Strain Name:

PN/nBSwUmabJ

Stock Number:

005052

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Description

The genotypes of the animals provided may not reflect those discussed in the strain description or the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation. Please inquire for possible genotypes for this specific strain.

Strain Information

Former Names PN/HandwergerJ    (Changed: 15-DEC-04 )
Type Inbred Strain;
Additional information on Inbred Strains.
Visit our online Nomenclature tutorial.
Specieslaboratory mouse
H2 Haplotypeq

Appearance
albino associated genotype: presumed
Related Genotype: Tyrc/Tyrc

Important Note
This strain may be homozygous for Gnat2cpfl3, cone photoreceptor function loss 3, which affects bright light (photopic) vision.

Description
PN/nBSwUmabJ mice develop a predominantly female lupus-like syndrome with age (Walker et al., 1978). Characteristics of the systemic lupus erythemoatosus syndrome include: abnormalities in B and T cell function, hypergammaglobulinemia, antibody production against multiple autoantigens, severe systemic perivasculitis and vasculitis, and immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis (Walker et al.,1978, Luzina et al., 1999, Davidson et al., 1982, Handwerger et al.,1999). Perivascular and vascular infiltrates are composed of unusual phenotypic markers characteristic of both T and B cells (Luzina et al, 1999). By three months of age 88-100% of mice have IgG autoantibodies (Handwerger et al., 1999). Death usually occurs earlier in females as a result of glomerulonephritis and arteritis. The disease progression is accelerated in the female offspring of NZB and PN F1 crosses (Walker et al., 1986). PN/nBSwUmabJ mice develop hearing loss and otic capsule sclerosis demonstrating some parallels to human cochlear autoimmune osteogenesis (Khan et al., 2000).

Development
The inbred strain, PN/nBSwUmabJ, was developed from albino pet shop mice in1948 at Palmerston North Hospital in New Zealand. Wigley began to inbreed the colony in 1964, selecting for positive ANA (anti-nuclear antibody) in the first three generations. The primary breeding line was named PN/nA. At F9 a subline was created named PN/nB. Both lines exhibited similar characteristics of autoimmune disease (Walker et al 1978). The nA line was discarded in 1975. The nB colony was transferred to Walker (Sw) at the University of Michigan in the 1980's and then to Handwerger at the University of Maryland (Umab). The Jackson Laboratory imported the strain in 2004.

Related Strains

View Strains carrying   Gnat2cpfl3     (14 strains)

Phenotype

Phenotype Information

View Phenotypic Data

Phenotypic Data
Mouse Phenome Database
View Related Disease (OMIM) Terms

Related Disease (OMIM) Terms provided by MGI
- Potential model based on gene homology relationships. Phenotypic similarity to the human disease has not been tested.
Achromatopsia 4; ACHM4   (GNAT2)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
Autoimmunity
      lupus erythematosus

Sensorineural Research
Hearing Defects

Gnat2cpfl3 related

Sensorineural Research
Eye Defects

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

 
Allele Symbol Gnat2cpfl3
Allele Name cone photoreceptor function loss 3
Allele Type Spontaneous
Common Name(s) no cones;
Strain of Originvarious
Gene Symbol and Name Gnat2, guanine nucleotide binding protein, alpha transducing 2
Chromosome 3
Gene Common Name(s) ACHM4; AW490837; GNATC; Gnat-2; Gt-2; Tcalpha; expressed sequence AW490837;
General Note This allele has been detected in the following strains either by genotyping or complementation testing: ALS/LtJ, SENCARA/PtJ, SENCARB/PtJ, SENCARC/PtJ, PN/nBSwUmabJ. (J:122428) The allele has also been reported in NMRI and CD1 (Lluis Montoliu, J:212307)
Molecular Note A single nucleotide substitution of G to A at position 598 in exon 6. This mutation converts codon 200 from aspartic acid to asparagine. [MGI Ref ID J:122428]

Genotyping

Genotyping Information


Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting

References

References provided by MGI

Additional References

Chang B; Dacey MS; Hawes NL; Hitchcock PF; Milam AH; Atmaca-Sonmez P; Nusinowitz S; Heckenlively JR. 2006. Cone photoreceptor function loss-3, a novel mouse model of achromatopsia due to a mutation in Gnat2. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47(11):5017-21. [PubMed: 17065522]  [MGI Ref ID J:122428]

Davidson WF. 1982. Immunologic abnormalities of the autoimmune mouse, Palmerston North. J Immunol 129(2):751-8. [PubMed: 6282970]  [MGI Ref ID J:25382]

Walker SE. 1988. Defective primary and secondary IgG responses to thymic-dependent antigens in autoimmune PN mice. J Immunol 140(10):3426-33. [PubMed: 3283233]  [MGI Ref ID J:26163]

Walker SE; Gray RH; Fulton M; Wigley RD; Schnitzer B. 1978. Palmerston North mice, a new animal model of systemic lupus erythematosus. J Lab Clin Med 92(6):932-45. [PubMed: 310856]  [MGI Ref ID J:25377]

Walker SE; Hewett JE. 1984. Responses to T-cell and B-cell mitogens in autoimmune Palmerston North and NZB/NZW mice. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 30(3):469-78. [PubMed: 6607803]  [MGI Ref ID J:26452]

Gnat2cpfl3 related

Alexander JJ; Umino Y; Everhart D; Chang B; Min SH; Li Q; Timmers AM; Hawes NL; Pang JJ; Barlow RB; Hauswirth WW. 2007. Restoration of cone vision in a mouse model of achromatopsia. Nat Med 13(6):685-7. [PubMed: 17515894]  [MGI Ref ID J:121897]

Allen AE; Cameron MA; Brown TM; Vugler AA; Lucas RJ. 2010. Visual responses in mice lacking critical components of all known retinal phototransduction cascades. PLoS One 5(11):e15063. [PubMed: 21124780]  [MGI Ref ID J:167121]

Altimus CM; Guler AD; Alam NM; Arman AC; Prusky GT; Sampath AP; Hattar S. 2010. Rod photoreceptors drive circadian photoentrainment across a wide range of light intensities. Nat Neurosci 13(9):1107-12. [PubMed: 20711184]  [MGI Ref ID J:165280]

Chang B; Dacey MS; Hawes NL; Hitchcock PF; Milam AH; Atmaca-Sonmez P; Nusinowitz S; Heckenlively JR. 2006. Cone photoreceptor function loss-3, a novel mouse model of achromatopsia due to a mutation in Gnat2. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47(11):5017-21. [PubMed: 17065522]  [MGI Ref ID J:122428]

Chang B; Hawes NL; Hurd RE; Wang J; Howell D; Davisson MT; Roderick TH; Nusinowitz S; Heckenlively JR. 2005. Mouse models of ocular diseases. Vis Neurosci 22(5):587-93. [PubMed: 16332269]  [MGI Ref ID J:156373]

Chang B; Hurd R; Wang J; Nishina P. 2013. Survey of common eye diseases in laboratory mouse strains. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 54(7):4974-81. [PubMed: 23800770]  [MGI Ref ID J:198916]

Deng WT; Sakurai K; Liu J; Dinculescu A; Li J; Pang J; Min SH; Chiodo VA; Boye SL; Chang B; Kefalov VJ; Hauswirth WW. 2009. Functional interchangeability of rod and cone transducin alpha-subunits. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106(42):17681-6. [PubMed: 19815523]  [MGI Ref ID J:153749]

IMGC. 2014. Abstracts for the IMGC2014 meeting (October, 2014) MGI Direct Data Submission :.  [MGI Ref ID J:212307]

Jones RS; Pedisich M; Carroll RC; Nawy S. 2014. Spatial organization of AMPAR subtypes in ON RGCs. J Neurosci 34(2):656-61. [PubMed: 24403163]  [MGI Ref ID J:205576]

Naarendorp F; Esdaille TM; Banden SM; Andrews-Labenski J; Gross OP; Pugh EN Jr. 2010. Dark light, rod saturation, and the absolute and incremental sensitivity of mouse cone vision. J Neurosci 30(37):12495-507. [PubMed: 20844144]  [MGI Ref ID J:164666]

Nusinowitz S; Ridder WH 3rd; Ramirez J. 2007. Temporal response properties of the primary and secondary rod-signaling pathways in normal and Gnat2 mutant mice. Exp Eye Res 84(6):1104-14. [PubMed: 17408617]  [MGI Ref ID J:126462]

Sakami S; Kolesnikov AV; Kefalov VJ; Palczewski K. 2014. P23H opsin knock-in mice reveal a novel step in retinal rod disc morphogenesis. Hum Mol Genet 23(7):1723-41. [PubMed: 24214395]  [MGI Ref ID J:207143]

Umino Y; Solessio E; Barlow RB. 2008. Speed, spatial, and temporal tuning of rod and cone vision in mouse. J Neurosci 28(1):189-98. [PubMed: 18171936]  [MGI Ref ID J:131050]

Wang YV; Weick M; Demb JB. 2011. Spectral and temporal sensitivity of cone-mediated responses in mouse retinal ganglion cells. J Neurosci 31(21):7670-81. [PubMed: 21613480]  [MGI Ref ID J:191557]

Won J; Shi LY; Hicks W; Wang J; Hurd R; Naggert JK; Chang B; Nishina PM. 2011. Mouse model resources for vision research. J Ophthalmol 2011:391384. [PubMed: 21052544]  [MGI Ref ID J:166679]

Health & husbandry

Health & Colony Maintenance Information

Animal Health Reports

Production of mice from cryopreserved embryos or sperm occurs in a maximum barrier room, G200.

Pricing and Purchasing

Pricing, Supply Level & Notes, Controls


Pricing for USA, Canada and Mexico shipping destinations View International Pricing

Cryopreserved

Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $2525.00
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Frozen Products

Price (US dollars $)
Frozen Embryo $1650.00

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryopreserved Embryos
    Available to most shipping destinations1
    This strain is also available as cryopreserved embryos2. Orders for cryopreserved embryos may be placed with our Customer Service Department. Experienced technicians at The Jackson Laboratory have recovered frozen embryos of this strain successfully. We will provide you enough embryos to perform two embryo transfers. The Jackson Laboratory does not guarantee successful recovery at your facility. For complete information on purchasing embryos, please visit our Cryopreserved Embryos web page.

    1 Shipments cannot be made to Australia due to Australian government import restrictions.
    2 Embryos for most strains are cryopreserved at the two cell stage while some strains are cryopreserved at the eight cell stage. If this information is important to you, please contact Customer Service.
  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.

    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

Pricing for International shipping destinations View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing

Cryopreserved

Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $3283.00
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Frozen Products

Price (US dollars $)
Frozen Embryo $2145.00

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryopreserved Embryos
    Available to most shipping destinations1
    This strain is also available as cryopreserved embryos2. Orders for cryopreserved embryos may be placed with our Customer Service Department. Experienced technicians at The Jackson Laboratory have recovered frozen embryos of this strain successfully. We will provide you enough embryos to perform two embryo transfers. The Jackson Laboratory does not guarantee successful recovery at your facility. For complete information on purchasing embryos, please visit our Cryopreserved Embryos web page.

    1 Shipments cannot be made to Australia due to Australian government import restrictions.
    2 Embryos for most strains are cryopreserved at the two cell stage while some strains are cryopreserved at the eight cell stage. If this information is important to you, please contact Customer Service.
  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.

    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing View International Pricing

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

General Supply Notes

  • View the complete collection of spontaneous mutants in the Mouse Mutant Resource.

Important Note

This strain may be homozygous for Gnat2cpfl3, cone photoreceptor function loss 3, which affects bright light (photopic) vision.

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