Strain Name:



Cryopreserved - Ready for recovery     Available at the JAX MMRRC

Other products are available, see Purchasing Information for Cryopreserved Embryos

Use Restrictions Apply, see Terms of Use
This strain is now distributed by the Mutant Mouse Regional Resource Center. Please refer to the Mutant Mouse Regional Resource Center (MMRRC) for ordering information and strain details on C3B6-Tg(APP695)3Dbo/Mmjax MMRRC Stock Number 034828.
As a designated MMRRC center, The Jackson Laboratory will continue to distribute these mice at the same high health and
quality standards but ordering is exclusively provided through the MMRRC.
These transgenic mice (formerly JAX Stock No. 003375) express the human amyloid precursor protein bearing the Swedish (K670N/M671L) mutation and develop amyloid deposits in brain tissue by 18-20 months of age. These mice provide a useful model for studying the underlying mechanism of amyloid deposition, a process implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD).


The genotypes of the animals provided may not reflect those discussed in the strain description or the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation. Please inquire for possible genotypes for this specific strain.

Strain Information

Former Names C3B6-Tg(APP695)3Dbo/J    (Changed: 10-AUG-11 )
C57BL/6-TgN(Prn-APP695)3Dbo    (Changed: 15-DEC-04 )
Type Transgenic;
Additional information on Genetically Engineered and Mutant Mice.
Visit our online Nomenclature tutorial.
Specieslaboratory mouse
Donating InvestigatorDr. David R Borchelt,   University of Florida

These transgenic mice express the human amyloid precursor protein bearing the Swedish (K670N/M671L) mutation and develop amyloid deposits in brain tissue by 18-20 months of age. These mice provide a useful model for studying the underlying mechanism of amyloid deposition, a process implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Mouse pronuclei (B6C3H) were injected with a transgenic construct containing a cDNA encoding a chimeric amyloid beta (A4) precursor protein (APP695) regulated by the mouse prion promoter. The chimeric APP695 molecule was created by replacing sequences encoding the Abeta domain of the murine sequence with the cognate sequences of the human gene and mutations K595N and M596L (APP695 isoform numbering).

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Alzheimer's Disease Models
005987   129-Achetm1Loc/J
006409   129S1.129(Cg)-Tg(APPSw)40Btla/Mmjax
008077   129S1/Sv-Bchetm1Loc/J
016198   129S6.Cg-Tg(Camk2a-tTA)1Mmay/JlwsJ
014556   129S6/SvEv-Apoetm4Mae/J
006555   A.129(B6)-Tg(APPSw)40Btla/Mmjax
005708   B6.129-Apbb1tm1Quhu/J
004714   B6.129-Bace1tm1Pcw/J
004098   B6.129-Klc1tm1Gsn/J
004193   B6.129-Psen1tm1Mpm/J
003615   B6.129-Psen1tm1Shn/J
005300   B6.129-Tg(APPSw)40Btla/Mmjax
005617   B6.129P-Psen2tm1Bdes/J
002609   B6.129P2-Nos2tm1Lau/J
007685   B6.129P2-Psen1tm1Vln/J
007999   B6.129P2-Sorl1Gt(Ex255)Byg/J
008087   B6.129S1-Bchetm1Loc/J
002509   B6.129S2-Plautm1Mlg/J
005301   B6.129S2-Tg(APP)8.9Btla/J
004163   B6.129S4-Cdk5r1tm1Lht/J
010959   B6.129S4-Grk5tm1Rjl/J
010960   B6.129S4-Grk5tm2Rjl/J
002213   B6.129S4-Ngfrtm1Jae/J
006406   B6.129S4-Tg(APPSwLon)96Btla/Mmjax
006469   B6.129S4-Tg(PSEN1H163R)G9Btla/J
012564   B6.129S5-Dhcr24tm1Lex/SbpaJ
004142   B6.129S7-Aplp2tm1Dbo/J
004133   B6.129S7-Apptm1Dbo/J
007251   B6.129X1-Mapttm1Hnd/J
013040   B6.Cg-Apoetm1Unc Ins2Akita/J
005642   B6.Cg-Clutm1Jakh/J
005491   B6.Cg-Mapttm1(EGFP)Klt Tg(MAPT)8cPdav/J
009126   B6.Cg-Nos2tm1Lau Tg(Thy1-APPSwDutIowa)BWevn/Mmjax
005866   B6.Cg-Tg(APP695)3Dbo Tg(PSEN1dE9)S9Dbo/Mmjax
008730   B6.Cg-Tg(APPSwFlLon,PSEN1*M146L*L286V)6799Vas/Mmjax
005864   B6.Cg-Tg(APPswe,PSEN1dE9)85Dbo/Mmjax
007575   B6.Cg-Tg(CAG-Ngb,-EGFP)1Dgrn/J
016197   B6.Cg-Tg(CAG-OTC/CAT)4033Prab/J
005855   B6.Cg-Tg(Camk2a-Prkaca)426Tabe/J
007004   B6.Cg-Tg(Camk2a-tTA)1Mmay/DboJ
004996   B6.Cg-Tg(DBH-Gal)1923Stei/J
007673   B6.Cg-Tg(Gad1-EGFP)3Gfng/J
004662   B6.Cg-Tg(PDGFB-APP)5Lms/J
006293   B6.Cg-Tg(PDGFB-APPSwInd)20Lms/2Mmjax
006006   B6.Cg-Tg(Prnp-APP)A-2Dbo/J
008596   B6.Cg-Tg(Prnp-Abca1)EHol/J
006005   B6.Cg-Tg(Prnp-App/APPswe)E1-2Dbo/Mmjax
007180   B6.Cg-Tg(Prnp-ITM2B/APP695*40)1Emcg/J
007182   B6.Cg-Tg(Prnp-ITM2B/APP695*42)A12Emcg/J
005999   B6.Cg-Tg(SBE/TK-luc)7Twc/J
012597   B6.Cg-Tg(Thy1-COL25A1)861Yfu/J
007051   B6.Cg-Tg(tetO-APPSwInd)102Dbo/Mmjax
007052   B6.Cg-Tg(tetO-APPSwInd)107Dbo/Mmjax
007049   B6.Cg-Tg(tetO-APPSwInd)885Dbo/Mmjax
009337   B6.FVB-Tg(Prnp-RTN3)2Yanr/J
006394   B6;129-Apba2tm1Sud Apba3tm1Sud Apba1tm1Sud/J
008364   B6;129-Chattm1(cre/ERT)Nat/J
008476   B6;129-Ncstntm1Sud/J
004807   B6;129-Psen1tm1Mpm Tg(APPSwe,tauP301L)1Lfa/Mmjax
007605   B6;129P-Psen1tm1Vln/J
005618   B6;129P2-Bace2tm1Bdes/J
008333   B6;129P2-Dldtm1Ptl/J
002596   B6;129P2-Nos2tm1Lau/J
003822   B6;129S-Psen1tm1Shn/J
012639   B6;129S4-Mapttm3(HDAC2)Jae/J
012869   B6;129S6-Apbb2tm1Her/J
006410   B6;129S6-Chattm2(cre)Lowl/J
005993   B6;129S6-Pcsk9tm1Jdh/J
008636   B6;C-Tg(Prnp-APP695*/EYFP)49Gsn/J
007002   B6;C3-Tg(Prnp-ITM2B/APP695*42)A12Emcg/Mmjax
008169   B6;C3-Tg(Prnp-MAPT*P301S)PS19Vle/J
000231   B6;C3Fe a/a-Csf1op/J
008850   B6;SJL-Tg(Mt1-LDLR)93-4Reh/AgnJ
003378   B6C3-Tg(APP695)3Dbo Tg(PSEN1)5Dbo/J
004462   B6C3-Tg(APPswe,PSEN1dE9)85Dbo/Mmjax
003741   B6D2-Tg(Prnp-MAPT)43Vle/J
016556   B6N.129-Ptpn5tm1Pjlo/J
018957   B6N.129S6(B6)-Chattm2(cre)Lowl/J
024841   B6N.Cg-Tg(Prnp-MAPT*P301S)PS19Vle/J
006554   B6SJL-Tg(APPSwFlLon,PSEN1*M146L*L286V)6799Vas/Mmjax
012621   C.129S(B6)-Chrna3tm1.1Hwrt/J
002328   C.129S2-Plautm1Mlg/J
005087   C57BL/6-Tg(Camk2a-IDE)1Selk/J
005086   C57BL/6-Tg(Camk2a-MME)3Selk/J
008833   C57BL/6-Tg(Camk2a-UBB)3413-1Fwvl/J
007027   C57BL/6-Tg(Thy1-APPSwDutIowa)BWevn/Mmjax
010800   C57BL/6-Tg(Thy1-PTGS2)300Kand/J
010703   C57BL/6-Tg(Thy1-PTGS2)303Kand/J
005706   C57BL/6-Tg(tetO-CDK5R1/GFP)337Lht/J
006618   C57BL/6-Tg(tetO-COX8A/EYFP)1Ksn/J
007677   CB6-Tg(Gad1-EGFP)G42Zjh/J
007072   CByJ.129P2(B6)-Nos2tm1Lau/J
006472   D2.129(B6)-Tg(APPSw)40Btla/Mmjax
007067   D2.129P2(B6)-Apoetm1Unc/J
013719   D2.Cg-Apoetm1Unc Ins2Akita/J
003718   FVB-Tg(GadGFP)45704Swn/J
013732   FVB-Tg(NPEPPS)1Skar/J
013156   FVB-Tg(tetO-CDK5R1*)1Vln/J
015815   FVB-Tg(tetO-MAPT*P301L)#Kha/JlwsJ
002329   FVB.129S2-Plautm1Mlg/J
025105   FVB.Cg-Tg(Camk2a-tTA)1Mmay/DboJ
003753   FVB/N-Tg(Eno2CDK5R1)1Jdm/J
006143   FVB/N-Tg(Thy1-cre)1Vln/J
025104   FVB/N-Tg(tetO/Prnp-MAPT*P301L,-luc)Y74Dbo/J
008051   NOD.129P2(B6)-Ctsbtm1Jde/RclJ
008390   STOCK Apptm1Sud/J
012640   STOCK Hdac2tm1.2Rdp/J
004808   STOCK Mapttm1(EGFP)Klt Tg(MAPT)8cPdav/J
004779   STOCK Mapttm1(EGFP)Klt/J
014092   STOCK Tg(ACTB-tTA2,-MAPT/lacZ)1Luo/J
014544   STOCK Tg(tetO-ABL1*P242E*P249E)CPdav/J
View Alzheimer's Disease Models     (111 strains)

Strains carrying   Tg(APP695)3Dbo allele
005866   B6.Cg-Tg(APP695)3Dbo Tg(PSEN1dE9)S9Dbo/Mmjax
003378   B6C3-Tg(APP695)3Dbo Tg(PSEN1)5Dbo/J
View Strains carrying   Tg(APP695)3Dbo     (2 strains)

View Strains carrying other alleles of APP695     (8 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Prn
005864   B6.Cg-Tg(APPswe,PSEN1dE9)85Dbo/Mmjax
004462   B6C3-Tg(APPswe,PSEN1dE9)85Dbo/Mmjax
003627   B6C3-Tg(HD82Gln)81Gschi/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Prn     (3 strains)

Additional Web Information

Visit the Alzheimer's Disease Mouse Model Resource site for helpful information on Alzheimer's Disease and research resources.


Phenotype Information

View Related Disease (OMIM) Terms

Related Disease (OMIM) Terms provided by MGI
- Characteristics of this human disease are associated with transgenes and other mutation types in the mouse.
Alzheimer Disease 4
Alzheimer Disease; AD
View Mammalian Phenotype Terms

Mammalian Phenotype Terms provided by MGI
      assigned by genotype


        involves: C3H/HeJ * C57BL/6J
  • nervous system phenotype
  • *normal* nervous system phenotype
    • no immunoreactive amyloid beta deposits found in cortex or hippocampus from 12 month old mice as compared to double transgenic mice: Tg(APP695)3Dbo/0, Tg(PSEN1)5Dbo/0   (MGI Ref ID J:43788)
    • amyloid beta deposits
      • amyloid beta deposits observed in cortex and hippocampus of 18 and 20 month old mice   (MGI Ref ID J:43788)
      • ratio of amyloid beta peptide 40:42 is 3:1   (MGI Ref ID J:87691)
  • homeostasis/metabolism phenotype
  • amyloid beta deposits
    • amyloid beta deposits observed in cortex and hippocampus of 18 and 20 month old mice   (MGI Ref ID J:43788)
    • ratio of amyloid beta peptide 40:42 is 3:1   (MGI Ref ID J:87691)

The following phenotype information is associated with a similar, but not exact match to this JAX® Mice strain.


  • nervous system phenotype
  • amyloid beta deposits
    • in mice 26 months old, moderate levels of amyloid deposits in brains are observed in mice backcrossed 5-7 generations   (MGI Ref ID J:109847)
    • mice 12-13 months old that have been backcrossed 10 generations have slightly higher accumulations than Tg(APP695)3Dbo mice   (MGI Ref ID J:109847)
    • old (<24 months) animals backcrossed either 5-7 or 10 times to B6 have significantly higher levels of amyloid Abeta in their brains than adult (~9.6 months) or middle aged (13-15 months) animals   (MGI Ref ID J:109847)
  • behavior/neurological phenotype
  • abnormal motor capabilities/coordination/movement
    • at 24 months, males display a mild deterioration of sensorimotor abilities   (MGI Ref ID J:109847)
    • abnormal locomotor behavior
      • in radial maze testing, male mutants backcrossed 5-7 generations show high motor reactivity compared to females or control animals, and entered the closest arm of the maze which prevented them from learning the task   (MGI Ref ID J:109847)
    • increased startle reflex
      • mice backcrossed 10 generations have higher reactivity to acoustic stimuli compared to wild-type   (MGI Ref ID J:109847)
  • homeostasis/metabolism phenotype
  • amyloid beta deposits
    • in mice 26 months old, moderate levels of amyloid deposits in brains are observed in mice backcrossed 5-7 generations   (MGI Ref ID J:109847)
    • mice 12-13 months old that have been backcrossed 10 generations have slightly higher accumulations than Tg(APP695)3Dbo mice   (MGI Ref ID J:109847)
    • old (<24 months) animals backcrossed either 5-7 or 10 times to B6 have significantly higher levels of amyloid Abeta in their brains than adult (~9.6 months) or middle aged (13-15 months) animals   (MGI Ref ID J:109847)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Neurobiology Research
Alzheimer's Disease
      strains expressing mutant APP

Tg(APP695)3Dbo related

Neurobiology Research
Alzheimer's Disease

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

Allele Symbol Tg(APP695)3Dbo
Allele Name transgene insertion 3, David R Borchelt
Allele Type Transgenic (Humanized sequence, Inserted expressed sequence)
Common Name(s) APP695; APP695swe; APPswe; Mo/HuAPPswe; line C3-3;
Mutation Made ByDr. David Borchelt,   University of Florida
Strain of Origin(C57BL/6J x C3H/HeJ)F2
Expressed Gene APP695, amyloid beta (A4) precursor protein (chimeric), mouse/human chimera
Promoter Prn, prion protein gene complex, mouse, laboratory
General Note Three transgenic lines were generated and designated by the authors lines Q2-2, E1-2 (Tg(Prnp-App/APPswe)E1-2Dbo) and C3-3.

This line was generated from founder number C3-3.

Transgenic mice develop amyloid deposits in brain tissue by 18-20 months of age.

Transgenic mice that are also transgenic for Tg(PSEN1)5Dboexpress both human presenilin 1 (A246E variant) and a chimeric amyloid precursor protein (APPSwe) under direction of the mouse prion protein promoter. Elevated levels of the AB1-42(43) peptide are detected in brain homogenates. By nine months of age, histological examination of brain tissue from these mice reveals numerous amyloid deposits resembling those observed in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The number of amyloid deposits increases dramatically between the ages of 10 and 12 months.

Molecular Note The transgene is composed of a cDNA encoding a chimeric APP protein regulated by the mouse prion promoter. The chimeric APP molecule was created by replacing sequences encoding the Abeta domain of a 695 amino acid isoform of the murine sequence with the cognate sequences of the human gene (mutations K595N, M596L). The human mutations are found in familial Alzheimer's disease. Transgene expression was observed in the brain and heart by Western blot analysis using a monoclonal antibody recognizing the human Abeta region. [MGI Ref ID J:80782]


Genotyping Information

Genotyping Protocols

Generic Tg(APP), Standard PCR

Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting


References provided by MGI

Selected Reference(s)

Borchelt DR; Thinakaran G; Eckman CB; Lee MK; Davenport F; Ratovitsky T; Prada CM; Kim G; Seekins S; Yager D; Slunt HH; Wang R; Seeger M; Levey AI; Gandy SE; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA; Price DL; Younkin SG; Sisodia SS. 1996. Familial Alzheimer's disease-linked presenilin 1 variants elevate Abeta1-42/1-40 ratio in vitro and in vivo. Neuron 17(5):1005-13. [PubMed: 8938131]  [MGI Ref ID J:80882]

Additional References

Borchelt DR; Davis J; Fischer M; Lee MK; Slunt HH; Ratovitsky T; Regard J; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA; Sisodia SS; Price DL. 1996. A vector for expressing foreign genes in the brains and hearts of transgenic mice. Genet Anal 13(6):159-63. [PubMed: 9117892]  [MGI Ref ID J:80782]

Borchelt DR; Ratovitski T; van Lare J; Lee MK; Gonzales V; Jenkins NA; Copeland NG; Price DL; Sisodia SS. 1997. Accelerated amyloid deposition in the brains of transgenic mice coexpressing mutant presenilin 1 and amyloid precursor proteins. Neuron 19(4):939-45. [PubMed: 9354339]  [MGI Ref ID J:43788]

Tg(APP695)3Dbo related

Bailey AR; Hou H; Obregon DF; Tian J; Zhu Y; Zou Q; Nikolic WV; Bengtson M; Mori T; Murphy T; Tan J. 2012. Aberrant T-lymphocyte development and function in mice overexpressing human soluble amyloid precursor protein-alpha: implications for autism. FASEB J 26(3):1040-51. [PubMed: 22085641]  [MGI Ref ID J:182808]

Boissonneault V; Plante I; Rivest S; Provost P. 2009. MicroRNA-298 and microRNA-328 regulate expression of mouse beta-amyloid precursor protein-converting enzyme 1. J Biol Chem 284(4):1971-81. [PubMed: 18986979]  [MGI Ref ID J:146980]

Borchelt DR; Davis J; Fischer M; Lee MK; Slunt HH; Ratovitsky T; Regard J; Copeland NG; Jenkins NA; Sisodia SS; Price DL. 1996. A vector for expressing foreign genes in the brains and hearts of transgenic mice. Genet Anal 13(6):159-63. [PubMed: 9117892]  [MGI Ref ID J:80782]

Borchelt DR; Ratovitski T; van Lare J; Lee MK; Gonzales V; Jenkins NA; Copeland NG; Price DL; Sisodia SS. 1997. Accelerated amyloid deposition in the brains of transgenic mice coexpressing mutant presenilin 1 and amyloid precursor proteins. Neuron 19(4):939-45. [PubMed: 9354339]  [MGI Ref ID J:43788]

Cai D; Zhong M; Wang R; Netzer WJ; Shields D; Zheng H; Sisodia SS; Foster DA; Gorelick FS; Xu H; Greengard P. 2006. Phospholipase D1 corrects impaired betaAPP trafficking and neurite outgrowth in familial Alzheimer's disease-linked presenilin-1 mutant neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103(6):1936-40. [PubMed: 16449385]  [MGI Ref ID J:106075]

Cai Y; Xue ZQ; Zhang XM; Li MB; Wang H; Luo XG; Cai H; Yan XX. 2012. An age-related axon terminal pathology around the first olfactory relay that involves amyloidogenic protein overexpression without plaque formation. Neuroscience 215:160-73. [PubMed: 22542680]  [MGI Ref ID J:192436]

Dodson SE; Andersen OM; Karmali V; Fritz JJ; Cheng D; Peng J; Levey AI; Willnow TE; Lah JJ. 2008. Loss of LR11/SORLA enhances early pathology in a mouse model of amyloidosis: evidence for a proximal role in Alzheimer's disease. J Neurosci 28(48):12877-86. [PubMed: 19036982]  [MGI Ref ID J:142501]

Dolev I; Fogel H; Milshtein H; Berdichevsky Y; Lipstein N; Brose N; Gazit N; Slutsky I. 2013. Spike bursts increase amyloid-beta 40/42 ratio by inducing a presenilin-1 conformational change. Nat Neurosci 16(5):587-95. [PubMed: 23563578]  [MGI Ref ID J:197603]

El-Amouri SS; Zhu H; Yu J; Marr R; Verma IM; Kindy MS. 2008. Neprilysin: an enzyme candidate to slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease. Am J Pathol 172(5):1342-54. [PubMed: 18403590]  [MGI Ref ID J:134308]

Filali M; Lalonde R. 2009. Age-related cognitive decline and nesting behavior in an APPswe/PS1 bigenic model of Alzheimer's disease. Brain Res 1292:93-9. [PubMed: 19643098]  [MGI Ref ID J:157207]

Filali M; Lalonde R; Rivest S. 2008. Cognitive and non-cognitive behaviors in an APPswe/PS1 bigenic model of Alzheimer's disease. Genes Brain Behav 8(2):143-8. [PubMed: 19077180]  [MGI Ref ID J:142183]

Filali M; Lalonde R; Rivest S. 2011. Subchronic memantine administration on spatial learning, exploratory activity, and nest-building in an APP/PS1 mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Neuropharmacology 60(6):930-6. [PubMed: 21281652]  [MGI Ref ID J:178504]

Garcia-Alloza M; Dodwell SA; Meyer-Luehmann M; Hyman BT; Bacskai BJ. 2006. Plaque-derived oxidative stress mediates distorted neurite trajectories in the Alzheimer mouse model. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 65(11):1082-9. [PubMed: 17086105]  [MGI Ref ID J:120918]

Gureviciene I; Ikonen S; Gurevicius K; Sarkaki A; van Groen T; Pussinen R; Ylinen A; Tanila H. 2004. Normal induction but accelerated decay of LTP in APP + PS1 transgenic mice. Neurobiol Dis 15(2):188-95. [PubMed: 15006688]  [MGI Ref ID J:128772]

Helft J; Manicassamy B; Guermonprez P; Hashimoto D; Silvin A; Agudo J; Brown BD; Schmolke M; Miller JC; Leboeuf M; Murphy KM; Garcia-Sastre A; Merad M. 2012. Cross-presenting CD103+ dendritic cells are protected from influenza virus infection. J Clin Invest 122(11):4037-47. [PubMed: 23041628]  [MGI Ref ID J:193561]

Huang HJ; Liang KC; Ke HC; Chang YY; Hsieh-Li HM. 2011. Long-term social isolation exacerbates the impairment of spatial working memory in APP/PS1 transgenic mice. Brain Res 1371:150-60. [PubMed: 21114967]  [MGI Ref ID J:170247]

Iivonen H; Nurminen L; Harri M; Tanila H; Puolivali J. 2003. Hypothermia in mice tested in Morris water maze. Behav Brain Res 141(2):207-13. [PubMed: 12742257]  [MGI Ref ID J:130974]

Jankowsky JL; Fadale DJ; Anderson J; Xu GM; Gonzales V; Jenkins NA; Copeland NG; Lee MK; Younkin LH; Wagner SL; Younkin SG; Borchelt DR. 2004. Mutant presenilins specifically elevate the levels of the 42 residue beta-amyloid peptide in vivo: evidence for augmentation of a 42-specific gamma secretase. Hum Mol Genet 13(2):159-70. [PubMed: 14645205]  [MGI Ref ID J:87691]

Jankowsky JL; Melnikova T; Fadale DJ; Xu GM; Slunt HH; Gonzales V; Younkin LH; Younkin SG; Borchelt DR; Savonenko AV. 2005. Environmental enrichment mitigates cognitive deficits in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. J Neurosci 25(21):5217-24. [PubMed: 15917461]  [MGI Ref ID J:98541]

Jankowsky JL; Slunt HH; Gonzales V; Jenkins NA; Copeland NG; Borchelt DR. 2004. APP processing and amyloid deposition in mice haplo-insufficient for presenilin 1. Neurobiol Aging 25(7):885-92. [PubMed: 15212842]  [MGI Ref ID J:102351]

Kalesnykas G; Roschier U; Puolivali J; Wang J; Miettinen R. 2005. The effect of aging on the subcellular distribution of estrogen receptor-alpha in the cholinergic neurons of transgenic and wild-type mice. Eur J Neurosci 21(5):1437-42. [PubMed: 15813954]  [MGI Ref ID J:101077]

Kamphuis W; Kooijman L; Orre M; Stassen O; Pekny M; Hol EM. 2015. GFAP and vimentin deficiency alters gene expression in astrocytes and microglia in wild-type mice and changes the transcriptional response of reactive glia in mouse model for Alzheimer's disease. Glia 63(6):1036-56. [PubMed: 25731615]  [MGI Ref ID J:221193]

Kanekiyo T; Cirrito JR; Liu CC; Shinohara M; Li J; Schuler DR; Shinohara M; Holtzman DM; Bu G. 2013. Neuronal clearance of amyloid-beta by endocytic receptor LRP1. J Neurosci 33(49):19276-83. [PubMed: 24305823]  [MGI Ref ID J:204149]

Kanekiyo T; Liu CC; Shinohara M; Li J; Bu G. 2012. LRP1 in brain vascular smooth muscle cells mediates local clearance of Alzheimer's amyloid-beta. J Neurosci 32(46):16458-65. [PubMed: 23152628]  [MGI Ref ID J:192453]

Ke HC; Huang HJ; Liang KC; Hsieh-Li HM. 2011. Selective improvement of cognitive function in adult and aged APP/PS1 transgenic mice by continuous non-shock treadmill exercise. Brain Res 1403:1-11. [PubMed: 21689809]  [MGI Ref ID J:174067]

Khan UA; Liu L; Provenzano FA; Berman DE; Profaci CP; Sloan R; Mayeux R; Duff KE; Small SA. 2014. Molecular drivers and cortical spread of lateral entorhinal cortex dysfunction in preclinical Alzheimer's disease. Nat Neurosci 17(2):304-11. [PubMed: 24362760]  [MGI Ref ID J:208008]

Laird FM; Cai H; Savonenko AV; Farah MH; He K; Melnikova T; Wen H; Chiang HC; Xu G; Koliatsos VE; Borchelt DR; Price DL; Lee HK; Wong PC. 2005. BACE1, a major determinant of selective vulnerability of the brain to amyloid-beta amyloidogenesis, is essential for cognitive, emotional, and synaptic functions. J Neurosci 25(50):11693-709. [PubMed: 16354928]  [MGI Ref ID J:123534]

Lazarov O; Morfini GA; Pigino G; Gadadhar A; Chen X; Robinson J; Ho H; Brady ST; Sisodia SS. 2007. Impairments in fast axonal transport and motor neuron deficits in transgenic mice expressing familial Alzheimer's disease-linked mutant presenilin 1. J Neurosci 27(26):7011-20. [PubMed: 17596450]  [MGI Ref ID J:122975]

Lee GD; Aruna JH; Barrett PM; Lei DL; Ingram DK; Mouton PR. 2005. Stereological analysis of microvascular parameters in a double transgenic model of Alzheimer's disease. Brain Res Bull 65(4):317-22. [PubMed: 15811597]  [MGI Ref ID J:135436]

Lesuisse C; Xu G; Anderson J; Wong M; Jankowsky J; Holtz G; Gonzalez V; Wong PC; Price DL; Tang F; Wagner S; Borchelt DR. 2001. Hyper-expression of human apolipoprotein E4 in astroglia and neurons does not enhance amyloid deposition in transgenic mice. Hum Mol Genet 10(22):2525-37. [PubMed: 11709540]  [MGI Ref ID J:72987]

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Soderman A; Mikkelsen JD; West MJ; Christensen DZ; Jensen MS. 2011. Activation of nicotinic alpha(7) acetylcholine receptor enhances long term potentation in wild type mice but not in APP(swe)/PS1DeltaE9 mice. Neurosci Lett 487(3):325-9. [PubMed: 20974225]  [MGI Ref ID J:168638]

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Tang J; Song M; Wang Y; Fan X; Xu H; Bai Y. 2009. Noggin and BMP4 co-modulate adult hippocampal neurogenesis in the APP(swe)/PS1(DeltaE9) transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 385(3):341-5. [PubMed: 19463786]  [MGI Ref ID J:150675]

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