)1Lt/J
004986   NOD/ShiLt-Tg(Ins2-cre)3Lt/LtJ
003855   NOD/ShiLt-Tg(Ins2-cre)5Lt/LtJ
004987   NOD/ShiLt-Tg(Ins2-cre)6Lt/LtJ
004226   NOD/ShiLtDvs-Tg(Ins2-E3*309)5Dvs/DvsJ
004227   NOD/ShiLtDvs-Tg(Ins2-E3*704)2Dvs/DvsJ
004968   NOD/ShiLtDvs-Tg(Ins2-E3*734)3Dvs/DvsJ
004990   NOD/ShiLtDvs-Tg(Ins2-E3*734)4Dvs/DvsJ
005714   NOR.Cg-Tg(Ins2-CD80)3B7Flv/LwnJ
008122   STOCK Tg(Ins2-cre/ERT)1Dam/J
008755   STOCK Tg(Ins2-rtTA)2Efr Tg(teto-DTA)1Gfi/J
008250   STOCK Tg(Ins2-rtTA)2Efr/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Ins2     (47 strains)

Phenotype

Phenotype Information

View Mammalian Phenotype Terms

Mammalian Phenotype Terms provided by MGI
      assigned by genotype

X/Tg(Ins2-GAD2)1Lt

        NOD/ShiLt-Tg(Ins2-GAD2)1Lt
  • immune system phenotype
  • insulitis
    • mice develop insulitis   (MGI Ref ID J:100251)
  • endocrine/exocrine gland phenotype
  • insulitis
    • mice develop insulitis   (MGI Ref ID J:100251)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Diabetes and Obesity Research
Type 1 Diabetes (IDDM) Analysis Strains
      NOD Transgenics

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
Autoimmunity
      Type 1 Diabetes

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

 
Allele Symbol Tg(Ins2-GAD2)1Lt
Allele Name transgene insertion 1, Edward H Leiter
Allele Type Transgenic (Inserted expressed sequence)
Common Name(s) RIP7-hGAD65; TgN(RIP7hGAD65)Lt4 Y-line;
Strain of OriginNOD/ShiLt
Expressed Gene GAD2, glutamate decarboxylase 2 (pancreatic islets and brain, 65kDa), human
Promoter Ins2, insulin 2, rat
Molecular Note The transgene comprises the cDNA sequence encoding human glutamic acid decarboxylase 2 under control of a modified rat insulin 2 promoter composed of 9.5 kb of genomic DNA from upstream of the transcription initiation site fused to the first intron of Ins2. Transmission from the founder male only to male progeny demonstrated integration into the Y chromosome. Densitrometric Southern blot analysis indicates presence of approximately 17 copies of the transgene. Expression in the pancreatic islets of transgenic mRNA has been demonstrated by reverse transcription followed by PCR (RT-PCR), and of GAD2 protein by western blot analysis. [MGI Ref ID J:100251]
 
 

Genotyping

Genotyping Information

Genotyping Protocols

Tg(Ins2-GAD2), Standard PCR


Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting

References

References provided by MGI

Selected Reference(s)

Bridgett M; Cetkovic-Cvrlje M; O'Rourke R; Shi Y; Narayanswami S; Lambert J; Ramiya V; Baekkeskov S; Leiter EH. 1998. Differential protection in two transgenic lines of NOD/Lt mice hyperexpressing the autoantigen GAD65 in pancreatic beta-cells. Diabetes 47(12):1848-56. [PubMed: 9836515]  [MGI Ref ID J:100251]

Additional References

Tg(Ins2-GAD2)1Lt related

Elagin RB; Jaume JC. 2010. Glucose intolerance and diabetes following antigen-specific insulitis in diabetes-susceptible 'humanized' transgenic mice. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 395(1):99-103. [PubMed: 20350527]  [MGI Ref ID J:160349]

Imam S; Elagin RB; Jaume JC. 2013. Diabetes-associated dry eye syndrome in a new humanized transgenic model of type 1 diabetes. Mol Vis 19:1259-67. [PubMed: 23805032]  [MGI Ref ID J:205326]

Health & husbandry

The genotypes of the animals provided may not reflect those discussed in the strain description or the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation. Please inquire for possible genotypes for this specific strain.

Health & Colony Maintenance Information

Animal Health Reports

Production of mice from cryopreserved embryos or sperm occurs in a maximum barrier room, G200.

Colony Maintenance

Breeding & HusbandryA footpad injection of Complete Freund s Adjuvant (CFA) administered once at weaning will delay diabetes onset, thus extending the lifespan of breeders. Use of Complete Freund s Adjuvant in NOD mice can be found in Current Protocols in Immunology page 15.9.19, Reproduction.
Mating System+/+ sibling x Hemizygote         (Female x Male)   03-OCT-08

Pricing and Purchasing

Pricing, Supply Level & Notes, Controls


Pricing for USA, Canada and Mexico shipping destinations View International Pricing

Cryopreserved

Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $2525.00
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Frozen Products

Price (US dollars $)
Frozen Embryo $1650.00

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryopreserved Embryos
    Available to most shipping destinations1
    This strain is also available as cryopreserved embryos2. Orders for cryopreserved embryos may be placed with our Customer Service Department. Experienced technicians at The Jackson Laboratory have recovered frozen embryos of this strain successfully. We will provide you enough embryos to perform two embryo transfers. The Jackson Laboratory does not guarantee successful recovery at your facility. For complete information on purchasing embryos, please visit our Cryopreserved Embryos web page.

    1 Shipments cannot be made to Australia due to Australian government import restrictions.
    2 Embryos for most strains are cryopreserved at the two cell stage while some strains are cryopreserved at the eight cell stage. If this information is important to you, please contact Customer Service.
  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.

    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

Pricing for International shipping destinations View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing

Cryopreserved

Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $3283.00
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Frozen Products

Price (US dollars $)
Frozen Embryo $2145.00

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryopreserved Embryos
    Available to most shipping destinations1
    This strain is also available as cryopreserved embryos2. Orders for cryopreserved embryos may be placed with our Customer Service Department. Experienced technicians at The Jackson Laboratory have recovered frozen embryos of this strain successfully. We will provide you enough embryos to perform two embryo transfers. The Jackson Laboratory does not guarantee successful recovery at your facility. For complete information on purchasing embryos, please visit our Cryopreserved Embryos web page.

    1 Shipments cannot be made to Australia due to Australian government import restrictions.
    2 Embryos for most strains are cryopreserved at the two cell stage while some strains are cryopreserved at the eight cell stage. If this information is important to you, please contact Customer Service.
  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.

    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing View International Pricing

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

General Supply Notes

Control Information

  Control
   Noncarrier female
   001976 NOD/ShiLtJ
 
  Considerations for Choosing Controls
  Control Pricing Information for Genetically Engineered Mutant Strains.
 

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The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
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