Strain Name:

C.129S2-Stat4tm1Gru Stat6tm1Gru/J

Stock Number:

003750

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Availability:

Cryopreserved - Ready for recovery

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Description

The genotypes of the animals provided may not reflect those discussed in the strain description or the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation. Please inquire for possible genotypes for this specific strain.

Strain Information

Type Congenic; Mutant Strain; Targeted Mutation;
Additional information on Genetically Engineered and Mutant Mice.
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Additional information on Congenic nomenclature.
Specieslaboratory mouse
 
Donating Investigator The Jackson Laboratory,  

Description
Mice homozygous for both the Stat4tm1Gru and Stat6tm1Gru targeted mutations are viable and fertile. Mutant mice display characteristics of both STAT4 and STAT6 deficient mice. They are defective in both IL-12 mediated signaling as well as IL-4 induced responses. They do not generate functional Th2 cells, a characteristic of STAT6 deficient mice. However, while STAT4 deficient mice do not produce interferon gamma secreting Th1 cells, the STAT4/STAT6 double deficient mice do exhibit a functional Th1 response, producing significant amounts of IFN-{\f 23 g}. The presence of a functional Th1 response in double deficient mice indicates that there is a STAT4 independent pathway for the production of Th1 cells when STAT6 signaling is not activated.

Control Information

  Control
   000651 BALB/cJ
 
  Considerations for Choosing Controls

Related Strains

View Strains carrying   Stat4tm1Gru     (3 strains)

Strains carrying   Stat6tm1Gru allele
005977   B6.129S2(C)-Stat6tm1Gru/J
002828   C.129S2-Stat6tm1Gru/J
004672   NOD.129S2(Cg)-Stat6tm1Gru/JbsJ
View Strains carrying   Stat6tm1Gru     (3 strains)

Phenotype

Phenotype Information

View Related Disease (OMIM) Terms

Related Disease (OMIM) Terms provided by MGI
- Potential model based on gene homology relationships. Phenotypic similarity to the human disease has not been tested.
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Susceptibility to, 11; SLEB11   (STAT4)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Stat4tm1Gru related

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
Immunodeficiency
Intracellular Signaling Molecules

Stat6tm1Gru related
Immunodeficiency
Intracellular Signaling Molecules

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

 
Allele Symbol Stat4tm1Gru
Allele Name targeted mutation 1, Michael J Grusby
Allele Type Targeted (Null/Knockout)
Common Name(s) Stat4-;
Mutation Made ByDr. Michael Grusby,   Harvard Medical School
Strain of Origin129S2/SvPas
ES Cell Line NameD3
ES Cell Line Strain129S2/SvPas
Gene Symbol and Name Stat4, signal transducer and activator of transcription 4
Chromosome 1
Gene Common Name(s) SLEB11;
Molecular Note The exon encoding amino acids 263 through 314 was disrupted by the insertion of a neomycin selection cassette. The encoded protein was undetectable in the thymi and lymph nodes of homozygous mutant mice by immunoblot analysis. [MGI Ref ID J:34059]
 
Allele Symbol Stat6tm1Gru
Allele Name targeted mutation 1, Michael J Grusby
Allele Type Targeted (Null/Knockout)
Common Name(s) S6KO; Stat6-;
Mutation Made ByDr. Michael Grusby,   Harvard Medical School
Strain of Origin129S2/SvPas
ES Cell Line NameD3
ES Cell Line Strain129S2/SvPas
Gene Symbol and Name Stat6, signal transducer and activator of transcription 6
Chromosome 10
Gene Common Name(s) D12S1644; IL-4-STAT; STAT6B; STAT6C;
Molecular Note The region encoding the SH2 domain, which is essential for dimerization, was replaced by the insertion of a neomycin selection cassette. Immunoblot analysis of lysates from the spleens and thymi of homozygous mutant mice showed an absence of encoded protein. [MGI Ref ID J:31932]

Genotyping

Genotyping Information

Genotyping Protocols

Stat4tm1Gru, Standard PCR
Stat6tm1Gru, Standard PCR


Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting

References

References provided by MGI

Selected Reference(s)

Kaplan MH; Sun YL; Hoey T; Grusby MJ. 1996. Impaired IL-12 responses and enhanced development of Th2 cells in Stat4-deficient mice. Nature 382(6587):174-7. [PubMed: 8700209]  [MGI Ref ID J:34059]

Additional References

Kaplan MH; Schindler U; Smiley ST; Grusby MJ. 1996. Stat6 is required for mediating responses to IL-4 and for development of Th2 cells. Immunity 4(3):313-9. [PubMed: 8624821]  [MGI Ref ID J:31932]

Stat4tm1Gru related

Afkarian M; Sedy JR; Yang J; Jacobson NG; Cereb N; Yang SY; Murphy TL; Murphy KM. 2002. T-bet is a STAT1-induced regulator of IL-12R expression in naive CD4+ T cells. Nat Immunol 3(6):549-57. [PubMed: 12006974]  [MGI Ref ID J:109160]

Agarwal S; Rao A. 1998. Modulation of chromatin structure regulates cytokine gene expression during T cell differentiation. Immunity 9(6):765-75. [PubMed: 9881967]  [MGI Ref ID J:51833]

Allen SJ; Mott KR; Ghiasi H. 2010. Involvement of STAT4 in IgG subtype switching and ocular HSV-1 replication in mice. Mol Vis 16:98-104. [PubMed: 20104254]  [MGI Ref ID J:161827]

Anderson AC; Lord GM; Dardalhon V; Lee DH; Sabatos-Peyton CA; Glimcher LH; Kuchroo VK. 2010. T-bet, a Th1 transcription factor regulates the expression of Tim-3. Eur J Immunol 40(3):859-66. [PubMed: 20049876]  [MGI Ref ID J:157872]

Armstrong BD; Abad C; Chhith S; Cheung-Lau G; Hajji OE; Coute AC; Ngo DH; Waschek JA. 2006. Impairment of axotomy-induced pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide gene expression in T helper 2 lymphocyte-deficient mice. Neuroreport 17(3):309-12. [PubMed: 16462603]  [MGI Ref ID J:106085]

Balasubramani A; Shibata Y; Crawford GE; Baldwin AS; Hatton RD; Weaver CT. 2010. Modular utilization of distal cis-regulatory elements controls Ifng gene expression in T cells activated by distinct stimuli. Immunity 33(1):35-47. [PubMed: 20643337]  [MGI Ref ID J:162632]

Becskei A; Grusby MJ. 2007. Contribution of IL-12R mediated feedback loop to Th1 cell differentiation. FEBS Lett 581(27):5199-206. [PubMed: 17950290]  [MGI Ref ID J:127745]

Bell BD; Kitajima M; Larson RP; Stoklasek TA; Dang K; Sakamoto K; Wagner KU; Reizis B; Hennighausen L; Ziegler SF. 2013. The transcription factor STAT5 is critical in dendritic cells for the development of TH2 but not TH1 responses. Nat Immunol 14(4):364-71. [PubMed: 23435120]  [MGI Ref ID J:194747]

Blum A; Setiawan T; Hang L; Stoyanoff K; Weinstock JV. 2008. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) and IL-23 induction of substance p synthesis in murine T cells and macrophages is subject to IL-10 and transforming growth factor beta regulation. Infect Immun 76(8):3651-6. [PubMed: 18505813]  [MGI Ref ID J:139373]

Broxmeyer HE; Bruns HA; Zhang S; Cooper S; Hangoc G; McKenzie AN; Dent AL; Schindler U; Naeger LK; Hoey T; Kaplan MH. 2002. Th1 cells regulate hematopoietic progenitor cell homeostasis by production of oncostatin m. Immunity 16(6):815-25. [PubMed: 12121663]  [MGI Ref ID J:77523]

Casey KA; Mescher MF. 2007. IL-21 promotes differentiation of naive CD8 T cells to a unique effector phenotype. J Immunol 178(12):7640-8. [PubMed: 17548600]  [MGI Ref ID J:148589]

Castilow EM; Legge KL; Varga SM. 2008. Cutting edge: Eosinophils do not contribute to respiratory syncytial virus vaccine-enhanced disease. J Immunol 181(10):6692-6. [PubMed: 18981084]  [MGI Ref ID J:140954]

Chang HC; Zhang S; Kaplan MH. 2002. Neonatal tolerance in the absence of Stat4- and Stat6- dependent Th cell differentiation. J Immunol 169(8):4124-8. [PubMed: 12370340]  [MGI Ref ID J:120160]

Chang HC; Zhang S; Oldham I; Naeger L; Hoey T; Kaplan MH. 2003. STAT4 requires the N-terminal domain for efficient phosphorylation. J Biol Chem 278(34):32471-7. [PubMed: 12805384]  [MGI Ref ID J:85186]

Chesler DA; Reiss CS. 2002. IL-12, while beneficial, is not essential for the host response to VSV encephalitis. J Neuroimmunol 131(1-2):92-7. [PubMed: 12458040]  [MGI Ref ID J:102956]

Chi H; Lu B; Takekawa M; Davis RJ; Flavell RA. 2004. GADD45beta/GADD45gamma and MEKK4 comprise a genetic pathway mediating STAT4-independent IFNgamma production in T cells. EMBO J 23(7):1576-86. [PubMed: 15044949]  [MGI Ref ID J:90112]

Chitnis T; Najafian N; Benou C; Salama AD; Grusby MJ; Sayegh MH; Khoury SJ. 2001. Effect of targeted disruption of STAT4 and STAT6 on the induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. J Clin Invest 108(5):739-47. [PubMed: 11544280]  [MGI Ref ID J:71460]

Chitnis T; Salama AD; Grusby MJ; Sayegh MH; Khoury SJ. 2004. Defining Th1 and Th2 immune responses in a reciprocal cytokine environment in vivo. J Immunol 172(7):4260-5. [PubMed: 15034039]  [MGI Ref ID J:88725]

Chung DR; Kasper DL; Panzo RJ; Chtinis T; Grusby MJ; Sayegh MH; Tzianabos AO. 2003. CD4+ T cells mediate abscess formation in intra-abdominal sepsis by an IL-17-dependent mechanism. J Immunol 170(4):1958-63. [PubMed: 12574364]  [MGI Ref ID J:81809]

Ciric B; El-behi M; Cabrera R; Zhang GX; Rostami A. 2009. IL-23 drives pathogenic IL-17-producing CD8+ T cells. J Immunol 182(9):5296-305. [PubMed: 19380776]  [MGI Ref ID J:150310]

Collins PL; Chang S; Henderson M; Soutto M; Davis GM; McLoed AG; Townsend MJ; Glimcher LH; Mortlock DP; Aune TM. 2010. Distal regions of the human IFNG locus direct cell type-specific expression. J Immunol 185(3):1492-501. [PubMed: 20574006]  [MGI Ref ID J:162475]

Collison LW; Delgoffe GM; Guy CS; Vignali KM; Chaturvedi V; Fairweather D; Satoskar AR; Garcia KC; Hunter CA; Drake CG; Murray PJ; Vignali DA. 2012. The composition and signaling of the IL-35 receptor are unconventional. Nat Immunol 13(3):290-9. [PubMed: 22306691]  [MGI Ref ID J:181328]

Croy BA; Ashkar AA; Foster RA; DiSanto JP; Magram J; Carson D; Gendler SJ; Grusby MJ; Wagner N; Muller W; Guimond MJ. 1997. Histological studies of gene-ablated mice support important functional roles for natural killer cells in the uterus during pregnancy J Reprod Immunol 35(2):111-33. [PubMed: 9421796]  [MGI Ref ID J:44813]

Curtsinger JM; Valenzuela JO; Agarwal P; Lins D; Mescher MF. 2005. Type I IFNs provide a third signal to CD8 T cells to stimulate clonal expansion and differentiation. J Immunol 174(8):4465-9. [PubMed: 15814665]  [MGI Ref ID J:98161]

Deng JC; Zeng X; Newstead M; Moore TA; Tsai WC; Thannickal VJ; Standiford TJ. 2004. STAT4 is a critical mediator of early innate immune responses against pulmonary Klebsiella infection. J Immunol 173(6):4075-83. [PubMed: 15356157]  [MGI Ref ID J:92750]

Devoss JJ; Shum AK; Johannes KP; Lu W; Krawisz AK; Wang P; Yang T; Leclair NP; Austin C; Strauss EC; Anderson MS. 2008. Effector mechanisms of the autoimmune syndrome in the murine model of autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1. J Immunol 181(6):4072-9. [PubMed: 18768863]  [MGI Ref ID J:139094]

Dobrian AD; Galkina EV; Ma Q; Hatcher M; Aye SM; Butcher MJ; Ma K; Haynes BA; Kaplan MH; Nadler JL. 2013. STAT4 deficiency reduces obesity-induced insulin resistance and adipose tissue inflammation. Diabetes 62(12):4109-21. [PubMed: 23939393]  [MGI Ref ID J:208928]

Duhen R; Glatigny S; Arbelaez CA; Blair TC; Oukka M; Bettelli E. 2013. Cutting Edge: The Pathogenicity of IFN-gamma-Producing Th17 Cells Is Independent of T-bet. J Immunol 190(9):4478-82. [PubMed: 23543757]  [MGI Ref ID J:195506]

Eddahri F; Denanglaire S; Bureau F; Spolski R; Leonard WJ; Leo O; Andris F. 2009. Interleukin-6/STAT3 signaling regulates the ability of naive T cells to acquire B-cell help capacities. Blood 113(11):2426-33. [PubMed: 19020307]  [MGI Ref ID J:146334]

Elvin SJ; Williamson ED. 2004. Stat 4 but not Stat 6 mediated immune mechanisms are essential in protection against plague. Microb Pathog 37(4):177-84. [PubMed: 15458778]  [MGI Ref ID J:102018]

Eva MM; Yuki KE; Dauphinee SM; Schwartzentruber JA; Pyzik M; Paquet M; Lathrop M; Majewski J; Vidal SM; Malo D. 2014. Altered IFN-gamma-mediated immunity and transcriptional expression patterns in N-Ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced STAT4 mutants confer susceptibility to acute typhoid-like disease. J Immunol 192(1):259-70. [PubMed: 24285835]  [MGI Ref ID J:207092]

Eyles JL; Metcalf D; Grusby MJ; Hilton DJ; Starr R. 2002. Negative regulation of interleukin-12 signaling by suppressor of cytokine signaling-1. J Biol Chem 277(46):43735-40. [PubMed: 12221108]  [MGI Ref ID J:119132]

Fairweather D; Frisancho-Kiss S; Yusung SA; Barrett MA; Davis SE; Steele RA; Gatewood SJ; Rose NR. 2005. IL-12 protects against coxsackievirus B3-induced myocarditis by increasing IFN-gamma and macrophage and neutrophil populations in the heart. J Immunol 174(1):261-9. [PubMed: 15611248]  [MGI Ref ID J:95857]

Finnegan A; Grusby MJ; Kaplan CD; O'Neill SK; Eibel H; Koreny T; Czipri M; Mikecz K; Zhang J. 2002. IL-4 and IL-12 regulate proteoglycan-induced arthritis through Stat-dependent mechanisms. J Immunol 169(6):3345-52. [PubMed: 12218156]  [MGI Ref ID J:120443]

Fraidakis MJ; Kiyotani T; Pernold K; Bergstrom J; Olson L. 2007. Recovery from spinal cord injury in tumor necrosis factor-alpha, signal transducers and activators of transcription 4 and signal transducers and activators of transcription 6 null mice. Neuroreport 18(2):185-9. [PubMed: 17301687]  [MGI Ref ID J:120345]

Freudenberg MA; Merlin T; Kalis C; Chvatchko Y; Stubig H; Galanos C. 2002. Cutting edge: a murine, IL-12-independent pathway of IFN-gamma induction by gram-negative bacteria based on STAT4 activation by Type I IFN and IL-18 signaling. J Immunol 169(4):1665-8. [PubMed: 12165484]  [MGI Ref ID J:120706]

Furuta S; Kagami S; Tamachi T; Ikeda K; Fujiwara M; Suto A; Hirose K; Watanabe N; Saito Y; Iwamoto I; Nakajima H. 2008. Overlapping and distinct roles of STAT4 and T-bet in the regulation of T cell differentiation and allergic airway inflammation. J Immunol 180(10):6656-62. [PubMed: 18453585]  [MGI Ref ID J:134955]

Gil MP; Ploquin MJ; Watford WT; Lee SH; Kim K; Wang X; Kanno Y; O'Shea JJ; Biron CA. 2012. Regulating type 1 IFN effects in CD8 T cells during viral infections: changing STAT4 and STAT1 expression for function. Blood 120(18):3718-28. [PubMed: 22968462]  [MGI Ref ID J:191417]

Godshall CJ; Lentsch AB; Peyton JC; Scott MJ; Cheadle WG. 2001. STAT4 is required for antibacterial defense but enhances mortality during polymicrobial sepsis. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 8(6):1044-8. [PubMed: 11687437]  [MGI Ref ID J:102411]

Grabie N; Delfs MW; Westrich JR; Love VA; Stavrakis G; Ahmad F; Seidman CE; Seidman JG; Lichtman AH. 2003. IL-12 is required for differentiation of pathogenic CD8+ T cell effectors that cause myocarditis. J Clin Invest 111(5):671-80. [PubMed: 12618521]  [MGI Ref ID J:132693]

Haapakoski R; Karisola P; Fyhrquist N; Savinko T; Wolff H; Turjanmaa K; Palosuo T; Reunala T; Lauerma A; Alenius H. 2011. Intradermal cytosine-phosphate-guanosine treatment reduces lung inflammation but induces IFN-gamma-mediated airway hyperreactivity in a murine model of natural rubber latex allergy. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 44(5):639-47. [PubMed: 20581096]  [MGI Ref ID J:183350]

Hakim O; Sung MH; Nakayamada S; Voss TC; Baek S; Hager GL. 2013. Spatial congregation of STAT binding directs selective nuclear architecture during T-cell functional differentiation. Genome Res 23(3):462-72. [PubMed: 23212947]  [MGI Ref ID J:198013]

Harris DP; Goodrich S; Gerth AJ; Peng SL; Lund FE. 2005. Regulation of IFN-gamma production by B effector 1 cells: essential roles for T-bet and the IFN-gamma receptor. J Immunol 174(11):6781-90. [PubMed: 15905519]  [MGI Ref ID J:99038]

Herold KC; Lu J; Rulifson I; Vezys V; Taub D; Grusby MJ; Bluestone JA. 1997. Regulation of C-C chemokine production by murine T cells by CD28/B7 costimulation. J Immunol 159(9):4150-3. [PubMed: 9379007]  [MGI Ref ID J:110673]

Hildner KM; Schirmacher P; Atreya I; Dittmayer M; Bartsch B; Galle PR; Wirtz S; Neurath MF. 2007. Targeting of the transcription factor STAT4 by antisense phosphorothioate oligonucleotides suppresses collagen-induced arthritis. J Immunol 178(6):3427-36. [PubMed: 17339437]  [MGI Ref ID J:144293]

Hoey T; Zhang S; Schmidt N; Yu Q; Ramchandani S; Xu X; Naeger LK; Sun YL; Kaplan MH. 2003. Distinct requirements for the naturally occurring splice forms Stat4alpha and Stat4beta in IL-12 responses. EMBO J 22(16):4237-48. [PubMed: 12912921]  [MGI Ref ID J:130992]

Holz A; Bot A; Coon B; Wolfe T; Grusby MJ; von Herrath MG. 1999. Disruption of the STAT4 signaling pathway protects from autoimmune diabetes while retaining antiviral immune competence. J Immunol 163(10):5374-82. [PubMed: 10553062]  [MGI Ref ID J:107047]

Huber SA; Sakkinen P; David C; Newell MK; Tracy RP. 2001. T helper-cell phenotype regulates atherosclerosis in mice under conditions of mild hypercholesterolemia. Circulation 103(21):2610-6. [PubMed: 11382732]  [MGI Ref ID J:133189]

Hwang I; Scott JM; Kakarla T; Duriancik DM; Choi S; Cho C; Lee T; Park H; French AR; Beli E; Gardner E; Kim S. 2012. Activation mechanisms of natural killer cells during influenza virus infection. PLoS One 7(12):e51858. [PubMed: 23300570]  [MGI Ref ID J:195732]

Ishii M; Wen H; Corsa CA; Liu T; Coelho AL; Allen RM; Carson WF 4th; Cavassani KA; Li X; Lukacs NW; Hogaboam CM; Dou Y; Kunkel SL. 2009. Epigenetic regulation of the alternatively activated macrophage phenotype. Blood 114(15):3244-54. [PubMed: 19567879]  [MGI Ref ID J:153569]

Jacob CO; Zang S; Li L; Ciobanu V; Quismorio F; Mizutani A; Satoh M; Koss M. 2003. Pivotal role of Stat4 and Stat6 in the pathogenesis of the lupus-like disease in the New Zealand mixed 2328 mice. J Immunol 171(3):1564-71. [PubMed: 12874250]  [MGI Ref ID J:120665]

Kaplan MH; Wurster AL; Grusby MJ. 1998. A signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat)4-independent pathway for the development of T helper type 1 cells. J Exp Med 188(6):1191-6. [PubMed: 9743537]  [MGI Ref ID J:50032]

Kataoka TR; Nishizawa Y. 2008. Stat4 suppresses the proliferation of connective tissue-type mast cells. Lab Invest 88(8):856-64. [PubMed: 18521064]  [MGI Ref ID J:138166]

Kim SH; Gunst KV; Sarvetnick N. 2006. STAT4/6-dependent differential regulation of chemokine receptors. Clin Immunol 118(2-3):250-7. [PubMed: 16413227]  [MGI Ref ID J:107223]

Kim YK; Oh SY; Jeon SG; Park HW; Lee SY; Chun EY; Bang B; Lee HS; Oh MH; Kim YS; Kim JH; Gho YS; Cho SH; Min KU; Kim YY; Zhu Z. 2007. Airway exposure levels of lipopolysaccharide determine type 1 versus type 2 experimental asthma. J Immunol 178(8):5375-82. [PubMed: 17404323]  [MGI Ref ID J:145264]

Kishimoto K; Dong VM; Issazadeh S; Fedoseyeva EV; Waaga AM; Yamada A; Sho M; Benichou G; Auchincloss H Jr; Grusby MJ; Khoury SJ; Sayegh MH. 2000. The role of CD154-CD40 versus CD28-B7 costimulatory pathways in regulating allogeneic Th1 and Th2 responses in vivo. J Clin Invest 106(1):63-72. [PubMed: 10880049]  [MGI Ref ID J:63156]

Klose CS; Kiss EA; Schwierzeck V; Ebert K; Hoyler T; d'Hargues Y; Goppert N; Croxford AL; Waisman A; Tanriver Y; Diefenbach A. 2013. A T-bet gradient controls the fate and function of CCR6-RORgammat+ innate lymphoid cells. Nature 494(7436):261-5. [PubMed: 23334414]  [MGI Ref ID J:194555]

Land KJ; Gudapati P; Kaplan MH; Seetharamaiah GS. 2006. Differential requirement of signal transducer and activator of transcription-4 (Stat4) and Stat6 in a thyrotropin receptor-289-adenovirus-induced model of Graves' hyperthyroidism. Endocrinology 147(1):111-9. [PubMed: 16195404]  [MGI Ref ID J:129448]

Lee CG; Kwon HK; Sahoo A; Hwang W; So JS; Hwang JS; Chae CS; Kim GC; Kim JE; So HS; Hwang ES; Grenningloh R; Ho IC; Im SH. 2012. Interaction of Ets-1 with HDAC1 Represses IL-10 Expression in Th1 Cells. J Immunol 188(5):2244-53. [PubMed: 22266280]  [MGI Ref ID J:181289]

Lee SH; Fragoso MF; Biron CA. 2012. Cutting edge: a novel mechanism bridging innate and adaptive immunity: IL-12 induction of CD25 to form high-affinity IL-2 receptors on NK cells. J Immunol 189(6):2712-6. [PubMed: 22888135]  [MGI Ref ID J:189815]

Lee YK; Turner H; Maynard CL; Oliver JR; Chen D; Elson CO; Weaver CT. 2009. Late developmental plasticity in the T helper 17 lineage. Immunity 30(1):92-107. [PubMed: 19119024]  [MGI Ref ID J:143729]

Li CR; Mueller EE; Bradley LM. 2014. Islet antigen-specific Th17 cells can induce TNF-alpha-dependent autoimmune diabetes. J Immunol 192(4):1425-32. [PubMed: 24446517]  [MGI Ref ID J:209355]

Li J. 2013. JAK-STAT and bone metabolism. JAKSTAT 2(3):e23930. [PubMed: 24069548]  [MGI Ref ID J:202463]

Li Q; Iuchi T; Jure-Kunkel MN; Chang AE. 2007. Adjuvant effect of anti-4-1BB mAb administration in adoptive T cell therapy of cancer. Int J Biol Sci 3(7):455-62. [PubMed: 18071585]  [MGI Ref ID J:161109]

Longman RS; Braun D; Pellegrini S; Rice CM; Darnell RB; Albert ML. 2007. Dendritic-cell maturation alters intracellular signaling networks, enabling differential effects of IFN-alpha/beta on antigen cross-presentation. Blood 109(3):1113-22. [PubMed: 17018853]  [MGI Ref ID J:144394]

Martin SF; Dudda JC; Bachtanian E; Lembo A; Liller S; Durr C; Heimesaat MM; Bereswill S; Fejer G; Vassileva R; Jakob T; Freudenberg N; Termeer CC; Johner C; Galanos C; Freudenberg MA. 2008. Toll-like receptor and IL-12 signaling control susceptibility to contact hypersensitivity. J Exp Med 205(9):2151-62. [PubMed: 18725520]  [MGI Ref ID J:138813]

Mathur AN; Chang HC; Zisoulis DG; Stritesky GL; Yu Q; O'Malley JT; Kapur R; Levy DE; Kansas GS; Kaplan MH. 2007. Stat3 and Stat4 direct development of IL-17-secreting Th cells. J Immunol 178(8):4901-7. [PubMed: 17404271]  [MGI Ref ID J:145196]

Matsukawa A; Kaplan MH; Hogaboam CM; Lukacs NW; Kunkel SL. 2001. Pivotal role of signal transducer and activator of transcription (stat)4 and stat6 in the innate immune response during sepsis. J Exp Med 193(6):679-88. [PubMed: 11257135]  [MGI Ref ID J:68143]

Menke J; Bork T; Kutska B; Byrne KT; Blanfeld M; Relle M; Kelley VR; Schwarting A. 2011. Targeting transcription factor Stat4 uncovers a role for interleukin-18 in the pathogenesis of severe lupus nephritis in mice. Kidney Int 79(4):452-63. [PubMed: 20980973]  [MGI Ref ID J:186884]

Miyagi T; Gil MP; Wang X; Louten J; Chu WM; Biron CA. 2007. High basal STAT4 balanced by STAT1 induction to control type 1 interferon effects in natural killer cells. J Exp Med 204(10):2383-96. [PubMed: 17846149]  [MGI Ref ID J:126055]

Mo C; Chearwae W; O'Malley JT; Adams SM; Kanakasabai S; Walline CC; Stritesky GL; Good SR; Perumal NB; Kaplan MH; Bright JJ. 2008. Stat4 isoforms differentially regulate inflammation and demyelination in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. J Immunol 181(8):5681-90. [PubMed: 18832727]  [MGI Ref ID J:140753]

Morris SC; Orekhova T; Meadows MJ; Heidorn SM; Yang J; Finkelman FD. 2006. IL-4 induces in vivo production of IFN-gamma by NK and NKT cells. J Immunol 176(9):5299-305. [PubMed: 16621996]  [MGI Ref ID J:131660]

Mukasa R; Balasubramani A; Lee YK; Whitley SK; Weaver BT; Shibata Y; Crawford GE; Hatton RD; Weaver CT. 2010. Epigenetic instability of cytokine and transcription factor gene loci underlies plasticity of the T helper 17 cell lineage. Immunity 32(5):616-27. [PubMed: 20471290]  [MGI Ref ID J:160694]

Myers RC; Dunaway CW; Nelson MP; Trevor JL; Morris A; Steele C. 2013. STAT4-dependent and -independent Th2 responses correlate with protective immunity against lung infection with Pneumocystis murina. J Immunol 190(12):6287-94. [PubMed: 23650614]  [MGI Ref ID J:204759]

Najafian N; Chitnis T; Salama AD; Zhu B; Benou C; Yuan X; Clarkson MR; Sayegh MH; Khoury SJ. 2003. Regulatory functions of CD8+CD28- T cells in an autoimmune disease model. J Clin Invest 112(7):1037-48. [PubMed: 14523041]  [MGI Ref ID J:85805]

Nakayamada S; Kanno Y; Takahashi H; Jankovic D; Lu KT; Johnson TA; Sun HW; Vahedi G; Hakim O; Handon R; Schwartzberg PL; Hager GL; O'Shea JJ. 2011. Early Th1 Cell Differentiation Is Marked by a Tfh Cell-like Transition. Immunity 35(6):919-31. [PubMed: 22195747]  [MGI Ref ID J:179278]

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Nandakumar KS; Holmdahl R. 2006. Arthritis induced with cartilage-specific antibodiesis IL-4-dependent. Eur J Immunol 36(6):1608-18. [PubMed: 16688680]  [MGI Ref ID J:115066]

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Nishikomori R; Usui T; Wu CY; Morinobu A; O'Shea JJ; Strober W. 2002. Activated STAT4 has an essential role in Th1 differentiation and proliferation that is independent of its role in the maintenance of IL-12Rbeta2 chain expression and signaling. J Immunol 169(8):4388-98. [PubMed: 12370372]  [MGI Ref ID J:79543]

Nurieva RI; Chung Y; Hwang D; Yang XO; Kang HS; Ma L; Wang YH; Watowich SS; Jetten AM; Tian Q; Dong C. 2008. Generation of T follicular helper cells is mediated by interleukin-21 but independent of T helper 1, 2, or 17 cell lineages. Immunity 29(1):138-49. [PubMed: 18599325]  [MGI Ref ID J:137869]

O'Malley JT; Eri RD; Stritesky GL; Mathur AN; Chang HC; Hogenesch H; Srinivasan M; Kaplan MH. 2008. STAT4 isoforms differentially regulate Th1 cytokine production and the severity of inflammatory bowel disease. J Immunol 181(7):5062-70. [PubMed: 18802110]  [MGI Ref ID J:142733]

O'Malley JT; Sehra S; Thieu VT; Yu Q; Chang HC; Stritesky GL; Nguyen ET; Mathur AN; Levy DE; Kaplan MH. 2009. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 limits the development of adaptive regulatory T cells. Immunology 127(4):587-95. [PubMed: 19604309]  [MGI Ref ID J:155987]

Oghumu S; Gupta G; Snider HM; Varikuti S; Terrazas CA; Papenfuss TL; Kaplan MH; Satoskar AR. 2014. STAT4 is critical for immunity but not for antileishmanial activity of antimonials in experimental visceral leishmaniasis. Eur J Immunol 44(2):450-9. [PubMed: 24242758]  [MGI Ref ID J:209091]

Ostrand-Rosenberg S; Grusby MJ; Clements VK. 2000. Cutting edge: STAT6-deficient mice have enhanced tumor immunity to primary and metastatic mammary carcinoma J Immunol 165(11):6015-9. [PubMed: 11086031]  [MGI Ref ID J:65894]

Owaki T; Asakawa M; Kamiya S; Takeda K; Fukai F; Mizuguchi J; Yoshimoto T. 2006. IL-27 suppresses CD28-mediated [correction of medicated] IL-2 production through suppressor of cytokine signaling 3. J Immunol 176(5):2773-80. [PubMed: 16493033]  [MGI Ref ID J:129424]

Owaki T; Asakawa M; Morishima N; Hata K; Fukai F; Matsui M; Mizuguchi J; Yoshimoto T. 2005. A role for IL-27 in early regulation of Th1 differentiation. J Immunol 175(4):2191-200. [PubMed: 16081786]  [MGI Ref ID J:107503]

Palmqvist P; Lundberg P; Persson E; Johansson A; Lundgren I; Lie A; Conaway HH; Lerner UH. 2006. Inhibition of hormone and cytokine-stimulated osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption by interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 is associated with increased osteoprotegerin and decreased RANKL and RANK in a STAT6-dependent pathway. J Biol Chem 281(5):2414-29. [PubMed: 16251181]  [MGI Ref ID J:107499]

Park H; Li Z; Yang XO; Chang SH; Nurieva R; Wang YH; Wang Y; Hood L; Zhu Z; Tian Q; Dong C. 2005. A distinct lineage of CD4 T cells regulates tissue inflammation by producing interleukin 17. Nat Immunol 6(11):1133-41. [PubMed: 16200068]  [MGI Ref ID J:112600]

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Peck-Palmer OM; Unsinger J; Chang KC; Davis CG; McDunn JE; Hotchkiss RS. 2008. Deletion of MyD88 markedly attenuates sepsis-induced T and B lymphocyte apoptosis but worsens survival. J Leukoc Biol 83(4):1009-18. [PubMed: 18211965]  [MGI Ref ID J:134048]

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Raifer H; Mahiny AJ; Bollig N; Petermann F; Hellhund A; Kellner K; Guralnik A; Reinhard K; Bothur E; Huber M; Bauer S; Lohning M; Kiss EA; Ganal SC; Diefenbach A; Korn T; Lohoff M. 2012. Unlike alphabeta T cells, gammadelta T cells, LTi cells and NKT cells do not require IRF4 for the production of IL-17A and IL-22. Eur J Immunol 42(12):3189-201. [PubMed: 22961652]  [MGI Ref ID J:190537]

Ranatunga D; Hedrich CM; Wang F; McVicar DW; Nowak N; Joshi T; Feigenbaum L; Grant LR; Stager S; Bream JH. 2009. A human IL10 BAC transgene reveals tissue-specific control of IL-10 expression and alters disease outcome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106(40):17123-8. [PubMed: 19805095]  [MGI Ref ID J:153695]

Richer E; Prendergast C; Zhang DE; Qureshi ST; Vidal SM; Malo D. 2010. N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced mutation in ubiquitin-specific peptidase 18 causes hyperactivation of IFN-alphabeta signaling and suppresses STAT4-induced IFN-gamma production, resulting in increased susceptibility to Salmonella Typhimurium. J Immunol 185(6):3593-601. [PubMed: 20693420]  [MGI Ref ID J:163843]

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Rodriguez M; Zoecklein L; Gamez JD; Pavelko KD; Papke LM; Nakane S; Howe C; Radhakrishnan S; Hansen MJ; David CS; Warrington AE; Pease LR. 2006. STAT4- and STAT6-signaling molecules in a murine model of multiple sclerosis. FASEB J 20(2):343-5. [PubMed: 16352646]  [MGI Ref ID J:105734]

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Sanchez-Guajardo V; Borghans JA; Marquez ME; Garcia S; Freitas AA. 2005. Different competitive capacities of Stat4- and Stat6-deficient CD4+ T cells during lymphophenia-driven proliferation. J Immunol 174(3):1178-87. [PubMed: 15661871]  [MGI Ref ID J:96425]

Sanchez-Guajardo V; Tanchot C; O'Malley JT; Kaplan MH; Garcia S; Freitas AA. 2007. Agonist-driven development of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells requires a second signal mediated by Stat6. J Immunol 178(12):7550-6. [PubMed: 17548589]  [MGI Ref ID J:148595]

Schilte C; Couderc T; Chretien F; Sourisseau M; Gangneux N; Guivel-Benhassine F; Kraxner A; Tschopp J; Higgs S; Michault A; Arenzana-Seisdedos F; Colonna M; Peduto L; Schwartz O; Lecuit M; Albert ML. 2010. Type I IFN controls chikungunya virus via its action on nonhematopoietic cells. J Exp Med 207(2):429-42. [PubMed: 20123960]  [MGI Ref ID J:157759]

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Shen XD; Ke B; Zhai Y; Gao F; Anselmo D; Lassman CR; Busuttil RW; Kupiec-Weglinski JW. 2003. Stat4 and Stat6 signaling in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice: HO-1 dependence of Stat4 disruption-mediated cytoprotection. Hepatology 37(2):296-303. [PubMed: 12540779]  [MGI Ref ID J:105818]

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Singh RR; Saxena V; Zang S; Li L; Finkelman FD; Witte DP; Jacob CO. 2003. Differential contribution of IL-4 and STAT6 vs STAT4 to the development of lupus nephritis. J Immunol 170(9):4818-25. [PubMed: 12707364]  [MGI Ref ID J:123824]

Slutter B; Pewe LL; Kaech SM; Harty JT. 2013. Lung airway-surveilling CXCR3(hi) memory CD8(+) T cells are critical for protection against influenza A virus. Immunity 39(5):939-48. [PubMed: 24238342]  [MGI Ref ID J:208985]

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Svensson A; Tunback P; Nordstrom I; Shestakov A; Padyukov L; Eriksson K. 2012. STAT4 regulates antiviral gamma interferon responses and recurrent disease during herpes simplex virus 2 infection. J Virol 86(17):9409-15. [PubMed: 22718836]  [MGI Ref ID J:187832]

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Takahashi H; Kanno T; Nakayamada S; Hirahara K; Sciume G; Muljo SA; Kuchen S; Casellas R; Wei L; Kanno Y; O'Shea JJ. 2012. TGF-beta and retinoic acid induce the microRNA miR-10a, which targets Bcl-6 and constrains the plasticity of helper T cells. Nat Immunol 13(6):587-95. [PubMed: 22544395]  [MGI Ref ID J:186450]

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Tarleton RL; Grusby MJ; Zhang L. 2000. Increased susceptibility of Stat4-deficient and enhanced resistance in Stat6-deficient mice to infection with Trypanosoma cruzi. J Immunol 165(3):1520-5. [PubMed: 10903759]  [MGI Ref ID J:120438]

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Ueno T; Habicht A; Clarkson MR; Albin MJ; Yamaura K; Boenisch O; Popoola J; Wang Y; Yagita H; Akiba H; Ansari MJ; Yang J; Turka LA; Rothstein DM; Padera RF; Najafian N; Sayegh MH. 2008. The emerging role of T cell Ig mucin 1 in alloimmune responses in an experimental mouse transplant model. J Clin Invest 118(2):742-51. [PubMed: 18172549]  [MGI Ref ID J:131045]

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Villarino AV; Artis D; Bezbradica JS; Miller O; Saris CJ; Joyce S; Hunter CA. 2008. IL-27R deficiency delays the onset of colitis and protects from helminth-induced pathology in a model of chronic IBD. Int Immunol 20(6):739-52. [PubMed: 18375937]  [MGI Ref ID J:136179]

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Villarino AV; Tato CM; Stumhofer JS; Yao Z; Cui YK; Hennighausen L; O'Shea JJ; Hunter CA. 2007. Helper T cell IL-2 production is limited by negative feedback and STAT-dependent cytokine signals. J Exp Med 204(1):65-71. [PubMed: 17227909]  [MGI Ref ID J:125293]

Wang W; Ostlie NS; Conti-Fine BM; Milani M. 2004. The susceptibility to experimental myasthenia gravis of STAT6-/- and STAT4-/- BALB/c mice suggests a pathogenic role of Th1 cells. J Immunol 172(1):97-103. [PubMed: 14688314]  [MGI Ref ID J:87570]

Wang Y; Feng D; Wang H; Xu MJ; Park O; Li Y; Gao B. 2014. STAT4 knockout mice are more susceptible to concanavalin A-induced T-cell hepatitis. Am J Pathol 184(6):1785-94. [PubMed: 24731448]  [MGI Ref ID J:211092]

White SJ; Underhill GH; Kaplan MH; Kansas GS. 2001. Cutting edge: differential requirements for Stat4 in expression of glycosyltransferases responsible for selectin ligand formation in Th1 cells. J Immunol 167(2):628-31. [PubMed: 11441063]  [MGI Ref ID J:120508]

Wilson DC; Matthews S; Yap GS. 2008. IL-12 Signaling Drives CD8+ T Cell IFN-{gamma} Production and Differentiation of KLRG1+ Effector Subpopulations during Toxoplasma gondii Infection. J Immunol 180(9):5935-45. [PubMed: 18424713]  [MGI Ref ID J:134314]

Wu J; Yang J; Yang K; Wang H; Gorentla B; Shin J; Qiu Y; Que LG; Foster WM; Xia Z; Chi H; Zhong XP. 2014. iNKT cells require TSC1 for terminal maturation and effector lineage fate decisions. J Clin Invest 124(4):1685-98. [PubMed: 24614103]  [MGI Ref ID J:209612]

Wuthrich M; Gern B; Hung CY; Ersland K; Rocco N; Pick-Jacobs J; Galles K; Filutowicz H; Warner T; Evans M; Cole G; Klein B. 2011. Vaccine-induced protection against 3 systemic mycoses endemic to North America requires Th17 cells in mice. J Clin Invest 121(2):554-68. [PubMed: 21206087]  [MGI Ref ID J:171835]

Xu J; Yang Y; Qiu G; Lal G; Yin N; Wu Z; Bromberg JS; Ding Y. 2011. Stat4 Is Critical for the Balance between Th17 Cells and Regulatory T Cells in Colitis. J Immunol 186(11):6597-606. [PubMed: 21525389]  [MGI Ref ID J:173182]

Xu M; Morishima N; Mizoguchi I; Chiba Y; Fujita K; Kuroda M; Iwakura Y; Cua DJ; Yasutomo K; Mizuguchi J; Yoshimoto T. 2011. Regulation of the development of acute hepatitis by IL-23 through IL-22 and IL-17 production. Eur J Immunol 41(10):2828-39. [PubMed: 21953641]  [MGI Ref ID J:176800]

Xu Z; Duan B; Croker BP; Morel L. 2006. STAT4 deficiency reduces autoantibody production and glomerulonephritis in a mouse model of lupus. Clin Immunol 120(2):189-98. [PubMed: 16713741]  [MGI Ref ID J:113234]

Yang Y; Ochando JC; Bromberg JS; Ding Y. 2007. Identification of a distant T-bet enhancer responsive to IL-12/Stat4 and IFNgamma/Stat1 signals. Blood 110(7):2494-500. [PubMed: 17575072]  [MGI Ref ID J:147019]

Yang Z; Chen M; Ellett JD; Fialkow LB; Carter JD; McDuffie M; Nadler JL. 2004. Autoimmune diabetes is blocked in Stat4-deficient mice. J Autoimmun 22(3):191-200. [PubMed: 15041039]  [MGI Ref ID J:90600]

Yap GS; Ortmann R; Shevach E; Sher A. 2001. A heritable defect in IL-12 signaling in B10.Q/J mice. II. Effect on acute resistance to Toxoplasma gondii and rescue by IL-18 treatment. J Immunol 166(9):5720-5. [PubMed: 11313414]  [MGI Ref ID J:120304]

Yeh N; Glosson NL; Wang N; Guindon L; McKinley C; Hamada H; Li Q; Dutton RW; Shrikant P; Zhou B; Brutkiewicz RR; Blum JS; Kaplan MH. 2010. Tc17 cells are capable of mediating immunity to vaccinia virus by acquisition of a cytotoxic phenotype. J Immunol 185(4):2089-98. [PubMed: 20624947]  [MGI Ref ID J:162382]

Yokota N; Burne-Taney M; Racusen L; Rabb H. 2003. Contrasting roles for STAT4 and STAT6 signal transduction pathways in murine renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 285(2):F319-25. [PubMed: 12709397]  [MGI Ref ID J:84825]

Yu Q; Chang HC; Ahyi AN; Kaplan MH. 2008. Transcription factor-dependent chromatin remodeling of Il18r1 during Th1 and Th2 differentiation. J Immunol 181(5):3346-52. [PubMed: 18714006]  [MGI Ref ID J:138949]

Zhang F; Boothby M. 2006. T helper type 1-specific Brg1 recruitment and remodeling of nucleosomes positioned at the IFN-gamma promoter are Stat4 dependent. J Exp Med 203(6):1493-505. [PubMed: 16717115]  [MGI Ref ID J:124379]

Zhang S; Bernard D; Khan WI; Kaplan MH; Bramson JL; Wan Y. 2009. CD4+ T-cell-mediated anti-tumor immunity can be uncoupled from autoimmunity via the STAT4/STAT6 signaling axis. Eur J Immunol 39(5):1252-9. [PubMed: 19338001]  [MGI Ref ID J:148099]

Zhang Y; Kirken RA; Furian L; Janczewska S; Qu X; Hancock WW; Wang M; Tejpal N; Kerman R; Kahan BD; Stepkowski SM. 2006. Allograft rejection requires STAT5a/b-regulated antiapoptotic activity in T cells but not B cells. J Immunol 176(1):128-37. [PubMed: 16365403]  [MGI Ref ID J:126249]

Zhong J; Yang P; Muta K; Dong R; Marrero M; Gong F; Wang CY. 2010. Loss of Jak2 selectively suppresses DC-mediated innate immune response and protects mice from lethal dose of LPS-induced septic shock. PLoS One 5(3):e9593. [PubMed: 20231889]  [MGI Ref ID J:158917]

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Zhu J; Jankovic D; Oler AJ; Wei G; Sharma S; Hu G; Guo L; Yagi R; Yamane H; Punkosdy G; Feigenbaum L; Zhao K; Paul WE. 2012. The Transcription Factor T-bet Is Induced by Multiple Pathways and Prevents an Endogenous Th2 Cell Program during Th1 Cell Responses. Immunity 37(4):660-73. [PubMed: 23041064]  [MGI Ref ID J:188559]

Stat6tm1Gru related

Agarwal S; Rao A. 1998. Modulation of chromatin structure regulates cytokine gene expression during T cell differentiation. Immunity 9(6):765-75. [PubMed: 9881967]  [MGI Ref ID J:51833]

Amsen D; Antov A; Jankovic D; Sher A; Radtke F; Souabni A; Busslinger M; McCright B; Gridley T; Flavell RA. 2007. Direct regulation of gata3 expression determines the T helper differentiation potential of notch. Immunity 27(1):89-99. [PubMed: 17658279]  [MGI Ref ID J:123631]

Armstrong BD; Abad C; Chhith S; Cheung-Lau G; Hajji OE; Coute AC; Ngo DH; Waschek JA. 2006. Impairment of axotomy-induced pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating peptide gene expression in T helper 2 lymphocyte-deficient mice. Neuroreport 17(3):309-12. [PubMed: 16462603]  [MGI Ref ID J:106085]

Beiting DP; Gagliardo LF; Hesse M; Bliss SK; Meskill D; Appleton JA. 2007. Coordinated control of immunity to muscle stage Trichinella spiralis by IL-10, regulatory T cells, and TGF-beta. J Immunol 178(2):1039-47. [PubMed: 17202367]  [MGI Ref ID J:142622]

Bell BD; Kitajima M; Larson RP; Stoklasek TA; Dang K; Sakamoto K; Wagner KU; Reizis B; Hennighausen L; Ziegler SF. 2013. The transcription factor STAT5 is critical in dendritic cells for the development of TH2 but not TH1 responses. Nat Immunol 14(4):364-71. [PubMed: 23435120]  [MGI Ref ID J:194747]

Bian K; Zhong M; Harari Y; Lai M; Weisbrodt N; Murad F. 2005. Helminth regulation of host IL-4Ralpha/Stat6 signaling: mechanism underlying NOS-2 inhibition by Trichinella spiralis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102(11):3936-41. [PubMed: 15741272]  [MGI Ref ID J:97167]

Blease K; Schuh JM; Jakubzick C; Lukacs NW; Kunkel SL; Joshi BH; Puri RK; Kaplan MH; Hogaboam CM. 2002. Stat6-deficient mice develop airway hyperresponsiveness and peribronchial fibrosis during chronic fungal asthma. Am J Pathol 160(2):481-90. [PubMed: 11839568]  [MGI Ref ID J:74497]

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Sofi MH; Liu Z; Zhu L; Yu Q; Kaplan MH; Chang CH. 2010. Regulation of IL-17 expression by the developmental pathway of CD4 T cells in the thymus. Mol Immunol 47(6):1262-8. [PubMed: 20080304]  [MGI Ref ID J:158374]

Solymar DC; Agarwal S; Bassing CH; Alt FW; Rao A. 2002. A 3' enhancer in the IL-4 gene regulates cytokine production by Th2 cells and mast cells. Immunity 17(1):41-50. [PubMed: 12150890]  [MGI Ref ID J:78089]

Speiran K; Bailey DP; Fernando J; Macey M; Barnstein B; Kolawole M; Curley D; Watowich SS; Murray PJ; Oskeritzian C; Ryan JJ. 2009. Endogenous suppression of mast cell development and survival by IL-4 and IL-10. J Leukoc Biol 85(5):826-36. [PubMed: 19228815]  [MGI Ref ID J:149777]

Spencer L; Shultz L; Rajan TV. 2001. Interleukin-4 receptor-stat6 signaling in murine infections with a tissue-dwelling nematode parasite. Infect Immun 69(12):7743-52. [PubMed: 11705956]  [MGI Ref ID J:73137]

Stanya KJ; Jacobi D; Liu S; Bhargava P; Dai L; Gangl MR; Inouye K; Barlow JL; Ji Y; Mizgerd JP; Qi L; Shi H; McKenzie AN; Lee CH. 2013. Direct control of hepatic glucose production by interleukin-13 in mice. J Clin Invest 123(1):261-71. [PubMed: 23257358]  [MGI Ref ID J:194510]

Strait RT; Morris SC; Smiley K; Urban JF Jr; Finkelman FD. 2003. IL-4 exacerbates anaphylaxis. J Immunol 170(7):3835-42. [PubMed: 12646651]  [MGI Ref ID J:125442]

Su CW; Cao Y; Kaplan J; Zhang M; Li W; Conroy M; Walker WA; Shi HN. 2011. Duodenal Helminth Infection Alters Barrier Function of the Colonic Epithelium via Adaptive Immune Activation. Infect Immun 79(6):2285-94. [PubMed: 21444669]  [MGI Ref ID J:171918]

Su CW; Cao Y; Zhang M; Kaplan J; Su L; Fu Y; Walker WA; Xavier R; Cherayil BJ; Shi HN. 2012. Helminth infection impairs autophagy-mediated killing of bacterial enteropathogens by macrophages. J Immunol 189(3):1459-66. [PubMed: 22732589]  [MGI Ref ID J:189786]

Summers SA; Phoon RK; Odobasic D; Dewage L; Kitching AR; Holdsworth SR. 2011. Signal transducer and activation of transcription 6 (STAT6) regulates T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th17 nephritogenic immunity in experimental crescentic glomerulonephritis. Clin Exp Immunol 166(2):227-34. [PubMed: 21985369]  [MGI Ref ID J:177863]

Suscovich TJ; Perdue NR; Campbell DJ. 2012. Type-1 immunity drives early lethality in scurfy mice. Eur J Immunol 42(9):2305-10. [PubMed: 22740092]  [MGI Ref ID J:187940]

Suzukawa M; Miller M; Rosenthal P; Cho JY; Doherty TA; Varki A; Broide D. 2013. Sialyltransferase ST3Gal-III regulates Siglec-F ligand formation and eosinophilic lung inflammation in mice. J Immunol 190(12):5939-48. [PubMed: 23677475]  [MGI Ref ID J:204846]

Swain SD; Meissner NN; Siemsen DW; McInnerney K; Harmsen AG. 2012. Pneumocystis elicits a STAT6-dependent, strain-specific innate immune response and airway hyperresponsiveness. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 46(3):290-8. [PubMed: 21960549]  [MGI Ref ID J:194583]

Swain SD; Siemsen DW; Pullen RR; Han S. 2014. CD4+ T cells and IFN-gamma are required for the development of Pneumocystis-associated pulmonary hypertension. Am J Pathol 184(2):483-93. [PubMed: 24361497]  [MGI Ref ID J:206386]

Szanto A; Balint BL; Nagy ZS; Barta E; Dezso B; Pap A; Szeles L; Poliska S; Oros M; Evans RM; Barak Y; Schwabe J; Nagy L. 2010. STAT6 transcription factor is a facilitator of the nuclear receptor PPARgamma-regulated gene expression in macrophages and dendritic cells. Immunity 33(5):699-712. [PubMed: 21093321]  [MGI Ref ID J:167002]

Takahashi H; Kanno T; Nakayamada S; Hirahara K; Sciume G; Muljo SA; Kuchen S; Casellas R; Wei L; Kanno Y; O'Shea JJ. 2012. TGF-beta and retinoic acid induce the microRNA miR-10a, which targets Bcl-6 and constrains the plasticity of helper T cells. Nat Immunol 13(6):587-95. [PubMed: 22544395]  [MGI Ref ID J:186450]

Tarleton RL; Grusby MJ; Zhang L. 2000. Increased susceptibility of Stat4-deficient and enhanced resistance in Stat6-deficient mice to infection with Trypanosoma cruzi. J Immunol 165(3):1520-5. [PubMed: 10903759]  [MGI Ref ID J:120438]

Tawara I; Maeda Y; Sun Y; Lowler KP; Liu C; Toubai T; McKenzie AN; Reddy P. 2008. Combined Th2 cytokine deficiency in donor T cells aggravates experimental acute graft-vs-host disease. Exp Hematol 36(8):988-96. [PubMed: 18410989]  [MGI Ref ID J:139377]

Tekkanat KK; Maassab HF; Cho DS; Lai JJ; John A; Berlin A; Kaplan MH; Lukacs NW. 2001. IL-13-induced airway hyperreactivity during respiratory syncytial virus infection is STAT6 dependent. J Immunol 166(5):3542-8. [PubMed: 11207314]  [MGI Ref ID J:126450]

Temann UA; Laouar Y; Eynon EE; Homer R; Flavell RA. 2007. IL9 leads to airway inflammation by inducing IL13 expression in airway epithelial cells. Int Immunol 19(1):1-10. [PubMed: 17101709]  [MGI Ref ID J:118163]

Terabe M; Khanna C; Bose S; Melchionda F; Mendoza A; Mackall CL; Helman LJ; Berzofsky JA. 2006. CD1d-restricted natural killer T cells can down-regulate tumor immunosurveillance independent of interleukin-4 receptor-signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 or transforming growth factor-beta. Cancer Res 66(7):3869-75. [PubMed: 16585215]  [MGI Ref ID J:108313]

Turnbull IR; Gilfillan S; Cella M; Aoshi T; Miller M; Piccio L; Hernandez M; Colonna M. 2006. Cutting edge: TREM-2 attenuates macrophage activation. J Immunol 177(6):3520-4. [PubMed: 16951310]  [MGI Ref ID J:138057]

Ueno A; Cho S; Cheng L; Wang J; Hou S; Nakano H; Santamaria P; Yang Y. 2007. Transient upregulation of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase in dendritic cells by human chorionic gonadotropin downregulates autoimmune diabetes. Diabetes 56(6):1686-93. [PubMed: 17360980]  [MGI Ref ID J:126514]

Ueno T; Habicht A; Clarkson MR; Albin MJ; Yamaura K; Boenisch O; Popoola J; Wang Y; Yagita H; Akiba H; Ansari MJ; Yang J; Turka LA; Rothstein DM; Padera RF; Najafian N; Sayegh MH. 2008. The emerging role of T cell Ig mucin 1 in alloimmune responses in an experimental mouse transplant model. J Clin Invest 118(2):742-51. [PubMed: 18172549]  [MGI Ref ID J:131045]

Van Dyken SJ; Mohapatra A; Nussbaum JC; Molofsky AB; Thornton EE; Ziegler SF; McKenzie AN; Krummel MF; Liang HE; Locksley RM. 2014. Chitin activates parallel immune modules that direct distinct inflammatory responses via innate lymphoid type 2 and gammadelta T cells. Immunity 40(3):414-24. [PubMed: 24631157]  [MGI Ref ID J:210323]

Van den Bossche J; Bogaert P; van Hengel J; Guerin CJ; Berx G; Movahedi K; Van den Bergh R; Pereira-Fernandes A; Geuns JM; Pircher H; Dorny P; Grooten J; De Baetselier P; Van Ginderachter JA. 2009. Alternatively activated macrophages engage in homotypic and heterotypic interactions through IL-4 and polyamine-induced E-cadherin/catenin complexes. Blood 114(21):4664-74. [PubMed: 19726720]  [MGI Ref ID J:155503]

Villarino AV; Tato CM; Stumhofer JS; Yao Z; Cui YK; Hennighausen L; O'Shea JJ; Hunter CA. 2007. Helper T cell IL-2 production is limited by negative feedback and STAT-dependent cytokine signals. J Exp Med 204(1):65-71. [PubMed: 17227909]  [MGI Ref ID J:125293]

Voehringer D; Reese TA; Huang X; Shinkai K; Locksley RM. 2006. Type 2 immunity is controlled by IL-4/IL-13 expression in hematopoietic non-eosinophil cells of the innate immune system. J Exp Med 203(6):1435-46. [PubMed: 16702603]  [MGI Ref ID J:124383]

Voehringer D; Stanley SA; Cox JS; Completo GC; Lowary TL; Locksley RM. 2007. Nippostrongylus brasiliensis: identification of intelectin-1 and -2 as Stat6-dependent genes expressed in lung and intestine during infection. Exp Parasitol 116(4):458-66. [PubMed: 17420014]  [MGI Ref ID J:128858]

Wang J; Cho S; Ueno A; Cheng L; Xu BY; Desrosiers MD; Shi Y; Yang Y. 2008. Ligand-dependent induction of noninflammatory dendritic cells by anergic invariant NKT cells minimizes autoimmune inflammation. J Immunol 181(4):2438-45. [PubMed: 18684934]  [MGI Ref ID J:140188]

Wang W; Ostlie NS; Conti-Fine BM; Milani M. 2004. The susceptibility to experimental myasthenia gravis of STAT6-/- and STAT4-/- BALB/c mice suggests a pathogenic role of Th1 cells. J Immunol 172(1):97-103. [PubMed: 14688314]  [MGI Ref ID J:87570]

Wang ZY; Kusam S; Munugalavadla V; Kapur R; Brutkiewicz RR; Dent AL. 2006. Regulation of Th2 cytokine expression in NKT cells: unconventional use of Stat6, GATA-3, and NFAT2. J Immunol 176(2):880-8. [PubMed: 16393972]  [MGI Ref ID J:126448]

Weng M; Huntley D; Huang IF; Foye-Jackson O; Wang L; Sarkissian A; Zhou Q; Walker WA; Cherayil BJ; Shi HN. 2007. Alternatively activated macrophages in intestinal helminth infection: effects on concurrent bacterial colitis. J Immunol 179(7):4721-31. [PubMed: 17878371]  [MGI Ref ID J:152339]

Wermeling F; Anthony RM; Brombacher F; Ravetch JV. 2013. Acute inflammation primes myeloid effector cells for anti-inflammatory STAT6 signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110(33):13487-91. [PubMed: 23898202]  [MGI Ref ID J:200690]

Xu J; Yang Y; Qiu G; Lal G; Yin N; Wu Z; Bromberg JS; Ding Y. 2011. Stat4 Is Critical for the Balance between Th17 Cells and Regulatory T Cells in Colitis. J Immunol 186(11):6597-606. [PubMed: 21525389]  [MGI Ref ID J:173182]

Xu Z; Duan B; Croker BP; Morel L. 2006. STAT4 deficiency reduces autoantibody production and glomerulonephritis in a mouse model of lupus. Clin Immunol 120(2):189-98. [PubMed: 16713741]  [MGI Ref ID J:113234]

Yadav MC; Burudi EM; Alirezaei M; Flynn CC; Watry DD; Lanigan CM; Fox HS. 2007. IFN-gamma-induced IDO and WRS expression in microglia is differentially regulated by IL-4. Glia 55(13):1385-96. [PubMed: 17661345]  [MGI Ref ID J:156302]

Yamada A; Sheikh F; Niimi T; DeMayo FJ; Keegan AD; Donnelly RP; Kimura S. 2005. Induction of uteroglobin-related protein 2 (Ugrp2) gene expression by the Th2 cytokines IL-4 and IL-13. J Immunol 175(9):5708-15. [PubMed: 16237061]  [MGI Ref ID J:119343]

Yamaji-Kegan K; Su Q; Angelini DJ; Johns RA. 2009. IL-4 is proangiogenic in the lung under hypoxic conditions. J Immunol 182(9):5469-76. [PubMed: 19380795]  [MGI Ref ID J:147713]

Yamaji-Kegan K; Su Q; Angelini DJ; Myers AC; Cheadle C; Johns RA. 2010. Hypoxia-induced mitogenic factor (HIMF/FIZZ1/RELMalpha) increases lung inflammation and activates pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells via an IL-4-dependent mechanism. J Immunol 185(9):5539-48. [PubMed: 20889544]  [MGI Ref ID J:165183]

Yang XO; Zhang H; Kim BS; Niu X; Peng J; Chen Y; Kerketta R; Lee YH; Chang SH; Corry DB; Wang D; Watowich SS; Dong C. 2013. The signaling suppressor CIS controls proallergic T cell development and allergic airway inflammation. Nat Immunol 14(7):732-40. [PubMed: 23727894]  [MGI Ref ID J:204829]

Yang Y; Xu J; Niu Y; Bromberg JS; Ding Y. 2008. T-bet and Eomesodermin play critical roles in directing T cell differentiation to Th1 versus Th17. J Immunol 181(12):8700-10. [PubMed: 19050290]  [MGI Ref ID J:142051]

Yang Z; Grinchuk V; Urban JF Jr; Bohl J; Sun R; Notari L; Yan S; Ramalingam T; Keegan AD; Wynn TA; Shea-Donohue T; Zhao A. 2013. Macrophages as IL-25/IL-33-responsive cells play an important role in the induction of type 2 immunity. PLoS One 8(3):e59441. [PubMed: 23536877]  [MGI Ref ID J:199899]

Yang Z; Sun R; Grinchuk V; Blanco JA; Notari L; Bohl JA; McLean LP; Ramalingam TR; Wynn TA; Urban JF Jr; Vogel SN; Shea-Donohue T; Zhao A. 2013. IL-33-induced alterations in murine intestinal function and cytokine responses are MyD88, STAT6, and IL-13 dependent. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 304(4):G381-9. [PubMed: 23257921]  [MGI Ref ID J:194946]

Yao Y; Li W; Kaplan MH; Chang CH. 2005. Interleukin (IL)-4 inhibits IL-10 to promote IL-12 production by dendritic cells. J Exp Med 201(12):1899-903. [PubMed: 15967820]  [MGI Ref ID J:99206]

Yeung MY; McGrath MM; Nakayama M; Shimizu T; Boenisch O; Magee CN; Abdoli R; Akiba H; Ueno T; Turka LA; Najafian N. 2013. Interruption of dendritic cell-mediated TIM-4 signaling induces regulatory T cells and promotes skin allograft survival. J Immunol 191(8):4447-55. [PubMed: 24038092]  [MGI Ref ID J:206275]

Yokota N; Burne-Taney M; Racusen L; Rabb H. 2003. Contrasting roles for STAT4 and STAT6 signal transduction pathways in murine renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 285(2):F319-25. [PubMed: 12709397]  [MGI Ref ID J:84825]

Yu Q; Chang HC; Ahyi AN; Kaplan MH. 2008. Transcription factor-dependent chromatin remodeling of Il18r1 during Th1 and Th2 differentiation. J Immunol 181(5):3346-52. [PubMed: 18714006]  [MGI Ref ID J:138949]

Zaph C; Du Y; Saenz SA; Nair MG; Perrigoue JG; Taylor BC; Troy AE; Kobuley DE; Kastelein RA; Cua DJ; Yu Y; Artis D. 2008. Commensal-dependent expression of IL-25 regulates the IL-23-IL-17 axis in the intestine. J Exp Med 205(10):2191-8. [PubMed: 18762568]  [MGI Ref ID J:141183]

Zeiser R; Youssef S; Baker J; Kambham N; Steinman L; Negrin RS. 2007. Preemptive HMG-CoA reductase inhibition provides graft-versus-host disease protection by Th-2 polarization while sparing graft-versus-leukemia activity. Blood 110(13):4588-98. [PubMed: 17827390]  [MGI Ref ID J:149097]

Zhang S; Lawless VA; Kaplan MH. 2000. Cytokine-stimulated T lymphocyte proliferation is regulated by p27Kip1. J Immunol 165(11):6270-7. [PubMed: 11086062]  [MGI Ref ID J:112128]

Zhang Y; Kirken RA; Furian L; Janczewska S; Qu X; Hancock WW; Wang M; Tejpal N; Kerman R; Kahan BD; Stepkowski SM. 2006. Allograft rejection requires STAT5a/b-regulated antiapoptotic activity in T cells but not B cells. J Immunol 176(1):128-37. [PubMed: 16365403]  [MGI Ref ID J:126249]

Zhao A; Morimoto M; Dawson H; Elfrey JE; Madden KB; Gause WC; Min B; Finkelman FD; Urban JF Jr; Shea-Donohue T. 2005. Immune regulation of protease-activated receptor-1 expression in murine small intestine during Nippostrongylus brasiliensis infection. J Immunol 175(4):2563-9. [PubMed: 16081830]  [MGI Ref ID J:107492]

Zhao A; Urban JF Jr; Sun R; Stiltz J; Morimoto M; Notari L; Madden KB; Yang Z; Grinchuk V; Ramalingam TR; Wynn TA; Shea-Donohue T. 2010. Critical role of IL-25 in nematode infection-induced alterations in intestinal function. J Immunol 185(11):6921-9. [PubMed: 20974983]  [MGI Ref ID J:167370]

Zhao A; Yang Z; Sun R; Grinchuk V; Netzel-Arnett S; Anglin IE; Driesbaugh KH; Notari L; Bohl JA; Madden KB; Urban JF Jr; Antalis TM; Shea-Donohue T. 2013. SerpinB2 is critical to Th2 immunity against enteric nematode infection. J Immunol 190(11):5779-87. [PubMed: 23630350]  [MGI Ref ID J:204777]

Zhong J; Yang P; Muta K; Dong R; Marrero M; Gong F; Wang CY. 2010. Loss of Jak2 selectively suppresses DC-mediated innate immune response and protects mice from lethal dose of LPS-induced septic shock. PLoS One 5(3):e9593. [PubMed: 20231889]  [MGI Ref ID J:158917]

Zhou B; Headley MB; Aye T; Tocker J; Comeau MR; Ziegler SF. 2008. Reversal of thymic stromal lymphopoietin-induced airway inflammation through inhibition of Th2 responses. J Immunol 181(9):6557-62. [PubMed: 18941246]  [MGI Ref ID J:140715]

Zhou P; Szot GL; Guo Z; Kim O; He G; Wang J; Grusby MJ; Newell KA; Thistlethwaite JR; Bluestone JA; Alegre ML. 2000. Role of STAT4 and STAT6 signaling in allograft rejection and CTLA4-Ig-mediated tolerance. J Immunol 165(10):5580-7. [PubMed: 11067913]  [MGI Ref ID J:119580]

Zhu B; Buttrick T; Bassil R; Zhu C; Olah M; Wu C; Xiao S; Orent W; Elyaman W; Khoury SJ. 2013. IL-4 and retinoic acid synergistically induce regulatory dendritic cells expressing Aldh1a2. J Immunol 191(6):3139-51. [PubMed: 23960232]  [MGI Ref ID J:205869]

Zhu J; Guo L; Min B; Watson CJ; Hu-Li J; Young HA; Tsichlis PN; Paul WE. 2002. Growth factor independent-1 induced by IL-4 regulates Th2 cell proliferation. Immunity 16(5):733-44. [PubMed: 12049724]  [MGI Ref ID J:113530]

Zimmermann N; Mishra A; King NE; Fulkerson PC; Doepker MP; Nikolaidis NM; Kindinger LE; Moulton EA; Aronow BJ; Rothenberg ME. 2004. Transcript signatures in experimental asthma: identification of STAT6-dependent and -independent pathways. J Immunol 172(3):1815-24. [PubMed: 14734765]  [MGI Ref ID J:107368]

van Panhuys N; Prout M; Forbes E; Min B; Paul WE; Le Gros G. 2011. Basophils Are the Major Producers of IL-4 during Primary Helminth Infection. J Immunol 186(5):2719-28. [PubMed: 21270410]  [MGI Ref ID J:169387]

van Panhuys N; Tang SC; Prout M; Camberis M; Scarlett D; Roberts J; Hu-Li J; Paul WE; Le Gros G. 2008. In vivo studies fail to reveal a role for IL-4 or STAT6 signaling in Th2 lymphocyte differentiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105(34):12423-8. [PubMed: 18719110]  [MGI Ref ID J:138827]

van der Merwe M; Abdelsamed HA; Seth A; Ong T; Vogel P; Pillai AB. 2013. Recipient myeloid-derived immunomodulatory cells induce PD-1 ligand-dependent donor CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cell proliferation and donor-recipient immune tolerance after murine nonmyeloablative bone marrow transplantation. J Immunol 191(11):5764-76. [PubMed: 24190658]  [MGI Ref ID J:207149]

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Production of mice from cryopreserved embryos or sperm occurs in a maximum barrier room, G200.

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Cryorecovery* $2525.00
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At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

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    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

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Cryopreserved

Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $3283.00
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.

    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

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Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

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  Control Pricing Information for Genetically Engineered Mutant Strains.
 

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The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
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"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCTS" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or services provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than the internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE or PRODUCTS from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON's prior written authorization.

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In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS or services, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS or services from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.

MICE and PRODUCTS are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.

The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or services. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS or services may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and services by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.

Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or services shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or services by JACKSON.


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