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Common Names: beta-, CBeta-, TCRb-, TCR-Cbeta-;     TCRbeta-;    


The genotypes of the animals provided may not reflect those discussed in the strain description or the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation. Please inquire for possible genotypes for this specific strain.

Strain Information

Type Congenic; Targeted Mutation;
Additional information on Genetically Engineered and Mutant Mice.
Visit our online Nomenclature tutorial.
Additional information on Congenic nomenclature.
Specieslaboratory mouse
Donating Investigator IMR Colony,   The Jackson Laboratory

Control Information

   001026 BALB/cByJ
  Considerations for Choosing Controls

Related Strains

View Strains carrying   Tcrbtm1Mom     (6 strains)

Strains carrying other alleles of Tcrb
005308   B10.Cg-H2d Tg(TcraCl4,TcrbCl4)1Shrm/ShrmJ
005895   B10.Cg-Thy1a H2d Tg(TcraCl1,TcrbCl1)1Shrm/J
002761   B10.Cg-Tg(TcrAND)53Hed/J
003147   B10.D2-Hc1 H2d H2-T18c/nSnJ-Tg(DO11.10)10Dlo/J
003200   B10.PL-H2u H2-T18a/(73NS)Sn-Tg(TCRB)C14Jg/J
008684   B6.Cg-Rag1tm1Mom Tyrp1B-w Tg(Tcra,Tcrb)9Rest/J
014550   B6.Cg-Thy1a Tg(TcraCWM5,TcrbCWM5)1807Wuth/J
005023   B6.Cg-Thy1a/Cy Tg(TcraTcrb)8Rest/J
005655   B6.Cg-Tg(Tcra,Tcrb)3Ayr/J
008428   B6.Cg-Tg(Tcra,Tcrb)HRCAll/J
008429   B6.Cg-Tg(Tcra,Tcrb)HRVAll/J
008006   B6.Cg-Tg(Tcra51-11.5,Tcrb51-11.5)AR206Ayr/J
004194   B6.Cg-Tg(TcraTcrb)425Cbn/J
005236   B6.Cg-Tg(TcraY1,TcrbY1)416Tev/J
008430   B6.Cg-Tg(Tcrb)HRBAll/J
004555   B6.NOD-(D17Mit21-D17Mit10) Tg(TCRbAI4)1Dvs/DvsJ
004694   B6;D2-Tg(TcrLCMV)327Sdz/JDvsJ
002408   B6;SJL-Tg(TcrAND)53Hed/J
021880   BXSB.B6-Tg(TcraTcrb)1100Mjb/DcrJ
003303   C.Cg-Tg(DO11.10)10Dlo/J
002047   C.SJL-Tcrba Tcrac/SlkJ
002046   C.SJL-Tcrba/SlkJ
011005   C57BL/6-Tg(H2-Kb-Tcra,-Tcrb)P25Ktk/J
026970   C57BL/6-Tg(Tcra,Tcrb)1Litt/J
006912   C57BL/6-Tg(Tcra2D2,Tcrb2D2)1Kuch/J
003831   C57BL/6-Tg(TcraTcrb)1100Mjb/J
027230   C57BL/6J-Tg(Tcra,Tcrb)2Litt/J
003540   C57L/J-Tg(Tcrb)93Vbo/J
005307   CBy.Cg-Thy1a Tg(TcraCl4,TcrbCl4)1Shrm/ShrmJ
005922   CBy.Cg-Thy1a Tg(TcraCl1,TcrbCl1)1Shrm/J
005694   D1Lac.Cg-Tg(Tcra,Tcrb)24Efro/J
017314   NOD-Tg(TcraTcrb)2H6Lwn/J
006437   NOD.Cg-(Gpi1-D7Mit346)C57BL/6J Tg(TcrbAI4)1Dvs/DvsJ
026243   NOD.Cg-(D9rs4135590-D9rs13480186)H2k2Tg(ILK3mHEL)3Ccg Tg(TcrHEL3A9)1Mmd/SlsgJ
026624   NOD.Cg-(D9rs6385855-D9rs13480186)H2k2Tg(ILK3mHEL)3Ccg Tg(TcrHEL3A9)1Mmd/SlsgJ
004257   NOD.Cg-Prkdcscid Tg(TcrLCMV)327Sdz/DvsJ
009377   NOD.Cg-Rag1tm1Mom Tg(TcraBDC12-4.1)10Jos Tg(TcrbBDC12-4.1)82Gse/J
024476   NOD.Cg-Stat4tm1Gru Thy1a Ifngr1tm1Agt Tg(TcraBDC2.5,TcrbBDC2.5)1Doi/LmbrJ
005686   NOD.Cg-Thy1a Tg(TcraCl4,TcrbCl4)1Shrm/ShrmJ
004696   NOD.Cg-Tg(TcrLCMV)327Sdz/DvsJ
004460   NOD.Cg-Tg(TcraBDC2.5,TcrbBDC2.5)1Doi/DoiJ
010526   NOD.Cg-Tg(TcraTcrbNY4.1)1Pesa/DvsJ
005868   NOD.Cg-Tg(TcraTcrbNY8.3)1Pesa/DvsJ
006304   NOD.FVB-Tg(TcrbBDC12-4.1)82Gse/GseJ
004335   NOD/ShiLt-Tg(TcrbAI4)1Dvs
018030   SJL.Cg-Tg(TcraTcrbVP2)1Bkim/J
002597   STOCK Tg(TcrHEL3A9)1Mmd/J
View Strains carrying other alleles of Tcrb     (47 strains)


Phenotype Information

View Mammalian Phenotype Terms

Mammalian Phenotype Terms provided by MGI
      assigned by genotype

The following phenotype information is associated with a similar, but not exact match to this JAX® Mice strain.


  • respiratory system phenotype
  • abnormal respiratory system physiology
    • ovalbumin-sensitized/challenged mice (OVA) are unable to generate an early phase reaction (EPR- initial phase of brochoconstriction) following OVA provocation   (MGI Ref ID J:125656)


        involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * BALB/c
  • immune system phenotype
  • arrested T cell differentiation
    • most T cells in the thymus do no progress to the double negative stage   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
  • colitis
    • mild colitis-like disease occurs in mice over one year in age   (MGI Ref ID J:15221)
  • decreased CD4-positive, alpha beta T cell number
    • very few T cells are found in the thymus or periphery   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
  • decreased CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell number
    • very few CD8 T cells are found in the thymus or periphery   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
  • decreased double-positive T cell number
    • 94% reduction in number of double positive cells   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
  • thymus hypoplasia
    • 92% reduction in number of total thymocytes   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
  • digestive/alimentary phenotype
  • colitis
    • mild colitis-like disease occurs in mice over one year in age   (MGI Ref ID J:15221)
  • hematopoietic system phenotype
  • arrested T cell differentiation
    • most T cells in the thymus do no progress to the double negative stage   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
  • decreased CD4-positive, alpha beta T cell number
    • very few T cells are found in the thymus or periphery   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
  • decreased CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell number
    • very few CD8 T cells are found in the thymus or periphery   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
  • decreased double-positive T cell number
    • 94% reduction in number of double positive cells   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
  • thymus hypoplasia
    • 92% reduction in number of total thymocytes   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
  • endocrine/exocrine gland phenotype
  • thymus hypoplasia
    • 92% reduction in number of total thymocytes   (MGI Ref ID J:3206)
View Research Applications

Research Applications
This mouse can be used to support research in many areas including:

Tcrbtm1Mom related

Hematological Research
Immunological Defects

Immunology, Inflammation and Autoimmunity Research
CD Antigens, Antigen Receptors, and Histocompatibility Markers
      Inflammatory bowel disease
T Cell Receptor Signaling Defects

Genes & Alleles

Gene & Allele Information provided by MGI

Allele Symbol Tcrbtm1Mom
Allele Name targeted mutation 1, Peter Mombaerts
Allele Type Targeted (Null/Knockout)
Common Name(s) CBeta-; TCR-Cbeta-; TCRb-; TCRbeta-; beta-;
Mutation Made By Peter Mombaerts,   Max Planck Research Unit for Neurogenetics
Strain of Origin129P2/OlaHsd
ES Cell Line NameE14
ES Cell Line Strain129P2/OlaHsd
Gene Symbol and Name Tcrb, T cell receptor beta chain
Chromosome 6
Gene Common Name(s) TCRbeta; Tib;
Molecular Note 15kb of sequence was replaced with a PGK-neo cassette. The deletion included one of the two D gene segments, ten of the twelve J gene segments, and both constant gene segments. [MGI Ref ID J:22591]


Genotyping Information

Genotyping Protocols

Tcrbtm1Mom, MELT
Tcrbtm1Mom, Standard PCR

Helpful Links

Genotyping resources and troubleshooting


References provided by MGI

Selected Reference(s)

Mombaerts P; Clarke AR; Hooper ML; Tonegawa S. 1991. Creation of a large genomic deletion at the T-cell antigen receptor beta-subunit locus in mouse embryonic stem cells by gene targeting. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 88(8):3084-7. [PubMed: 1826563]  [MGI Ref ID J:22591]

Additional References

Tcrbtm1Mom related

Alcon VL; Luther C; Balce D; Takei F. 2009. B-cell co-receptor CD72 is expressed on NK cells and inhibits IFN-gamma production but not cytotoxicity. Eur J Immunol 39(3):826-32. [PubMed: 19197938]  [MGI Ref ID J:146477]

Alugupalli KR; Akira S; Lien E; Leong JM. 2007. MyD88- and Bruton's tyrosine kinase-mediated signals are essential for T cell-independent pathogen-specific IgM responses. J Immunol 178(6):3740-9. [PubMed: 17339472]  [MGI Ref ID J:144277]

Alugupalli KR; Gerstein RM; Chen J; Szomolanyi-Tsuda E; Woodland RT; Leong JM. 2003. The resolution of relapsing fever borreliosis requires IgM and is concurrent with expansion of B1b lymphocytes. J Immunol 170(7):3819-27. [PubMed: 12646649]  [MGI Ref ID J:125443]

Alugupalli KR; Leong JM; Woodland RT; Muramatsu M; Honjo T; Gerstein RM. 2004. B1b lymphocytes confer T cell-independent long-lasting immunity. Immunity 21(3):379-90. [PubMed: 15357949]  [MGI Ref ID J:93752]

Ammirante M; Luo JL; Grivennikov S; Nedospasov S; Karin M. 2010. B-cell-derived lymphotoxin promotes castration-resistant prostate cancer. Nature 464(7286):302-5. [PubMed: 20220849]  [MGI Ref ID J:157973]

Ando T; Matsumoto K; Namiranian S; Yamashita H; Glatthorn H; Kimura M; Dolan BR; Lee JJ; Galli SJ; Kawakami Y; Jamora C; Kawakami T. 2013. Mast Cells Are Required for Full Expression of Allergen/SEB-Induced Skin Inflammation. J Invest Dermatol 133(12):2695-705. [PubMed: 23752044]  [MGI Ref ID J:202870]

Archer NK; Harro JM; Shirtliff ME. 2013. Clearance of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage is T cell dependent and mediated through interleukin-17A expression and neutrophil influx. Infect Immun 81(6):2070-5. [PubMed: 23529621]  [MGI Ref ID J:199531]

Arnold CN; Campbell DJ; Lipp M; Butcher EC. 2007. The germinal center response is impaired in the absence of T cell-expressed CXCR5. Eur J Immunol 37(1):100-9. [PubMed: 17171760]  [MGI Ref ID J:117042]

Ashcroft AJ; Cruickshank SM; Croucher PI; Perry MJ; Rollinson S; Lippitt JM; Child JA; Dunstan C; Felsburg PJ; Morgan GJ; Carding SR. 2003. Colonic dendritic cells, intestinal inflammation, and T cell-mediated bone destruction are modulated by recombinant osteoprotegerin. Immunity 19(6):849-61. [PubMed: 14670302]  [MGI Ref ID J:86997]

Astrakhan A; Omori M; Nguyen T; Becker-Herman S; Iseki M; Aye T; Hudkins K; Dooley J; Farr A; Alpers CE; Ziegler SF; Rawlings DJ. 2007. Local increase in thymic stromal lymphopoietin induces systemic alterations in B cell development. Nat Immunol 8(5):522-31. [PubMed: 17401368]  [MGI Ref ID J:122410]

Auger JL; Haasken S; Steinert EM; Binstadt BA. 2012. Incomplete TCR-beta allelic exclusion accelerates spontaneous autoimmune arthritis in K/BxN TCR transgenic mice. Eur J Immunol 42(9):2354-62. [PubMed: 22706882]  [MGI Ref ID J:187944]

Aurora AB; Baluk P; Zhang D; Sidhu SS; Dolganov GM; Basbaum C; McDonald DM; Killeen N. 2005. Immune complex-dependent remodeling of the airway vasculature in response to a chronic bacterial infection. J Immunol 175(10):6319-26. [PubMed: 16272283]  [MGI Ref ID J:119344]

Baban B; Chandler PR; Johnson BA 3rd; Huang L; Li M; Sharpe ML; Francisco LM; Sharpe AH; Blazar BR; Munn DH; Mellor AL. 2011. Physiologic control of IDO competence in splenic dendritic cells. J Immunol 187(5):2329-35. [PubMed: 21813777]  [MGI Ref ID J:179269]

Ballesteros-Tato A; Leon B; Lund FE; Randall TD. 2013. CD4+ T helper cells use CD154-CD40 interactions to counteract T reg cell-mediated suppression of CD8+ T cell responses to influenza. J Exp Med 210(8):1591-601. [PubMed: 23835849]  [MGI Ref ID J:202249]

Barker TT; Lee PY; Kelly-Scumpia KM; Weinstein JS; Nacionales DC; Kumagai Y; Akira S; Croker BP; Sobel ES; Reeves WH; Satoh M. 2011. Pathogenic role of B cells in the development of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage induced by pristane. Lab Invest 91(10):1540-50. [PubMed: 21808234]  [MGI Ref ID J:176270]

Barthold SW; Hodzic E; Tunev S; Feng S. 2006. Antibody-mediated disease remission in the mouse model of lyme borreliosis. Infect Immun 74(8):4817-25. [PubMed: 16861670]  [MGI Ref ID J:112329]

Bedel R; Berry R; Mallevaey T; Matsuda JL; Zhang J; Godfrey DI; Rossjohn J; Kappler JW; Marrack P; Gapin L. 2014. Effective functional maturation of invariant natural killer T cells is constrained by negative selection and T-cell antigen receptor affinity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 111(1):E119-28. [PubMed: 24344267]  [MGI Ref ID J:206291]

Bergthaler A; Flatz L; Verschoor A; Hegazy AN; Holdener M; Fink K; Eschli B; Merkler D; Sommerstein R; Horvath E; Fernandez M; Fitsche A; Senn BM; Verbeek JS; Odermatt B; Siegrist CA; Pinschewer DD. 2009. Impaired antibody response causes persistence of prototypic T cell-contained virus. PLoS Biol 7(4):e1000080. [PubMed: 19355789]  [MGI Ref ID J:150498]

Bergtold A; Desai DD; Gavhane A; Clynes R. 2005. Cell surface recycling of internalized antigen permits dendritic cell priming of B cells. Immunity 23(5):503-14. [PubMed: 16286018]  [MGI Ref ID J:113283]

Bian K; Zhong M; Harari Y; Lai M; Weisbrodt N; Murad F. 2005. Helminth regulation of host IL-4Ralpha/Stat6 signaling: mechanism underlying NOS-2 inhibition by Trichinella spiralis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102(11):3936-41. [PubMed: 15741272]  [MGI Ref ID J:97167]

Binder CJ; Hartvigsen K; Chang MK; Miller M; Broide D; Palinski W; Curtiss LK; Corr M; Witztum JL. 2004. IL-5 links adaptive and natural immunity specific for epitopes of oxidized LDL and protects from atherosclerosis. J Clin Invest 114(3):427-37. [PubMed: 15286809]  [MGI Ref ID J:118092]

Blais ME; Brochu S; Giroux M; Belanger MP; Dulude G; Sekaly RP; Perreault C. 2008. Why T cells of thymic versus extrathymic origin are functionally different. J Immunol 180(4):2299-312. [PubMed: 18250439]  [MGI Ref ID J:131997]

Bokhari SM; Kim KJ; Pinson DM; Slusser J; Yeh HW; Parmely MJ. 2008. NK cells and gamma interferon coordinate the formation and function of hepatic granulomas in mice infected with the Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain. Infect Immun 76(4):1379-89. [PubMed: 18227174]  [MGI Ref ID J:133531]

Bonorino C; Nardi NB; Zhang X; Wysocki LJ. 1998. Characteristics of the strong antibody response to mycobacterial Hsp70: a primary, T cell-dependent IgG response with no evidence of natural priming or gamma delta T cell involvement. J Immunol 161(10):5210-6. [PubMed: 9820492]  [MGI Ref ID J:115026]

Borchers MT; Crosby J; Justice P; Farmer S; Hines E; Lee JJ; Lee NA. 2001. Intrinsic AHR in IL-5 transgenic mice is dependent on CD4(+) cells and CD49d-mediated signaling. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 281(3):L653-9. [PubMed: 11504693]  [MGI Ref ID J:132284]

Borchers MT; Wesselkamper SC; Eppert BL; Motz GT; Sartor MA; Tomlinson CR; Medvedovic M; Tichelaar JW. 2008. Nonredundant functions of alphabeta and gammadelta T cells in acrolein-induced pulmonary pathology. Toxicol Sci 105(1):188-99. [PubMed: 18515264]  [MGI Ref ID J:139766]

Bortnick A; Chernova I; Quinn WJ 3rd; Mugnier M; Cancro MP; Allman D. 2012. Long-lived bone marrow plasma cells are induced early in response to T cell-independent or T cell-dependent antigens. J Immunol 188(11):5389-96. [PubMed: 22529295]  [MGI Ref ID J:188747]

Bosco N; Engdahl C; Benard A; Rolink J; Ceredig R; Rolink AG. 2008. TCR-beta chains derived from peripheral gammadelta T cells can take part in alphabeta T-cell development. Eur J Immunol 38(12):3520-3529. [PubMed: 18991270]  [MGI Ref ID J:141408]

Brochard V; Combadiere B; Prigent A; Laouar Y; Perrin A; Beray-Berthat V; Bonduelle O; Alvarez-Fischer D; Callebert J; Launay JM; Duyckaerts C; Flavell RA; Hirsch EC; Hunot S. 2009. Infiltration of CD4+ lymphocytes into the brain contributes to neurodegeneration in a mouse model of Parkinson disease. J Clin Invest 119(1):182-92. [PubMed: 19104149]  [MGI Ref ID J:144702]

Bry L; Brenner MB. 2004. Critical role of T cell-dependent serum antibody, but not the gut-associated lymphoid tissue, for surviving acute mucosal infection with Citrobacter rodentium, an attaching and effacing pathogen. J Immunol 172(1):433-41. [PubMed: 14688352]  [MGI Ref ID J:87077]

Buchanan RM; Arulanandam BP; Metzger DW. 1998. IL-12 enhances antibody responses to T-independent polysaccharide vaccines in the absence of T and NK cells. J Immunol 161(10):5525-33. [PubMed: 9820529]  [MGI Ref ID J:115023]

Burich A; Hershberg R; Waggie K; Zeng W; Brabb T; Westrich G; Viney JL; Maggio-Price L. 2001. Helicobacter-induced inflammatory bowel disease in IL-10- and T cell-deficient mice. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 281(3):G764-78. [PubMed: 11518689]  [MGI Ref ID J:108283]

Burns AM; Chong AS. 2011. Alloantibodies prevent the induction of transplantation tolerance by enhancing alloreactive T cell priming. J Immunol 186(1):214-21. [PubMed: 21135169]  [MGI Ref ID J:168797]

Caccamo N; Sireci G; Meraviglia S; Dieli F; Ivanyi J; Salerno A. 2006. gammadelta T cells condition dendritic cells in vivo for priming pulmonary CD8 T cell responses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Eur J Immunol 36(10):2681-90. [PubMed: 16981183]  [MGI Ref ID J:118094]

Cady CT; Lahn M; Vollmer M; Tsuji M; Seo SJ; Reardon CL; O'Brien RL; Born WK. 2000. Response of murine gamma delta T cells to the synthetic polypeptide poly-Glu50Tyr50. J Immunol 165(4):1790-8. [PubMed: 10925256]  [MGI Ref ID J:120419]

Cao AT; Yao S; Gong B; Elson CO; Cong Y. 2012. Th17 cells upregulate polymeric Ig receptor and intestinal IgA and contribute to intestinal homeostasis. J Immunol 189(9):4666-73. [PubMed: 22993206]  [MGI Ref ID J:190633]

Cariappa A; Mazo IB; Chase C; Shi HN; Liu H; Li Q; Rose H; Leung H; Cherayil BJ; Russell P; von Andrian U; Pillai S. 2005. Perisinusoidal B cells in the bone marrow participate in T-independent responses to blood-borne microbes. Immunity 23(4):397-407. [PubMed: 16226505]  [MGI Ref ID J:113277]

Cernetich A; Garver LS; Jedlicka AE; Klein PW; Kumar N; Scott AL; Klein SL. 2006. Involvement of gonadal steroids and gamma interferon in sex differences in response to blood-stage malaria infection. Infect Immun 74(6):3190-203. [PubMed: 16714546]  [MGI Ref ID J:109239]

Chandler P; Frater AJ; Douek DC; Viney JL; Kay G; Owen MJ; Hayday AC; Simpson E; Altmann DM. 1995. Immune responsiveness in mutant mice lacking T-cell receptor alpha beta+ cells. Immunology 85(4):531-7. [PubMed: 7558145]  [MGI Ref ID J:28872]

Chang JH; Hu H; Jin J; Puebla-Osorio N; Xiao Y; Gilbert BE; Brink R; Ullrich SE; Sun SC. 2014. TRAF3 regulates the effector function of regulatory T cells and humoral immune responses. J Exp Med 211(1):137-51. [PubMed: 24378539]  [MGI Ref ID J:208351]

Chappell CP; Draves KE; Giltiay NV; Clark EA. 2012. Extrafollicular B cell activation by marginal zone dendritic cells drives T cell-dependent antibody responses. J Exp Med 209(10):1825-40. [PubMed: 22966002]  [MGI Ref ID J:191423]

Chin EY; Dangler CA; Fox JG; Schauer DB. 2000. Helicobacter hepaticus infection triggers inflammatory bowel disease in T cell receptor alphabeta mutant mice. Comp Med 50(6):586-94. [PubMed: 11200563]  [MGI Ref ID J:66813]

Chitnis T; Najafian N; Benou C; Salama AD; Grusby MJ; Sayegh MH; Khoury SJ. 2001. Effect of targeted disruption of STAT4 and STAT6 on the induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. J Clin Invest 108(5):739-47. [PubMed: 11544280]  [MGI Ref ID J:71460]

Chiu IM; Chen A; Zheng Y; Kosaras B; Tsiftsoglou SA; Vartanian TK; Brown RH Jr; Carroll MC. 2008. T lymphocytes potentiate endogenous neuroprotective inflammation in a mouse model of ALS. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105(46):17913-8. [PubMed: 18997009]  [MGI Ref ID J:143173]

Cho JS; Pietras EM; Garcia NC; Ramos RI; Farzam DM; Monroe HR; Magorien JE; Blauvelt A; Kolls JK; Cheung AL; Cheng G; Modlin RL; Miller LS. 2010. IL-17 is essential for host defense against cutaneous Staphylococcus aureus infection in mice. J Clin Invest 120(5):1762-73. [PubMed: 20364087]  [MGI Ref ID J:161481]

Choi J; Jeon S; Choi S; Park K; Seong RH. 2015. The SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex regulates germinal center formation by repressing Blimp-1 expression. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112(7):E718-27. [PubMed: 25646472]  [MGI Ref ID J:220000]

Chung DR; Kasper DL; Panzo RJ; Chtinis T; Grusby MJ; Sayegh MH; Tzianabos AO. 2003. CD4+ T cells mediate abscess formation in intra-abdominal sepsis by an IL-17-dependent mechanism. J Immunol 170(4):1958-63. [PubMed: 12574364]  [MGI Ref ID J:81809]

Chung Y; Tanaka S; Chu F; Nurieva RI; Martinez GJ; Rawal S; Wang YH; Lim H; Reynolds JM; Zhou XH; Fan HM; Liu ZM; Neelapu SS; Dong C. 2011. Follicular regulatory T cells expressing Foxp3 and Bcl-6 suppress germinal center reactions. Nat Med 17(8):983-8. [PubMed: 21785430]  [MGI Ref ID J:174509]

Coles MC; Raulet DH. 2000. NK1.1+ T cells in the liver arise in the thymus and are selected by interactions with class I molecules on CD4+CD8+ cells. J Immunol 164(5):2412-8. [PubMed: 10679077]  [MGI Ref ID J:112051]

Colombo MJ; Alugupalli KR. 2008. Complement Factor H-Binding Protein, a Putative Virulence Determinant of Borrelia hermsii, Is an Antigenic Target for Protective B1b Lymphocytes. J Immunol 180(7):4858-64. [PubMed: 18354209]  [MGI Ref ID J:133379]

Compton SR; Ball-Goodrich LJ; Johnson LK; Johnson EA; Paturzo FX; Macy JD. 2004. Pathogenesis of enterotropic mouse hepatitis virus in immunocompetent and immunodeficient mice. Comp Med 54(6):681-9. [PubMed: 15679267]  [MGI Ref ID J:96019]

Conlon TM; Cole JL; Motallebzadeh R; Harper I; Callaghan CJ; Bolton EM; Bradley JA; Saeb-Parsy K; Pettigrew GJ. 2012. Unlinked memory helper responses promote long-lasting humoral alloimmunity. J Immunol 189(12):5703-12. [PubMed: 23162131]  [MGI Ref ID J:190849]

Conlon TM; Saeb-Parsy K; Cole JL; Motallebzadeh R; Qureshi MS; Rehakova S; Negus MC; Callaghan CJ; Bolton EM; Bradley JA; Pettigrew GJ. 2012. Germinal center alloantibody responses are mediated exclusively by indirect-pathway CD4 T follicular helper cells. J Immunol 188(6):2643-52. [PubMed: 22323543]  [MGI Ref ID J:181855]

Conter LJ; Song E; Shlomchik MJ; Tomayko MM. 2014. CD73 expression is dynamically regulated in the germinal center and bone marrow plasma cells are diminished in its absence. PLoS One 9(3):e92009. [PubMed: 24664100]  [MGI Ref ID J:215061]

Conti HR; Shen F; Nayyar N; Stocum E; Sun JN; Lindemann MJ; Ho AW; Hai JH; Yu JJ; Jung JW; Filler SG; Masso-Welch P; Edgerton M; Gaffen SL. 2009. Th17 cells and IL-17 receptor signaling are essential for mucosal host defense against oral candidiasis. J Exp Med 206(2):299-311. [PubMed: 19204111]  [MGI Ref ID J:146451]

Corthay A; Johansson A; Vestberg M; Holmdahl R. 1999. Collagen-induced arthritis development requires alpha beta T cells but not gamma delta T cells: studies with T cell-deficient (TCR mutant) mice. Int Immunol 11(7):1065-73. [PubMed: 10383939]  [MGI Ref ID J:56725]

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Yang Y; Ghosn EE; Cole LE; Obukhanych TV; Sadate-Ngatchou P; Vogel SN; Herzenberg LA; Herzenberg LA. 2012. Antigen-specific antibody responses in B-1a and their relationship to natural immunity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109(14):5382-7. [PubMed: 22421134]  [MGI Ref ID J:182664]

Yang Y; Ghosn EE; Cole LE; Obukhanych TV; Sadate-Ngatchou P; Vogel SN; Herzenberg LA; Herzenberg LA. 2012. Antigen-specific memory in B-1a and its relationship to natural immunity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109(14):5388-93. [PubMed: 22421135]  [MGI Ref ID J:182663]

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Yoshimasu T; Nishide T; Seo N; Hiroi A; Ohtani T; Uede K; Furukawa F. 2004. Susceptibility of T cell receptor-alpha chain knock-out mice to ultraviolet B light and fluorouracil: a novel model for drug-induced cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Clin Exp Immunol 136(2):245-54. [PubMed: 15086387]  [MGI Ref ID J:89210]

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Health & husbandry

The genotypes of the animals provided may not reflect those discussed in the strain description or the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation. Please inquire for possible genotypes for this specific strain.

Health & Colony Maintenance Information

Animal Health Reports

Production of mice from cryopreserved embryos or sperm occurs in a maximum barrier room, G200.

Colony Maintenance

Breeding & HusbandryWhen maintaining a live colony, homozygous mice may be bred together.

Pricing and Purchasing

Pricing, Supply Level & Notes, Controls

Pricing for USA, Canada and Mexico shipping destinations View International Pricing


Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $2625.00
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.

    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

Pricing for International shipping destinations View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing


Cryopreserved Mice - Ready for Recovery

Price (US dollars $)
Cryorecovery* $3412.50
Animals Provided

At least two mice that carry the mutation (if it is a mutant strain) will be provided. Their genotypes may not reflect those discussed in the strain description. Please inquire for possible genotypes and see additional details below.

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Supply Notes

  • Cryorecovery - Standard.
    Progeny testing is not required.

    The average number of mice provided from recovery of our cryopreserved strains is 10. The total number of animals provided, their gender and genotype will vary. We will fulfill your order by providing at least two pair of mice, at least one animal of each pair carrying the mutation of interest. Please inquire if larger numbers of animals with specific genotype and genders are needed. Animals typically ship between 10 and 14 weeks from the date of your order. If a second cryorecovery is needed in order to provide the minimum number of animals, animals will ship within 25 weeks. IMPORTANT NOTE: The genotypes of animals provided may not reflect the mating scheme utilized by The Jackson Laboratory prior to cryopreservation, or that discussed in the strain description. Please inquire about possible genotypes which will be recovered for this specific strain. The Jackson Laboratory cannot guarantee the reproductive success of mice shipped to your facility. If the mice are lost after the first three days (post-arrival) or do not produce progeny at your facility, a new order and fee will be necessary.

    Cryorecovery to establish a Dedicated Supply for greater quantities of mice. Mice recovered can be used to establish a dedicated colony to contractually supply you mice according to your requirements. Price by quotation. For more information on Dedicated Supply, please contact JAX® Services, Tel: 1-800-422-6423 (from U.S.A., Canada or Puerto Rico only) or 1-207-288-5845 (from any location).

View USA Canada and Mexico Pricing View International Pricing

Standard Supply

Cryopreserved. Ready for recovery. Please refer to pricing and supply notes on the strain data sheet for further information.

Control Information

   001026 BALB/cByJ
  Considerations for Choosing Controls
  Control Pricing Information for Genetically Engineered Mutant Strains.

Payment Terms and Conditions

Terms are granted by individual review and stated on the customer invoice(s) and account statement. These transactions are payable in U.S. currency within the granted terms. Payment for services, products, shipping containers, and shipping costs that are rendered are expected within the payment terms indicated on the invoice or stated by contract. Invoices and account balances in arrears of stated terms may result in The Jackson Laboratory pursuing collection activities including but not limited to outside agencies and court filings.

See Terms of Use tab for General Terms and Conditions

The Jackson Laboratory's Genotype Promise

The Jackson Laboratory has rigorous genetic quality control and mutant gene genotyping programs to ensure the genetic background of JAX® Mice strains as well as the genotypes of strains with identified molecular mutations. JAX® Mice strains are only made available to researchers after meeting our standards. However, the phenotype of each strain may not be fully characterized and/or captured in the strain data sheets. Therefore, we cannot guarantee a strain's phenotype will meet all expectations. To ensure that JAX® Mice will meet the needs of individual research projects or when requesting a strain that is new to your research, we suggest ordering and performing tests on a small number of mice to determine suitability for your particular project.
Ordering Information
JAX® Mice
Surgical and Preconditioning Services
JAX® Services
Customer Services and Support
Tel: 1-800-422-6423 or 1-207-288-5845
Fax: 1-207-288-6150
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Terms of Use

Terms of Use

General Terms and Conditions

For Licensing and Use Restrictions view the link(s) below:
- Use of MICE by companies or for-profit entities requires a license prior to shipping.

Contact information

General inquiries regarding Terms of Use

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JAX® Mice, Products & Services Conditions of Use

"MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or their progeny supplied by The Jackson Laboratory ("JACKSON"). "PRODUCTS" means biological materials supplied by JACKSON, and their derivatives. "RECIPIENT" means each recipient of MICE, PRODUCTS, or services provided by JACKSON including each institution, its employees and other researchers under its control. MICE or PRODUCTS shall not be: (i) used for any purpose other than the internal research, (ii) sold or otherwise provided to any third party for any use, or (iii) provided to any agent or other third party to provide breeding or other services. Acceptance of MICE or PRODUCTS from JACKSON shall be deemed as agreement by RECIPIENT to these conditions, and departure from these conditions requires JACKSON's prior written authorization.

No Warranty


In case of dissatisfaction for a valid reason and claimed in writing by a purchaser within ninety (90) days of receipt of mice, products or services, JACKSON will, at its option, provide credit or replacement for the mice or product received or the services provided.

No Liability

In no event shall JACKSON, its trustees, directors, officers, employees, and affiliates be liable for any causes of action or damages, including any direct, indirect, special, or consequential damages, arising out of the provision of MICE, PRODUCTS or services, including economic damage or injury to property and lost profits, and including any damage arising from acts or negligence on the part of JACKSON, its agents or employees. Unless prohibited by law, in purchasing or receiving MICE, PRODUCTS or services from JACKSON, purchaser or recipient, or any party claiming by or through them, expressly releases and discharges JACKSON from all such causes of action or damages, and further agrees to defend and indemnify JACKSON from any costs or damages arising out of any third party claims.

MICE and PRODUCTS are to be used in a safe manner and in accordance with all applicable governmental rules and regulations.

The foregoing represents the General Terms and Conditions applicable to JACKSON’s MICE, PRODUCTS or services. In addition, special terms and conditions of sale of certain MICE, PRODUCTS or services may be set forth separately in JACKSON web pages, catalogs, price lists, contracts, and/or other documents, and these special terms and conditions shall also govern the sale of these MICE, PRODUCTS and services by JACKSON, and by its licensees and distributors.

Acceptance of delivery of MICE, PRODUCTS or services shall be deemed agreement to these terms and conditions. No purchase order or other document transmitted by purchaser or recipient that may modify the terms and conditions hereof, shall be in any way binding on JACKSON, and instead the terms and conditions set forth herein, including any special terms and conditions set forth separately, shall govern the sale of MICE, PRODUCTS or services by JACKSON.